People of Paris, listen carefully. I am Hawk Moth. Ladybug, Cat Noir, give me the ladybug earrings and the cat ring now. You’ve done enough damage to these innocent people!

—Hawk Moth, “Stoneheart”

Click here to see quotes from Gabriel Agreste.

Gabriel Agreste is a famous fashion designer who created and owns the brand Gabriel. He is also the husband of Emilie Agreste and the father of Adrien Agreste. With the Butterfly Miraculous, when inhabited by Nooroo, Gabriel transforms into Hawk Moth (Le Papillon in the French version, which translates to “The Butterfly”), who is the main antagonist of Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug & Cat Noir. He wants Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses for himself in order to obtain absolute power and reshape reality to undo his and his wife’s past mistake. To achieve his goal, he creates and controls the akumas, who can transform normal people with negative emotions into supervillains.

In “The Collector”, in order to avoid the suspicion of being Hawk Moth, he akumatizes himself into the Collector, a supervillain who has the power to imprison any person or object within his magical notebook.

In “Catalyst”, which is part of the Heroes’ Day special, he becomes Scarlet Moth with the enhancement given to him by the titular villain.

In “Mayura”, he is amokized by Mayura and his emotions form a Moth-themed sentimonster to help him escape the French Miraculous superhero team.

In “Miracle Queen”, he is amokized again by Mayura and his emotions recreated the Moth-themed sentimonster to help him destroy Jade Turtle’s Shell-ter.


Physical appearance

Gabriel is a very tall man, whose skin tone is fair with a rosy tint. He has light blue eyes, and combed-back light blond hair.

Civilian attire

He wears black-framed silver glasses. He has a white dress shirt underneath a silver vest with red buttons and a cream-colored dress jacket, along with a red-and-white striped tie. He also wears red dress pants and white shoes with red laces. On the middle finger of his left hand, he has a silver band ring.

As Hawk Moth

Hawk Moth wears a dark purple dress shirt with a black butterfly-shaped lapel, the Butterfly Miraculous brooch on the center of the collar, and black dress pants. Over the majority of his face and neck, he wears a silver mask. He also has a dark indigo cane as his tool. Whenever he is controlling someone with an akuma, a bright purple butterfly-shaped outline appears on his face and around his eyes.

As the Collector

The Collector’s skin is pale purple. His hair sticks up in a point and is white with black vertical stripes, however, along with the back of his head and his neck is black. He wears a black dress suit with a white lapel, stiff shoulders, and black and red downward-bent stripes on the front. Each lower sleeve has a white stripe, and the Collector’s hands have white gloves. Also, he wears black dress pants. His high heel boots are connected to his body suit, and they are black with black and white striped heels.

As Scarlet Moth

Scarlet Moth’s outfit is the same as Hawk Moth’s except it is colored burgundy-red due to the enhancement from Catalyst. His mask, cane, and the Butterfly Miraculous are also colored the same red. His cane allows him to create more than one akuma, giving him an advantage.

For more of Gabriel’s outfits and designs, see Gabriel Agreste/Designs.


Gabriel gets frustrated with Adrien and tells him he must be homeschooled.

Gabriel comes off as a cold, harsh, and very strict man. He is very protective of his son Adrien, having kept him home for most of his life, although having a possessive and distant relationship with him. He makes executive decisions about how to keep his son safe without considering how he may feel, such as when he unjustly deems Nino Lahiffe a bad influence for Adrien and forbids him from coming to his home ever again. Gabriel misses his wife greatly and sometimes has to be reminded not to forget that his son is also grieving. According to Adrien in “Adrien’s Double Life”, ever since the disappearance of his wife, he is a changed man. He also strongly dislikes taking orders from anyone, even if they are from people who are trying to help and protect him, such as Ladybug and Cat Noir. Despite this, Gabriel can be respectful and kind at times, especially when needing to act professionally.

Hawk Moth asks his akumatized villains to bring him Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses.

As Hawk Moth, he is cold and determined. After a villain’s defeat, he determinedly vows revenge and, while stopping for a while afterward, doesn’t wait too long to try again with his akumas. His goal is to claim the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses to gain their absolute power necessary to achieve his dearest secret wish, not caring if he causes people harm in the process. He is aware of the equivalent exchange drawback of making a wish with the Miraculouses, every wish having a reaction to maintain balance in the universe, but it doesn’t appear to bother him.

He is also very stubborn as he refuses to listen to Nooroo about how he is using the Butterfly Miraculous, showing that he isn’t remorseful about all the damage and chaos he is caused in Paris and also very desperate to save his wife.

Hawk Moth is delighted when Ladybug is weakened.

Hawk Moth’s akumatized villains are his most powerful known weapon, so he chooses his victims carefully, usually people who are emotionally at their weakest. He is a skilled liar and manipulator, persuading people that he cares about their problems and giving them powers to help solve them, when in reality, he does it because he wants them to retrieve the Miraculouses for him. He gives them ideas if they are struggling to think one up. However, if things aren’t going his way, Hawk Moth easily loses his patience, threatening harm to Ladybug, Cat Noir, and even to the villains he creates. He also has a bit of a habit of celebrating too soon when the heroes get weaken by his many akumatized villains, thinking it will get him closer to the heroes’ Miraculouses. He sometimes uses puns, such as telling the akuma in “The Evillustrator” to “draw into our evil web”.

Gabriel decides to quit being Hawk Moth.

Despite these traits, Hawk Moth can be merciful with those he cares about, such as when he orders the supervillain to drop Ladybug in order to save Adrien who is falling off the building. He is obsessed with finding a way to save his wife, but is willing to give up his evil ways to protect Adrien from being caught in the crossfire or being targeted by the villains he creates. This situation, along with his frustration that even Audrey Bourgeois, who he believed was his greatest masterpiece, made him temporary renounce his role as a villain. However, he decided to continue to be Hawk Moth after Queen Bee appeared, viewing the opportunity to akumatize a Miraculous holder as too good to pass up.

Gabriel declares that he will find where the kwamis are and take their Miraculouses.

Though his goal is specifically getting Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses, when Gabriel tells Nooroo that he is going to kidnap the kwami friends of the latter so he can have unlimited powers at his disposal, it is implied that he has become power-hungry due to being Hawk Moth for a long time and has gotten addicted to yearning power to the extreme degree that he will grasp every opportunity to seize the power in order to have easier access on stealing the Ladybug Miraculous and Cat Miraculous.

That devastation has made his heart grow twisted by sadness, despair and desperation so much that he didn’t care about the pain and suffering he caused to everyone else even his own son. In an alternate future of “Cat Blanc”, it was those very feelings that led to his own demise.

