Cedrus libani

(Cedar of Lebanon)

This large evergreen conifer, native to the mountain regions of the Mediterranean is synonymous with the classic English estate or stately home. It will grow on almost any well drained soil, should be planted in full sun and allowed plenty of space for it to reach its full potential.

It has a conical shape when young but with time the crown flattens and the branches spread horizontally to create the majestic tiered shape it is recognized for.

Cedrus libani has two types of growth; long shoots form the main structure of the trees branches and the short shoots bear the cones and the majority of the foliage. The needles of this tree are short and dark green, borne in tufts of 15-45. The large cones are aromatic and sit atop the stems. Male cones are barrel shaped and the female slightly rounder, the latter releases a winged seed when the cones break up at maturity.

Cedar of Lebanon has played an important role in history and has been prized by ancient civilisations. The Phoenicians and Egyptians used the timber for building ships, palaces, and temples. The Egyptians also used the resin for mummification and sawdust from this species has been found in tombs of the pharaohs.

In England, arguably the most famous specimen is in the centre of the ‘Circle of Lebanon’ in Highgate Cemetery. When the land was acquired, the cemetery designers wanted to leave the tree in place so a circular trench was cut around the tree and lined with mausoleums.

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Sites

  • Galilee and the North
    • Acco
    • Bethsaida
    • Caesarea Philippi
    • Capernaum
    • Chorazin
    • Cove of the Sower
    • Dan
    • Gamla
    • Golan Heights
    • Hazor
    • Mount Hermon
    • Mount of Beatitudes
    • Nazareth
    • Sea of Galilee
    • Sepphoris
    • Tabgha
  • Samaria and the Center
    • Ai – Et-Tell
    • Ai – Kh. el-Maqatir
    • Aphek
    • Beth Shean
    • Caesarea
    • Gibeon
    • Jericho
    • Jezreel Valley
    • Kiriath Jearim
    • Megiddo
    • Michmash
    • Mt. Carmel
    • Mt. Tabor
    • Nebi Samwil
    • Samaria
    • Shechem
    • Shiloh
    • Yad HaShmonah
  • Jerusalem
    • Cardo
    • City of David
    • Dome of the Rock
    • Garden Tomb
    • Hezekiah’s Tunnel
    • Holy Sepulcher
    • Jewish Quarter
    • Mount of Olives
    • Mount Zion
    • Old City Gates
    • Pool of Siloam
    • Snow in Jerusalem
    • Temple Mount
    • Temple Mount-south
    • Tomb of the Kings
    • Warren’s Shaft
    • Western Wall
  • Judah and the Dead Sea
    • Ashkelon
    • Bethlehem
    • Beth Shemesh
    • Dead Sea
    • Elah Valley
    • En Gedi
    • Gath
    • Gezer
    • Hebron
    • Herodium
    • Joppa
    • Judean Wilderness
    • Lachish
    • Maresha-Beth Guvrin
    • Masada
    • Qumran
    • Qumran Caves
    • Wadi Qilt
  • Negev and the Wilderness
    • Arad
    • Avdat
    • Beersheba
    • Elath
    • Gerar
    • Machtesh Ramon
    • Mampsis
    • Nahal Besor
    • Nahal Zin
    • Spice Route
    • Tabernacle Model
    • Timna Valley
    • Wilderness
    • Ziklag
  • Jordan
    • Amman
    • Aqaba
    • Bab edh-Dhra
    • Bethany Beyond Jordan
    • Callirhoe
    • Edom
    • Gerasa
    • Gilead-Lower
    • Gilead-Upper
    • Jabbok and Penuel
    • Jordan Rift
    • Madaba Map
    • Moab
    • Numeira
    • Petra
    • Punon
    • Wadi Rum
  • Egypt
    • Abu Simbel
    • Alexandria
    • Aswan
    • Dahshur Pyramids
    • Giza Pyramids
    • Jebel Musa
    • Karnak Temple
    • Luxor Temple
    • Medinet Habu
    • Nile River
    • Pharaoh’s Island
    • Philae Island
    • Sinai Peninsula
  • Lebanon
    • Baalbek
    • Byblos
    • Cedar of Lebanon
    • Sidon
    • Tyre
    • Zarephath
  • Eastern Turkey
    • Antioch on Orontes
    • Ararat-Urartu
    • Carchemish
    • Derbe and Lystra
    • Haran
    • Hattusha
    • Karatepe
    • Nemrut Dag
    • Pisidian Antioch
    • Seleucia
    • Tarsus
  • Western Turkey
    • Assos
    • Colossae
    • Didyma
    • Ephesus
    • Hierapolis
    • Istanbul
    • Laodicea
    • Miletus
    • Pergamum
    • Sardis
    • Smyrna
  • Greece
    • Amphipolis
    • Athens
    • Athens Acropolis
    • Corinth
    • Corinth area
    • Delphi
    • Dion
    • Epidaurus
    • Nicopolis
    • Olympia
    • Philippi
    • Thessalonica
  • Greek Islands
    • Cos
    • Patmos
    • Rhodes
    • Samos
    • Samothrace
  • Cyprus and Crete
    • Fair Havens
    • Gortyn
    • Knossos
    • Kourion
    • Paphos
    • Phoenix
    • Salamis
  • Italy and Malta
    • Pompeii
    • Puteoli
    • Rabat
    • Rhegium
    • San Pawl Milqi
    • St. Paul’s Bay
  • Rome
    • Arch of Titus
    • Church of St. Paul Outside the Walls
    • Colosseum
    • Forum
    • Mamertine Prison
    • Ostia
    • Vatican
  • Trees, Flowers and Plants
    • Drugs, Spices, Perfume
    • Fig Trees
    • Flowers of the Field
    • Grapevines
    • Olive Trees
    • Wheat
  • Cultural Images
    • Animals of the Bible
    • Grain Harvest
    • Grape Harvest
    • Jewish Holidays
    • Jewish Life
    • Olive Harvest
    • Samaritan Passover
    • Scribes
    • Sheep and Shepherds
    • Southern Wildlife
    • Watchtowers
  • Persia
    • Chogha Zanbil
    • Naqsh-e Rostam
    • Pasargadae
    • Persepolis
    • Susa
    • Zagros Mountains

