- Growing Geranium Rozanne®
- No Expertise Required
- Rozanne Is Versatile
- Zonal Geraniums
- Growing Tips
- Ivy Geraniums
- Scented Pelargoniums
- More Recommended Varieties
- Other Annuals to Grow
- Geraniums–How to Grow & Propagate
- Scented Pelargoniums
- Annuals, Perennials, Houseplants
- Where To Buy Geraniums?
- Will Geraniums Flower All Year?
- Are Geraniums Sun Or Shade Plants?
- More About Geraniums
- Choosing The Right Variety For You
- Everblooming Hardy Geranium Collection
- 10 hardy geraniums to grow
- Low-growing geraniums for pots and containers
- Hardy Geranium Collection
- Classic Summer Zonal Geranium
- Geranium “Ann Folkard.”
- Geranium “Anne Thomson.”
- Geranium “Brookside.”
- Geranium “Dreamland.”
- Geranium “Elke.”
- Geranium “Johnson’s Blue.”
- Geranium “Laurence Flatman.”
- Geranium “Magnificum.”
- Geranium “Mavis Simpson.”
- Geranium “Nimbus.”
- Geranium “Orion.”
- Geranium “Patricia.”
- Geranium “Purple Pillow.”
- Geranium “Rozanne.”
- Geranium “So Amazing.”
- Geranium “So Fierce.”
- Geranium “So Lovely.”
- Geranium “So Sultry.”
- Geranium “Sweet Heidy.”
- Geranium arboreum “Hawaiian Red-Flowered Geranium.”
- Geranium cinereum “Ballerina.”
- Geranium macrorrhizum “Bevan’s Variety.”
- Geranium macrorrhizum “Czakor.”
- Geranium maculatum “Espresso.”
- Geranium maculatum “Wild Geranium.”
- Geranium maderense “Giant Herb-Robert Geranium.”
- Geranium palmatum “Canary Island Cranesbill.”
- Geranium phaeum “Dusky Cranesbill.”
- Geranium phaeum “Lily Lovell.”
- Geranium phaeum var. phaeum “Samobor.”
- Geranium platypetalum “Cranes Bill.”
- Geranium pratense “Double Jewel.”
- Geranium pratense “Meadow Cranesbill.”
- Geranium pratense “Midnight Reiter.”
- Geranium pratense “Mrs. Kendall Clark.”
- Geranium pratense “Plenum Violaceum.”
- Geranium psilostemon “Armenian Cranesbill.”
- Geranium renardii “Caucasian Cranesbill.”
- Geranium robertianum “Herb Robert.”
- Geranium sanguineum “Bloody Cranesbill.”
- Geranium sanguineum “Cranesbill.”
- Geranium sanguineum “Max Frei.”
- Geranium sanguineum var. striatum.
- Geranium subcaulescens “Guiseppii.”
- Geranium sylvaticum “Birch Lilac.”
- Geranium sylvaticum “Mayflower.”
- Geranium wallichianum “Havana Blues.”
- Geranium wlassovianum.
- Geranium x cantabrigiense “Biokovo.”
- Geranium x cantabrigiense “Karmina.”
- Geranium x magnificum.
- Geranium x oxonianum “Claridge Druce.”
- Geranium x oxonianum “Miss Heidi.”
- Geranium x oxonianum “Wargrave Pink.”
- Geranium x oxonianum f. thurstonianum “Southcombe Double.”
- Pelargonium “Lemon Fancy.”
- Pelargonium “Mr. Henry Cox.”
- Pelargonium domesticum “Martha Washington Geranium.”
- Pelargonium graveolens “Scented Leaf Geranium.”
- Pelargonium hortorum “Apple Blossom.”
- Pelargonium pellatum “Ivy Leaf Geranium.”
- Pelargonium x hortorum “Garden Geranium.”
Growing Geranium Rozanne®
No Expertise Required
Rozanne is a plant that everybody can grow. Her strong constitution and ability to adapt to a wide variety of conditions means there’s very little that can “go wrong”. You really don’t need green fingers to enjoy great looking results when growing Geranium Rozanne.
Water And Temperature
She can deal with both deluge and drought, so you don’t need to stress about over or under-watering. She can take the summer sun and the winter cold – even though she does need to hibernate! – so she’ll happily live with you wherever you are.
When you consider that she first came to life in the changeable temperate climate of an English garden yet also thrives through California’s heat and humidity and Canada’s long cool winters, you can start to picture just how versatile she is!
Rozanne will live life to the full through a wide range of intensities of sunlight and amount of daylight hours. However, natural sunlight is very important to her and she doesn’t enjoy being inside, even in a glass-covered conservatory. Rozanne is most definitely the outdoors type. Just remember that, and she’ll be fine.
Rozanne will look better for an occasional tidy up, but she’s not one of those plants that insists on it to keep flowering. She’s happy enough to be left to her to her own devices. However, if she starts to look a bit scruffy as time goes by you might want to give her a bit of a trim and pick out any unattractive bits. There’s no magic formula – cut away as much or as little you want and don’t panic if you even cut away all the flowers. It’ll all grow back.
Rozanne Is Versatile
As long as she’s outside in natural sunlight, Rozanne can grow in whatever space you choose for her.
Borders And Groundcover
Geranium Rozanne is naturally a perfect border plant, giving the garden a bold splash of blue right through the summer. Because of her dense habit, weeds have a hard job taking root in the same spot. She can spread to fill large spaces, so if you’d rather have gorgeous blue flowers than endless rounds of weeding, Rozanne is the plant for you!
Despite her sizeable nature, Rozanne takes well to being grown in patio containers and even hanging baskets and window boxes, spilling beautiful blue-flowered trailing stems over the sides. Examples of these can be seen at Foggy Bottom in The Bressingham Gardens.
Because of her robust constitution, energetic habit, low maintenance requirements and long flowering period, as well as her decorative beauty of course, Rozanne is perfect for mass plantings. She’s become popular among landscape designers, particularly in Germany. Adrian Bloom’s use of it spilling out of a Norfolk flint well in his 2000 Chelsea Flower Show garden and his famous River of Rozanne at the Bressingham Gardens, since replicated in Germany and the USA, demonstrate more artistic landscape possibilities. And of course, she’s perfect for keeping weeds at bay.
There’s something so homey and familiar about a pot of red geraniums parked on a front stoop. A bright spot in the landscape, inviting visitors in. Which makes sense, since in the Victorian “language of flowers” the scarlet geranium means “comfort.”
But geraniums have come a long way since Victorian days, now presenting a dazzling array of choices. And while gardeners can’t seem to get enough of the classic “Zonal” geraniums, other beautiful types include ivy-leaved, Regal, and scented geraniums.
Most of the 20 or so species of Pelargonium (from the Greek word pelargos, meaning “stork” since the seed heads look like a stork’s bill) are native to South Africa. Brought to Europe in the 1600s, the first geraniums quickly became a hit and since then thousands of cultivars have been developed.
A related group of plants, in the same family of Geraniaceae, has the actual Latin name Geranium, which causes some confusion. But plants in the genus Geranium are typically perennial and look quite different. Long ago they were all in the genus Geranium, until the 1700s when some were separated into the genus Pelargonium.
The Zonal geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum), so named because of the dark horseshoe-shaped marking on the leaves, has become a fixture of suburban gardens and city window boxes. Red remains the number one color, and there are plenty of red shades to choose from, but Zonals also come in salmon, white, pink, orange, violet, and bicolors. Typically used as annuals, they can be counted on for a bright pop of color for months on end, and are easy to grow if you follow a few simple guidelines.
Zonals need plenty of sunlight, but can take a little shade in the hottest part of the afternoon. Since they require night temperatures in the 50-60 degree F range to blossom, they perform best in late spring to early summer and again in autumn. So they might lag a bit in the heat of high summer. Give them moist, well-drained soil, mulch to keep roots cool, monthly feedings, and good air circulation.
If planted in a container, allow the soil to dry out a little before watering to ward off root rot, but definitely avoid extremes – a stressful cycle of wilting and heavy watering will cause leaves to yellow and fall off. And be diligent about removing spent flower heads to keep new ones coming on.