As The Collector, being a voluntary akumatized villain, his personality doesn’t change much. He is obsessed with collecting everything he likes to replace the Miraculous spellbook but is still determined to take Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses. He also knows that he must protect his secret identity, telling the heroes that he would give their Miraculouses to Hawk Moth in order to throw them off his trail.


As a civilian

Gabriel at his atelier on the phone arguing with an employee.

Gabriel is an expert at designing fashions for clothes, accessories, and jewelry. According to Audrey Bourgeois, the harshet fashion critic, she didn’t see other talents as great as his until she met Marinette Dupain-Cheng. Additionally, owning the Gabriel brand, Gabriel is well-versed at running a business, including solving problems by phone concerning design issues and presenting himself professionally when around others.

Gabriel has good hindsight and suspicions about things, revealing he had suspected that there are more Miraculouses in the city and a guardian after Rena Rouge’s appearance. In “Syren”, he reveals that he’d suspected that Miraculouses had hidden powers after seeing Ladybug and Cat Noir in their aqua forms. He also believed that Adrien could be Cat Noir until he indirectly tricked him that he wasn’t. According to Miraculous Secrets, he caused chaos on Paris in the first place not only to find superheroes, but a guardian in the city to decipher the spellbook.

He later noticed Ladybug’s disappearances in the middle of battles to bring allies, suspecting that she went to the Guardian of the Miraculouses.

Despite being often outsmarted by Ladybug, Gabriel proved to be a brilliant strategist and tactician. Not being deceived by Ladybug like his villains, he has proven himself to be cautious and careful like the superheroine herself. In order to avoid the suspicion of being Hawk Moth, he akumatizes himself. He showed that he is willing to use dirty or unfair tactics such as using sheer numbers to wear the superheroes down and resorting to surprise attacks as seen in “Heroes’ Day”. He noticed that both Lila and Chloé had great potential and unfinished business with Ladybug, planning to use this to his advantage not only to akumatize them (especially the latter as she had a Miraculous), but also form alliances with them.

Since Nathalie stole Fu’s tablet with the deciphered spellbook pages, Gabriel has knowledge about the process to repair Miraculouses, several spells such as the incantation needed for the wish-granting power of the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses, and the recipes for the potions which grant more powers to the holders.

Gabriel plays the piano with Adrien.

Gabriel has many talents which his son later learnt: He is very skilled at fencing, knows how to play the piano and perform a duo, and is able to speak Japanese fluently. Furthermore, Gabriel is able to grow and harvest butterflies.

Hawk Moth has enhanced skills such as speed, agility, strength and near-invulnerability. Despite the fact that he doesn’t often fight directly, Hawk Moth is a capable sword fighter, being able to defend himself and destroy miniature missiles from his own lair’s defense protocol with his swordstick. His prowess is enough to overpower younger combatants like Ladybug and Cat Noir.

Hawk Moth uses his swarm of akumas to form a large version of his head which he can speak through them.

Even without being transformed, Hawk Moth’s Miraculous allows him to feel emotions, whether positive or negative, like an empath, so he can precisely pinpoint the person’s name and the reason why they have negative emotions.

Hawk Moth can control many akumas to form a swarm that makes a large version of his head, which he can speak through which is shown in “Stoneheart”.

Hawk Moth creating an akuma.

Hawk Moth’s main superpower is Akumatization, charging butterflies with dark energy which transforms them into akumas and then sending them out to possess an object of a vulnerable person. He can also keep his butterflies in his cane if he needs to use an akuma in another location other than his lair. If his targets agree to serve him, he transforms them into supervillains by corrupting their personalities and granting them a wide variety of superpowers or special abilities. He can also telepathically communicate with his so-called “winners”. A pink butterfly-shaped outline appears in front of his and the villains’ faces when he does so. However, he is only able to create one villain at a time over the course of an indeterminate amount of time, he needs to convince his victims to accept the powers that he grants, and the akumatized that he creates do still have a will of their own and can either disobey him or carry out his orders incompetently. Still, if a supervillain doesn’t go and retrieve the Miraculous like they were asked to, Hawk Moth can control their bodies for a brief amount of time in order to inflict pain onto them until they agree to do it as quickly as possible. He is also capable of purifying an akuma himself.

Hawk Moth’s akuma multiplies.

When an akuma isn’t purified by Ladybug, it will multiply and turn other people into frozen copies of the original akumatized villain. Hawk Moth can recall and trap the original akuma in the top of his cane in order to release it again when the victim gets sad or angry once more. This turns the victim into the same akumatized villain, but it also unfreezes the copies of them, which the original villain can command and control. However, once the original akuma is de-evilized, its copies vanish, reverting the duplicates of the villain back to normal.

As The Collector

The Collector using his notebook to defend himself from the CD’s.

The Collector is able to trap objects and people in the form of drawings inside his notebook. He throws the notebook like a boomerang, and while the notebook can go very far distances, once it captures something or someone by hitting them, it returns to him wherever he is. This is intensified as he can summon it. He can also utilize the notebook as a shield against projectiles, opening the book, either holding it sturdily or waving it around, so it traps the object being thrown towards him. Anything it passes through is trapped no matter how big it is. However, there is a limit to how much can be absorbed, as shown when Ladybug used a makeshift conveyor belt to launch a barrage of Adrien’s CDs at him and he used his book to absorb them. When he then tried to absorb Ladybug, he found that the book’s pages were all full and could not absorb anything more.

Additionally, The Collector is quick and agile, easily flipping, jumping, and dodging attacks.

Scarlet Moth releases scarlet akumas with his cane.

Scarlet Moth has the same abilities as Hawk Moth, but he is stronger as he can create as many akumatized villains as he desires. This is caused by his cane getting affected by Catalyst’s enhancement. He can use his cane to summon more scarlet akumas to make the heroes feel intimidated and outnumbered. Instead of creating normal akumas, he creates scarlet akumas, which are dark crimson red, just like the akumatized.

Unlike with normal akumatized villains, Scarlet Moth can akumatize his victims without having to ask for their permission and the created villains are bound to obey him, showing that the will that they still had in a normal akumatization is now diminished. He used Dark Cupid to create the negative emotions he needed so he could akumatize more villains.



Unknown Unknown
Graham de Vanily
Graham de Vanily
Unknown Unknown
Graham de Vanily
Graham de Vanily

= Male

= Female

= Gender Unknown


  • Emilie Agreste mysteriously disappeared before the events of Season 1. In “Style Queen” and “Queen Wasp”, it was revealed that she is underneath the Agreste Mansion in the same room seen in “Gorizilla”, inside something resembling a coffin, in which she appears to be in a comatose state.
  • In “Félix”, it is said that Gabriel did not let Adrien go to Amelie’s husband’s funeral.


