Juniper Tree Propagation Methods

The Juniper tree is a coniferous tree that is in the Cypress family with over 60 species to its credit. This tree is widely populated throughout the northern hemisphere and down into the tropics. Juniper trees are evergreen and have needle like leaves. They produce berries that can be reddish brown, but are mostly blue in color. Propagating the Juniper tree can be done in three ways.

Planting from Seed

You can propagate the Juniper tree with seed. The seeds must be sown in the fall time of the year. However, they can take a long time to germinate, if they germinate at all.

Propagate with Cuttings

The preferred way of propagating your Juniper tree is to use cuttings. These cuttings should be planted in the spring of the year, after being stored in a warm place, to give the new tree time to establish its root system. Blend the cutting into a rootstock that you can cut back to the stump.

Propagate through Division

As the Juniper tree begins to mature you will notice small saplings growing near the base of the tree. These can be divided from the main root system by digging around it carefully and making sure the bulk of the roots are taken. Plant in new soil and water regularly to help it establish its own root structure.

Growing Juniper Trees: How To Plant Juniper Trees

Plants in the Juniperus genus are termed “juniper” and come in various forms. Because of this, juniper species can play many different roles in the backyard. Is juniper a tree or bush? It is both, and much more. Junipers are evergreen coniferous plants with scaly leaves, but the height and presentation vary considerably among varieties. You’ll find junipers that look like ground cover, shrubs or tall trees.

Growing juniper trees or bushes is not difficult. Read on to learn about juniper tree varieties and juniper tree care.

Juniper Tree Varieties

If you are looking for a ground shrub with a flat or a mounded form, think juniper. If you want to create a hedge of upright evergreen bushes, think juniper. If you need a tall, evergreen tree in the sunny spot in your garden, think juniper.

Juniper species come in all sizes and shapes, from low-lying shrubs that cover sand dunes to huge ancient trees in the high Sierras. North America boasts 13

native juniper species, and there are four times that number worldwide.

Juniper Trees vs. Shrubs

Since shrubs are nothing more than short trees, the line between the two types of plants is always a blurred one. Some cases are clearer than others. For example, California juniper (Juniperus californica) is considered a low coastal shrub, because it stays close to the ground, but western juniper (J. occidentalis) always presents as a tall tree, sculpted by the wind.

But sometimes categorizing a juniper as a tree or a shrub is more difficult. Pfitzer juniper (J. chinensis ‘Pfitzerana’), perhaps the most popular cultivated juniper, grows to 5 feet high and 10 feet wide, and is considered a small tree by some, a shrub by others. This is also the case with Hetz Chinese juniper (J. chinensis ‘Hetzii’), which grows to 15 feet tall.

How to Plant Juniper Trees

Juniper tree care is easier when you pick an appropriate location for planting. Taking the time to select the right spot for your juniper tree can save you time and energy later.

When you are growing juniper trees, you’ll need a location with full sun or almost, as well as well-drained soil. Junipers do not like having their feet in wet mud, but tolerate most other types of soil. Generally, junipers support hot weather and poor, dry soils. They tolerate city conditions as well as any other evergreen.

Consider the mature size of the tree before you plant juniper. Many species grow so fast that they rapidly occupy the space allotted. You can prune upright junipers to keep them compact.

Juniper Tree Care

Like all trees, junipers occasionally suffer from diseases. Phomopsis blight is the most serious disease that attacks juniper. You can identify it by looking for browning branch tips. Control this disease by spraying the new growth several times during the growing season with a fungicide.

Juniper

Juniper Shrubs

The variety available means there is a juniper for almost any garden. Whether you are looking for a steely blue groundcover or a tall tree for a privacy hedge, junipers fill the job. The plant that flavors gin will also add flavor to your garden!

genus name
  • Juniperus
light
  • Part Sun,
  • Sun
plant type
  • Shrub
height
  • 6 to 12 inches,
  • 1 to 3 feet,
  • 3 to 8 feet,
  • 8 to 20 feet,
  • 20 feet or more
width
  • Up to 20 feet, depending on variety
foliage color
  • Blue/Green,
  • Gray/Silver
season features
  • Winter Interest
problem solvers
  • Deer Resistant,
  • Groundcover,
  • Drought Tolerant,
  • Good For Privacy,
  • Slope/Erosion Control
special features
  • Low Maintenance,
  • Good for Containers
zones
  • 3,
  • 4,
  • 5,
  • 6,
  • 7,
  • 8,
  • 9
propagation
  • Layering,
  • Seed,
  • Stem Cuttings