Ivy-leaved geraniums (Pelargonium peltatum) are similar to Zonals but with smooth, waxy leaves. They have become more widely grown with the explosion of container culture since their naturally trailing habit makes them perfect for hanging baskets. And they’re ideal to suspend on a porch because they need a slightly cooler and shadier environment than Zonals.
Regal geraniums (Pelargonium x domesticum), sometimes called Martha Washington geraniums after a popular 19th century cultivar, have pleated, ruffly leaves and showy flower clusters. They need a little more water than other geraniums, cooler temperatures, and filtered light. Since they don’t thrive in high heat and humidity, they are more suited to Northern locales. Perhaps the best way to enjoy Regals is to buy them while they’re blooming, then toss them once they’re finished, though they can be grown as houseplants.
Scented geraniums are actually a myriad of species, cultivars, and hybrids, each with a distinctive aroma to the foliage. Especially popular with herb gardeners, scented geraniums can smell like almonds, apples, coconut, lemons, roses, nutmeg, peppermint, strawberries, chocolate, or even Old Spice cologne. The rose-scented ones have been important in the perfume industry. And many find their way into jellies and iced teas as flavorings.
Though the flowers are usually more wispy than the Zonals, Regals, and ivy-leaved types, scented geraniums have a remarkable array of foliage forms: puckered, curled, or rounded, resembling ferns, oak leaves, or grape leaves, with textures from velvety to coarse to sticky.
While some scented geraniums are hardy to Zones 7-8, most need to be brought indoors when temperatures drop to about 45 degrees F. Native to areas with low rainfall, give them good drainage and plenty of air circulation. Be forewarned, collecting scented geraniums can be addictive!
Geraniums are so ubiquitous in summer pots that they need no introduction. They are well-known for their fuzzy, uniquely-scented leaves and large clusters of flowers in brilliant red and other eye-catching colors.
The showy, flowering geraniums normally sold as bedding plants are members of the genus Pelargonium. These subtropical perennials are treated as annuals. The most commonly grown types, called zonal geraniums often have distinct leaf markings. Flower colors range from deep burgundy to red and pink to salmon and white. They may be single- or double-petaled.
Scientific name – Pelargonium
Planting time – Spring
Bloom time – Late spring through fall
Uses – Flower beds,mass plantings, containers, houseplants
Kingdom – Plantae
Division – Magnoliophyta
Class – Magnoliopsida
Order – Geraniales
Family – Geraniaceae
Genus – Pelargonium
Height -10 to 36 inches
Spread – 8 to 14 inches
Habit – Bushy or trailing
Texture – Medium
Growth rate – Moderate
Flower – Pink, purple, salmon, red, orange, white, bicolor
Light Requirement -Full sun to partial shade
Soil – Organic, well-drained
Drought Tolerance – Moderate
Hardiness – Tender annual
Traditional potted arrangements pair zonal geraniums with spikes or asparagus fern. But there are many more creative uses for these familiar annuals. The bold flowers make great accents throughout the garden. Tuck them around dark-leaved plants such as purple-leaved coral bells, sweet potato vine, or amaranthus for an interesting display. In containers, try combining them with the softer textured diascia or the chartreuse leaves of licorice plant ‘Limelight.’
Geraniums don’t ask for much. Just give them full sun or partial shade and moderate amounts of water. Pinch blooms as they fade to keep them from becoming moldy and to encourage new blooms.
Insects and Disease
These annuals are seldom bothered by inscts and diseases. Aphids and whiteflies are occasional pests. If necessary, treat them with insecticidal soap. Edema-raised brown patches on the undersides of leaves-may result from overwatering. If mold or stem rot is a problem, increase air circulation around the plants.
This is one annual that can withstand some cold. It’s among the hardiest of annuals and is one of the last flowers to freeze in the fall.
You don’t have to say goodbye to your Pelargoniums with the first hard frost. They can be wintered indoors by growing them as houseplants, taking cuttings, or storing bare-root plants in a cool, dry place. Be sure to bring plants in from the garden prior to the first frost.
It’s easy to reproduce your favorite plants by cuttings. Snip off a few stem sections about 6 inches long and remove the lower leaves. Dip cuttings in rooting hormone and insert the cut end into damp perlite or sand. Do not cover cuttings in plastic; they need good air circulation or they will rot.
Ivy geraniums have ivy-like leaves and creep and trail like an ivy. They are perfect for hanging baskets, window boxes, and balcony plantings. Plants produce round clusters of individual florets with well-spaced, narrow petals. Colors range from shades of pink and purple to red and white.
Though quite drought-tolerant, ivy types are less heat resistant than zonal geraniums. They do best with some protection from the hot afternoon sun. Water and fertilize regularly for better blooming.
Ivy geraniums mix nicely with other annuals such as lobelia, diascia, and petunias. Combine them with bold, upright partners such as cannas or ornamental grasses.
Scented geraniums are also fun to grow. These plants have white or pink flowers that aren’t very showy. But their claim to fame is their aromatic leaves, which come in a variety of fragrances including lemon, rose, apple, coconut, and nutmeg. Many have deeply lobed, soft-textured leaves, often in shades of grey-green. Scented Pelargoniums are perfect in herb gardens and along paths. They can also be grown indoors, trained into topiaries, and used to make herbal tea.
Mosquito, or citronella plants were developed by introducing a gene from citronella grass into a scented Pelargonium species. When rubbed or crushed, these geraniums release the citronella oil, which helps repel mosquitoes.
More Recommended Varieties
Pelargoniums offer a wide variety of flower colors and leaf shapes. You can create a strikingly varied display using geraniums alone. Many varieties with less showy flowers make up for it with their attractive foliage.
- ‘Frank Headly’ shines with a creamy variegated leaf sets off single, salmon flowers.
- ‘Vancouver Centennial’ has small, dark, maple-shaped leaves with chartreuse margins.
- ‘Black Velvet Rose’ contrasts unusual black leaves with thin green margins and bright rose florets. The new ‘Black Velvet Scarlet’ boasts the same leaves with flashy scarlet blooms.
- For a traditional red geranium with a twist, try ‘Contrast’, which has green, cream, and red foliage.
- Regal or Martha Washington geraniums are not as heat tolerant as others and are often sold as indoor plants. They are noted for their large flowers, attractive foliage and extended flowering time.
Other Annuals to Grow
Geraniums–How to Grow & Propagate
February 10, 2007 Article
Geraniums are usually classified as a ‘short-lived perennial,’ which means they typically live for more than a single year but these two varieties may merit a “perennial” classification in South Texas since they do well in summer and winter.
You can use these geraniums in beds and borders. A wide range of colors is available to complement virtually any color scheme you desire. In southern California (and now maybe in South Texas!), geraniums are used as a colorful groundcover on slopes and lawns. They are excellent in containers of all types: from small pots, large tubs, window boxes, and they combine well with other plants, such as petunias and ivies. Geraniums are one of your best bets for use in hanging baskets.
Scientific Name: Pelargonium hortorum as per L.H. Bailey
Common Geranium, Garden Geranium, Zonal Geranium (Pelargonium hortorum)
(P. x domesticum, largely derived from P. cucullatum, P. angulosum, and P. grandiflorum) have large pansy like flowers, few to the cluster.
Zonal, house, or bedding geraniums (P. x hortorum, a complex hybrid largely derived from P. inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. These species were introduced in Europe in the early 18th century and hybridizers have been busy creating stunning new varieties ever since.
Frost Tolerance: Hardy in San Antonio.
Heat Tolerance: Better considered as a cool season annual in San Antonio UNLESS ‘Strawberry Sizzle’ and ‘Violet’ varieties are used.
Sun Exposure: Light shade in summer in San Antonio UNLESS ‘Strawberry Sizzle’ and ‘Violet’ varieties are used then they can be planted in full sun
Origin: South Africa
Growth Habits: Shrubby perennials generally grown as tender annuals, up to three feet tall (45 cm)
Plant in ordinary well-drained soil. Plants grown in containers like to be root bound. Over-fertilization may result in excessive foliage and few flowers. When fertilizing, use Osmocote Slow-Release Fertilizer pellets for containers and use a NON-weed-and-feed Slow-release fertilizer such as 19-5-9 for beds or a 4-2-3 organic analysis.