Click here to view the relationships of Gabriel Agreste.


Click here to view the history of Gabriel Agreste.



Comics and books

Other Comics & Books
Ladybug Artbook: Appears Miraculous: Tales of Ladybug: Unknown
Miraculous: Tales of Cat Noir: Unknown Tales of Miraculous: Unknown
Miraculous (manga): Unknown


Super Lady Luck: Pictured Miraculous Mission Ladybug: Absent
Throwdown!: Appears Ladybug Contra os Vilões: Pictured
Miraculous Ladybug & Cat Noir: Pictured Miraculous Crush: Appears
Non-Canon Media
The Mini Menace Ladybug: Absent Ladybug PV: Appears
First CGI promotional videos: Absent Korean musical: Appears
Brazilian musical: Appears


  • Gabriel is named after Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel, who created the French designer brand, Chanel.

Hawk Moth’s appearance in the Ladybug PV.

  • Hawk Moth’s appearance is very different from his appearance in the Ladybug PV. In the PV, he doesn’t wear a mask, has white hair and silver eyes, and wears a white dress suit with a pale tan vest and bow.
  • The design of Hawk Moth’s mask is a reference to the supervillain Fantômas from the 1964 French film with the same name.
  • After sending an akuma, he rotates his staff with his left hand, which possibly indicates Gabriel is left-handed.
  • Gabriel is one of the tallest characters in the series.
    • Strangely, Hawk Moth is depicted taller than Gabriel, while in reality they are the same height.
  • Gabriel’s phone number as listed in Adrien’s phone contacts is +33678424.
  • Gabriel’s car can show holograms of himself, which he uses to being seen outside his mansion when he is actually inside.

Gabriel putting the Miraculous book in his safe.

  • Gabriel has a secret safe behind the painting of Emilie Agreste in his atelier. It contains the Peacock Miraculous, a picture of Emilie Agreste, tickets for Tibet, and a book about the Miraculouses.
    • In “Volpina”, Adrien takes the Miraculous book, unbeknownst to Gabriel, and the book eventually ends up in Marinette’s hands. Once he discovers that it is missing in “The Collector”, he, despite having the book’s pages saved digitally, becomes very angry and punishes Adrien, most likely due to the book making him the primary suspect for being Hawk Moth.
    • The painting of Emilie Agreste also conceals another secret — access to the entrance to Hawk Moth’s lair. The passage opens when certain spots of the painting are pressed.
  • Hawk Moth is called “Butterfly” in other early sources.
    • In the Castilian Spanish version, Hawk Moth’s name is Lepidóptero, which comes from the scientific order called Lepidoptera, which contains all butterflies and moths.
  • During Season 1 when his secret identity was unknown, there were clues suggesting that Gabriel was Hawk Moth are:
    • Gabriel and Hawk Moth have the same voice actors in many dubs, including English, French, Castilian Spanish, Latin American Spanish, Italian, and Korean dubs.
    • In “The Bubbler”, it was not actually confirmed that Gabriel had been kidnapped by the bubbles of the titular villain.
    • In “Mr. Pigeon”, Gabriel was imaginated in Marinette’s mind with a purple brooch resembling the Butterfly Miraculous.
    • In “Ladybug & Cat Noir”, the silhouette of the civilian form of Hawk Moth is very similar to that of Gabriel, and they seem to have the same clothes, in addition to having a picture of Emilie.
    • In “Simon Says”, Hawk Moth states that “it’s risky” when he hears Simon Says say he will take Gabriel Agreste when he never showed any concern for anyone else is akumatized villains endanger.
      • As soon as Gabriel is left alone, Hawk Moth appears and is seen to walk ahead, and still in the same scene, he still seemed worried about what Simon Says was doing.
      • When Gabriel is hypnotized, Simon Says tells him that he is a butterfly.
      • Gabriel proves to be attracted to Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses.

Emilie Agreste’s image in the Butterfly Miraculous.

  • As revealed in “The Dark Owl”, Hawk Moth’s intentions for getting Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses is to change a past event.
    • In “Zombizou” he mentions that his cherished wish is linked to love.
    • In “Queen Wasp” and “Catalyst”, it is hinted that Gabriel’s intentions for getting the Ladybug and Cat Miraculouses are linked to a promise with Emilie.
    • In “Party Crasher”, Gabriel mentions that the past event seems to be a mistake he and Emilie made.
  • Hawk Moth usually reveals his name to his victims when he corrupts them. However, he never gave out his name to the Evillustrator or Darkblade.
  • As seen in episodes like “Darkblade”, “Antibug”, and “Princess Fragrance”, Hawk Moth has the time to akumatize more than one person a day, even though it is not more than one person each time.
    • In “Timebreaker”, however, he is able to twice akumatize Alix for the two of them to operate concurrently, by virtue of the timeline of events being altered by her time-traveling ability.
    • In “Sapotis”, he was able to akumatize both of Alya’s sisters because they were both holding onto the same object.
    • Despite being busy with job in his atelier, Gabriel is constantly seen in his lair. This is likely because he is rarely seen out of his mansion, as mentioned by Marinette as Ladybug and reporter Nadja Chamack. He is always seen in his home or through Nathalie’s tablet, except for “Queens’ Battle”, “Backwarder”, and in “Party Crasher”.
  • In “Volpina”, Adrien confuses a previous owner of the Butterfly Miraculous for Hawk Moth upon seeing his picture in the Miraculous Spellbook.
  • Wilfried Pain has confirmed that Hawk Moth also has an origin story.
    • Thomas Astruc additionally claimed that Season 2 would explain how Hawk Moth found the Butterfly Miraculous (although this information was ultimately not revealed in Season 2).
    • Astruc also intends for Season 3 to reveal why Hawk Moth needs the Miraculouses.
  • In some dubs, Gabriel and Hawk Moth have different voice actors. Examples are the Brazilian Portuguese, Polish, Hungarian (only Season 1), and Dutch dubs.


