- Crassula, Dollar Plant, Jade Plant, Jade Tree, Money Tree ‘Hummel’s Sunset’
- Plants & Flowers
- Crassula Ovata
- My Jade Plant Won’t Bloom – Tips On Getting A Jade Plant To Bloom
- Does a Jade Plant Bloom?
- Getting a Jade Plant to Bloom
- Jade Plant Care Overview
- 5 Types of Jade Plants
- How to Grow and Care for a Jade Plant
Crassula, Dollar Plant, Jade Plant, Jade Tree, Money Tree ‘Hummel’s Sunset’
Cactus and Succulents
Drought-tolerant; suitable for xeriscaping
Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater
Sun to Partial Shade
Grown for foliage
Unknown – Tell us
12-18 in. (30-45 cm)
18-24 in. (45-60 cm)
12-15 in. (30-38 cm)
24-36 in. (60-90 cm)
USDA Zone 9a: to -6.6 °C (20 °F)
USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F)
USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F)
USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F)
USDA Zone 11: above 4.5 °C (40 °F)
Where to Grow:
Can be grown as an annual
Suitable for growing in containers
Unknown – Tell us
Unknown – Tell us
Unknown – Tell us
Late Fall/Early Winter
Unknown – Tell us
Soil pH requirements:
Unknown – Tell us
Unknown – Tell us
From leaf cuttings
From softwood cuttings
Allow cut surface to callous over before planting
Unknown – Tell us
This plant has been said to grow in the following regions:
Casa de Oro-Mount Helix, California
San Diego, California
Saint Cloud, Florida
Plants & Flowers
Common Names: Jade Plant, Friendship Tree, Lucky Plant, Money Tree, Penny Plant, Dollar Plant, Tree of Happiness
Synonymous: Cotyledon lutea
Distribution and habitat: Crassula ovata is native to South Africa where it grows on rocky hillsides under the blazing sun. Rain there is infrequent and usually occurs during the winter months. Consequently, Crassula ovata plants flower during the late winter.
In addition with its adaptation of reducing the water loss, having succulent water-storing stems, leaves and swollen roots that give it the ability to survive droughts, Crassula ovata can also survive being grazed, trodden on or knocked over, as it is able to root from any piece of stem or even from a single leaf.
Description: Crassula ovata is a large well-branched, compact, rounded, evergreen shrub 1-3m (3-10 feet) tall with glossy, dark grey-green, oval, succulent leaves and rounded heads of pink flowers in winter-spring. The stem is stout and gnarled and gives the impression of great age and its branches are also short and stubby, but well-proportioned. Branches are succulent, grey-green in colour and in older specimens the bark peels in horizontal brownish strips. Trunks to 15cm (6 inch) in diameter can develop on older plants.
The leaves are 3-9cm (1-3.5 inch) long and 2-4cm (0.8-1.5 inch) wide, egg-shaped to elliptic, often with a red margin and a somewhat pointed end. They are in opposite pairs, the one pair arranged at right angles to the next, and they are clustered towards the ends of the branches, but they may grow for many years without blooming. When flowers appear, the bush is covered in masses of sweetly scented, pretty pale-pink, star-shaped flowers in tight rounded bunches during the cool winter months. The flowers develop into small capsules, each holding many tiny seeds.
Houseplant care: Crassula ovata plants make an ideal house plant as they can cope with dry conditions and can survive being neglected.
Cleanliness is important for the health and good appearance of the plant. All dead leaves and stems should be removed. Clean the leaves of the plant monthly using room temperature water. Do not use leaf shiners or oils to clean the leaves of Crassula ovata.
Light: Crassula ovata plants need bright light with some direct sun light. A sunny windowsill will be an ideal position for these plants. They will not flower without sunlight and inadequate light will cause developing spindly growth.
Temperature: Crassula ovata plants grow well in warm position during the active growing period, but they need cool temperatures during winter rest period when they should not be subjected to temperatures above 12°C (54°F) and they can tolerate temperatures down to 7°C (45°F).
Give ventilation in summer and stand outside when conditions are favourable for Crassula ovata plants – enough hot and sunny.