Moisture: Keep soil moist during hot weather. Allow to dry between waterings during cool periods. Constantly wetting the soil will quickly rot roots. Treat with Turficide, a fungicide that contains terrachlor, if rot occurs. Use Daconil Fungicide for foliage disease if spots appear on the leaves.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 8 – 10. The geranium hybrids are tender perennials. They are grown as annuals in cooler zones. Plants can be dug and potted and brought inside for the winter. Some gardeners prefer to dig the plants and remove all of the soil from the roots. The roots are wrapped in newspaper and the plants placed in a cool dry place until spring.
Propagation: Geraniums can be grown from cuttings. For more information about how to propagate geraniums from cuttings, visit this website for further information:
To propagate geraniums from cuttings, first select containers three to four inches deep and fill them with moist (not overly wet) planting medium. Satisfactory rooting media include coarse sand, perlite, vermiculite or a mixture of these. Sterile commercial mixes are also available. Cut off shoot tips three to five inches in length and remove the leaves on the lower part of the stem. The use of a rooting hormone is recommended to stimulate the rooting process. This product is available at most garden centers. Dip the bottom one-half inch of each cutting in the rooting medium. Insert the cuttings to a depth of one and one-fourth inches to one and one-half inches. Firm the medium around the cuttings.
Avoid crowding the cuttings so there will be some air movement to help prevent disease. Cover the container with a plastic bag. This helps prevent excessive moisture loss, decreases wilting and increases rooting potential. Place the container in a warm location that receives bright, but indirect sun. Avoid excessive heat buildup in the bag by occasionally opening the top.
Check the moistness of the rooting medium every week. If properly chosen and prepared, it will usually stay fairly moist for several weeks before additional water is needed.
To determine when the cuttings have rooted, gently tug on the stem. If it resists being pulled from the rooting medium, roots have probably developed to a length of one-half inch to one inch, and the cuttings can be planted in small individual containers. Fill these containers with a coarse, well-drained growing mix, and pot the cuttings at the same depth as the original rooting medium. Gradually move the plants into more direct light and continue to water. Fertilization will not be needed until the cuttings show new top growth.
For more information visit this link at:
David Rodriguez is the County Extension Agent-Horticulture for Bexar County. For more information, call the Master Gardener ‘Hotline’ at (210) 467-6575 or visit our County Extension website at: https://bexar-tx.tamu.edu and click on Horticulture and Gardening.
Commonly known as scented geraniums, these are not your ordinary geraniums and definitely not that vibrant summer annual flower that tumbles out of window boxes and container gardens. Scented geraniums belong to the genus Pelargonium, like the other geraniums, and all are the family Geraniaceae. They really should be called scented pelargoniums.
Wild scented pelargoniums are native to the mountainsides in Africa. These are frost sensitive, shrubby plants. Some varieties can grow up to 10 feet in their native environment. They have irregular flower formations and true to their named heritage, have the common “stork” pelargos, seed capsule that resembles a stork’s bill. The flowers are not showy and have irregular blooms of two upper petals and three smaller, lower petals. The leaf form is highly variable and the leaf texture can be smooth, velvety or oily.
Rose, lemon, mint, spice and fruity are not usually aromas associated with geraniums. This is a unique quality to these collectable plants. Oil glands on the leaves and stems release fragrance when brushed against, subjected to heat or crushed. Because scent can be somewhat subjective, no two plant-hunters can smell aromas the same; thus classification of them is an interesting art in the world of identifying, purchasing and finding the plants. Another factor is that they easily hybridize and cross, so many hybridized varieties have come and gone. It seems at times only the nose knows.
Most are named by the fragrances gardeners are familiar with. One of the great mysteries of the plant world is the origin of their genetic makeup that allows them to release so many different scents. Fragrances of rose, lemon, mint, apples and many combinations — pelargoniums are unique in that they are the only plant species with different aromas.
Typically you will find them classified by their scent category: rose, citrus, fruit-scented, mint, spice, pungent.
There are more than 250 naturally occurring species of pelargoniums. Native to the Cape of Good Hope in Africa, they were first introduced in Europe in the early 1600s. And by the late 1800s there were more than 150 varieties described in American catalogs. Today, hundreds of named varieties are propagated.
Avid plant hunters and collectors, the Victorians surged scented geraniums into popularity as a collectable conservatory plant. The leaves would release fragrance when ladies’ crinolines brushed against them, creating a “living potpourri.”
Most varieties are tender to frost, with the rose fragrances being hardier. In temperate climates, they can be grown in the landscape along borders and pathways to create texture and garden aromatherapy. In the Pacific Northwest, they are a popular container plant. For successful growing, pelargoniums need to be in full sun and rich soil.
Choose large, well-draining pots. Keep them evenly moist but not soaked. They are fast-growing and need room in the root area to avoid becoming root-bound before the end of the season. Overwinter them in a protected area. They will take a light frost but not ongoing freezing temperatures. Indoors, pelargoniums can be grown in a warm, sunny window all year long.
Scented pelargoniums are plants of many uses, although most are just collected for the fascination of fragrance they emit. In their native Africa, they are a part of potpourris and sleep pillows, and fresh leaves are rubbed on wooden bowls and spoons to give a fragrant polish. They are infused in desserts and sauces as well as teas.
Aromatherapy and Medicinal Uses
The essential oil accumulates in small glands found in the foliage and flowers. Old-fashioned rose or attar of rose (P. graveolens) is the common oil extracted for aromatherapy purposes and has the qualities of an antidepressant, stimulant and antiseptic. It is an astringent and well-reputed as a hormone-balancing herb.
In aromatherapy, it is highly regarded as a stress reliever, especially when blended with other relaxing herbs such as lavender and ylang-ylang. For skin care, it is used for healing scars, acnes and wounds. The oil is also used as a base note in soaps, perfumes and creams.
- Lemon: Mabel Grey, Prince Rupert, Lemon crispum
- Rose: Old fashioned rose, Atomic snowflake, Attar of Rose, Charity, Peacock
- Mint: Peppermint, Chocolate mint, Lady Plymouth, Rober’s Lemon-Rose
- Fruity: Apple, Orange Fizz, Apricot
- Spicy: Nutmeg, Ginger
In the Victorian tradition of the language of flowers, scented geraniums were popular as fragrant fillers in nosegays.
- Apple: Honor
- Almond: Present preference
- Apricot: Loyalty
- Filbert: Mystery
- Coconut: Joy
- Gooseberry: Trustworthiness
- Silver leaf: Recall
- Lemon: Tranquility of mind, good tidings
- Lemon rose: Bittersweet remembrance
- Nutmeg: An expected meeting
- Oak leaf: True friendship
- Peppermint: Cordial feelings, good health
- Rose: Preference, love
- Southernwood: Lasting affection
- Strawberry: Gladness
Culinary and flavoring
In culinary uses, the rose varieties are used to imart an earthy flavor and aroma to sweet breads, cakes, teas and jellies. The unique leaves are used as a garnish.
Pelargonium bath salt
- 1 cup sea salt, coarse grind
- 1/2 cup baking soda
- 1/2 cup dried crushed rose and peppermint geranium leaves
Combine ingredients well. For a finer blend, ingredients can be ground together. Place in a muslin bag. To use: Place mix in a warm bath. Bathe for a minimum of 15 minutes to capture the full benefits of the herbs.
Geranium vinegar for skin care
- 4 cups cider vinegar
- 8 tbsp fresh or dried rose geranium leaves
Warm up the vinegar (not to boiling), add geranium leaves, cover and allow steeping, until cool. Strain and bottle.
To use: Add 1 cup to the bath. For hair rinse: Add 5 cups of water to the mix and rinse through hair.