Click here to view the gallery.

v • e Characters
Miraculous holders and related characters
French Miraculous superhero team

Adrien Agreste/Cat Noir • Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Ladybug

Recurring Miraculous holders

Alix Kubdel/Bunnyx

Previous Miraculous holders

Adrien Agreste/Aspik/Mister Bug/Snake Noir • Alya Césaire/Rena Rouge • Chloé Bourgeois/Queen Bee • Kagami Tsurugi/Ryuko • Lê Chiến Kim/King Monkey • Luka Couffaine/Viperion • Marinette Dupain-Cheng/Lady Noir/Multimouse/Multifox/Multinoir/Multibug/Dragon Bug • Max Kanté/Pegasus • Nino Lahiffe/Carapace


Gabriel Agreste/Hawk Moth • Nathalie Sancoeur/Mayura


Barkk • Daizzi • Duusu • Fluff • Kaalki • Longg • Mullo • Nooroo • Orikko • Plagg • Pollen • Roaar • Sass • Stompp • Tikki • Trixx • Wayzz • Xuppu • Ziggy

Former Miraculous holders

Ancient Butterfly Miraculous holder • Ancient Ladybug Miraculous holder • Ancient Chinese Bee Miraculous holder • Ancient Chinese Butterfly Miraculous holder • Ancient Chinese Fox Miraculous holder • Ancient Chinese Peacock Miraculous holder • Ancient Egyptian Miraculous holder • Ancient European Cat Miraculous Holder • Bọ rùa • Cernunnos • Iron Armor Akumatized Person • La Coccinelle • Herakles • Hēi Māo • Hippolyta • Hua Mulan • Jeanne d’Arc • La Déesse Coccinelle • La Mariquita • Micazoyolin • Mudekudeku • Piáo Chóng • Pied Piper of Hamelin • Sasuke Sarutobi • Sun Wukong • Tentomushi • Tomoe Gozen • Wang Fu/Jade Turtle

Future Miraculous holders

Alix Kubdel/Bunnyx • Brazilian Miraculous holder • Future Butterfly Miraculous holder • Future Queen Bee • Mylène Haprèle/Future Mouse Miraculous Holder

Non-Miraculous superheroes Camilla Hombee/Victory • Doorman (hero) • Knightowl • Majestia • Sparrow • Uncanny Valley • Unnamed superheroes Villains
Main villains

Akuma • Gabriel Agreste/Hawk Moth • Nathalie Sancoeur/Mayura

Akumatized villains

Anansi • Animaestro • Animan • Antibug • Backwarder • Bakerix • Befana • Bubbler • Captain Hardrock • Cat Blanc • Catalyst • Chameleon • Christmaster • The Collector • Copycat • Darkblade • Dark Cupid • Dark Owl • Despair Bear • Desperada • Destroyer • Evillustrator • Frightningale • Frozer • Gamer • Gigantitan • Glaciator • Gorizilla • Guitar Villain • Heart Hunter • Horrificator • Ikari Gozen • Kung Food • Kwamibuster • Lady Wifi • Magician of Misfortune • Malediktator • Mime • Miracle Queen • Miraculer • Oblivio • Party Crasher • Pharaoh • Mr. Pigeon • Pixelator • Prime Queen • Princess Fragrance • Puppeteer • Oni-Chan • Queen Wasp • Reflekta • Rena Rage • Replay • Reverser • Riposte • Robostus • Rogercop • Sandboy • Santa Claws • Sapotis • Shell Shock • Silencer • Silurus • Simon Says • Startrain • Stoneheart • Stormy Weather • Style Queen • Syren • Timebreaker • Timetagger • Troublemaker • Vanisher • Volpina • Weredad • Zombizou


Butterfly Sentimonster • Dormant Sentimonster • Ladybug • Lollipop Sentimonster • Reflekdoll

Other villains

Trash Krakken

Unknown and/or future villains

Apkli • Dr. Sadness • Hawk Moth (future) • Ignoblia • Pain and Tears • Monsieur Rat • Timetagger


Miss Bustier’s class (Adrien Agreste • Alix Kubdel • Alya Césaire • Chloé Bourgeois • Ivan Bruel • Juleka Couffaine • Lê Chiến Kim • Marinette Dupain-Cheng • Max Kanté • Mylène Haprèle • Nathaniel Kurtzberg • Nino Lahiffe • Rose Lavillant • Sabrina Raincomprix • Lila Rossi) • Ms. Mendeleiev’s class (Aurore Beauréal • Mireille Caquet • Jean Duparc) • Adam • Marc Anciel • Luka Couffaine • Ondine • Kagami Tsurugi • Vivica • Wayhem


August • Boy • Ella Césaire • Etta Césaire • Manon Chamack • Chris Lahiffe • Mrs. Michelle’s son • Quentin


Adrien’s bodyguard • Emilie Agreste • Arlette • Art teacher • Thomas Astruc • August’s mother • Vincent Aza • Mr. Banana • Théo Barbot • André Bourgeois • Audrey Bourgeois • Caline Bustier • Butler Jean • Alec Cataldi • Marlena Césaire • Nora Césaire • Otis Césaire • Nadja Chamack • Sabine Cheng • Chris (performer) • Clara Contard • Anarka Couffaine • Mr. Damocles • Armand D’Argencourt • Doorman • Gina Dupain • Rolland Dupain • Tom Dupain • Fire captain • Fisherman • André Glacier • Simon Grimault • Fred Haprèle • Claudie Kanté • Mr. Kubdel • Jalil Kubdel • Marianne Lenoir • Lila’s mother • Maid • Ms. Mendeleiev • Mrs. Michelle • Clara Nightingale • Philippe • Roger Raincomprix • Xavier Ramier • Penny Rolling • Bob Roth • Santa Claus • Sarah • Jagged Stone • Jean Tretiens • Tomoe Tsurugi • Véronique • Vincent (Adrien’s photographer) • XY


Fang • Minor animals • Whiskers


Kitty Section

Characters from the past

Darkblade (ancestor)


Albert • Markov

Future characters

Lindalee Rose

Other characters

Ali • Félix Graham de Vanily




Amelie Graham de Vanily • Breaker • Wang Cheng • Ghetto Blaster • Howard • Jørgen • Kenya’s father • Killabee • Metal Face D • Order of the Guardians • Prince Ali’s chaperone • Public Enemy • Shaolin Soul • Wealthy woman

Characters from the past


Future characters

Sabine’s mother • Su Han

Non-canon characters Unused Quantic Kids members (Gavroche • Kid Mime • Melodie • Mercury) • Dany Boon

Start a Discussion Discussions about Gabriel Agreste

  • How will Nooroo escape and Duusu from Gabriel and Nathalie and what will they do after they escape?

    8 messages

    • Ramensushi56 wrote:Thank you! Finally someone who sees that they could still potentially escape! Not without help. 2020-01-28T10:19:24Z
    • There are precisely two scenarios I can see: 1) Chat Noir and Ladybug take the Miraculous from Gabriel and Nathalie after defeating Hawkmoth … 2020-01-28T10:26:34Z
  • What if The Joker fought Hawk Moth

    11 messages

    • ”’Ok, but were getting off topic”’ 2020-01-03T02:19:11Z
    • ”’Well it’s concluded, It’s a somewhat draw by Akumalization and Joker via Manip”’ 2020-01-08T22:10:49Z

Miraculous Ladybug Theories


Yes, yes I know that most of you probably thinking

‘ Gabriel Agreste aka Adrien’s dad is Hawkmoth ‘

Yes. Gabriel Agreste seems to be the most likely person. Heck, even I thought he was Hawkmoth at some point, but after watching Jackady I’m not so sure. This episode both confirms and doesn’t confirm the Gabriel – Hawkmoth theory.

