Very popular houseplant growing in a wild look in South America is called as Dieffenbachia or Leopard Lily. Called it in honor of I.F. Diffenbakh ― botany from Germany. Its motley leaves of a rather big size look quite effectively.

And they are located on the stalks similar to trunks of small trees which quite thick and juicy. The growth rate of this plant is rather high and it looks more than effectively, therefore, it is used quite often for decoration of the warmed balconies, living rooms, warm verandahs and so on.

Table of Contents

Dieffenbachia Care

Feature of this plant is that it grows from a top, at the same time there is a gradual dying off of the leaves which are from below. In this regard, it enough will become similar to a broom on a stick or a tree soon and from the effective quite magnificent bush there will be no trace left also. Its trunk can grow to several meters in height, but despite its thickness, it is rather fragile.

Therefore there can be it that it will just break because of severe concussion or under body weight. However, there is nothing terrible in it. It is quite a natural process for a Dumb Cane. Everything that should be made, so it to cut off its top part, and then to the implant. And it is possible to cut a stalk on a part and to implant them. As a result, you will have a set of very young plants of this look.

However, there are types capable of a cluster. They have sleeping kidneys on a trunk, and sometimes happens so that they waken, and thanks to it new escapes are formed.

Blossoming of a dieffenbachia ― this rather unusual occurrence if it grows in house conditions. However thanks to artificial pollination at it also fruits can be formed. If the environment and care of it arrange this plant, then flowers on it blossom every year.

After the process of drying up of a flower begins, it should be removed. The matter is that in it seeds begin to be formed, and this process takes away a large number of forces from a plant.

Care Of A Dumb Cane In House Conditions

As it was already mentioned above, the dieffenbachia grows in a wild look in South America, namely in tropical forests where very warmly and it is damp. In this regard, these plants very sacred are also thermophilic. And they very badly transfer drafts.


Excellently feels at a light window, but at the same time, it should be taken into account that the Dumb Cane does not love direct beams of the sun. If the open balcony is located on Southside, then there it is not necessary to put this plant for the summer.

In that case, when to it does not get light, its stalk will be extended in the shortest possible time and will become very fragile and very thin, and only on top several sheets will flaunt.

How To Water

When the plant begins to grow actively, it should be watered plentifully. However, in winter time watering is required to be reduced considerably. It is not necessary to allow remoistening of the soil.

Watering is made only after the soil dries out not less than on a couple of centimeters deep into. For check, it is possible to use the special measuring instrument of humidity of soil or to check by means of a finger.

Read more: Sansevieria (Snake Plant / Mother-in-Law’s Tongue)


In order that the plant well grew and developed, he needs to be imprisoned to the correct soil. For this purpose you will need to make such earth mix: the cespitose earth sand the peat earth the sheet earth, they are taken in proportions 4:1:1:1. Do not forget about drainage. Addition to the soil of a brick crumb or charcoal is also quite possible.

Features of A Dumb Cane fertilizing

When the Dumb Cane begins to grow actively, she should be fed up quite often, to be an exact time in 14 days. For this purpose excellently complex fertilizer approaches. Also, this plant extremely positively reacts to fertilizing by nitrogen-containing organic chemistry.

Features Of Change

Change is carried out in the spring months and only if it is necessary. In advance prepare mix from sand, peat, the sweet earth, and hummus. And it is possible to take the soil universal for fruit and deciduous plants. Take a pot more previous, and during replacing bury a stalk. It will promote the growth of new roots.

It is necessary to take out an earth lump from an old pot carefully. Carefully examine backs. If they are absolutely healthy, then they together with the old soil can be placed in a pot. Do not forget about a drainage layer.

For this purpose fill a little expanded clay on a bottom. Then it will be necessary, to pour a small amount of the fresh soil and to fill up it on each side plants, condensing a little. At the same time, it should be taken into account that the soil during change has to be moistened (not wet).

Dieffenbachia Picta

It is one of the types, most popular in house floriculture. It is pleasant to many big dimensions. Adult plants with ease grow in height of 2 meters. It seems that these plants only descended from the photo of the tropical forest.