Scented geranium jelly
- 1 pint prepared apple jelly
- 3 fresh leaves rose-scented geranium
Heat the jelly slowly over a low heat until liquefied. Add 2 rose geranium leaves and stir. Remove from heat. Let sit for 5 minutes. Remove the leaves. In a clean, sterilized jelly jar, place a fresh geranium leaf in the bottom. Pour jelly over the leaf. Allow to cool; cover and refrigerate. Yummy on plain pound cake or fresh warm scones. Use within a few weeks.
Scented geranium sugar
Wash the thoroughly dry fresh-herb leaves. Place approximately an inch of sugar in the bottom of a jar. Add a leaf or two, repeat sugar and leaf layers until the jar is full. Let stand up to two weeks. The sugar will be infused with the herbal flavor and can be used in recipes and coffee or tea.
Aromatic tea blend
(Warm and spicy blend)
- 3 tsp loose black or green tea
- 5 dried rose geranium leaves
- 6 whole cloves
- 1 crushed cinnamon stick
Mix the ingredients together. Store in a glass jar.
To use: Boil water in a teakettle. Transfer boiling water into a warmed glass or ceramic teapot. Add a teaspoon or two of herb tea mix and allow to steep for at least 10 minutes, longer for stronger tea. Sweeten with honey if desired.
When someone says geranium, what do you see?
It’s probably big globes of lipstick-red flowers, green leaves with scalloped edges on a plant rising 1 foot from a clay pot. That’s a geranium.
But so is this: a low-growing, sprawling plant with small flowers of just five petals that are white, pink, blue or lavender, growing in a flower garden.
The potted plant is officially named pelargonium and commonly called geranium. It blooms all summer, but does not usually survive winters. It’s an annual.
The plant in the garden is officially named geranium and commonly called cranesbill. It blooms for a few weeks in late spring or summer, but survives really cold winters. It is a perennial.
Annual geraniums require well-drained soil and full sun, spring .. through fall.
I think they look best grown by themselves or with just a simple edging of dusty miller for contrast. Geraniums growing in pots perform best if the roots fill most of the pot, so don’t move them up to larger containers very often.
Although this is an annual, people often save their plants through the winter by placing the pots in a frost-free sun porch.
The perennial geranium plants are natives of such diverse climates as the Pyrenees mountains of Europe, Eastern and Midwestern North America and western Asia.
They are not for pots, but for permanent places in the flower garden in full sun or very light shade. In my experience as a Piedmont gardener, they seem to benefit from protection against hot afternoon sun in the summer. Think about this before you plant.
Give these geraniums moist but well-drained soil. Most varieties grow 18 to 24 inches tall. They are among the most carefree of perennials, attracting no pests or diseases. They require little fertilizer.
Be prepared for a shorter flowering season than you’ll get with the annual geranium. However, the foliage, usually notched, is attractive.
Planted near daffodils or tulips, the foliage can spread nicely and fill some of the gaps in the garden as the bulb foliage browns and eventually disappears.
Set out young plants in spring or fall, and divide crowded clumps after bloom.
Are Geraniums annuals or perennials? Are you one of those people in the garden center that has to stop and remember what an annual is vs. a perennial? The truth is all of us have probably been there at some point unless gardening is our only true love.
An annual plant completes one life cycle and dies in one season. A perennial plant lives two years or more. Geraniums can be annuals or perennials, and their status changes according to where and how you grow them.
Pelargonium is the Latin name for geranium. These plants do not tolerate cold, so they are often grown as annuals. But given a few little tricks, they can be grown as perennials. Let us share a few of those tricks with you in the rest of this article.
Annuals, Perennials, Houseplants
Are Geraniums annuals or perennials? The answer is yes, and all of the above. Geraniums have long been a favorite for gardens because of their color, ease of growing, and their attractive scent. There is more to consider when deciding how to grow geraniums. So let’s delve just a little deeper.
Be astonished about these full-sun annuals that bloom all summer!
Growing Geraniums As Annuals
Annual means that the plant only lives for one growing cycle, from germination to seed production. If you plant an annual variety of geranium, it will not grow back next year. Annual geraniums are different than true geraniums; annual geraniums are part of the Pelargonium family.
Growing Geraniums as annuals is pretty simple, which is why they are a garden favorite. Planting annual geraniums is a great way to grow geraniums if you enjoy the planting season each year, especially if you do not have space to grow plants indoors in colder winter temperatures.
First of all, geraniums are lovers of the sun. Oh, you too, then these are the flowers for you.
Consequently, loving the sun makes these plants drought tolerant. The soil needs to dry out just slightly before the next watering. Experts recommend that you water with a water-soluble fertilizer, and remove dead flowers to keep these annuals blooming all summer.
Check out this list of red geraniums including some of the annual varieties.
Growing Geraniums As Perennials
Perennial geraniums will grow back the second year after being planted. A perennial plant will live two or more years.
Perennial varieties of geranium are also commonly called cranesbill, wild geranium, pure geranium, or hardy geranium. Another common name for perennial geranium is creeping geranium. It is hardy in zones 3-9, loves to grow in light shade, or morning sun and afternoon shade.
Similarly to annual geraniums, hardy geraniums prefer the soil to dry to the touch before the next watering. If they get too wet, the leaves will drop.
Perennial geraniums are tough plants, adapt to their environments well, so while each variety of geranium is different in terms of care, these plants are hard to kill.
Geranium Edressii is hardy or perennial geranium. .
Growing Geraniums In Containers
Also, geraniums make excellent container plants. By growing geraniums in containers, you can bring them inside over the winter to grow them all year long.
To begin your geranium container garden choose the right size pots and your soil mix. Plant your geraniums and enjoy them all year long. Before the first frost hits move your geraniums indoors and place near a south or west-facing window to enable bright, long-lasting light. You can even plant them in your garden, and transfer them to a pot for winter, and replant them outdoors after the last frost.
Combine these moss garden ideas that would go perfectly with these geraniums.
Where To Buy Geraniums?
Depending on the time of year, and your location geraniums are usually pretty easy to find, especially at local nurseries or hardware stores. If you are planning your garden for next year geraniums should be on the shortlist for flowering plants.
Where To Buy Annual Geraniums Online?
Grow Joy has a beautiful and extensive selection of geraniums varieties from which to choose your favorite plant.
Amazon sells this brilliant Maverick F1 geranium. A packet of 100 seeds would fill your garden with flashes of color. To find out more about this amazing plant on Amazon, click here.
Where To Buy Perennial Geraniums Online?
Amazon sells this lovely container of Cranesbill geranium. This perennial geranium makes a beautiful ground cover while adding touches of color to your garden space. Click here to see more on Amazon.
Brecks.com has a broad range of color choices if you are looking to buy hardy geranium online. .
Where To Buy Geraniums For Containers Online?
Similarly, Amazon sells these dark blue geraniums that are perfect for containers, balconies, and window boxes. Five pieces with an 87% germination rate. Click here to see more on Amazon.
Will Geraniums Flower All Year?
Geraniums require night time temperatures of 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit to bloom. Consequently, spring-early summer and fall are the main flowering seasons for geraniums. Geraniums need a full day of sunlight to thrive, which in most places rules winter out of the blooming time unless you add a supplemental light.
Be amazed about these annuals that bloom all summer!
Are Geraniums Sun Or Shade Plants?
Geraniums in general like a full day of sunlight, they will often tolerate morning sun and afternoon shade. These plants are native to South Africa, so they are used to lots of light, and moist to dry soil.
Pelargonium vs. Geranium
In the 17th century, pelargoniums were brought to Europe, and because of the similarity to geraniums, they were called Geraniums. They aren’t part of the geranium family.
The term Geranium in the world of botany refers to a winter-hardy perennial shrub. Even though these plants are called by the same name, there are differences. Thus the reason geraniums are annuals, perennials, and houseplants.
More About Geraniums
Geraniums are one of the most popular garden plants and have been for centuries. We have done a large amount of research about geraniums and posted an extensive list of posts to help you with all of your geranium growing needs. So be sure to take advantage of all that knowledge, and check out those posts.