In Jackady and the origins episodes we get more screentime for Gabriel Agreste, and in Jackady he seems proud when showing Ladybug some photos of Adrien’s modelling and had the faintest of smiles and in the end he hugs Adrien saying ” It’ll all be over soon … ”

What could that possibly mean ?

Something just doesn’t seem to add up.

YouTuber MeliZbeauty pointed out the differences between Gabriel, Mr. Kubdel, and Hawkmoth in one of her theory videos which got me thinking …

If MeliZbeauty’s theory is correct, it means we haven’t been properly introduced to Hawkmoth’s civilian identity yet.

There is also another theory : What if Hawkmoth is related to Gabriel ? I swear if this is like the whole Gravity Falls Stan Twin Theory I will seriously flip.

Well until next time see ya !!

~ HaosRulez101 ( P.S the videos aren’t mine they belong to their respective owners )

Characters /
Miraculous Ladybug Hawk Moth

  • 10-Minute Retirement: After Style Queen is defeated, he declares that no akuma victim could ever top someone as naturally malicious and vile as Audrey Bourgeois, and if she lost then there’s no point in even trying anymore. He renounces Nooroo and puts away his Miraculous, but quickly dives right back into villainy when he gets the opportunity to akumatize a transformed Miraculous wielder (Chloé), which is just too tempting for him to pass up.
  • Absurdly Sharp Blade: His Sword Cane can slice clean through giant missiles.
  • Abusive Parents: Zigzagged. While not physically abusive to Adrien, Gabriel can be emotionally abusive, such as micromanaging Adrien’s entire life in trying to protect him from an unknown danger. As Hawk Moth, he claims that everything he’s doing is to make Adrien happy, presumably by bringing his mother back. However, this could just as easily be his excuse to bring Emilie back for himself. While he toes the line at actually allowing Adrien to come to harm, he has no compunctions about akumatizing his close associates and risking him potentially getting caught in the crossfire. In “Riposte”, he actually goes as far as to akumatize someone with a grudge against Adrien specifically. However, when she threatens Adrien, he tells her immediately that she must acquire the Miraculous before she can seek revenge. “Cat Blanc” straightens the trope right out: first he makes a deliberate effort to destroy Adrien’s relationship with Marinette so that he can akumatize her, then when that fails and Cat Noir blows his secret identity in the process, he reveals himself to his son and exploits his emotional turmoil to akumatize him instead.
  • Adaptational Badass: Invoked in Volpina’s debut; her illusory Hawk Moth uses a Shadow Walker-esque teleport to zip all over the city, looking untouchable by Ladybug and Cat Noir. The real Hawk never shows such a power, one that would’ve come in handy on several occasions.
  • Amazon Chaser: Implied. When Cat Noir (Adrien) call his father out on his stubbornness in “Simon Says”, Gabriel is taken aback before smiling at Cat Noir’s temper and fondly saying he (Cat Noir) reminds him of someone else. After Cat Noir leaves to fight the titular akuma, Gabriel looks at the picture of his wife. The whole scene implies Emilie has a similar temper like Adrien’s and was a reason why Gabriel loved her so dearly.
  • Animal-Themed Superbeing: Lepidopterans, like butterflies and moths, as his French name translates to “Butterfly” and his English name is “Hawk Moth”, the common name for a family of moths known as “Sphingidae”. His Miraculous and kwami are butterfly- and moth-themed in each respective dub. He corrupts butterflies to act as his akumas, regardless of dub.
  • Antagonist Abilities:
    • His akumas can’t be backtracked or traced, and he almost never takes part in fights himself. He also has no time limit when using his abilities and his akuma continue to function even if he’s not transformed. Therefore, he can continue to attack Ladybug and Cat Noir on an almost daily basis, secure in the knowledge that they have no way to ever bring the fight to him.
    • In “Mayura”, he chastises Ladybug and Cat Noir for being unable to hold transformations after using their special abilities, implying that he knows more about how the Miraculouses work.
  • Archnemesis Dad: He often targets the students in Marinette’s class, meaning that he’s knowingly victimizing the friends of his son Adrien. Over the course of season two, he begins to suspect Adrien is Cat Noir, though as of “Gorizilla” he’s been thrown off the scent for the time being. However, when he finds out in the Bad Future of “Cat Blanc”, he doesn’t hesitate to manipulate his son’s emotional turmoil to Evilize him, even physically assaulting Cat Noir just to twist the knife further.
  • Astonishingly Appropriate Appearance: His brand’s logo is a butterfly, and there are subtle butterfly logos all over his mansion. Given that he only acquired the Moth Brooch just before the start of the show, these must have been in place well before he became Hawk Moth.
  • Authority Equals Asskicking: Despite the fact he doesn’t fight directly often, he is shown to be capable of using a Sword Cane, as seen in “Robostus”. More of this is going to show in the Heroes’ Day two-parter special.
  • Bad Boss:
    • Downplayed, but he dumps the responsibility of taking care of his son on Nathalie, and tends to be harsh toward the Gorilla, even attempting to akumatize him twice (the second time succeeding).
    • Enslaved the butterfly kwami Nooroo despite Nooroo’s warnings about the danger risked by using a kwami’s powers for evil.
    • If people don’t follow his orders, he’s bound to threaten or try and take control of them unless they do their job.
  • Bare-Fisted Monk: As shown in “Mayura”, he is more succesful in beating Ladybug and Cat Noir barehanded than with his cane.
  • Berserk Button:
    • He tends to get very annoyed when his victims ignore his orders or jeopardize his mission (namely, when they make the Miraculous irretrievable).
    • As Gabriel, anything that can remotely be construed as an insult towards his wife, including suggesting that he could ever love anyone else. In “Félix”, he is in the middle of confessing to Adrien that he is Hawk Moth, when Adrien reveals that he already figured out his father’s “big secret”… which is of course that he and Nathalie are in a romantic relationship. This makes Gabriel so angry he berates Adrien and storms off without finishing his confession.
  • Big Bad: He’s the evil mastermind behind all of Paris’s supernatural problems.
  • Bond Villain Stupidity: Gets a case of this every single time Cat Noir falls prey to an akumatised victim’s attack and becomes Brainwashed and Crazy. It never once occurs to him to take the Cat Miraculous while he can. Rather, he has Cat Noir help take Ladybug’s Miraculous. He also does this in “Copycat”, where instead of having Copycat take the ring, he’s perfectly fine with letting Ladybug do it, even though logically, she’d take the ring off and then try and smash it to get out the akuma. The most likely justification is that when the akumas can take thralls of their own, Cat is generally the most powerful of said thralls, and the only one who could stand a chance against Ladybug.
  • Break the Haughty: After his The Bad Guy Wins in “The Collector,” karma seems to be doubling down on him — in the form of giving him a tougher time with his Akumatized servants. The titular “Robostus” ends up invoking The Starscream and nearly killing him with his own defense system, and the titular “Gigantitan” is so frustrating to work with that Hawk Moth ends up looking like a borderline Ineffectual Sympathetic Villain.
  • Broken Pedestal: Zigzagged. Marinette looks up to him since he’s a famous fashion designer and all, but she and many other people that know him personally are aware that he’s an Ice King Control Freak.
  • Broke Your Arm Punching Out Cthulhu: Gabriel’s villainy is exactly the reason a kwami was sent out to invite his son into a world of danger and intrigue. Whether he will have to hurt his son to save his wife is currently unclear.
  • But Not Too Foreign: Implied. The last name “Agreste” indicates he is of Italian descent.
  • Butt-Monkey: In season two, Hawk Moth is having far more difficulty controlling the akumatized villains. To wit, he ends up having to say “please” to Befana, has Robostus pull a Starscream on him and nearly kill him, is unable to wrangle Gigantitan with any degree of success, is unable to get Glaciator to attack Ladybug and Cat Noir (they’re pretending to be a couple at the time), and initially has difficulty with the Sapotis, although he eventually gets them to focus.
  • Card-Carrying Villain: Deliberately creates supervillains, refers to his transformations as “evilizing” people, and freely admits his plots are evil. Subtle this one ain’t.
  • Catchphrase:
    • “Fly away, my little Akuma, and evilize him/her!”
    • And when the Akuma finds its mark: “. I am Hawk Moth…”
  • Classy Cane: His Weapon of Choice is a cane with a purple gem encrusted on its handle, symbolizing how he commands all the other villains in the show.
  • Clone by Conversion: If his akuma are released but not captured, they will clone themselves and infect anyone they can, turning their victims into mindless copies of the villain they originally created. If the original victim can be turned again, all the clones are enslaved to their will.
  • The Consigliere: What Nathalie is to him. He has a soft spot for her, so she’s the only person whose advice he listens to.
  • Control Freak: Gabriel micromanages all aspects of Adrien’s life, directly and by proxy.