Watering: Water regularly and thoroughly during the spring and summer, but avoid overwatering; allow two-thirds of the potting mixture to dry out in between waterings. Little and often is the watering rule for these plants. Keep on the dry side in winter, particularly when conditions are cool; the leaves will have stored a good deal of the previous summer moisture and will be in little danger of suffering from dehydration.
Feeding: Give very week liquid fertiliser once a fortnight during the spring and summer. Do not fertilise during the rest period.
Potting and repotting: Use a mixture of three parts of soil based potting mixture to one part coarse sand or perlite. Crassula ovata should be moved into pots one size larger only once every two years. It will require a maximum pot or small tub size of 20 or 25cm (8-10 inch). At this point, top-dress the plant each spring with fresh potting mixture.
Shallow pots are best for these plants. These plants tend to have shallow root systems and often become top heavy. In such cases, use heavy clay pots.
To maintain a plant at about the same size, treat in a similar way to a bonsai tree. Prune the roots when re-potting into the same size pot and cut back the stems to maintain a pleasing shape. This will help to develop a thick main trunk. Prune back to just above the rings on the stems where the old leaves were located. New leaves will grow from these locations.
Gardening: Crassula ovata is easy plant to grow. It comes from a frost-free environment, but it should tolerate a winter minimum of -1° C (30°F) when it is planted in ground. However, it is best protected from frost to prevent the flowers from being damaged.
Location: Crassula ovata thrives in full sun or semi-shade, but will flower best in a sunny position.
To induce a potted specimen to flower, move it into a sunny or brightly lit position during summer and autumn – but if it has been in a cool low-light spot remember to introduce it to stronger light gradually or the leaves will be scorched.
Soil: While growth is very slow, Crassula ovata is extremely tolerant of poor, dry soil. It grows in normal loam soil with good drainage. Fast draining soil is necessary to avoid root rot of these plants.
Irrigation: Crassula ovata plants should be well watered and allowed to dry thoroughly before watering again. Do not to overwater these plants. They are tolerant of drought, wind and coastal conditions. Crassula ovata will tolerate periods of drought effortlessly, but will soon rot if left to stand in wet soil.
During the winter months, plants are watered only enough to prevent the leaves from shriveling.
Fertilise: Mild liquid fertiliser used at monthly intervals during the active growing period will be provide adequate fertility. Do not fertilise during the winter.
Propagation: Individual leaves of Crassula ovata will root readily in the recommended sandy potting mixture if kept in warm room in a position where they can get bright filtered light, but more satisfactory way to propagate in by 5-8cm (2-3 inch) long stem cuttings or basal offsets. The cuttings or offsets should be taken in spring. Plant it in a 5-8cm (2-3 inch) pot of equal parts mixture of peat moss and sand and keep it at normal room temperature in bright filtered light. Water the cuttings or the offsets moderately, just enough to make the potting mixture thoroughly moist and allow the top couple of centimetres of the potting mixture to dry out between waterings. Give it some standard liquid fertiliser about once a month.
When the cuttings are well rooted – in about three months – move the young plant into a one size larger pot of recommended potting mixture and treat it as a mature plant.
Rotting at the base together with wilting of the plant top is probably due to overwatering or to poor drainage.
Brown shriveled patches on leaves indicate inadequate watering.
Crassula ovata is sometimes attacked by mealybugs.
Treatment: Use a suitable pesticide for Crassula ovata as these succulents are sensitive to certain insecticides. Before using a spray insecticides make sure that the product used is labeled for jade plants.
Notes: The genus Crassula is one of the most diverse succulent genera, varying from tiny moss-like annual plants to 3m (10 feet) tall succulent ‘trees’ like Crassula ovata. There are more than 300 Crassula species of which approximate 150 are found in southern Africa where they are widespread, but concentrated in the semi-arid winter-rainfall areas. The centre of distribution of this genus is in southern Africa, but they extend beyond Africa into Europe, America, Australia, New Zealand and the southern islands.
Crassula ovata ‘Convoluta Gollum’ (= Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’) (Gollum Jade, Trumpet Jade, ET’s Fingers) has tubular leaves, trumpet shaped, each of them tipped with a suction cup, 4-ranked (decussate), smooth, deep glossy green in color with very light spotting usually with bright red leaf margins; the new growth is reddish. It is a small sparingly branched, shrubby, erect, succulent, that can slowly grow up to 50-80cm tall by 30-60cm (12-24 inch) wide.