Choosing The Right Variety For You
Now that you know that different varieties of geraniums are annuals, perennials, or houseplants. You have the information you need to choose the right plant for your garden, ground cover, window boxes, or containers.
Why not use this information to create a beautiful geranium container garden? While you are at it why not share the love, and gift container geraniums to friends. Either way, leave us a comment and let us know your favorite variety of geranium or pelargonium.
Here is a complete guide on how to plant geraniums.
Included in this post are topics about Perennials –
20 Best Perennials for Zone 6 Gardens
15 Short Perennials That Bloom All Summer
Gaillardia, sometimes known as blanket flower, can be annuals, biennials, or perennials (check the seed packet). They have hairy leaves and showy daisy-like blossoms, usually in various combinations of purple, dark red and yellow. This plant is a native to North America.
Gaillardia x grandiflora is a perennial, a 2- to 3-foot-high mound spreading to 2 feet. Most gaillardias have long stems above the mounded plant base.
There are now many cultivars with various heights that you can buy from seed companies. The varieties have flowers up to 3 to 4 inches wide.
Check the height of the full-grown plant. If it says 3 feet tall, that height includes the 1-foot-long stem of the flower including the mound.
Dwarf varieties are now available 6 to 10 inches tall. The new “Mesa Yellow” is 16 to 18 inches tall and 20 to 24 inches wide. These colorful plants are easy to grow from seed and are good cutting flowers.
Unusual “burgundy” has petals of solid burgundy color. Some of the new fluted flowers have shaggy petals.
Plant in full sun; they tolerate poor soil and humid and hot dry weather.
In mild areas, they will bloom all year, but in most areas they bloom all summer through fall. Deadheading improves the appearance and prolongs blooms. Divisions can be made in the spring.
Gaillardia pulchella is a half-hardy annual and can be grown from seed.
Space plants in groups of three to five in various sunny locations. These plants will attract butterflies.
Q: I bought some geranium plants because of their colorful leaves. What is the difference between a geranium and a pelargonium? – Kathy Conway, Ontario.
A: The common plant most people know as geranium is, botanically, Pelargonium. True geraniums are mostly hardy plants that bloom over a long period of time, but are not as showy as most Pelargoniums. Their blossoms can be singular, in clusters, or double with five overlapping petals that look alike.
After flowering, a beak-like fruit appears, which is why the common name is cranesbill. Pelargoniums also have five petals, two points in one direction and the other three points in the opposite direction.
Geranium, Gentianaceae, is the common name for Pelargoniam, which grows best in the climate areas like those of San Francisco, East Los Angeles and Vista. True geraniums are annuals and perennials (some have woody stems). Most do very well in full sun with afternoon shade in the summer and where there is only light frost, not freezing temperatures. They can be grown from seed and tip cuttings.
Pelargonium, Geraniaceae, is a woody-based perennial (most of them from South Africa). The “Martha Washington” type of geranium, Pelargonium x domesticum, is very common as well as is the Pelargonium x hortorum, referred to as fancy-leafed or color-leafed.
Pelargonium, peltatum, is known as ivy geranium. The scented leaf geraniums have their Latin name based on the aromatic fragrance. These are sold by specialty herb nurseries.
Plant in a fast-draining soil adding some peat moss if your soil is alkaline. Water when the soil dries out to 1 inch below the ground surface. Keep the scented geraniums in the foreground, in a raised bed or in containers. Fertilize two or three times during the active growing season.
Geraniums like full sun with some shade in the afternoon. Dead flowers should be removed as soon as possible to keep the plants in bloom.
Keep the plant tips pinched instead of an occasional heavy pruning for control.
Geraniums and pelargoniums bloom best if they are somewhat pot bound.
Geraniums are very attractive in containers, but these will require more water, more often. Hanging baskets with some scented varieties in the basket and ivy geraniums over the side can be beautiful in a semi-shaded area.
Pelargoniums and geraniums are easily propagated from tip cuttings and do not require a rooting hormone. Place cuttings in sand or sterile potting soil. The flowers are edible, providing they have not been sprayed with anything but water.
Do you have a garden question? E-mail, giving your name, city where you live, to [email protected]
For previous columns: www.californiagardenclubs.org/Features_pointers
Robert and Hoberley Schuler are UC Davis Master Gardeners and garden study and landscape design master consultants for National Garden Clubs and California Garden Clubs.
Everblooming Hardy Geranium Collection
Cascades of Colour!
Opulent, Flowing Colour!
Our Everblooming Hardy Geraniums are some of the best flowering ground covers you can plant. If you have a border that needs filling or a bare spot in the garden, this is the answer.
Charming, low-clumping perennials, these select varieties are a welcome addition to borders, rock gardens and cottage gardens where they will combine elegantly with other perennials—especially oldfashioned roses. Everblooming Hardy Geraniums may also be used to stunning effect in patio containers, hanging baskets and window boxes. Best of all, these beauties return year after year!
Everbloooming Hardy Geraniums are tough and durable, performing well in a wide variety of soils and settings–from full sun to partial shade. Easy to maintain once established, they are disease free and unloved by snails, slugs and deer. They will also tolerate very low temperatures.
Best of all, Everblooming Hardy Geraniums spread quickly into thick carpets of foliage and multiply vigorously year after year. Packaged with care for shipment directly to you at the proper spring planting time, each top-quality geranium is a large, healthy #1 plant guaranteed to grow and bloom in zones 3-8.
When you hear the word “geranium” you may imagine annual flowers sold in flats at your local garden centre. However, those round-leaved, large-flowered annuals (pelargoniums) are not true geraniums at all but, rather, pelargoniums.
Beloved by discerning gardeners,true geraniums are highly versatile, hardy perennials. Their name originates from geranos, the Greek word for crane, and refers to the plant’s beak-shaped seed capsules. This is why the hardy geranium is also known as Cranesbill.
A Unique Collection Not Available in Stores
Now Breck’s® brings you a unique chance to own five top-performing, beautiful Everblooming Hardy Geraniums. These premium varieties provide cascades of vivacious colour from late spring all the way into fall! The attractive foliage, which varies in colour from species to species, forms dense tufts of deeply cut leaves. In the fall, some of the varieties will turn soothing shades of rust and crimson.
This collection includes 2 each of the following varieties.
- Biokovo: Eye-catching hot pink sepals highlight starry white blooms on this award-winning variety. Glossy green foliage takes on an attractive reddish hue in the fall. Height: 10-12″ Geranium cantabrigiense
- Tiny Monster: One of the longest-flowering geraniums to date! Hot pink, bowl-shaped blooms with darker veining will pop against the rich green foliage. Height: 6-8″ Geranium sanguineum
- Splish Splash: Exceptionally beautiful and rare bicolour variety. The delicate, 1¼” white cups are heavily splashed and banded with rich mauve-blue. Strong growing with a tidy form. Height: 18-24″ Geranium pratense striatum
- Ballerina: Award-winning Ballerina bears icy pink, ¾” flowers highlighted by dark maroon veining and centres. Small, deeply divided, slightly tufted, grey-green foliage. Height: 5-7″ Geranium cinereum
- Johnson’s Blue: Large, 1¼”, saucer-shaped flowers of deep lavenderblue are tinged pink at the centres. Handsome, finely cut foliage turns orange and red in fall. Height: 12-18″ Geranium himalayense x pretense
10 hardy geraniums to grow
Cranesbills, or hardy geraniums, are perennial border plants with saucer-shaped flowers in shades of pink, purple and blue. They are easy to grow, thrive in shade and flower for months.
They’re popular in cottage garden schemes and offer a long season of pollen and nectar for a number of pollinators, particularly bees.
Most geraniums will grow in a wide range of conditions, preferring sunny positions and humus-rich soil. They’re often vigorous plants, which can freely seed themselves around the garden.
Discover 10 great hardy geraniums to grow, below.
Geranium maderense is the largest of the geranium species, reaching a lofty 1.5m in height.
Geranium oxonianum f. thurstonianum bears single to double, pink-purple flowers with very narrow petals. It’s perfect for growing at the front of a mixed herbaceous border, or at the base of shrubs such as roses. H x S 50cm x 70cm.