Scales and Needles

Junipers are interesting evergreens for several reasons. The foliage is one source of interest: Some have small, sharp needles; others have scalelike leaves; some have both. Immature plants have the sharp needles; as the plant matures, it grows scale-type leaves, which then bear fruiting cones. Consider the foliage for your planting situation. For instance, if you will be planting it near walkways or other spots that get walking traffic, seek varieties that only have scales (needles can be quite sharp and cause a temporary rash on some individuals).

The Best Conifers for Your Yard

Juniper Care Must-Knows

Their ability to grow in some pretty tough situations with little care makes junipers prized in garden settings. Although junipers handle drought well, they need well-drained soil. They also need full sun for the best growth. (They even tolerate winter’s salt spray so work along roads and sidewalks.) Shady spots tend to result in loose, open growth, which reduces the appeal of the plant. Coloring on many of the blue/silver varieties may also be less vibrant in part shade. It is important to note that some of the gold foliage varieties prefer shelter from hot afternoon sun to prevent burning.

They requite little maintenance, just minor trimming and shaping of the plants. Never cut them back to the bare stems in the center of the plants, because this wood is usually too old and tough to set new growth. If you’re training juniper into a formal shape, select a variety amenable to regular pruning. Groundcover types are generally not a good choice for that and should be minimally pruned, if at all.

Juniper trees having problems? Here’s your answer.

So Many Choices

Junipers come in a wide range of shapes and sizes. You can roughly group junipers into three main growth types: groundcover, midheight or mounding, and tall upright. Each has their own uses and come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. As you venture into the world of juniper, it is best to narrow your search down to one of these types and go from there. Within each group, there are still numerous options to choose from, so you’ll still have your work cut out for you!

Add landscape-interest to your yard.

More Varieties of Juniper

‘Blue Rag’ creeping juniper

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Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Rug’ is a Northeastern U.S. native featuring trailing, feathery silver-blue foliage that turns pale purple in winter. It grows 6 inches tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 2-9

‘Blue Star’ juniper

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Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’ features dense branches of silvery-gray needles with white stripes. This drought-tolerant juniper is compact, growing 2 feet tall and 5 feet wide. Zones 5-9

‘Burkii’ juniper

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Juniperus virginiana ‘Burkii’ forms an upright pyramid to 20 feet tall. The blue-green foliage purples in winter. Zones 3-9

California juniper

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Juniperus californica has blue-gray foliage and showy berries that make this native plant very ornamental. It grows 10-15 feet tall and is exceptionally drought-tolerant after established. Zones 8-10

‘Hetzii’ juniper

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Juniperus media ‘Hetzii’ is an upright shrub, growing 7 feet tall and 10 feet wide with evergreen foliage shaded with blue. Zones 4-8

Gold juniper

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Juniperus virginianum ‘Aurea’ forms a tall (up to 15 feet), loose pyramid of golden evergreen foliage. Zones 2-9

Golden common juniper

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Juniperus communis ‘Depressa Aurea’ is a native plant that has a low habit—2 feet tall and 4 feet wide. New shoots are bright gold. Zones 2-6

‘Grey Owl’ juniper

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Juniperus virginiana ‘Grey Owl’ features silvery-gray foliage that turns slightly purple at the tips in winter. It reaches 3 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 2-9

Icee Blue juniper

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Juniperus horizontalis ‘Monber’ maintains a dense, full crown year-round. Brilliant silver-blue foliage is the hallmark of this cultivar. In the coldest climates, its foliage becomes plum purple in winter. Zones 3-9

‘Mother Lode’ juniper

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Juniperus horizontalis ‘Mother Lode’ forms a low-growing mat of bright golden foliage that bronzes in winter. It grows 8 inches tall and 5 feet wide. Zones 4-9

Pfitzer juniper

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Juniperus pfitzeriana is a wide, spreading shrub with scalelike leaves. It grows 6 feet tall and 12 feet wide. Zones 4-9

‘Skyrocket’ juniper

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Juniperus scopularum ‘Skyrocket’ forms tall, narrow tapered columns of silvery blue. It grows 8 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Zones 4-8

‘Maney’ Chinese juniper

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Juniperus chinensis ‘Maney’ is a low-growing shrub with gray foliage. It grows 4 feet tall and 6 feet wide. Zones 3-8

Garden Plans For Juniper

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Juniper Trees

Fast, elegant growth without pruning.