Crassula ovata ‘Convoluta Hobbit’ (= Crassula ovata ‘Hobbit’) (Hobbit’s Pipe Jade, Hobbit Jade) has leaves that are nearly tubular and curled back around.
Crassula ovata ‘Minor’ (Crassula ovata ‘Minima’) is a dwarf has glossy green thick fleshy leaves with reddish edges. The trunk and branches on this plant are thick.It will grow to maximum height of 50 to 75cm (20-30 inch) with a with of 25 to 50cm (10-20 inch).
Uses and display: Crassula ovata is a wonderful sculptural plant for pots, tubs, rockeries, retaining walls and gravel gardens and is the ideal plant for a water-wise garden. It can also be grown in pots indoors. It have long been used in containers where they will live for years in root-bound conditions but can also be used as specimen or hedge plantings outdoors in full sun, part sun or deep shade.
In the Far East, Germany and the USA it is traditionally grown in square porcelain tubs with ‘lion feet’ to bring good financial luck and has attracted more common names including the Money Tree, Penny Plant, Dollar Plant and Tree of Happiness.
Foliage – green
Shape – uprighth
Height: 1-3m (3-10 feet)
Watering in rest period – sparingly
Watering in active growth period – plentifully
Light – bright
Temperature in rest period – min 7C max 13C
Temperature in active growth period – min 16C max 24C
Humidity – low
Hardiness zone: 9a-11
Garden Plants, Indoor Plants, Succulents Cotyledon lutea, Cotyledon ovata, Crassula argentea, Crassula articulata, Crassula nitida, Crassula obliqua, Crassula ovata, Crassula ovata Convoluta Gollum, Crassula ovata Convoluta Hobbit, Crassula ovata Gollum, Crassula ovata Hobbit, Crassula ovata Minima, Crassula ovata Minor, Crassula portulacea, Dollar Plant, ET’s Fingers, Friendship Tree, Gollum Jade, Hobbit Jade, Hobbit’s Pipe Jade, Jade Plant, Lucky Plant, Money Tree, Penny Plant, Tree of Happiness, Trumpet Jade
Basic info: The Jade is grown indoors and borrows itself from the bonsai in the way it grows like a miniature tree, with a trunk and branches. It is also a succulent that will retain water well within the leaves, just like the cactus plant.
This succulent is a hardy fellow and has two main requirements for a healthy long life, which is water and plenty of light. They are both an indoor and outdoor species, although conditions outside need to be right (enough heat and sun).
How it looks and displaying: As mentioned above the Jade has a similar look to a bonsai tree with a thick trunk and branches. The leaves are a thick oval shaped type which are a shiny dark green and possibly red colored outer edge’s. They can produce white or pink flowers in the right conditions, once they have matured. The most important aspect of displaying this shrub is plenty of sunlight…..close to a window.
Easy to grow: As you will see with the care instructions below these are very easy to maintain, however, the more you see to it’s basic needs, the better and stronger it will grow.
Flowering: Some growers have just been fortunate that theirs has bloomed while others have had to make the conditions right. Many have never seen one bloom in years (like me).
The general advice is at the end of summer bring the plant into a spot that will provide it with a few hours daylight, stop giving it fertiliser, reduce watering and provide full darkness at night — then you may see them bloom, in the winter. The plant will see this as a resting period.
My Jade Plant Won’t Bloom – Tips On Getting A Jade Plant To Bloom
Jade plants are common houseplants that even the most novice of gardeners can grow successfully. Does a jade plant bloom? Getting a jade plant to bloom requires mimicking its native growing conditions. Lack of water, cool nights and bright days encourage the plant to form buds and finally flowers. It’s a bit of a trick, but you can fool your plant into producing pretty little starry white to pink flowers in spring. Read on to learn more.
Does a Jade Plant Bloom?