Purple-pink, narrow-petalled flowers of Geranium oxonianum 2
Geranium sanguineum var. striatum
Geranium sanguineum var. striatum is a compact, very low-growing geranium, which bears masses of pale pink, veined flowers in contrast with dark green foliage. It’s perfect for growing at the front of a mixed herbaceous border, or in containers on the patio. H x S 10cm x 30cm.
Pale-pink, veined flowers of Geranium sanguineum var. striatum 3
Geranium ‘Patricia’ bears bright purple flowers with black centres over a low-growing mound of dark green leaves. Leaves turn a fantastic shade of red in autumn. H x S 60cm x 45cm.
Black-centred, bright-purple flowers of hardy geranium ‘Patricia’ 4
Geranium cinereum ‘Giuseppe’
Geranium cinereum ‘Giuseppe’ is a compact variety that remains as a neat cushion. From early to late summer the plants are covered with half inch-wide, bowl-shaped magenta flowers. H x S 30cm x 30cm.
Magenta flowers of hardy geranium ‘Guiseppe’ 5
Geranium ‘Max Frei’
Geranium ‘Max Frei’ bears bright pink, veined flowers on hairy stems, from June to August. Grow it at the front of a mixed herbaceous border, and deadhead spent blooms regularly to prolong flowering. H x S 40cm x 35cm.
A pink bloom of hardy geranium ‘Max Frei’ 6
Named after nurserywoman Rozanne Waterer who discovered this attractive hardy geranium with her husband Donald, Geranium ‘Rozanne’ bears large violet-blue flowers with white centres and grey anthers, for months on end. H x S 30cm x 60cm.
Violet-blue flowers of hardy geranium ‘Rozanne’ 7
Geranium x magnificum
Geranium x magnificum produces a glorious show of rich violet-blue flowers in mid-summer. The Royal Horticultural Society have given their prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM). H x S 60cm x 90cm.
Purple blooms of Geranium x magnificum 8
Geranium ‘Brookside’ bears large deep blue flowers with white centres from June to September, in contrast with mid-green leaves. Grow it at the front of a mixed herbaceous border and deadhead spent blooms regularly to prolong flowering. H x S 60cm x 50cm.
Blue flowers of hardy geranium ‘Brookside” 9
A pink-flowered plant is sometimes sold under the name ‘Spessart’ but the true plant has white flowers. It makes a useful ground cover plant for dry, shady areas, producing a dense mat of aromatic leaves, which take on rich autumn tints. H x S 50cm x 60cm.
Whtie flowers of hardy geranium ‘Spessart’ 10
Geranium maderense is the largest of the geranium species, reaching a lofty 1.5m in height. Although perennial, it often acts as a biennial, producing pretty magenta pink blooms in its second year. H x S 100cm x 150cm.
Advertisement Magenta-pink blooms of Geranium maderense
Low-growing geraniums for pots and containers
- Geranium cinereum ‘Laurence Flatman’ – prominently veined light pink flowers with neat, rounded leaves
- Geranium dalmaticum ‘Album’ – starry green leaves with pure white flowers. Has a spreading form
- Geranium sanguineum ‘Ankum’s Pride’ – bright pink flowers are set atop a carpet of deeply cut green foliage
- Geranium sanguineum ‘Pink Pouffe’ – a mat-forming geranium with light pink flowers and finely cut foliage
- Geranium catabrigiense ‘Berggarten’ – mid-pink flowers and green foliage. Spreads well
- Geranium catabrigiense ‘Westray’ – lush green foliage is topped by magenta flowers
- Geranium renardii – green foliage with a texture like that of culinary sage. Pale pink flowers with purple veins
- Geranium pratense ‘Midnight Ghost’ – deeply cut bronze foliage with white, veined flowers
- Geranium pratense ‘Midnight Reiter’ – deeply cut purple foliage with lilac flowers
Hardy Geranium Collection
Get our favourite ground cover in 5 colours!
Ground covers, so often overlooked, are a great way to add visual interest and choke out potential weeds—even in areas where grass is hard to grow. Easy to maintain and easy to love, hardy geraniums are disease free, pest resistant and will spread quickly to form thick carpets of foliage and colourful, 1-3 cm flowers that bloom all summer, multiplying year after year.
Enduring Blooms with Endless Possibilities
Hardy geraniums are so versatile, you can enjoy them almost anywhere! Lovely along the ground, these cascading beauties are also ideal for patio pots, hanging baskets, rock walls and window boxes. We’ve combined five of our favourites in this colourful collection.
Once your hardy geraniums are established, your neighbours will take notice—and so will beneficial pollinators like bees and butter ies. With the bee population at its lowest point in 50 years, more and more gardeners are planting to please these essential insects and bring them back in greater numbers.
Hardy Geranium Collection:
• Excellent in Containers
• Deer, Slug and Rabbit Resistant
This collection includes one each of the following varieties:
Endressi:- The quintessential hardy geranium! Cupshaped, bright pink blossoms appear late spring to midsummer on deeply cut, glossy green foliage. Compact mound with flowers stands 40-50 cm tall.
Samobor:- Known for the distinctive purple-black splotches on its otherwise green leaves, Samobor boasts deep maroon blooms from late spring to early fall. With a mature height of 60-65 cm, this is one of the taller hardy geraniums you’ll find.Geranium phaeum
Sirak:- Violet-pink, heavily veined flowers begin blooming in early June and don’t stop until mid September! Mount-forming foliage reaches a height of 25 cm with blooms floating above up to 45-50 cm high.
Brookside:- Blue-purple flowers with a white eye will bloom late spring to midsummer and then again from early fall until frost. Finally, the foliage turns vivid red-orange in a fabulous third-act twist! Grows 45 cm tall with flowers.Geranium pratense x clarkei
Versicolor:- Stunning white flowers feature an intricate pattern of violet lines that look drawn in with coloured pencil! Blooms from late spring to late summer, reaching a height of 45-60 cm.
Introduction to The Geranium Family & Pelargoniums For more information on the Geranium Family
The geranium family consists of several genera of plants commonly referred to as geraniums or cranesbills.
The genus for which the family is named is Geranium. These are plants primarily of temperate areas and are now frequently referred to as ï¿½hardy geraniums.ï¿½ The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium. These plants are primarily from Southern Africa ï¿½ many are from the Mediterranean climate area of South Africa. This makes them at home in southern California where we also enjoy a Mediterranean climate. Erodium is another genus in the geranium family. A couple of species are grown in gardens and are available commercially. Two or three species of Erodium are common weeds in the fields of California. Monsonia is yet another genus in the geranium family. This genus is rare in cultivation and in southern Africa species are commonly viewed as weeds. Sarcocaulon (sometimes included in the genus Monsonia) are succulent species in the geranium family. They are found in the deserts of southern Africa. These plants have become popular among the cactus and succulent growers. The genus which most of our members grow is called Pelargonium.
