Trifoliate Orange Uses: Learn About The Flying Dragon Orange Tree

The name alone has me hooked — Flying Dragon bitter orange tree. A unique name to go with a unique appearance, but what is a flying dragon orange tree and what, if any, are trifoliate orange uses? Read on to learn more.

What is a Trifoliate Orange?

Flying dragon orange trees are cultivars of the trifoliate orange family, also known as Japanese bitter orange or hardy orange. That doesn’t really answer the question, “What is a trifoliate orange?” Trifoliate is in reference to what it sounds like — having three leaves. So, a trifoliate orange is simply a variety of orange tree with foliage emerging in groups of three.

This hardy specimen of trifoliate orange, Flying Dragon (Poncirus trifoliata), has an unusual contorted stem habit covered with thorns. It is related to the true citrus family or Rutaceae and is a small, multi-branching, deciduous tree growing 15-20 feet in height. Young branches are a sturdy, green tangle sprouting sharp 2-inch long spines. As

mentioned, it sports shiny, green, trifoliate leaflets.

In early spring, the tree blooms with white, citrus-scented flowers. Come midsummer, green, golf-ball sized fruit are born. After leaf drop in the fall, the fruit yellows in color with a fragrant aroma and a thick peel not unlike a small orange. Unlike oranges, however, the fruit of Flying Dragon bitter orange contains an abundance of seeds and very little pulp.

Trifoliate Orange Uses

Although Flying Dragon had been listed on the Prince Nursery list in 1823, it did not garner any attention until William Saunders, a botanist/landscape gardener, reintroduced this hardy orange in the post Civil War era. Trifoliate seedlings were shipped to California in 1869, becoming rootstock for commercial seedless naval orange growers of that state.

Flying Dragon can be used in the landscape as a shrub or hedge. It is especially suited as a barrier planting, acting as a deterrent to dogs, burglars and other unwanted pests, barring entry with a barrage of thorny limbs. With its unique corkscrew habit, it can also be pruned and trained as a small specimen tree.

Flying Dragon bitter orange trees are winter hardy to minus 10 degrees F. (-23 C). They need full sun to light shade exposure.

Is Trifoliate Orange Edible?

Yes, trifoliate orange is edible, although the fruit is quite sour. Immature fruit and dried mature fruit are used medicinally in China where the tree hails from. The rind is often candied and the fruit made into marmalade. In Germany, the juice of this fruit is stored for a two-week period and then made into flavoring syrup.

Flying Dragon is primarily pest and disease resistant, as well as heat and drought tolerant. A hardy, distinctive smaller orange varietal with an awesome name, Flying Dragon is a wonderful addition to the landscape.