Effect and plant greens: the bright green leaves having the oval form are decorated with an intricate pattern of their strips and specks of white color. A sheet plate at them long – about 40 cm and more, and wide – 15 cm.

Dieffenbachia Maculata

This version does not lag behind in popularity the Dumb Cane painted. Differs from it in height – it more undersized, its height does not exceed meter. This attractive ornamental plant which will introduce bright exotic paints to any room, whether it be the room or office.

Its sprawling oblong leaves which are slightly pointed at tips reach the length of 45-50 cm, and their width is no more than 13 cm. On their surface, the asymmetric ornament flaunts: on a green background (it can be dark or light) in a chaotic order it is scattered sets of white and yellow spots and more than dozen of side veins.

Dieffenbachia Leipoldii Bull

The version which is rather seldom found in amateur floriculture from the jungle of Costa Rica having a unique exotic appearance. A distinctive feature of Leopolda – very short (5 cm) and thick (2 cm) a trunk. Wide leaves of an elliptic form are painted in dark green, the middle vein is allocated thanks to white color. Scapes are so short that it is difficult to make out them, gentle-green, lilac specks.

Dieffenbachia Amoena

One more look extremely not whimsical in house conditions of keeping. Unlike the more exacting relatives, with firmness transfers a lack of humidity, therefore, its appeal will not suffer during the winter period at the included heating at all.

It is rather simple to watch that soil did not dry up. It is pleasant to flower growers also for its height – up to 1.5 meters, and wide – up to 60 cm dark green leaves which are penetrated by veins with white strips.

Dieffenbachia Seguin

It is very similar to a spotty Dumb Cane, but the streak (from 9 to 12) cm differs from it in wider leaves on the shortened scapes and smaller quantity side). It is the sectional look which was in time to take an active part in the selection.

For example, Seguin became the parent of an effective and widespread grade Green Magic whose sheet plate is painted in uniform darkly green color with a sharply allocated white vein in the middle.

Dieffenbachia Oerstedii

The look possessing large to leaves of green color. They have the pointed form, with a well-noticeable vein in the middle of a sheet plate. Its length usually is about 35 cm.

Dieffenbachia Macrophylla

Grows to 1 meter in height. Its wide leaves of an ovoid form (that it is logical to assume, following from the name) monophonic green color. The central vein is thickened.

Dieffenbachia Bowmannii

The attractive with motley leaves look different from other room a Dumb Cane extraordinary large sheets which length at the correct leaving and creation of suitable conditions reaches 70–80 cm. It is a record among these plants which are grown up in house conditions. Color of a sheet plate – dark green with small light spots.

Dieffenbachia Bausei

This look is appreciated its high esthetic qualities. Rather small leaves which are not exceeding 40 cm, green color with a yellowish outflow. They are decorated with snow-white and dark stains.

Why Can’t I Keep The House Dieffenbachia

In addition to the obvious damage from the poisonous juice, reputation dieffenbachia spoil and superstitions associated with it. It is believed that in ancient times, the leaf of dieffenbachia could deprive a person of speech, sealing his mouth (which is understandable – poisonous juice, causing swelling of the larynx and tongue, deprived a person of the opportunity to speak).

But now there is another opinion: the dieffenbachia is called “nugegoda”, a symbol of celibacy. It is believed that this plant weakens male energy, which is why men can not be with him in the same room. Therefore, it is not recommended to have unmarried girls. Relaxing male energy, dieffenbachia, supposedly, makes infertile couples.

On the other hand, dieffenbachia can absorb negative energy. Therefore, it is necessary to place the flower is not in the bedroom, and in those areas where most quarrels break out – in the kitchen or in the living room. If you treat this flower with love and kindness, it will extinguish the negative splashes of energy, and harmony in your family life will become much more.