Jade plants are primarily known for their thick, glossy, succulent leaf pads. There are many types of jade but the most familiar houseplants are Crassula ovata and Crassula argentea. These succulents reproduce by vegetative means but can also flower and produce seed. We often hear, “my jade plant won’t bloom,” and strive to provide information on what may cause a jade plant not flowering and how to promote blooms in reluctant plants.
Jade plants grow for many years without blooming. Even in their native habitat, the plants need to be very mature before they form flowers. Among the many jade plant flowering requirements is an arid ambient environment. Interior conditions are
often too humid for the plant to form buds.
Getting a jade plant to bloom will require you to remove it to a dry location, withhold water, and expose it to cooler nighttime temperatures. Of course, your plant should be an older species for blooming or you will still not find a single flower. Given the right setting and environment, a jade plant not flowering may simply be that it is not old enough to reproduce yet.
Getting a Jade Plant to Bloom
All plants need the same environment they would experience naturally to promote flowering and fruiting. Some require a dormancy period, some a photoperiod and others extreme environmental conditions.
Jade plant flowering requirements are a combination of all three. The plant doesn’t exactly enter dormancy but it does require a rest period before buds form. As the days become shorter, reduce watering and do not fertilize.
Keep the plant in an area of 60 degrees Fahrenheit (12 C.) during fall but protect it from any freezing. Blossoms should start to form around the shortest days of the year and bloom in late winter to early spring. These starry little flowers are produced in clusters at the tips of branches and are short lived.
Once the flowers fade and the stalk becomes brown, you can cut off the flowering stem. Begin to increase water and temperature as the spring progresses. In summer, move the plant outdoors gradually to an area with some protection from searing sun rays, but where it is bright for most of the day.
Water when the surface of the soil is dry. Jade plants like to be crowded, so they rarely need repotting to a larger container but they do need new soil every 3 years. Repot after the flowers have bloomed and at least a month before you move the plant outdoors for summer. Use a good cactus mixture for plants left indoors but add a bit of humus-rich soil to plants that are taken outside.
In spring to late summer, fertilize with a diluted balanced liquid fertilizer monthly. Don’t expect annual blooms, however, as the plant needs time to store adequate energy for this infrequent floral spectacle.
Q: I have taken many cuttings and grown new plants to give to friends from my 30-year-old jade plant. Some of these have leaves three times the size of the mother plant. The one I gave to my daughter in Gibsons has produced white flowers. How can I get mine to bloom?
SW: Not sure about the size of leaves; this could be to do with light levels. But I do know that for a jade plant to bloom, it needs to be treated a little like a poinsettia plant and given periods of total darkness.
The jade plant is one of the easiest houseplants to grow and is nearly indestructible, making it perfect for beginning and hobbyist growers. While the plant thrives with very little care for decades, it takes a lot of care to make a jade plant flower in mid-winter. While encouraging an established jade to flower can be as simple as controlling the environment, the willingness of the jade to flower is up to the plant.
At the end of summer, you should move your plant into a spot where it gets bright daylight for at least four hours a day and complete darkness at night. If you can’t move the plant, you could place a box over it.
As well, you need to cut back on watering and stop any fertilizing. The night temperatures need to be a little cooler, too, about 50 to 60 F.
The jade plant (Crassula ovata), known as the friendship tree or a tree to bring good wealth and fortune, is part of the succulent family, and is notoriously known for being difficult to kill. For all of those who don’t have a green thumb, jade plant care is easy, making for a great addition to one’s home or a perfect gift (hence why it’s known as the friendship tree!).
The jade plant comes from South Africa and can live for a very long time. No matter what climate you live in, with the proper care, a jade plant can grow very quickly. Some of the more popular jade plants include the sunset variety (yellowish leaves with red tips) and the variegata variety (ivory colored leaves streaked with light green), but there are over 1,400 types of jade plants!
Jade Plant Care Overview
In Asia, the jade plant is an extremely popular housewarming gift, since it is said to bring positive financial energy into the home. Placement of the plant is important — it’s known for thriving and bringing in good energy when located at the front of homes, restaurants and offices. Avoid showcasing a jade plant in the bathroom or bedroom, since these areas are more closed off.