More information on names What Does That Mean? More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names (03/03/14)
Comments on Geraniums and Pelargoniums
The Identification of the Genus Pelargonium by Cliff Blackman Latin for Gardeners
Pelargonium Erodium Geranium Monsonia* Sarcocaulon**
A dicotomous key to the genera in Geraniaceae
1. Flowers irregular (the upper two petals different in shape and/or size from the lower three) ;
hypanthium present, (fertile stamens fewer than 10) ……………………………………………………………. Pelargonium
1. Flowers regular (all petals more of less the same in shape and size); no hypanthium …………. 2
2. Stamens 10 or fewer ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 3
2. Stamens more than 10 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4
3. Fertile stamens 5 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Erodium
3. Fertile stamens 10 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Geranium
4. Stamens 15: plant herbaceous; stems not spiny ……………………………………………………………. Monsonia
4. Stamens 15: plant succulent; stems spiny, ……………………………………………………………………… Sarcocaulon
* Monsonia image from www.metafro.be ** Sarcocaulon image from www.aztekium.narod.ru
Introduction to the Genus, Pelargonium Pelargonium for Beginners Sections of Pelargonium
More on the Meanings of Pelargonium species names
Pelargonium Section Ciconium Pelargonium Section Pelargonium Pelargonium Sections Polyactium & Cortusina
An important genus in the Geranium Family (Geraniaceae) is Pelargonium. Pelargoniums are still called “geraniums” by most gardeners and nurseries. Pelargonium includes an amazing variety of plant cultivars, many important elements in a colorful garden and/or landscape. Plants which share distinctive characteristics are divided into groups in the genus Pelargonium:
Regals or Martha Washingtons
Photogallery of the Regal Preservation Project
Martha Washington (Regal) Geraniums by Jim Zemcik
Zonals Cliff Blackman Zonartic Pelargoniums and Yellow-Flowered Geraniums
The Others. The Very Varied Zonal Pelargoniums/ ‘Geraniums’
Formosum Hybrids by Annette Andersson Part 1 & Part 2
The Other Zonal Pelargoniums- 2. Tulip-Flowered Pelargoniums
(Stem) Succulents and Geophytes A new cultivar Pelargonium x hortorum ‘Jean Byrne’
Everything You Wanted to Know About Ivy ‘Geraniums’ Pelargoniums
Angels or Pansy-Face
Fancy Leaf Pelargoniums
Descriptions of Cultivars: ‘Clorinda’ ‘Paton’s Uniques’ ”Wildwood’
Scented Geraniums New Cultivars of Pelargonium, ‘Moras Shubert’ & ‘Erne Shubert’
and, finally, Species and Species Hybrids
Pelargonium cordifolium P. oblongatum P. sidoides
Lemon-scented geranium species Rose-scented geranium species
It has over 400 species with a wide range of variety in shapes, sizes, height, fragrances and foliage. Some Geraniums are tailing, some are upright and some have single bloom while some have double.
Geraniums are also called Crane’s Bill because of the resemblance with its seed capsule. It’s native to South Africa but can also be found all over the world.
It has over 400 species with a wide range of variety in shapes, sizes, height, fragrances and foliage. Some Geraniums are tailing, some are upright and some have single bloom while some have double.
Classic Summer Zonal Geranium
Although not a true Geranium, it belongs in the same family. This flower is a very popular annual and comes in many colors, including bright red, with tall, upright bushes that are truly eye-catching.
Geranium “Ann Folkard.”
With beautiful cupped magenta petals and black star-shaped centers, this type of geranium has a long blooming period and has won numerous international flower awards. It has leaves that are bright chartreuse and turn darker later in the season and it is a hybrid with a lot of sturdiness and vigor.
Geranium “Anne Thomson.”
With large, magenta-pink petals and dark centers, these flowers grow up to 12 inches high and bloom in late spring to early fall. They are similar to the Ann Folkard but they are more compact and more heat-tolerant.
The Brookside produces dark lavender-blue blooms from spring through fall and in the fall, the blooms turn from lavender-blue to a bright red-orange. The foliage consists of lacy green leaves and the blooms have tiny white eyes and dark purple veins.
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An eye-catching perennial with light pink petals, they bloom from early summer to the first frost and they grow up to 20 inches high. They look beautiful as borders and in containers.
Dark pink and white centers, these geraniums bloom from late spring to late summer and grow up to 12 inches in height. They grow in full sun and partial shade and they are long-lasting and easy to grow.
Geranium “Johnson’s Blue.”
The Johnson’s Blue is perfect for rock gardens and has blue saucer-like petals that bloom for many weeks. It looks great in containers and borders and it does best in zones 4-8.
Geranium “Laurence Flatman.”
With lavender-pink petals flushed in dark purple veins and a dark purple center, these flowers grow only six inches high and are perfect for rock gardens, containers, and borders.
These are hardy Geraniums with numerous purple-magenta blooms, tiny white centers, and rich green foliage. They bloom early in the season and in cooler areas and the blooming can continue throughout the summer.
Geranium “Mavis Simpson.”
These geraniums are white-centered and come in soft pink colors and their long stems are quite elegant-looking. The winner of several international flower awards, the Mavis Simpson grows up to 18 inches high and looks great as a groundcover.
A prolific bloomer, the blooms consist of five violet-blue petals that are finely veined and have white centers. With finely divided foliage, the flower is compact and grows well all summer long.
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With mauve-blue petals that include iridescent purple veins, these flowers have small white eyes and mid-green leaves. They have won several international flower awards and grow up to 30 inches in height. They look great as borders and groundcovers.
With an exceptionally long bloom period, the Patricia is easy to grow and very reliable with magenta-pink petals and black star-shaped centers. They have won numerous international flower awards and require very little maintenance.
Geranium “Purple Pillow.”
These purple-magenta flowers have dark veins and an almost black center. They look great in containers and as borders and they grow up to 12 inches high. They also have leaves with a red-purple tinge once fall arrives.
With masses of violet-blue flowers, this plant has small white centers, purple-violet veins, and deeply cut green leaves, which produces a beautiful contrasting look. The flowers are beautiful when planted in beds, planters, hanging baskets, and cottage gardens.
Geranium “So Amazing.”
Also called a Neon Geranium, these flowers have bright cherry-pink petals and do very well throughout the fall and even the winter. Its beautiful blooms give your garden a splash of color that is going to be noticed by everyone.
Geranium “So Fierce.”
Also known as the Fuchsia Geranium, the blooms are dark pink in color and are both tolerant and heat-resistant.
Geranium “So Lovely.”
With beautiful bright pink petals, it is a tough and reliable plant that grows well throughout most of the year.
Geranium “So Sultry.”
Also called the Dark Red Geranium, this flower can remain dormant for months but when it does bloom, you get vivid petals in bright red that are truly eye-catching.
Geranium “Sweet Heidy.”
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The petals on this flower open pink and eventually turn purple with veins and a white center. Tolerate of full-shade conditions, the Sweet Heidy grows up to 18 inches high and blooms early to late summer.
Geranium arboreum “Hawaiian Red-Flowered Geranium.”
With tooth-like green leaves, they have magenta or red petals and are considered shrubs. Native to Hawaii, these flowers are pollinated by birds, which is rare for geraniums.
Geranium cinereum “Ballerina.”
This is a dwarf plant with grey-green leaves and large purplish-pink flowers with dark purple centers. They prefer full sun and regular watering and they grow best in zones 5-7.
Geranium macrorrhizum “Bevan’s Variety.”
These flowers grow up to one foot in height and have purple-crimson petals and dark red centers. They have a great aroma and look great as groundcovers.
Geranium macrorrhizum “Czakor.”
These flowers are disease- and pest-free, easy to grow, and have magenta flowers that bloom from late spring to early summer. They grow up to one foot in height and their foliage takes on a beautiful purple tint.
Geranium maculatum “Espresso.”
With beautiful chocolate leaves, these flowers have petals in purplish-pink color and a creamy white center. The saucer-shaped flowers are hardy, easy to grow, and can grow up to 24 inches high.
Geranium maculatum “Wild Geranium.”
This flower is also called the Wood Geranium or Spotted Geranium and it consists of petals that can be rose-purple, pale purple, or violet-purple in color. They can grow up to two feet high and bloom from April to June.
Geranium maderense “Giant Herb-Robert Geranium.”
Also known as the Madeira Cranesbill, this flower has deeply divided, fern-like leaves and pink flowers set atop stems that are deep red in color. It is the winner of several international flower awards. It can grow up to 60 inches in height and does best in temperate regions.
Geranium palmatum “Canary Island Cranesbill.”
With purplish-pink petals that contain deep red centers, these flowers grow up to four feet high and are short-lived biennials. They are quite striking, thanks to their color.
Geranium phaeum “Dusky Cranesbill.”
Also known as the Black Widow, they do well in damp shade and have petals that are white, deep purple, or maroon in color. They bloom in late spring and early summer and they are great in suppressing weeds, thanks to their foliage that spreads to form a hammock shape.
Geranium phaeum “Lily Lovell.”
These flowers’ petals are eye-catching in deep purple with white centers. They grow up to 30 inches high and include sporadic re-blooms throughout the Summer. They are easy to grow and both pest- and disease-free.