  • Cool Mask: He wears a rather tight silver mask that conceals most of his face, save his eyes and mouth. When he’s trying to communicate with his henchmen, a purple butterfly-shaped hologram appears in front of his eyes that matches the lines in his mask.
  • The Corrupter: Whenever he senses someone has powerful negative emotions, he sends out one of his akumas. The akuma amplifies those emotions and transforms the victim into an evil creature driven by that desire, who he then convinces to help him steal the Miraculous. It turns out he can do this to himself if he needs to.
  • Crazy-Prepared:
    • In “Simon Says,” we learn that Gabriel has installed DEFCON-like security measures to protect his mansion in case of an attack.
    • He owns the Miraculous spellbook, and has it hidden in a safe that no one should be able to access without the right code. However, in the event that does happen, he has scans of all the pages just in case.
    • In the event someone starts to suspect his civilian identity of being Hawk Moth, he can akumatize himself to throw off suspicion. Even Master Fu buys it, since the wielder of the Butterfly Miraculous is immune to its power… which is why he temporarily renounced the Miraculous after creating the akuma to use on himself.
    • His lair is kitted out with a defense system in the event that someone should break in… though, this ends up backfiring on him after Robostus takes control of it and turns it against him.
    • He carries a spare akuma in his cane in case an opportunity for an akumatization presents itself while he’s on the go.
    • In “Party Crasher”, it’s implied that he has his own nuclear reactor powering his lair.
  • Curb-Stomp Battle: Deals one to Ladybug and Cat Noir in “Mayura” until Rena Rouge, Carapace and Queen Bee steps in and inverse the trend.
  • Dark Is Evil: He taints his butterflies with black and purple energy before sending them off to corrupt someone.
  • Dark-Skinned Blond: Downplayed. He has a lightly tanned complexion contrasted by ash blond hair.
  • Darth Vader Clone: His masked alter ego gives him a deep, booming voice, he dresses mostly in black, he has the ability to mentally torture his minions if they disobey or fail him and he’s the Archnemesis Dad of one of the heroes. He also carries a sword and has a lost wife whom he misses terribly; her disappearance was what drove him to the Dark Side.
  • Didn’t Think This Through:
    • His plan in “Style Queen” was to deliberately provoke Audrey Burgeois as Gabriel so that she would be susceptible to akumatization. He didn’t count on her going for Revenge by Proxy against Adrien when she couldn’t get to him.
    • In “Cat Blanc”, he akumatizes Cat Noir by taking advantage of his emotional turmoil, erases the limitations of his destructive power and forces him to obey his order to complete his akumatization. He never expected that his son would actually become so unstable that he would lead to his own Karmic Death.
  • Disappeared Dad: Downplayed. Gabriel is physically present in Adrien’s life and even micromanages his son’s life to make sure Adrien is safe, but he’s too busy with his job to actually spend time with his son.
  • Disneyland Dad: He has Adrien’s entire life planned out in a calculated desire to protect him from the world, even going so far as to try and keep him home-schooled in-spite of how lonely it makes him. Due to his job as fashion mogul and his excursions as Hawk Moth, Gabriel could not actually be there for him and instead compensates using his vast fortune to keep his son happy and complacent with any material thing he wants.
  • Doomed by Canon: As of “Timetagger”, it’s been confirmed that ,succeed or fail, Gabriel will eventually come to no longer possess the Butterfly Miraculous…but someone will take his place.
  • Dub Name Change: His French name is Le Papillon (“Butterfly”)note , but he’s known as Hawk Moth in the English and Korean dubs. His Hungarian name is Halálfej (“Death’s-head”), while the European Spanish one is Lepidóptero (“Lepidopteran”).
  • The Empath: A villainous example. He can sense negative emotions anywhere in the city, with at least enough clarity to know exactly what the incident was that inspired them.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Despite being the Big Bad, Gabriel has his loved ones. His prime motivation for creating the akuma villains is to save his wife, Emilie, who has fallen into a coma and as time goes by is only falling deeper. As well as Emilie, Gabriel does legitimately love Adrien and claims that brining Emilie back if for him. However, Gabriel has allowed his obsession with bringing Emilie back to interfere with his relationship with Adrien making him controlling and cold. Not including his family, Gabriel cares for his assistant Nathalie. Despite still allowing her to use the Peacock Miraculous, knowing the implications that come with using it, Gabriel detransforms even though he has recreated an army of akuma villains when Nathalie falls ill.
  • Even Evil Has Standards:
    • Between brainwashing innocent people and not being the least bit choosy about victims, there aren’t a lot of lines Hawk Moth hasn’t crossed already. However, when it comes down to the wire, there is one thing he will never do: let Adrien get hurt. That is, until “Cat Blanc”, where in the Bad Future he akumatizes Cat Noir after learning his secret identity.
    • In “Sandboy”, he forbids Nooroo from communicating, striking the kwami mute. He quickly revokes this order, saying that he was joking and that even he’s not that cruel.
    • In “Queen Wasp”, he’s shown to be torn between his love for his wife and his son. Keep up with the akumas and the villains and risk Adrien getting hurt to save/revive Emilie or give it up for his safety but never get his wife back or save his son’s mother.
    • In “Mayura” he’s aghast when he realises that Nathalie has taken up the Peacock Miraculous to aid him, since he knows the strain it will take on her body, and begs her not to use it. In season 3 he drops this moral scruple and actively employs Mayura’s aid despite the risks to her health, though he does at least make sure she rest before using it again, but in “Ladybug” the scruple returns when he sees how the Miraculous has affected Nathalie and takes it back for her own safety.
  • Evil Has a Bad Sense of Humor: When Nooroo tries to go out for his birthday, he temporarily removes the poor kwami’s mouth before playing it off as a “joke”.
  • Evil Is Hammy: In costume, he embraces being a theatrical supervillain, a far cry from his civilian identity of the aloof, businesslike Gabriel Agreste.
  • Evil Only Has to Win Once: Loses nothing but time when his akumas are defeated, and so can afford to keep trying again and again.
  • Evil Sounds Deep: Has quite a low, intimidating tone. His voice is noticeably higher-pitched when untransformed, so either it’s a side effect of his transformation or he invokes this trope deliberately, perhaps so that nobody recognizes his civilian voice. At the end of “Party Crasher”, he speaks deeply while untransformed, so it seems he does invoke this trope deliberately.
  • Evil Virtues: He is deeply offended by any suggestion that he’s cheating on Emilie…whether the speaker meant to imply that or not.
  • Expy: Could be one to Gendo Ikari. Both are serious, aloof Abusive Parents of emotionally neglected children, Adrien and Shinji, who fall to evil in their attempts to bring back their wives whom they lost under mysterious circumstances.
    • could also be one to Victor Freeze/Mr. Freeze from Batman: The Animated Series. Both are cold, and both are desperately trying to save their wives and are keeping them barely alive in special chambers.
  • False Flag Operation: Twice. First, by permitting Simon Says to target him despite the risks and then corrupting himself into the Collector to throw suspicion off of his civilian identity when he believed the heroes were getting too close to finding out who he was.
  • False Friend: To any villain he creates. Since he actually has no control over their actions, he has to pretend he is giving them their powers so they can accomplish their goals. In actuality, he is just using them to get his hands on Ladybug and Cat Noir’s Miraculouses.
  • Faux Affably Evil: He’ll may act like he’s a friend to the villains he creates, but only as long as he’s getting what he wants; the minute something goes wrong, out come the threats to remove their powers.
  • Fashion Designer: He’s Marinette’s idol and produces the “Gabriel” line that Adrien models for.
  • Fluffy the Terrible: In the French version, he’s “Le Papillon”, or the Butterfly. This is intentionally averted in the various dubs by the name change.
  • Foil:
    • To Tom and Sabine. Gabriel practices Parental Neglect on a regular basis and denies his son pleasures like a birthday party, while Tom and Sabine are loving authority figures who gently nudge Marinette to do her chores.
    • To his own son as well; both are famous people who project a calm, professional image to conceal their true selves. Both are also the holders of a miraculous that give them dark-themed alter-egos with more outgoing personalities; but while Cat Noir is a happy-go-lucky, Dark Is Not Evil hero who protects Paris, Hawk Moth is a sinister Light Is Not Good Large Ham villain who corrupts people with his powers.
  • Foregone Conclusion: He is fighting the kwamis- literal laws of nature given physical form.
  • Four Eyes, Zero Soul: With his cold, unfriendly personality, it’s obvious. Even more as the true identity of Hawk Moth.