‘California Panther Lily’ (L. pardalinum)

Flower Description: This west coast species is one of the easiest to grow of the native California lilies. These turk’s cap lilies are much larger than the European L. martagon in size, shiny red-orange in color with an interesting mottled speckling of brown, usually outlined in yellow. The “wild scented” Turk’s Cap flowers are orange-red in color and often have red tips. The nectary furrows are green on these black spotted flowers. Considered a small flowered version of Lilium harrisianum, it requires a damp, lime free soil with full sun.
As with all Lilium species (non-hybrid), they are guaranteed to be true-to-name, not for failure to bloom the first year of planting or loss over winter. This lily requires well drained soil, even moisture before bloom, and dry soil after bloom into winter. As with all of our species lilies, these bulbs are all from nursery propagated bulbs grown from nursery produced seed. Usually averages about 3 feet in our garden, some specimen plants routinely reach 5 feet. July Flowering.
Limited Supply Fall 2019 Shipping. Bulbs are flowering size having produced 2 or more flowers summer of 2019.
Sometimes difficult to establish than our Asiatic, Trumpet or Oriental lilies, our species lilies are guaranteed to be healthy and true-to-name, but not for failure to grow. May take an additional season before blooming and conditions need to be more exacting. L. pardalinum is known to pout after being moved and may need to settle back in to their new homes before flowering. Provide perfect drainage, rocky soil is fine, and don’t over water the bulbs during summer while they are in dormancy. Bulbs resent transplanting and could rot during a cold, wet winter/spring or during the summer, if you add any moisture retentive materials to the soil around the bulb itself. Under no circumstances use peat for L. pardalinum or its hybrids, but leaf mold and/or compost as a top dressing in the fall is desirable.
Classification: Lilium Species (USDA Zones 5-9, lows to -15&deg F.)
Stock #8100 – Lily Species (Wild Lily)

The easy-to-maintain Dieffenbachia is an attractive plant. Its patterened leaves are strikingly beautiful. Anyone looking for houseplants with sustaining growth, makes a good choice with the Dieffenbachia. Quite small as a seedling it can be placed anywhere while it should later get a nice location. But above all, it is carefree and delivers great joy even to people without green thumbs.

Plant Profile

  • plant family: Arum family (Araceae)
  • genus: Dieffenbachia (Pachira)
  • type: Dieffenbachio seguine
  • common name: silence pipe root, Pachira,
  • origin: South American tropics, mainly Brazil
  • persistent, robust, herbaceous and evergreen plant
  • growth height: as a House plant up to 100 cm, in nature up to 300 cm
  • flowering mostly in the summer
  • patterned green and white leaves
  • forms elongated flower tubers
  • poisonous plant
  • Beware of poisonous parts of the plant!

The Arum family are house plants, which have their origin in tropical South America. They are also popular due to the easy location search, because the Dieffenbachia also grows at shady locations. Some of the varieties grow aloft, others in turn in the width. Their different leaf types make them interesting for living room and office. In detailed care instructions, we describe how the Dieffenbachia should be treated.

Dieffenbachia camilla

Plant lovers should know that plant parts and leaves of the Dieffenbachia are toxic to pets but also the people. The name “Silence pipe root” probably comes from the 17th century, when slaves were still tortured to make them silent.

To achieve this, they were forced to chew plants parts of the Dieffenbachia, and then they fell silent, because these parts contain calcium oxalate with smallest needles that are drilled in the mucous membranes in the throat and mouth. Then the slave for some time could no longer speak. For domestic animals by the nibbling of the leaves it can cause that they stifle.

Dieffenbachia camilla

It also contains the Dieffenbachia saponins, alkaloids and glycosides, which can lead to heart rhythm disorders, paralysis, or nausea. When cleaning the blades, the calcium oxalate needles can be shot down and get in the face or even in the eyes trigger and there a chemical burn of the conjunctiva.


Don’t let yourself scare away by the poisonous plant parts. The everyday life with the Dieffenbachia is easier than you think, especially when it comes to the care of this beautiful plant.


The southern side of the house is very suitable. Here, the Dieffenbachia gets direct sunlight, this should, however, be without draughts. Also an appropriate place in the penumbra is possible and some types of Dieffenbachia are placed even in locations that are not sufficient for other houseplants.

  • bred hybrids from Europe prefer rather darker locations
  • furthermore it loves high humidity
  • looks very decorative in the bright bathroo
  • in the living room also in hydroponics for the humidity

The ideal room temperature, however, begins at 15 ° C, temperatures between 18-24 ° C are optimal.