The jade plant will sometimes grow into a small tree or shrub, up to five feet tall indoors. Very easily maintained, the jade plant only needs water when dry to the touch. The plant also prefers at least four hours of direct sunlight at room temperature (65º to 75ºF). They are much more common as an indoor plant and can be easily propagated to make many jade plants around the home.
5 Types of Jade Plants
If you’re looking to be a jade plant collector, you may end up searching for the rest of your life — as mentioned earlier, there are over 1,400 different types of jade plants! Each plant varies in size, color and thickness of leaves/stem. Read on to learn about some of the most common types of jade plants.
Crassula ovata tricolor (Tricolor)
Great for covering a large area, the tricolor varieties can grow between two and four feet in beautiful colors. The three main colors on the stripes of the leaves are white, green and yellow. At certain times of the year, this jade plant can grow pink flowers.
Crassula ovata blue bird (Blue Bird)
The blue bird jade plant has more circular and flatter leaves than other common jade plants. The leaves are light green and the edges are outlined with bright red, making the plant very distinct from others surrounding it. The slow-growing shrub can be found in nature.
Crassula ovata sunset (Sunset)
A very popular houseplant, this jade plant has cylindrical leaves and lime green or yellowish leaves with red tips. The plant is very drought tolerant compared to other jade plants. They also don’t grow very large, making the sunset variety an appropriate choice for a small space.
Crassula arborescens ssp. undulatifolia (Ripple Leaf)
As the name of the plant indicates, the leaves have a ripple effect and grow in different directions from every other leaf in a curvy fashion. The leaves are deep green and the plant can grow up to four feet tall.
Crassula ovata ‘Gollum’ (Monstruosa)
Also known as the “Hobbit” of jade plants because of the reference to Gollum’s fingers from Lord of the Rings, this jade has yellowish-green leaves. This variety of jade can also be easily turned into a jade bonsai tree.
How to Grow and Care for a Jade Plant
Even though jade plants are hard to kill, you should follow proper care techniques closely for the best growth and longevity. Take a look at the care guidelines below to see how you can keep your plant strong and healthy.
Sunlight: A jade plant is one of the best plants to keep in an area of your home with direct sunlight. They need full sun in order to continue to grow happily and avoid becoming stunted and short. A good rule of thumb is to allow your jade plant to have at least four hours of direct sunlight a day, or leave in a sunny spot for the whole day.
Water: The plant requires different watering schedules in the summer versus the winter. In the winter, the plant might only need watering once every two to three weeks. In the summer, be sure to water the plant once a week. You never want to over water the jade plant, but if you accidentally do, make sure before you water the plant again that the plant has had time to soak up the extra water. A quick test to see if the plant needs a drink is to touch the soil. You want the soil to stay moist, it’s time to water when it dries out.
Temperatures: Jade plants grow best at room temperature, such as 65º to 75ºF, and prefer direct sunlight. Jade plants are not able to tolerate the cold since they are not frost-tolerant. Once temperatures drop below 50ºF, we recommend finding a warmer place for your plant. They will do just fine in temperatures above 75ºF for shorter periods of time.
Toxicity: The jade plant is a great addition to any home, but it can be toxic to children and pets. Touching or eating these plants will potentially lead to ill effects. like vomiting, fatigue and itching/burning skin.
Pests: The most common pest that attacks jade plants are mealybugs. To detect these pests, look for cotton patches along the joint between the stem and leaves. These pests will feed off the plant’s sap and eventually create an infection known as sooty mold due to the sticky substance that mealybugs secrete.
To solve the mealybug issue and protect your jade plant, clean your jade plant with rubbing alcohol several times to fully get rid of the bugs. In extreme cases, you will need to dispose of the jade plant.
Problems: One of the only issues that a jade plant will face is becoming droopy. The leaves will begin to sink towards the floor, meaning the jade plant is dying. The most common factor leading to droopiness is overwatering in the winter. Instead of fully watering your jade plant during colder weather, mist your plant with a spray bottle.
During the summertime when fully watering the plant, make sure the jade is placed in a drainage pot, so that excess water can escape and the roots do not drown.
Repotting: Repotting a jade plant might be unnecessary unless you see mold or unhealthy soil surrounding the jade plant. Try to hold off from repotting a jade plant for several years. Repotting might cause the plant to slow in growth as it adjusts — do not be concerned by this.