Cedar of Lebanon: Cedrus libani: “The Protector”

Its prevalence around solid houses of a certain age shows us that once, this was a must-have tree. Towering, yet slightly eccentric, Cedar of Lebanon has a grandfatherly presence, adding distinction to any landscape.

Photography by Kendra Wilson, except where noted.

Above: Despite its name, Cedar of Lebanon is synonymous with English country house gardens. Despite its exceptional size and susceptibility to wind damage, it is often found close to buildings. Of course, the people who planted them did so in good faith; they knew that they were unlikely to see them at maturity. Photograph by Britt Willoughby Dyer.

Above: Around the Mediterranean, and indeed the Lebanon, where it is most at home, Cedrus libani is more of a consistent spruce-like shape. It is well-adapted to growing at altitude, yet when Cedar is transplanted to more exposed areas, like an English park, it takes on a hardier character: still growing tall and wide, while losing a limb here and there.

Above: Planting a Cedar of Lebanon requires foresight, as it takes at least 50 years to reach maturity. Were gardeners of an earlier time more generous, planting this magnificent tree in the knowledge that they’d never see its full effect? It could and should be planted more frequently now, though we seem to require more instant results.

Cedar is a tree associated with the Landscape Movement and “Capability” Brown. He gave the owners of Elvaston Castle in Derbyshire some cedar seedlings as an apologetic gift, having turned down a commission for developing the park there, for “a want of capability” in the flat terrain.

Cheat Sheet

  • Native to the eastern Mediterranean. Cedrus libani happily reaches 115 feet, in favorable conditions. The trunk can reach a diameter of about 8 feet.
  • Cedar trees contrast brilliantly with any building, whether brick, stone, or render.
  • Cedar of Lebanon is a conifer, a member of the Pinaceae family.

Above: When you own your view, the distinctive shapes of Cedar of Lebanon are useful markers. Sezincote in the Cotswolds, surveyed here from the high ground behind the house, was remodeled in the Mogul style by a British colonialist. The trees would have formed part of the older estate around a Jacobean house.