The Dieffenbachia is simple when it comes to the soil. A good planting soil is perfectly sufficient. Alternatively, also potting soil and compost can be mixed. Also rotten leaves and coconut fibres promote growth of the Dieffenbachia. A drain that allows the running of water is important.

Dieffenbachia camilla

  • pebbles, clay or pottery as a lower layer
  • suited very well as hydroponics

Pay attention to a watering edge from a few centimetres so the water doesn’t drain out of the pot.

Hint: Wear a pair of gloves because of the toxics!

Sowing and propagation

The Dieffenbachia is sold usually in the trade as a seedling or large specimen. Seeds by flowers are rare, the propagation by cuttings is better. Continue reading in the chapter “Propagation”.


To allow the plants optimal thrive, it is advisable to provide the plants with fresh, good soil after the purchase and possibly a larger pot. If already now many roots are seen that soon grow out of the soil, an at least two centimetres large pot is the better option. Use good, fresh soil and provide the soil with drainage.

Dieffenbachia camilla

Then a layer of soil and the root ball are added. Then the pot is filled up on the sides and watered. After pressing on and watering it may be possible that some more soil must be added.


The repotting of the Dieffenbachia is carried out in a similar way. Depending on the growth, the repotting is required once a year or every two years. Old, dried roots are removed, the young roots can be shortened a bit with a scissor. The new pot shouldn’t however be larger than ten centimetres, because the plant otherwise puts its force into the growth of the roots and the leaves develop less well.

  • the annual repotting into a larger pot is ideal
  • if the plant is too big, it can be divided
  • the bottom layer consists of a drainage or pottery shards
  • remove rotting or diseased roots


Originally the Dieffenbachia knows none of our seasons. The seasons are characterized by dry and rainy periods. It is necessary to mimic this rhythm as well as possible.

Dieffenbachia camilla

  • the important watering time is between April and October
  • in November it is watered even less

The Dieffenbachia loves a regular watering which does not end in waterlogging. A drainage is therefore of the utmost importance, because the roots can rot otherwise. It is important that it’s watered with stale water at room temperature. If the possibility is given, accumulated rain water is even better.

From September, October, when the rest period begins it is watered less. Once the surface is dry, water moderately. In the warm season, the plant is sprayed several times a week on the leaves, also the spraying is reduced in the winter to maximum twice a week.


Fertilize every two weeks during the growth period. A liquid fertilizer for foliage plants supplied to the water according to the manufacturer is ideal. In the stationary phase, fertilize the Dieffenbachia only every six to eight weeks.

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If you want your Dieffenbachia quite not lavish, do not cut it. Because under good care and ideal site conditions in fact many large leaves can develop in the course of time, which require cutting the plant. Fortunately, the Dieffenbachia is very robust and tolerates cutting. Still use a good, sharp knife and protect yourself. Pay attention to the following instructions, to not damage the beautiful plant.

  • disinfect the knife before the cutting
  • ideal time to cut: early spring
  • if desired, directly propagate cuttings
  • here too: wear gloves!
  • protect yourself with respiratory and eye protection from the toxic plant parts


The propagation begins right at the pruning back in the spring. Before you start the work, you put on gloves. Cut long branches, these are very suitable as head cutting. The cuttings are truncated to a length of approximately 10 cm and put in a pot with a mixture of soil and sand. To obtain the required temperature of approximately 25 ° C, a plastic film is pulled on the pot and placed in a bright location. After approximately six to eight weeks roots have formed, then the cutting can be repotted into a pot with propagation soil.

  • always keep the soil-sand mixture moist
  • provide good airing

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Also in the winter months the Dieffenbachia must be placed at a warm, bright space with high air humidity. A humidifier or spraying the leaves make sure that the plant is well supplied. Avoid cold drafts and make sure that the Dieffenbachia while daily ventilation gets no draughts. The room temperature should be at least 15 ° C, then the tropical plant will feel well.

Diseases and pests

It generally belongs to the robust house plants, which are rarely infested by diseases or pests.