Geranium phaeum var. phaeum “Samobor.”
With deep-maroon petals and white centers, these flowers grow up to 30 inches in height and are eye-catching and elegant-looking. They are hardy and beautiful and they are also resistant to deer and rabbits.
Geranium platypetalum “Cranes Bill.”
Also known as the Broad-Petaled Geranium, it is a herbaceous plant with petals that are lavender-blue in color and have light-colored centers.
Geranium pratense “Double Jewel.”
The Double Jewel has beautiful white petals with a dark pink flushing near the center, which has a yellow tint. They grow to 18 inches high and are short, compact, and easy to grow.
Geranium pratense “Meadow Cranesbill.”
Medium to tall in height, this grassland perennial consists of leaves that are deeply cut and stems that are hairy, long, and reddish in color. The flowers bloom from June to September and include five petals that are violet-blue in color. It grows best in full sun, in well-drained soil, and in zones 5-9.
Geranium pratense “Midnight Reiter.”
With sparse lavender petals and beautiful dark leaves, this variety of Geranium looks great in borders, beds, and cottage gardens. It is also very simple to grow and low-maintenance.
Geranium pratense “Mrs. Kendall Clark.”
With soft lavender petals and beautiful dark leaves, the flowers have won numerous international flower awards, are vigorous, and form in clumps. They can have white veins and they grow up to three feet in height.
Geranium pratense “Plenum Violaceum.”
This variety of Geranium has deep purple and blue petals and dark green leaves. The winner of numerous international flower awards, the flowers grow up to two feet high and are very vigorous.
Geranium psilostemon “Armenian Cranesbill.”
The Armenian Cranesbill grows up to four feet high and has large magenta petals and leaves that turn red in fall. They are sturdy and hardy and they have dark veins and fan-shaped leaves. They bloom from late spring to late summer and grow best in full sun or partial shade.
Geranium renardii “Caucasian Cranesbill.”
With white petals and deep purple stripes and yellow centers, they grow up to 12 inches high and are virtually trouble- and maintenance-free. The flowers have won numerous international flower awards and turn yellow in the fall, making them quite unique and eye-catching.
Geranium robertianum “Herb Robert.”
Also known as the Red Robin or the Fox Geranium, it has small, pink, five-petaled blooms with deeply dissected leaves and petals that can turn red at the end of the season. It blooms from April until the fall.
Geranium sanguineum “Bloody Cranesbill.”
A hardy, herbaceous, perennial plant, the Bloody Geranium has beautiful magenta-pink petals and sturdy stems.
Geranium sanguineum “Cranesbill.”
These plants bloom all summer long and have upward-facing petals that are deep magenta-pink in color. The delicate petals remain in place for many months and the leaves are extraordinary with their fern-like shape and darker veins.
Geranium sanguineum “Max Frei.”
These flowers do well in full sun and partial shade and they have saucer-shaped petals in pink-magenta color. Perfect for edges and in rock gardens, the Max Frei grows up to 12 inches high and is also attractive to butterflies.
Geranium sanguineum var. striatum.
The winner of previous international flower awards, the flowers have elegant-looking soft pink petals and dark pink veins. They grow up to 20 inches high and are compact and clump-forming.
Geranium subcaulescens “Guiseppii.”
Also called the Black-Eyed Magenta Geranium, this variety has one-inch-wide blooms in bright magenta and black centers. They grow up to eight inches tall and are hardy, reliable, and very easy to grow.
Geranium sylvaticum “Birch Lilac.”
Also known as the Wood Cranesbill, the flower has lilac petals and white centers. They grow up to two feet in height and are vigorous perennials that require very little maintenance.
Geranium sylvaticum “Mayflower.”
For summer foliage, these geraniums are some of the best flowers to plant. They have won various awards and grow up to 30 inches in height. They contain blue-violet petals and dense leaves. They bloom in late spring and early summer and they are sturdy and easy to grow.
Geranium wallichianum “Havana Blues.”
The petals on these flowers are quite unique with lavender close to the tips and white closer to the center. The centers are white and the petals have dark purple veins running through them. They grow up to 14 inches high and require minimal care.
A deciduous perennial flower, they are easy to grow and get up to two feet tall. Their petals are saucer-shaped and deep purple in color with white centers and dark veins throughout. They have beautiful foliage and are pest- and disease-free.
Geranium x cantabrigiense “Biokovo.”
The Biokovo is the 2015 Perennial Plant of the Year and is colored in pale pink with darker pink centers. They grow up to one foot in height, they are resistant to deer and rabbits, and butterflies love them.
Geranium x cantabrigiense “Karmina.”
A small flower, it grows up to eight inches high and its five petals are lilac pink and open from dark red bulbs. They look beautiful in cottage gardens, rock gardens, beds, and borders and they are attractive to butterflies.
Geranium x magnificum.
Also known as the Purple Cranesbill, the flowers are rich violet-blue with dark veins running through them and they have white centers. They can grow as large as two inches wide and they bloom in early- to mid-summer. They grow up to 30 inches high and are resistant to deer and rabbits.
Geranium x oxonianum “Claridge Druce.”
The Claridge Druce flower grows up to 30 inches high and blooms in late spring to early fall. Their petals are rose-pink in color and have dark veins throughout them. In addition, they are very attractive to butterflies.
Geranium x oxonianum “Miss Heidi.”
With small pink flowers and deep violet veins, this flower has dark green leaves and grows up to 16 inches tall. They are attractive to butterflies but not to deer and rabbits and they look great in containers and in mixed perennial borders.
Geranium x oxonianum “Wargrave Pink.”
With salmon pink to silvery-pink petals and medium-green leaves, these flowers boast long-lasting colors and a height of up to two feet. They make great borders and flowers for containers and they are disease- and pest-free.
Geranium x oxonianum f. thurstonianum “Southcombe Double.”
Resembling powder puffs, these eye-catching flowers grow up to 16 inches high and come in salmon pink. The petals start as a five-petal design but grow fuller as the season proceeds and they look spectacular as groundcovers, as borders, and in cottage gardens.
Pelargonium “Lemon Fancy.”
The flower gets its name due to its citrusy scent but the petals are sparse and lavender in color with dark purple near its dark purple center. Because they are so vulnerable to frost, they should be brought indoors when it’s cold outside.
Pelargonium “Mr. Henry Cox.”
Consisting of golden yellow foliage with markings of red, purple, and green, these flowers have multi-colored, semi-flat petals; therefore, they are unique and very attractive.
Pelargonium domesticum “Martha Washington Geranium.”
With the largest blooms of all geraniums, the petals are bi-colored and have a darker center. Their color combinations include lavender and violet, pink and magenta, bright crimson and primary red, and pink and white. They prefer cold weather more than other geraniums and they bloom in early spring and late fall.
Pelargonium graveolens “Scented Leaf Geranium.”
Known for its fragrant foliage, these flowers do great in patios and other seating areas. Each variety has a unique scent and they can smell of mint, lemon, chocolate, various spices, and anything that is citrusy. Their leaves vary as well and can include a round, serrated, crinkly, or lacy look. Their blooms are small and they look great in containers and vases.
Pelargonium hortorum “Apple Blossom.”
With dense, beautiful pink and white petals, they resemble clusters of roses and grow well in full sun. They bloom in spring, summer, and fall and they have attractive, elegant stems.
Pelargonium pellatum “Ivy Leaf Geranium.”
Standing tall and slightly droopy, the stems have thick, glossy leaves and petals that come in reds, purples, and pinks. Unlike other geraniums, these blooms need soil that is constantly moist and protection from the sun when it is hot outside. They are perfect for window boxes and hanging baskets.
Pelargonium x hortorum “Garden Geranium.”
A very common form of geranium, the blooms are stocky and large and they consist of single or double blooms that are shaped in cluster-like balls. They come in colors such as lavender, orange, pink, white, red, and salmon. Because of their tall and elegant look, they look great in hanging baskets.
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Tags: Flowers Categories: Gardens and Landscaping