The Colour Identification Guide to Caterpillars of the British Isles Jim Porter


This book, seen as the companion guide to Bernard Skinner’s “Colour Identification Guide to Moths of the British Isles”, is an immense undertaking in it’s own right. Jim Porter’s unstinting ambition to photograph all the caterpillars of British macrolepidoptera has resulted in this superb volume.

All but a handful of the British species appear as colour photographs in natural settings, and most of the missing species have since been published in the journal Atropos.

With over 850 species illustrated, the photographs are perhaps not as large as they deserve to be, but with usually 18 per plate, skimming through to identify a caterpillar is normally a fairly quick task.

The text for each species has sections on description, foodplants and habits, the latter section often including useful tips on locating caterpillars in the wild, and hints on rearing in captivity. The species text also mentions how the caterpillar in each photographed was obtained.

This is a must-have book for the British lepidopterist, and brings together images of virtually all the butterfly and macro-moth caterpillars probably for the first occasion since Victorian times.

The book can be hard to find, even in the 2010 edition, but is still the definitive guide to British caterpillars. It can often be found for sale second hand through Amazon and other resellers.

Back to Books

How to identify common British caterpillars

Illustrations by Felicity Rose Cole


Why are caterpillars so varied?

Caterpillars can’t easily escape from predators because they’re slow-moving and haven’t grown wings yet. That means they either have to rely on camouflage so that predators don’t notice them (which gives us caterpillars that look like leaves, plant stems etc) or they’ve evolved to be bright and spikey so anything that might want to eat them knows that it would be a bad idea!

Photo © Russell Burden / Getty


Large white caterpillar Pieris brassicae (above)

These caterpillars are only 45mm long and fatten up on cabbages, lettuces and nasturtiums within four weeks – consequently they are considered a pest by farmers and gardeners. In fact, adults are referred to as cabbage white butterflies. The caterpillars accumulate large concentrations of mustard oil from their diet and their bright, spotted body warns would-be predators of their foul taste.