Keep It Alive

  • Cedar has thrived in northern Europe since at least the 17th century and deserves to be planted more, as long as it is given the space it requires.
  • It grows at altitude, in dry conditions; hailing from the eastern Mediterranean. It is native to the Lebanon.
  • Cedar of Lebanon is not difficult to source. In the United States, it will tolerate temperatures from zones 5b through zone 9.

Above: The Cedar at Cottesbrooke Hall in Northamptonshire has lost a few branches over the years and even a companion tree, which toppled over, perilously close to the house. It gives drama to the Terrace Border, designed by James Alexander-Sinclair.

Above: At Cottesbrooke, the gardens around the house do not have the feeling of being overlooked by the house but by the cedar tree.

Cedar Of Lebanon Tree – How To Grow Lebanon Cedar Trees

The cedar of Lebanon tree (Cedrus libani) is an evergreen with beautiful wood that has been used for high quality timber for thousands of years. Lebanon cedar trees usually have only one trunk with many branches that grow out horizontally, spiraling up. They are long lived and have a maximum life span of over 1,000 years. If you are interested in growing cedar of Lebanon trees, read on for information about these cedars and tips about cedar of Lebanon care.

Lebanon Cedar Information

Lebanon cedar information tells us that these conifers are native to Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. In yesteryear, vast forests of Lebanon cedar trees covered these regions, but today they are largely gone. However, people around the world began growing cedar

of Lebanon trees for their grace and beauty.

Lebanon cedar trees have thick trunks and stout branches too. Younger trees are shaped like pyramids, but the crown of a Lebanon cedar tree flattens as it ages. Mature trees also have bark that is cracked and fissured.

You’ll have to be patient if you want to start growing cedar of Lebanon. The trees don’t even flower until they are 25 or 30 years old, which means that until that time, they do not reproduce.

Once they begin to flower, they produce unisex catkins, 2-inches long and reddish in color. In time, the cones grow to 5 inches long, standing up like candles on the branches. The cones are light green until they mature, when they become brown. Their scales each contain two winged seeds that are carried away by the wind.

Growing Cedar of Lebanon

Cedar of Lebanon care starts with selecting an appropriate planting location. Only plant Lebanon cedar trees if you have a big backyard. A cedar of Lebanon tree is tall with spreading branches. It can rise to 80 feet tall with a spread of 50 feet.

Ideally, you should grow Lebanon cedars at elevations of 4,200-700 feet. In any event, plant the trees in deep soil. They need generous light and about 40 inches of water a year. In the wild, Lebanon cedar trees thrive on slopes facing the sea where they form open forests.

10+ amazing facts you must know about the Cedars of Lebanon!

Do you know enough about the Cedars of Lebanon? Check out these amazing facts!

#1 The Cedars of God is the most famous cedar patch and one of the last vestiges of old-growth forests. It is also one of the rarest sites where the Cedrus libani still grows.

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#2 King Salomon used cedar wood for his temple.

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#3 The Phoenicians used cedar wood to build their ships. That’s how Phoenicia became the world’s first sea-trading civilization.

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#4 Cedar trees symbolize resilience, immortality, and elevation.

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#5 The mountains of Lebanon were once covered with Cedar trees. That’s why it is the Lebanese national emblem.

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#6 The word “cedar” was mentioned 103 times in the Bible.

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#7 The Cedars of God is a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with the Holy Valley, Byblos, Baalbek, Anjar, and Tyre.

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#8 Cedar trees survived five millenniums.

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#9 The forest is rigorously protected, but it is possible to visit it.

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#10 The cedars can survive in a challenging environment. However, global warming is killing them because they cannot adapt to warm temperatures and dry atmospheres.

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#11 Arz Jaj is a nature reserve located in Byblos. It is a forest that encloses hundreds of cedar trees that are between 1200 and 2000 years old.

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#12 Tannourine Cedar Forests Nature Reserve protects one of the largest cedar forests in Lebanon. It houses birds, insects, mushrooms, and flowers. It includes many trails that uncover the beauty of Lebanon and its rich culture in different ways.

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#13 Al Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve is the largest reserve in Lebanon. It goes from Dahr Al Baidar in the north to Niha Mountain in the south. It encloses three cedar forests which constitute 25% of the remaining cedars in Lebanon. This reserve is home to 200 birds that include ones that are rare.

