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- Eccremocarpus scaber – The Chilean Glory Vine | Chilean Glory Flower
- About Chilean Glory Flower Vine
- Care of Eccremocarpus scaber and how to grow,
Gorgeous, isn’t it? This is Eccremocarpus scaber ‘Tresco Red’.
If I ever doubted the hardiness of the Chilean glory vine (Eccremocarpus scaber) before, that doubt has been wiped away by this tough little vine’s luscious, sorbet-red flowers, which appeared last week… just a few months after my garden reached 9 degrees F for a few consecutive nights this past December!
Eccremocarpus (say “eh-crema-car-puss” – why not use botanical Latin? Geeks are very attractive, you know…) is rarely seen in gardens yet is very easy and quite spectacular in flower! This reputedly tender little vine covers itself in hot red, orange or yellow tubular flowers that are beloved to hummingbirds. The plant can quickly envelop a trellis yet is well-mannered, topping out at just 8 – 10 feet. It has elegant, lacy foliage with small tendrils that gently insinuate themselves through chain link fencing, a trellis, or over a wooden fence. As with most vines, Eccremocarpus is happiest with its roots in shade and top in sun. It seems to flower continuously from spring to fall in a nice, warm position (it loves a warm spot in the garden), as long as it receives consistent water and is planted in rich, well-drained soil.
And while this reputedly tender vine is only hardy to 15F (fine for most “typical” Portland winters), it might just surprise you by surviving if its roots are well-established before cold weather hits.
It’s usually found in the “Annual Vines” section of retail nurseries. I saw it at the Portland Nursery yesterday for about $6 in yellow, orange and red. Apparently there’s a pink form, which I have never seen. If you find it, or have it, let me know! You can also buy Eccremocarpus on line from Annie’s Annuals.
Eccremocarpus scaber – The Chilean Glory Vine | Chilean
(Plant family – Bignoniaceae: Origin – Chile; Argentina; Peru; Western Americas)
The Chilean Glory Vine – or Eccremocarpus scaber to give it its proper name – is one of my favourite climbers, so if this article sounds a little biased, it is! Eccremocarpus is easy to grow; quite quick but not invasive, and just adores full sun – or at least full light in the absence of sun.
It is best classed as an evergreen perennial, for Eccremocarpus never develops the woody stems that would allow it to be classed as a climbing shrub.
Chilean Glory Vine plant is not the hardiest of subjects, sometimes failing in severe winters. Much can be done to help it by planting this vine in a well drained – even dry –soil area. Winter waterlogging of the root system is not an ideal situation.
The flowers which persist from late spring until autumn are tubular clusters, with a colour range from cream through gold and orange to the deepest red. There are a few named varieties, but a good assortment of colours can be obtained from packet of seed!
Eccremocarpus scaber has a decided advantage over many of the traditional climbing plants in that it can be grown easily from seed. From seed sowing to a height of 1.5m in the first year (5ft) is realistic, and it will start its long flowering period after growing just 30cm tall.
About Chilean Glory Flower Vine
- Quick growing but not invasive climbing flowering vine plant
- Easy to train up wires with its twining tendrils
- Long Flowering period from late spring until autumn
- Clusters of tubular flowers – yellow; gold; orange; pink; all shades of red
- Evergreen with attractive pinnate foliage – almost fern-like
- Easy to grow from seed if needed – USDA Zones 9 – 10
- Suitable for trellis or archway
- Any soil other than heavy clay
- Can be grown indoors conservatory or under glass
- Suitable for container growing but shield the pot from direct sunshine to avoid baking or excessive drying of the soil
- Can be used in with other climbers (roses, clematis) or tall plants
- Easily grown as an annual from seed
Care of Eccremocarpus scaber and how to grow,
Chilean Glory Flower Vine is best grow against a sunny wall or fence. Otherwise any open sunny position that is sheltered will suit. South or west facing walls or fences are perfect – thriving in the reflected heat of the near direct sunshine. It also looks quite stunning when allowed to climb up other plants. Although evergreen it will not smother its host plant.
Lightweight or heavy trellis is suitable but not needing thick bars as it climbs via curling leaf tendrils. If growing up a pergola upright or where there is no trellis support. Galvanised training wire can be used for climbing – even string or heavy twine if grown as annual. It will need watering only in the driest of weather, and then at the root system, rather than simply spraying the plant.
The flowers ‘drip’ nicely off horizontal wires.
Plant Eccremocarpus in any well-drained soil – other than heavy clay soils. My best specimens were grown in an alkaline soil but they also suit most acid soils. Mulch the root area well at planting time and later in year if keeping it through the winter.
There will rarely be the need for feeding, but if required, a slow release fertilizer applied once in late spring.
If grown from young plants or seeds, they will need a helping hand upwards for the first 30cm or so. Once that’s done they will look after themselves providing there is something to cling to.
If you live in a severe winter area, or if the plant succumbs to a harsh winter spell, they can easily be re-started in spring from some save seed. (It is a good idea to save some seed and keep it in a paper bag in dry cool area.) Don’t give up hope though even if the plant is hit back to ground level. They often re-grow from the base and will soon regain their original size.