If you’re interested in spending more time enjoying your yard and less time caring for it, Juniper Trees are a perfect choice. This forgiving variety will reward you with hassle-free greenery for years to come.
And many Juniper Trees have dense foliage as full and green in the depth of winter as in mid-summer, so it’s perfect for places where you want a little coverage all winter long.

Where Do Juniper Trees Grow?

Juniper Trees grow nearly anywhere across the country. Though it is important to determine your growing zone and select the perfect Juniper for your area, most of our Juniper Trees stand up to the elements effortlessly.

Specific directions will vary, but knowing your growing zone is important. After you’ve determined your growing zone, keep sunlight and watering needs in mind for Juniper Trees. Most will prefer full sun (anywhere from 6 to 8 hours of sunlight per day) and well-drained soil, but make sure you check your tree’s specific directions.

Your fertilizing and pruning needs will vary as well, but many of our Junipers do not require pruning.

When you’re ready to plant, select an area with well-drained soil, dig a hole large enough to accommodate the tree’s root ball (along with some extra width for mature growth), place your Juniper and back fill the hole. Finish by watering the surrounding soil near your Juniper and mulching to conserve moisture.

When to Plant Juniper Trees

Generally, we recommend planting your Juniper Trees in early spring or in fall. Either season is fine, provided the ground near your Junipers is not frozen.

Also, it’s important to keep spacing in mind. Avoid planting your Junipers too closely to sidewalks, structures and power lines, especially if the mature height and width are larger.

Juniper Shrubs: How To Take Care Of Junipers

Juniper shrubs (Juniperus) provide the landscape with well defined structure and a fresh fragrance that few other shrubs can match. The care of juniper shrubbery is easy because they never need pruning to maintain their attractive shape and tolerate adverse conditions without complaint. Anyone interested in providing habitat for wildlife should consider growing junipers. The National Wildlife Federation counts juniper shrubs as one of the top 10 plants for wildlife because they provide an abundance of food, shelter from harsh weather, and nesting sites for birds.

Juniper Info

There are more than 170 cultivated varieties of juniper, including low-growing ground cover or edging plants, shrubs and trees. The shapes include narrow columns, tight pyramids, and rounded forms that spread as wide as their height or more.

The fragrant foliage can be either needles or overlapping scales. Some shrubs have both

types of foliage because the leaves start out as needles and transition to scales as they mature.

Juniper shrubs are either male or female. The male flowers provide the pollen for the female flowers, and once pollinated, the females produce berries or cones. One male shrub can provide pollen for several females.

How to Take Care of Junipers

Plant juniper shrubs in a location with full sun or light shade. When they get too much shade, the branches spread apart in an effort to let more sunlight in, and the damage to their shape can’t be repaired.

Junipers grow in any type of soil as long as it is well-drained. Many types make excellent street shrubs because they tolerate the spray from road salt and other urban pollution.

Plant container-grown junipers any time of year. Shrubs with balled and burlaped roots are best planted in fall. Dig the planting hole as deep as the root ball and two to three times wider. Set the shrub in the hole so the soil line on the stem is even with the surrounding soil. Backfill with the soil removed from the hole without amendments. Press down firmly as you fill the hole to remove air pockets. Water deeply after planting, and add additional soil if it settles into a depression.

Water young shrubs during dry spells for the first two years. Afterward, the shrub is drought tolerant and can make do with what nature provides.

Fertilize the shrub with 10-10-10 fertilizer in spring of the year after planting and every other year thereafter.

Let’s keep in touch…

03/12/2014 Written by Gin Foundry

If you want to really understand gin, it’s important to get to know juniper. We would compare it to understanding the influence of casks for whisky fans, grapes for winos or dilution of ice for bartenders. Juniper is such an important aspect of gin that quite literally, it is not only the primary botanical used in gin but by law, it needs to be the predominant flavour in anything seeking to be classified as gin. The aroma and taste of juniper is – or at least should be – the signature note in any gin, both on the nose and on the palate. Even the name Gin itself is derived from either the French genièvre or the Dutch jenever, which both mean juniper.