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Cedar of Lebanon

17 Sep Cedar of Lebanon

Posted at 03:19h in Trees, Uncategorized by bass

Ordering Cedar of Lebanon trees

In the arid climate of the ancient Middle East, there you will find the flourishing green forests and the snowy mountains of Lebanon. The Phoenicians, who were the native people of Lebanon, have used the timber for building ships, which made them the first successful trading nation in the world. The biblical prophets and King David have spoken about the cedar of Lebanon, mentioned over 71 times in the bible. “The righteous flourish like the palm tree, and grow like a cedar in Lebanon” (Psalms 92:12).

Cedar of Lebanon is currently on the list of threatened endangered species. There are only few small protected forests left in Lebanon. Entire forests have been wiped out for timber, during the Roman Empire, and later by the Ottoman Empire. What makes the Cedrus Libani rare in cultivation is the difficulty of propagation. It can only by started by seeds which come from female cones, and can be difficult to germinate. It may take up to 30 years before producing any cones. Cuttings of cedar of Lebanon are impossible to root. Today only 13% of the Lebanese forests survived. There are many efforts today to reforest Lebanon and plant the cedar of Lebanon along with native pine species and other native trees.

Cultivation:

The Cedar of Lebanon is native to Lebanon, the coastal region of Syria and Turkey. The climate in that region is dry hot summers, snowy cold winters where temperatures may drop to -15° F or lower. The Cedar tree thrive in similar conditions. In the United States the tree can survive in cold hardiness zone 5b through zone 9. Choose a site with full sun and well drained soil. Heavy and wet soil will cause root rot which can eventually kill the tree. Cones are not formed until tree is about 25-30 years old. The tree produces male and females cones. Normally male cones are formed on the lower branches and females on high ones. Which make seed collection hard. Young cones are light green, which mature in 2 years to brownish color. When the cones open up the winged-seeds are carried by winds.

Cedar of Lebanon is a slow grower, growing only around10” a year when young, under ideal situations. Once roots are established, it will grow about 15” a year. My tree at 5 years of age it was only about 3 ft tall and 2 ft wide. With age, C. Libani will grow to 80ft (20 meters) high and 30 to 50 ft ( 10-15 meters) wide. In Lebanon the large trees are about 3000 years old. The horizontal branches sometimes are bent to the ground with the heavy snow.

Growing Instructions:

Young trees can be planted bare rooted only in late winter or early spring, because roots don’t like to be disturbed, if not fully dormant. Containerized trees can be planted in anytime in spring, avoid planting it in the hottest time of year. It can be planted in fall in mild winter areas. The roots have to grown into soil before it can withstand extreme winter conditions. Choose a site with full sun and well drained soil. If the soil remains too wet, it will cause root rot and tree will die. The hole has to be about twice as large as the root ball of the tree. Fill in loose soil in the hole. Mix in garden soil with the native soil, so young roots can be easily developed. Don’t fertilize newly planted trees until they’re at least 1 year in the ground. The following year after planting, you may apply half the recommended fertilizer.

Give small trees protection from the wild animals and the surroundings. Chicken wire can be used around the young tree, making sure there’s enough room for growth. Young trees can easily be grown in containers. Main concern is choosing a good growing media. Never grow it in a peat moss mixture, that type of mixture stays too wet. For a good well drained mixture, try using 1 part pine bark mini nuggets, 1 part coarse sand (never use the soft play sand), and 1 part professional potting mix.

Cedar of Lebanon growing at Arz el Rab forest:

Cedar Species:

Cedrus Libani is the Latin name for cedar of Lebanon. Cedrus comes from the Greek word kedros. There are other species of Cedars, all were considered subspecies of Cedrus Libani and are now listed under their own species.

Cedrus Atlantica common name is Atlas cedar, native to the Atlas Mountains of northern Africa. It has bluish needles which are shorter than C. Libani. Its branches are more erect than C. Libani.

Cedrus Deodara or Deodar Cedar, native to the Himalayas; needles are soft and light green. Branches are not as flat as C. Libani. From the island of Cyprus comes a very similar form of Cedar.

Cedrus Brevifolia commonly known as Cyprus Cedar, it is so closely related to the C. libani. Has the same structure of Cedar of Lebanon, but have shorter needles and it doesn’t get as large

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