Problems with Eccremocarpus scaber
If grown as a conservatory plant they can be beset by red spider mite and aphids. This is rarely the case with plants grown outdoors.
There are no diseases – fungal or virus – that we are aware of.
Growing Chilean Glory Vine from seed or cuttings
Easy to take softwood tip cuttings in late summer, then pot once roots and keep well sheltered for the first winter in pot. Plant out in early spring once hardened off.
Seed sown plants can be raised either by direct sowing outside, or in a propagator from early spring. Sow a few seeds in a small pot or so and plant out as a batch in late spring.
Pruning Glory Vine
Pruning is rarely needed other than a bit of tidying up in spring. Just trim of any dead, disheveled or otherwise wayward shoots. It can also be cut back quite hard and allowed to re-start again from near ground level. Apply an organic mulch and slow release fertilizer in this instance.
- Eccremocarpus scaber ‘Tresco Gold’
- Eccremocarpus scaber ‘Tresco Cream’
- Eccremocarpus scaber ‘Cherry Red’
- Eccremocarpus scaber ‘Tresco Crimson’
Other Trellis Plants | Climbers for Sunny Positions | Evergreen Climbers
The Chilean glory flower, Eccremocarpus scaber is a fast growing evergreen perennial vine. An exotic-looking climber with dark fern-like foliage and twining tendrils that cling to fences and trellises.
This useful climbing plant will quickly cover walls, archways or pergolas.The clusters of small tubular flowers range from bright orange-scarlet and carmine rose to clear golden yellow.
This sub-tropical native of Chile and Peru will survive short periods of low temperature, as low as -5°C (23°F) and although it may die back to soil level in mild regions or situated on a warm wall, will come again with new growth from the base, reappearing larger and stronger the following year. In very mild, sheltered areas the foliage may remain all winter. Otherwise they can be grown as a half-annual. Very easy to grow, if sown early will flower the same year.
- Awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit
Eccremocarpus scaber has been awarded the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (AGM).
Sowing: Sow indoors from late Winter to early spring or sow directly outdoors from May onwards.
Sowing Indoors: Mid January to Mid March.
Surface sow the seeds in trays, pots, etc of good seed sowing mix (John Innes or similar) Just cover with vermiculite. Do not exclude light. Make sure that the compost is moist but not wet. Place in a propagator or seal in a polythene bag until after germination. Keep in a warm place at an optimum temperature of 15°C (60°F). Germination usually takes 21 to 60 days.
Transplant when large enough to handle into 7.5cm (3in) pots to grow on. Gradually acclimatise to outdoor conditions for 10-15 days before planting out after all risk of frost.
After all danger of frost has gone you can grow Glory flowers directly outdoors by sowing the seed in the middle of spring (after the last frost) at temperatures around 15°C (60°F); simply cover the seeds with fine topsoil once sown. They should be grown in a sunny area of the garden that has good drainage. Glory flowers like to grow in a soil that is moist and light in nature.
The young Glory flower should be spaced at about 30 cm apart (though it is better just to grow one plant) onto a trellis so that it can climb. Seedlings transplanted outdoors at the beginning of May will typically bloom from mid-summer to frost.
This climber loves neutral to slightly acidic, nutrient rich, well drained soil in full sun. In cool climates, choose a site with reflected heat. An excellent conservatory or greenhouse specimen, they will grow happily in a container, where they will last for a long time.
Eccremocarpus loves rich soil & appreciates a top dressing of compost in early spring.
This vine needs a trellis or other structure on which to grow, or provide stout strings to support the vines. They are wonderful twining through other climbers such as roses and clematis on trellis, fences and arch ways.
Remember that the climber shrubs are very vigorous, and in hot weather will need abundant watering. Use a slow release granular fertiliser every 3 to 4 months.
If you plan to grow Glory flowers as perennials then they should be pruned during the first spring after planting, cut back all new growth to 15cm (6in) to encourage new shoots from the base. This tendril climber flowers on new growth, so in subsequent years, cut back all frost-damaged growth and then reduce other stems to about 60cm (24in). The new climbing stems will carry the colourful trumpet flowers.
Propagation is usually by seed, but leaf bud and soft tip cuttings may be taken in late summer for overwintering indoors.
Vine for trellises, pergolas, walls, fences or other structures around the home.
Eccremocarpus is a genus of five species of flowering plants in the family Bignoniaceae, native to western South America in Chile, Argentina, and Peru. E. scaber is the commonest of the five species.
Eccremocarpus is from the Greek ekkremes meaning ‘pendent’ or ‘hanging’ and carpus meaning ‘fruit’ .
The species name scaber means ‘rough’.
It is commonly known as Chilean Glory Vine, Glory Vine, Beauty Vine, Chupa-chupa, Lorito and Voqui,
Eccremocarpus scaber is also known as Calampelis scaber
Family: Bignoniaceae – big-no-nih-AY-see-ee
Genus: Eccremocarpus – ek-rem-oh-KAR-pus
Species: scaber – SKAB-er