We’re about to go all green fingered on you all, so bear with us for a while – there is a point to this… Juniper shrubs vary in size and shape, are evergreen and are usually low spreading bush type plants. They are a low maintenance plant to grow and while they prefer an acidic pH soil, they don’t have a problem in soil pHs that are not acidic either. We’ve heard of Juniper shrubs being used for groundcovers, border plantings and understand that they are especially helpful in preventing soil erosion, weed control and planting on difficult parts of a landscape. From our own experience with them – we know that juniper shrubs are quite drought tolerant and perform well enough in rock gardens too. If this wasn’t enough, most varieties of juniper require very little pruning, if any. It is therefore not surprising to hear that depending on your taxonomic viewpoint, there are between 50-67 species of juniper and they are found in most countries in the Northern hemisphere. They are amazing plants.

In fact, “Common Juniper” has one of the largest geographic range of any woody plant in the world. Occurring from Western Alaska throughout Canada and Northern USA, in coastal areas of Greenland, Iceland, throughout Europe and in Northern Asia and Japan. It was once widespread in Europe, except for some low-lying areas around the Mediterranean and it even occurs in small patches of North Africa. It’s amazing to think that juniper occurs at varying elevations and at its southernmost extent it has been recorded at altitudes of up to 3,500 metres. If this was a grape, wine makers would be going crazy over it. Given we all understand that soil, climate and growing conditions all affect grapes and that this has resulted in the term “terroir’ used to define wine regions, styles etc… why should it be so different in juniper bushes and as a result in gin? If you interested in this, an interesting Gin to seek out is Origin as it is available in 6 different varieties, where the juniper is the only thing to change as it has been selected from different terroirs.

While juniper occurs in patches in England and throughout most of Scotland, it is only really common in the Highlands. Two subspecies can be found in Scotland, of which the erect, shrubby form is most widespread. In the UK, few specimens grow taller than 5 meters but in other countries it has been known to grow up to 10m high.

In the Highlands, juniper is more abundant in the drier, Eastern part of the country. Interestingly for you horticulturists out there, the bark is brown on young plants, but turns grey as it gets older. The flavour profile of young, green berries is dominated by pinene (resinous, woody pine notes) and as they mature this piney, resinous character is joined by greener citric notes. The outer scales of the berries are relatively flavourless, so the berries are almost always at least lightly crushed before being used as a spice. This matters less with making gin as during the maceration period, the alcohol will permeate through the skin relatively easily regardless. Juniper berries are primarily used dried as opposed to fresh in gin production, but their flavour and odour is at their strongest immediately after harvest and declines during the drying process and subsequent storage.

Because of its vast geographic global range, juniper is not considered threatened at an international level. However, in Britain there has been a substantial decline in both the distribution of juniper and the size of juniper colonies, particularly in England. As a result, juniper remains the subject of a Biodiversity Action Plan, under the government’s response to the Convention on Biological Diversity agreed at the 1992 Earth Summit. Cue paragraph one – if you like gin, and can’t really be bothered with gardening but have some space – get some juniper in there!

Rather fascinatingly, juniper is dioecious, i.e. individual plants are either male or female, unlike most tree species, where both male and female flowers occur on the same tree. Male flowers appear as yellow blossoms near the ends of the twigs in spring and release pollen, which is then dispersed by the wind. Female flowers are in the form of very small clusters of scales, and after pollination these grow to become berry-like cones. Shaped like irregularly-sided spheres, these berries are green at first, but ripen after 18 months to a dark, blue-purple colour – prime for taking and adding to a botanical selection in order to make gin.

Each juniper berry contains half a dozen seeds which are triangular, hard and black, and are dispersed by birds which eat the berries. All juniper species grow berries, but most are considered too bitter to eat. In addition to Juniperus Communis, other edible species include Juniperus Drupacea, Juniperus Phoenicea, Juniperus Deppeana and Juniperus Californica. Some species, for example Juniperus Sabina, are toxic and consumption is inadvisable. In all fairness however, it’s rare to come across anything other than the communis in the UK, so you’ll probably be okay if don’t have the Encylopedia Botanica to hand during your hike and you get peckish.

Because of their long ripening period, berries can occur on a juniper shrub throughout the year and as such, it is usually possible to see them at different stages of development on the same plant. Usually, juniper seeds are slow to germinate and normally require two winters of dormancy before they will sprout and begin growing. Juniper, as an entire plant is a slow-growing species, but in optimal conditions it can grow up to 28 cm in a year.