Brown tips are therefore only an indication that the plant is getting too less water. However is the soil wet, it needs a higher air humidity. A simple water sprayer ensures that the leaves are moistened, then it will do fine most of the time again. If the plant loses leaves, it maybe has a wrong location or is exposed to draughts.

1 of 9 Dieffenbachia camilla Dieffenbachia camilla – dried leaves Dieffenbachia camilla with brown leaf edges Dieffenbachia camilla with dry leaf edges Dieffenbachia camilla Dieffenbachia camilla – bottom side of the leaf Dieffenbachia camilla – top side of the leaf Dieffenbachia camilla with dry leaf tip Dieffenbachia camilla with brown leaf tip

Normally, however the older Dieffenbachia drop their lower leaves. Root rot accrues however by waterlogging or frequent watering. In this case, the soil should be exchanged and are then less watered.


Also the Dieffenbachia is not always protected from pests. Most pests steer clear of these plants due to the contained toxins, but shield – wool- and mealybugs do not disturb on it also. They are easy to spot on their plate, but have the ability to adapt to the colour of individual plants.

Pointing out an infestation of lice:

  • stains on the leaves
  • suddenly crippled leaves
  • other patterns of damage
  • sudden leaf shedding

Immediately isolate the infested plant and place them in a bright but cool room. Remove the affected leaves. In addition an upside down shower helps with not very large plants. The water jet dispels the unpleasant lice and the plant is pleased to get an extra portion of moisture. If the lice are recognised directly on the leaves, also a cotton swab soaked in alcohol can help. Alternatively, the classic soapy water is always good advice.

To do this you need:

  • 15 ml soft soap
  • 15 ml spirit
  • one litre of water

Mix everything well and spray the plant at a distance of two to three days until the lice are gone.


Dieffenbachia appear with plain dark green leaves, white striped or with a light pattern. Here we introduce some types.

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Dieffenbachia bowmannii

  • gets about 60 cm high and yields long
  • oval-shaped leaves
  • grows in a beautiful lush green with spots in light green

Dieffenbachia amoena

  • also long elliptical leaves in dark green
  • this variety has a cream-white mottling along the main artery

Dieffenbachia maculata

  • a room culture with many sub varieties
  • easy to recognize which at the wide oval-shaped leaves have running up ends
  • the leaf colour is dark green and presents ivory coloured drawings, which snake along the veins

Dieffenbachia Exotica

  • very attractive with around 25 cm long leaves in the basic colour dark green
  • it has a very strong white and light green drawings on the leaves

Dieffenbachia X bausei

  • has pretty long leaves with up to 35 centimetres
  • in the basic colour of yellowish green with edges in dark green and green and white points

Leopard Lily

Leopard lilies are on the prowl.

  • A leopard lily is a species of perennial flowering plant, native to China, Japan and India in central Asia.
  • ‘Leopard lilies’ are also known as ‘blackberry lilies’ and ‘leopard flowers’, and the plants have green sword-like leaves, that grow in a fan formation.
  • The scientific name of the leopard lily is Iris domestica and it is from the family Iridaceae, the family of irises, though it was formerly known as Belamcanda chinensis.
  • The height of a leopard lily plant can reach from 60 to 90 centimetres (2 to 3 feet) and a clump can spread out to 22 to 60 centimetres (0.75 to 2 feet) in diameter.
  • Leopard lilies have showy flowers that are coloured yellow, orange or red, or often a combination of those colours, and they have red or dark orange spots.
Leopard Lily
Image courtesy of Odonata98/Flickr
  • The seeds that form after a leopard lily blooms, have the appearance of blackberries, as the glossy black seeds grow together in a cluster.
  • Leopard lilies grow best in conditions where there is full sun, and soil that is well drained.
  • Leopard lily plants grow from rhizomes, and these have been used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat asthma, malaria and swelling, among other health issues.
  • Leopard lilies bloom in the summer months, and the flowers are around 5 centimetres (2 inches) in diameter, with six petals.
  • Leopard lilies are commonly used for ornamental purposes in the garden, and the seed stems and flowers are sometimes used decoratively as dried or fresh cut flowers.
Iris Domestica, 2016, Wikipedia,


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