Propagation: Rooting jade plant cuttings is a pretty easy process and does not cause distress to the plant. To find where to take a piece of the plant off to propagate, find a healthy branch that has no diseases or browning surrounding the leaf. The branch should be at least three to four inches long in order to root the jade plant into another pot. Make sure to use a sharp knife.
When you have successfully cut the branch, make sure to let the wound of the jade plant dry for one to two weeks. This is because if you plant the branch wet, the piece will develop a disease and will not be able to grow. You may dust the wound with rooting hormone, which might quicken the rooting process. After waiting, you may plant the branch in your soil mixture by first making a hole with your finger or a pencil, then placing the branch inside. Do not water the plant until roots start to grow (two to three weeks).
Whether you’re looking to buy a jade plant for yourself or a friend, we hope this guide covered how to properly take care of your jade plant. There are many ways to showcase your new jade plant, such as a plant stand or as a centerpiece for your dining room table. Your jade plant isn’t the only greenery that needs your care. If you’re looking for more tips and tricks, check out our houseplant care printables.
Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’
Golden Jade Tree
Crassula ovata ‘Sunset’
Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ is a shrubby succulent up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall with leaves about the same size as the common Jade Plant (Crassula ovata). Unlike the green leaves of the species, the leaves of this cultivar take on spectacular hues with the upper portion of the leaves having a golden yellow color and the edges ochre, especially during the cooler months of the year. The late fall to winter flowers are white with a hint of lavender.
Photo via pinterest.com
USDA hardiness zone 10a to 11b: from 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 50 °F (+10 °C).
How to Grow and Care
Many people enjoy growing Jade Plants in their homes and offices, and they are considered to be symbols of good luck. But you do not need to be lucky to learn what the proper care and maintenance of Jade Plants is. The most important factors to consider when growing Jade Plants is water, light, temperature, and fertilizer.
Easy to grow in container, best in full sun but will tolerate part sun. It need well-drained soil with a neutral pH. Water regularly form spring to autumn and allow soil to dry out before watering again. During the winter months, water only enough to keep the leaves from shriveling. Most common reason for failure is overwatering.
Propagating is achieved with leaf or stem cuttings which are placed into a soil mix, then wait until they show some growth. Before placing them in soil mix you will prevent potential problems from the sap seeping out by allowing them to dry on a windowsill, for a few days or so… – See more at: How to Grow and Care for Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)
Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ was introduced by legendary succulent plant breeder Ed (Emerald) Hummel (1903-1979) of Inglewood and later Carlsbad California.
Forms and Hybrids
- Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ f. variegata
- Back to genus Crassula
- Succulentopedia: Browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Genus, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus
Subscribe now and be up to date with our latest news and updates.
Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ (Golden Jade Tree) – This shrubby succulent grows slowly to 2 to 3 feet tall with leaves about the same size as the common jade plant, Crassula ovata. Unlike the green leaves of the species, the leaves of this cultivar take on spectacular hues with the upper portion of the leaves having a golden yellow color and the edges ochre, especially during the cooler months of the year. The late fall to winter flowers are white with a hint of lavender. Expect this plant to green for a while after replanting and or when over fertilized. Prune up with age to reveal stocky trunk. Although we have older plants that we leave unprotected we have noted frost damage on our crops of this plant at 30°F. Crassula ovata ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ was introduced by legendary succulent plant breeder Ed (Emerald) Hummel (1903-1979) of Inglewood and later Carlsbad California. It received the prestigious Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit (AGM) in 1993. For more information on the species see the listing for Crassula ovata ‘Pink Beauty’. We also grow several other Crassula ovata cultivars, including ‘Big Alice’, ‘Crosby’s Dwarf’ and ‘Gollum’. The information on this page is based on research conducted in our nursery library and from online sources as well as from observations made of this plant as it grows in our nursery, in the nursery’s garden and in other gardens that we have observed it in. We also will incorporate comments received from others and always appreciate getting feedback of any kind from those who have additional information, particularly if this information is contrary to what we have written or includes additional cultural tips that might aid others in growing Crassula ‘Hummel’s Sunset’.