It is for its gastronomic, medicinal and ritual properties that juniper is best known. The Romans used juniper berries as a cheap domestically-produced substitute for the expensive black pepper. Something similar can be seen when berries were ground and added to sauces and especially to game dishes in England and Scotland to add a bitter, spicy flavour, and were used to flavour breads and cakes in the North of England. From a bit of light reading – it would seem that the juniper berry is still being considered as a possible treatment for diet-controlled diabetes, as it allegedly releases insulin from the pancreas (hence alleviating hunger).

From a remedial purpose – the earliest recorded medicinal use of juniper berries occurs in an Egyptian papyrus dating back to 1500 BC, in a recipe to cure tapeworm infestations. The Romans too used the berries for purification and stomach ailments, while the famous mediaeval herbalist Culpepper recommended them for a wide variety of conditions including the treatment of flatulence, for which juniper oil is still used today. Juniper berries have also been found in ancient Egyptian tombs, including Juniperus Phoenicia and Juniperus Oxycedrus at multiple sites. The latter is not known to grow in Egypt, and neither is Juniperus Excelsa, which was found along in the tomb of Tutankhamun. It would have been likely that the berries would have been imported into Egypt from Greece.

Allegedly, the Greeks used juniper berries in many of their Olympic events because of their belief that the berries increased physical stamina in athletes. On a separate note – chemicals in the berries also stimulate contraction of the uterine muscles and could potentially be administered during labour. These properties were used to abort an unwanted pregnancy in Middle Ages, and the phrase used in Lothian of giving birth “under the savin (an older name for juniper) tree” was a euphemism for juniper-induced miscarriage.

The largest body of folklore concerning juniper comes from Iceland where amongst other things, it was traditionally believed that juniper and rowan could not grow together because each creates so much heat that one of the trees would burn up. For the same reason it was considered not a good idea to bring sprigs of both woods into the house together unless you particularly wanted your house to burn down. Thankfully for us gin fans, Coarunn Gin’s distillery (who use both to make their gin) has been safe and sound for a few years, which should help dispel that myth.

Practical uses of the juniper’s wood are few, and it was most commonly used to burn for its smoke. Though burning juniper wood gives off only minimal visible smoke, it is highly aromatic and in ancient times it was used during the ritual purification of temples. The smoke was said to aid clairvoyance, and continued to be burned for purification and to stimulate contact with the “otherworld”. In central Europe juniper smoke played a part in the spring-time cleansing and casting out of witchcraft. Juniper was also burned during outbreaks of the Plague, while doctors were known to place it in their mask’s beaks as a rudimentary filter. Little did they know it was in fact the rats not the air that caused the problems.

Juniper’s use in alcoholic drinks and the use of its wood’s smoke are drawn together neatly in the tales of illicit Highland whisky stills hidden away in the glens, which used juniper wood for fuel so that the near absence of smoke would not attract the suspicions of the local excise man. Juniper berries are still used by certain whisky distillers to sweeten the still during the first distillation of a new still, although it is now widely acknowledged that this is more ritualistic than for flavouring.

From a more liquor-oriented point of view, in the nineteenth century Highland juniper bushes were prolific enough for their berries to be collected by the bagful and taken to the Inverness and Aberdeen markets to be exported to the Dutch gin distillers. The berries are also used to flavour other alcoholic beverages such as a Swedish health beer and a French beer-like drink called ‘genevrette’ made from equal amounts of juniper berries and barley.

Recently, some American distilleries have begun using ‘New World’ varieties of juniper such as Juniperus Occidentalis. Our favourite variety purely for its name is Juniperus Deppeana, or Alligator Juniper, whose bark is usually very distinctive unlike other junipers, hard, dark grey-brown, cracked into small square plates superficially resembling alligator skin. A few North American juniper species are known to produce a seed cone with a sweeter, less resinous flavour than those typically used as a spice.

According to George Dodd of the Whisky Aroma Academy, because of its use in herbal medicine and aromatherapy, there is a lot of information about the aroma molecules of juniper berries. Surprisingly given the amount of varieties, geography and growing conditions, there is quite a good consistency in the quantitative composition of oils amongst juniper from various parts of the globe.