Large white caterpillars can be seen from June to September. Adults are active between April and October, when they lay bright yellow eggs on the underside of the leaves of plants that the caterpillars feed on.

Cabbage white, or large white, butterflies are the largest of the three white butterflies in Britain.


Small tortoiseshell caterpillar Aglais urticae

Small tortoiseshell caterpillar

Green eggs are laid in clusters on stinging nettles and the spiny, black-and-yellow caterpillars then live together, building a communal silk web and feeding on nearby leaves in order to grow to 30mm long. As they grow, they move to new plants and build new webs, leaving old ones full of shed skins.

Living together benefits the caterpillars because they can undulate their bodies in unison, appearing as one large organism, in an attempt to scare away predators. Eventually, individual caterpillars crawl away separately to pupate.

Small tortoiseshell caterpillars can be seen from May to June, with adults potentially being active all year. The adult butterfly appears throughout the UK, but its numbers are lately decreasing.


Comma caterpillar Polygonia c-album

Comma caterpillar

These caterpillars grow to 35mm and reside on hops and stinging nettles. The burnt-orange-and-black hatchlings develop a white ‘saddle’ mark which resembles a bird dropping, thus deterring predators.

When small, it feeds on the undersides of leaves, but as it grows it feeds on the upper side. The caterpillars change colour quite a lot throughout their larval stage, but older caterpillars are the most distinctive.

Comma caterpillars are seen from late April to mid-September, but the butterflies are active year-round. In the 1800s it suffered a marked decline, likely due to a reduction in the planting of its favoured food, hop, but it has since experienced a resurgence.


Cinnabar moth caterpillar Tyria jacobaeae

Cinnabar moth caterpillar

The feeding patterns of this caterpillar are distinctive, giving a shredded appearance to the common ragwort which they feed upon. Growing to 28mm, these black-and-yellow caterpillars are very distinctive and easy to identify as they look like they’re wearing a rugby shirt.

The caterpillars feed in groups, mainly in the daytime, from July to early September. When the leaves of the plant are gone, they sometimes resort to cannibalism. They pupate underground, instead of in a chrysalis on a tree like other caterpillars.

Adults fly from May to early August. ‘Boom and bust’ population fluctuations locally.


Buff-tip moth caterpillar Phalera bucephala

Buff-tip moth caterpillar

Feeding on oak leaves, this black-and-yellow caterpillar grows to 70mm long and has hairs which cause irritation to humans and do a good job of warding off predators.

After hatching from the egg cluster, larvae feed together, moving off alone when they grow to larger sizes. The caterpillars are fully grown in 30 days and pupate underground during winter.

Buff-tip moth caterpillars are found between July and early October. Adults are active from late May to July, and their markings are designed to look as if the moth has a broken wing.


Pale tussock moth caterpillar Calliteara pudibunda

Pale tussock moth caterpillar

The caterpillars can grow up to 45mm and reach full size in about two months. They are found on various broadleaved trees and shrubs, including birch and hops, and are colloquially known as ‘hop dog.’ The bristles on the caterpillar’s body are known for causing skin irritation to humans.

Pale tussock moth caterpillars can be seen from late June to early October, but in the autumn they are more likely to be seen as they crawl about looking for somewhere to pupate. Adults fly between July and August and are a handsome grey moth with comb-like antennae.


Sycamore moth caterpillar Acronicta aceris

Sycamore moth caterpillar

Find these on sycamore, horse chestnut, London plane, and cultivated and field maples. They are an urban species and very distinctive with their bright-orange hairs and black-and-white diamond patterns along the back. These caterpillars, which grow up to 40mm long, occasionally drop from the trees they feed on and land on walkers.

Sycamore moth caterpillars are found from July to September. They pupate on the ground in the winter, in debris like bark and leaf litter. The adults are active from mid-June to early August.


Vapourer moth caterpillar Orgyia antiqua

Vapourer moth caterpillar

A funky-looking, highly recognisable moth covered in bizarre tufts which make them distasteful to predators. There is some evidence of a distinct all-yellow tufted Cornish variation, however most have a grey body with red spots.

The vapourer life-cycle is strange among moths. Flightless female moths look like large, hairy fleas – because they don’t fly, they are not held back by the weight of the great many eggs in their bulbous abdomens. After they mate, they lay eggs on the side of their cocoon and the eggs hatch at different times over the course of eight weeks.

Look for them on native or cultivated trees or shrubs from May to early September. Adults fly from July to October in the south and September to October in the north.


Knot grass moth caterpillar Acronicta rumicis

Knot grass moth caterpillar

The caterpillars reach 40mm in length over the course of thirty days, feeding on sorrel, broadleaved dock, mint and bramble. The species is widespread, but there are two generations per year in southern Britain. They pupate during wintertime in chrysalises among ground cover and dead leaves.

Knot grass moth caterpillars can be found from June to October. The mottled black-and-white adults fly from May to June and from August to early September.


Grey dagger moth caterpillar Acronicta psi

Grey dagger moth caterpillar

After emerging from eggs which take only a week to hatch, the caterpillars grow to 40mm over the course of about thirty days. They feed in broadleaved trees and shrubs, such as hawthorn, apple and birch. Their yellow stripe serves as camouflage on plant stems.

The caterpillars can feed with a ‘cookie-cutter’ method, taking circular bites that only go halfway through the leaf. The chrysalises are a shiny reddish-brown and overwinter in the bark of trees, or in leaf litter.

Grey dagger moth caterpillars can be found from July to early October. The whitish adults are active from mid-May to August.


Dot moth caterpillar Melanchra persicariae

Dot moth caterpillar

In less than a month, these caterpillars grow to 45mm. Found feeding on a wide range of herbs and shrubs, you can recognise them by their brown or green colouring, always with ‘go-faster’ chevrons along the back which create a sort of optical illusion. They also have three distinctive pale lines behind the head, one extending the length of the caterpillars back, and one either side of this.

Dot moth caterpillars are found from August to October, after which they pupate in a dark-brown cocoon underground. The dark blue-black adults have a white dot on each wing and fly from late June to August.


Lime hawk-moth caterpillar Mimas tiliae

Lime hawk-moth caterpillar

Large caterpillars, up to 70mm, with a distinctive blue tail horn. You can find them mainly on lime, particularly in urban areas, but also on birch and alder. Look for bright-green bodies which turn a dark greyish-purple when they are full-grown and ready to pupate. The chrysalis is spun in dead leaves, either on the ground or where they accumulate between the branches of trees.


Lime hawk-moth caterpillars can be seen from late June to mid-September. 80mm adults are striking, subtly green and pink, and fly from May to early June

You might think caterpillars only have to worry about birds and other predators, but what happens when your food explodes?

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