Japanese Bitter Orange Stock Photos and Images

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  • Poncirus trifoliata Japanese bitter orange flower buds on thorny branches
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  • Poncirus trifoliata Japanese bitter orange flower buds on thorny branches
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  • Ornamental flowers of the Japanese Bitter Orange, Poncirus trifoliata
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  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
  • citrus trifoliata – Japanese Bitter Orange or Trifoliate Orange
  • Poncirus trifoliata (Japanese Bitter Orange), lush green leaves, and fruit
  • citrus trifoliata – Japanese Bitter Orange or Trifoliate Orange
  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
  • Seeds from the trifoliate orange, Citrus trifoliata or Poncirus trifoliata, a member of the family Rutaceae in the Citrus genus. It is native to northern China and Korea, and is also known as the Japanese bitter-orange or Chinese bitter orange.
  • citrus trifoliata – Japanese Bitter Orange or Trifoliate Orange
  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
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  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
  • A flower bud of a Japanese bitter orange (Citrus trifoliata)
  • Fruiting bodies of poncirus trifoliata Japanese bitter orange RHS Rosemoor gardend Devon UK
  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
  • A close up of the thorns of a Japanese bitter orange plant (Citrus trifoliata)
  • citrus trifoliata – Japanese Bitter Orange or Trifoliate Orange
  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
  • Citrus Trifoliata Fruit Tree. Poncirus Trifoliata. Chinese Bitter Orange. Japanese Bitter Orange. Hardy Orange. Trifoliate Orange. Citrus Tree
  • A painting depicting the fruit of an Indian bael, also known as a bael, Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple or wood apple, a species of tree native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Dated 19th century
  • Japanese bitter-orange / hardy orange / Chinese bitter orange / trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata / Citrus trifoliata) citrus fruit in tree
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  • Bael, Bengal quince, golden apple or Japanese bitter orange, Aegle marmelos. Handcoloured lithograph by Hanhart after a botanical illustration by David Blair from Robert Bentley and Henry Trimen’s Medicinal Plants, London, 1880.
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  • Trifoliate citrus (Poncirus trifoliata). Called Japanese bitter orange, Hardy orange and Chinese bitter orange also.
  • Poncirus Trifoliata Known as the Japanese Bitter Orange or Trifoliate Orange
  • Trifoliate citrus fruits (Poncirus trifoliata). Also known as Japanese bitter orange, Hardy orange and Chinese bitter orange.
  • Trifoliate citrus (Poncirus trifoliata). Called Japanese bitter orange, Hardy orange and Chinese bitter orange also.
  • Dried bael fruit (Aegle marmelos) or Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple, or wood apple
  • Poncirus trifoliata Japanese Bitter Orange
  • Trifoliate citrus (Poncirus trifoliata). Called Japanese bitter orange, Hardy orange and Chinese bitter orange also.
  • Dried bael fruit (Aegle marmelos) or Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple, or wood apple
  • Bitter Orange
  • Trifoliate citrus (Poncirus trifoliata). Called Japanese bitter orange, Hardy orange and Chinese bitter orange also.
  • Bael fruit (Aegle marmelos) or Bengal quince, golden apple, Japanese bitter orange, stone apple, or wood apple preserved in sweet syrup
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Trifoliate citrus (Poncirus trifoliata). Called Japanese bitter orange, Hardy orange and Chinese bitter orange also.
  • Japanese bitter orange Citrus trifoliata
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Japanese Bitter Orange, Trifoliata citrus, Studio shot of single dissected fruit showing seed inside.
  • Japanese bitter orange Citrus trifoliata
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  • Japanese bitter orange Citrus trifoliata
  • Hardy Orange fruit (Poncirus trifoliata) in early Autumn in UK
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Hardy Orange fruit (Poncirus trifoliata) in early Autumn in UK
  • Poncirus trifoliata – Japanese Bitter Orange TRS003435
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Hardy Orange fruit (Poncirus trifoliata) in early Autumn in UK
  • Fruits of Bengal quince tree or Bael (Aegle marmelos), medicinal plant, Luang Prabang, Laos
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Hardy Orange fruit (Poncirus trifoliata) in early Autumn in UK
  • Japenese or Chinese persimmon fruit, Dyospiros kaki, fruit on a fruit stall in Bangkok, Thailand
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Hardy Orange fruit (Poncirus trifoliata) in early Autumn in UK
  • Japanese iron teapot
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Poncirus Trifoliata. Bitter Orange tree. Citrus Trifoliata Fruit Tree. Hardy Orange. Trifoliate Orange. Citrus Tree.
  • A trifoliate orange (Citrus trifoliata) flowering in spring
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  • Vaughan’s seed store . each, 25c; doz., $2.50; 3 yr., each, 35cjdoz.. $3.50. 9L” Celastrus Articulatus. (Japanese BitterSweet ) A vigorous climber with almostround, bright green leaves, and orange yellowcapsules in the fall. This variety fruits earlierand more freely than C. Scandens and is oneof the best vines to be had for a porch. 2 yr.,each 25c; doz. $2.50; 3 yr., each 35c;doz. $3.50 (exp.)Celastrus Scandens. (Climbing Bitter Sweet.) Anative climbing or twining plant, with handsomeleaves; yellow flowers in May and June andclusters of ornamental orange- capsuled fruit inautumn. One of the m