The piney antiseptic notes are allegedly from the hydrocarbon Alpha-pinene, which forms between 40 and 45% of the aroma molecules in juniper. Sabinene, another Hydrocarbon is the second most common molecule (around 5-15%). Other molecules include Lemonene (4-5%), Farnesene, which gives a floral note (around 5%) and Borneol and its woody notes (around 5%) to name a few. Each molecule brings with it individual aromas that depending on the overall percentages they have, combine to give slight variations to the final nose. As George mentions in his Gin Aroma Kit, “the aromas of junipers is an exciting and never ending story and the success of some gins may be due to trace juniper ingredients rather than the listed botanicals”.

If aroma can form such a large impact on our perception of taste, and that a trace within an individual botanical can vary and alter our impressions of the overall composition – just imagine the endless possibilities when you start interchanging the strain of botanicals or where they came from.

Gins where Juniper is noticeable to taste:

Junipero Gin and Sipsmith VJOP both carry deep, resinous juniper notes and are definitely advisable for those seeking a juniper heavy gin. If you prefer a more clean, green and fresh juniper, Oxley Gin, Makar Gin and Boxer Gin are just what the (plague) doctor ordered.

Alternatively, try either Herno or Blackwater’s Juniper Cask offerings, where they have both taken the juniper wood and created bespoke mini-casks that give off a particularly sappy, resinous note.

Best used…

…In the pub, in the house, in the garden, in the park. Juniper is gin, and gin is life.

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Juniper 101: Discover the Basics of Juniper Shrubs

Mini Arcade Juniper

Nature Hills offers many different Juniper selections, and the forms vary greatly. If you have a hot, dry, sunny area,we have a Juniper for you. Once established, Junipers require very little additional water in most areas, and care is quite simple. Look at the different Junipers that our nurseries grow and see where you can work them into your landscape.

Blue Point Juniper

The larger, upright growing forms are excellent for screening, windbreaks, and make great backdrops for shrub and perennial borders. Many selections produce small berries that the birds cherish and become an important source of food for birds. The midrange spreading varieties are great for snow fencing, and even in the background of a perennial border. The low spreading types are outstanding evergreen ground covers that never need pruning, and need very little care. The trend is to use Junipers that will allow the specific selection to grow naturally without having to trim or shear it back to fit into a spot. Many people used to shear them into round or square plants, but this is not as common any more. The natural form is feathery and soft looking and often much more desirable. The foliage color offers many greens, yellow and blues, and when some go dormant they can change color to purplish hues. Don’t let the winter color turn you off as they can be very striking. We have three different upright growing varieties, sometimes referred to as juniper trees.

Blue Point, Blue Arrow, and Eastern Redcedar (red cedar is a Juniper). All three of these are excellent for screening, windbreaks or shelterbelts, or a great backdrop to a shrub or perennial border. They prefer well drained sites that are in full sun. Once established, you will need to do very little with them.

Kallay’s Compact Juniper

The midrange Juniper types include Kallay’s Compact, Sea Green, and Grey Owl which are in that 3-4′ height range and spreading to 5′ or more. Excellent plant for larger landscapes where they can be used in mass plantings. Good barrier plants in the back edge of a property making an outstanding backdrop to a perennial border. Sometimes use as foundation for larger homes or buildings. The shorter groundcover type Junipers are excellent xeriscape plants to be used with rock mulch or in landscapes where grass in not needed. Some of these varieties are excellent plants spilling over walls or larger boulders. These include Blue Rug, Blueberry Delight, Mini Arcade, Bar Harbor, Blue Pacific, or Wisconsin Juniper selections. These selections create solid masses of evergreen foliage where it is hot and dry. Buffalo Juniper grows a bit taller, but it is typically used as a ground cover. Blue Star Juniper likes to stay in a 2′ chunk of blueish foliage making them great for foundation plantings and individual plants mixed in the border for some winter substance.

Blue Rug Juniper

When selecting the right Juniper for your home, be sure to pay attention to the size and select the right plant for the right spot. Minimal pruning by heading back excessive new growth can be done in spring before they start to grow or anytime during the growing season. Use a hand-held pruner and only selectively head back the longest stems and allow the branches close by to remain. It is always a good idea to water all evergreens well before winter comes, as evergreens do transpire water all winter long even if the soil is frozen. Junipers offer food from the small berries produced, and cover to small birds and animals. Check out our Junipers!

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