  • . Bignonia grandiflora, Mad. Gallen Bignonia—rrumpe? Vine Grandiflora, Mad. Gallen. This is the beautiful large-flowered type of this easy-to-grow hardy climber. It has very large flowers of a tawny orange color produced continuously throughout the sum- a.. r”^ mer and earlv fall. “t>l”UU 63. Celastrus scandens Bitter Sweet, Wax Work One of our native climbing plants. Of rapid growth, with attractive light green foliage and yellow flowers during June, which are followed in the autumn by bright orange fruit. 40c each; $4.00 per doz. Clematis paniculata (D Japanese Virgin’s Bower Sweet-Scente
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  • Vaughan’s seed store . laces, stumps,or wherever a showy flowering vine is desired. 2 yr.,each, 35c; 3 for $1.00; doz., $3.50. Celastrus Articulatus. (Japanese BitterSweet.) A vigorous climber with almostround, bright green leaves, and orange yellowcapsules in the fall. This variety fruits earlierand more freely than C. Scandens and is oneof the best vines to be had for a porch. 2yr.,each 35c; 3 for $1.00; doz., $3.50.Celastrus Scandens. (Climbing Bitter Sweet.)A native climbing or twining plant, with handsomelarge leaves; yellow flowers in May and June andclusters of ornamental orange- capsul
  • Dreer’s complete wholesale price list Dreer’s complete wholesale price list for florists : winter spring summer 1936 dreerscompletewh1936henr Year: 1936 Bignonia grandiilora Bignonia—Trumpet Creeper Badicans. Strong plants. $3.50 per doz.; $25.00 per 100. Orandiflora. A beautiful large-flowered variety bearing a profusion of tawny orange-red blooms throughout the summer and early fall. Strong 2-}-ear old field plants 50c each; $5.00 per doz. Celastrus scandens Bitter Sweet or Wax Work strong plants, $3.00 per doz.; $20.00 per 100. Clematis panlculata Clematis paniculata Japanese Virgin’s
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • . Johnson’s garden & farm manual : 1915. Scandens (Bitter Sweet). A rapid climber; yellow flowers . .Cinnamon Vine. Fragrant white flowers. (Dry Roots) (By mail),Bignonia (TrumpetVine). Grandiflora. Large orange red flowers Bignonia Badicans. Dark red; orange throat Clematis Paniculta (Japanese Virgins Bower). Sweet-scented, star-shaped flowers 25 2 50 25 2 50 50 5 00 25 2 50 10 1 00 50 5 00 25 2 50 Each Clematis Jackmani. Rich purple. .. .30 40 Anderson Henryi. Creamywhite 40 Hop Vines. (Humulus). Golden-leaved. (By mail 20c.) If Honeysuckle. Chinese Evergreen(Woodbine). Fragrant red, yel-low
  • Archive image from page 176 of Descriptive catalogue of flowering, ornamental. Descriptive catalogue of flowering, ornamental trees, shrubs, bulbs, herbs, climbers, fruit trees, &c., &c., &c. / for sale by the Yokohama Nursery Co., Limited. . descriptivecatal1909yoko Year: CATALOGUE OF THE YOKOHAMA NURSERY Co., Ltd. (1910). 55 ORANGE TREES Citrus aiirantiuni, Japanese use the juice lil<e lemon, the peculiarly aromatic peel is eaten preserved in sucar (pot crown) CitiiiS biganidia, (bitter orange) larcie round orange, which remains loni on the branch inches diameter almost spherical, hard
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • . Descriptive catalogue of flowering, ornamental trees, shrubs, bulbs, herbs, climbers, fruit trees, &c., &c., &c. / for sale by the Yokohama Nursery Co., Limited.. Nursery Catalogue. CATALOGUE OF THE YOKOHAMA NURSERY Co., Ltd. (1910). 55 ORANGE TREES Citrus aiirantiuni, Japanese use the juice lil<e lemon, the peculiarly aromatic peel is eaten preserved in suc^ar (pot c^rown) *Citi*iiS biganidia, (bitter orange) larci^e round orange, which remains loni^ on the branch inches diameter almost spherical, hard skin, the juice is sour, the unripe fruit is preserved in suc^ar, and ripe
  • . Descriptive catalogue of flowering, ornamental trees, shrubs, bulbs, herbs, climbers, fruit trees, &c., &c., &c. / for sale by the Yokohama Nursery Co., Limited.. Nursery Catalogue. CATALOGUE OF THE YOKOHAMA NURSERY Co., Ltd. (1910). 55 ORANGE TREES Citrus aiirantiuni, Japanese use the juice lil<e lemon, the peculiarly aromatic peel is eaten preserved in suc^ar (pot c^rown) *Citi*iiS biganidia, (bitter orange) larci^e round orange, which remains loni^ on the branch inches diameter almost spherical, hard skin, the juice is sour, the unripe fruit is preserved in suc^ar, and ripe
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • . Descriptive catalogue of flowering, ornamental trees, shrubs, bulbs, herbs, climbers, fruit trees, &c., &c., &c. / for sale by the Yokohama Nursery Co., Limited.. Nursery Catalogue. catai-ogup: of thk Yokohama nursery Co., Ltd. (I9I3). 59 ORANGE TREES. ijiiius aiiifiiiiiiini) Japanese use ine juicc iiK.c lemon, the peculiar aromatic peel is eaten preserved in sui^^ar height. per 10. I>er 100. I-I J ft. Si. 30 — •(jtrus bis^aradia, (bitter orange) large round orange, which remains long on the branch 2 inches 1* 1. 1 A I’ll 11′ , ‘* ‘ diameter almost spherical, hard skin; tli
  • . Descriptive catalogue of flowering, ornamental trees, shrubs, bulbs, herbs, climbers, fruit trees, &c., &c., &c. / for sale by the Yokohama Nursery Co., Limited.. Nursery Catalogue. catai-ogup: of thk Yokohama nursery Co., Ltd. (I9I3). 59 ORANGE TREES. ijiiius aiiifiiiiiiini) Japanese use ine juicc iiK.c lemon, the peculiar aromatic peel is eaten preserved in sui^^ar height. per 10. I>er 100. I-I J ft. Si. 30 — •(jtrus bis^aradia, (bitter orange) large round orange, which remains long on the branch 2 inches 1* 1. 1 A I’ll 11′ , ‘* ‘ diameter almost spherical, hard skin; tli
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  • Poncirus trifoiata
  • Dried bael fruits on a white background
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Poncirus trifoiata
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  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Dried bael fruit on white background
  • japanese orange for sale in local market, japan
  • Poncirus trifoliata
  • Dried bael fruit on white background
  • Poncirus trifoliata

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