• The floribunda, meaning “flowering freely,” produces circles of tiny, tightly packed petals. A cross between the hybrid teas and the polyantha, this crossbreed has little fragrance and blooms throughout the summer season, making it ideal for flower beds and border gardens.
  • The graceful ‘Amber Queen,’ a cultivar in the floribunda family and familiarly referred to as the “Queen of Roses,” features bright yellow flowers that contrast with the deep green leaves growing underneath. Robust, the ‘Amber Queen’ is ideal as a filler for vacant spaces in the garden.
  • The ‘Darcey Bussell’ rose, named for the acclaimed principal ballerina with the Royal Ballet, is perfect for hot and humid climates. Also known as a shrub rose, its blooms emerge bright red with an overtone of magenta. As the days pass, the red retreats, and magenta becomes prominent, revealing a kaleidoscope of color throughout the summer.
  • One of the most fragrant of the rose varieties, the ‘Pat Austin’ rose’s blooms are salmon. Valued as a hedge, its bud is cup-shaped and repeats throughout the summer. It exudes the scent of tea.
  • The delicate ‘Honey bun’ rose is ideal for the patio due to its small stature. Branded as the Oso Easy® Honey Bun,

    it’s practically disease resistant and doesn’t need insecticides. Prolific in producing flowers, this rose is also a chameleon, starting out orange but turning to pink as the long summer days pass. The ‘Pearl Drift’ rose is a small flower that grows in clusters on bushes. White with a subtle tinge of pink, this repeat-flowering variety is loved by bees. Knock Out® roses thrive throughout the summer season, repeating their blooms until early fall’s first frost.

JJ Wurst Landscape and Garden Center in Erie, PA

“Aren’t roses difficult to grow? Don’t roses need a lot of care and maintenance? Aren’t roses only for experienced gardeners?” The answer to all of those questions is an emphatic “NO!” In order to keep your roses growing, thriving and blooming, there are a considerations and steps. If you’ve wondered how we keep our roses blooming throughout the growing season here at the Garden Center, keep reading to find out our secret method.

A well maintained, blossoming rose bush can transform your home into the envy of the neighborhood. You can plant roses as a statement plant in your yard, as an addition to your perennial beds or as a hedge for privacy. At the Garden Center, we strive to keep a variety of disease-resistant roses in stock so that every individual can find their own special treasure and meet their own needs. We carry a range of colors including red, pink, white, purple, lavender, yellow, orange and gold. Roses may be one color, streaked, speckled or a variety of combinations. One popular variety is called ‘Ketchup and Mustard’ due to the red and yellow contrasting tones. Some of our roses are shrub types while others may be climbers, hybrid teas, miniature, or grandiflora roses. This basically describes the height, shape and type of flowers (single or clusters). Some people prefer singular, large roses while others may find clusters of roses more attractive.This season, we also have tree roses that can be planted in containers and placed on patios, decks or for your front door planters. In addition to their visual interest, most of our roses are known for their fragrance whether it be a hint of citrus, tea or fruits. As we hope you realize, there’s much more to a rose than the color.

Prior to purchasing a rose, think about your site. Not every home can accommodate a rose just in the same way that not every yard is perfect for a red oak, ostrich fern or an azalea. In order to decide whether a rose is the correct choice for your yard, pay close attention to the amount of sunlight, type of soil and proximity to a watering source. First, roses need a location with full sun or with at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. This means that a spot receiving “morning sun only” or “afternoon sun only” can still support a healthy, blossom-filled rose. Second, find out your soil type, which might mean digging a hole in your desired location. Roses prefer locations with a sandy loam. If you have a clay soils, think about adding an outdoor planting mix to help loosen and “fluff” up the soil. If your soil is sandy or filled with gravel and rocks, think about adding some compost or an outdoor planting mix to help give more nutrients and structure. Don’t want to spend your afternoon mixing soil? Try creating some raised beds or mounds for your roses. Third, roses need a site that is well drained as their roots don’t like to sit in water. This means you may need to water them throughout the summer, especially during the hot days of August. So, select a location for your roses that is easy to access and close to a water source. Try to water early in the morning as this will allow the leaves and foliage to dry out during the day.

So, how do we keep our roses blooming all summer long? We prune! You should prune (cut) any old, faded or petal-less flowers from the shrub. You’ll want to prune them to a leaflet with 5 leaves as these shoots produce the blossoms. If you cut to a leaflet with 3 leaves, the rose will continue to grow, but won’t produce any flowers. As long as you consistently remove the faded blossoms, your rose will continue to bloom throughout the summer. Now, you may want to fertilize your roses after they blossom so that they always have ample nutrients and energy to stay beautiful. This also allows your leaves to stay their glossy green color throughout the season.

Now, if pruning seems like too much work, there is another option: the Knock-Out Roses. These roses were selected as the Best Low Maintenance Rose by Birds & Blooms Magazine in 2014 as they “self clean.” This means they don’t’ require any pruning and will continue to bloom throughout the summer. In addition to the traditional Knock-Out rose, we do have the Sunny Knock-Out (yellow) and the Double Knock-Out with twice the amount of petals. By any means, we have a rose that meets your needs!

9 plants that really do bloom all summer

1 of 9CAROLE DRAKE/GAP PHOTOS Salvia microphylla ‘Icing Sugar’. It is like nearly every shrubby salvia in flowering all summer until first frosts. If it does enter a lull after Christmas, just shear the bush lightly over – water and feed, and it will begin again. The only salvias which don’t go on so long are the hardier herbaceous types such as Salvia nemorosa. The fine, light heads of salvias team well with bolder flowers. 2 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Dahlia ‘Hillcrest Royal’. This is an old cactus variety with almost electric pink flowers which glow as the sun sets. Like all double flowers, individual blooms last longer than those of single varieties though they are less attractive to pollinators. Dahlias often need hefty staking, good soil and plenty of water, but the results are a bumper flowering period, whether you go for a single sweetie, a turbo-charged showoff or something just totally bonkers. 3 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Rosa ‘Gertrude Jekyll’. One of many modern roses bred to give at least three repeat performances in the growing year as well as a knockout scent – the best in the business. Regular deadheading is essential to bring on the next wave of bloom along with a good feed and plenty of water. Like many David Austin roses, ‘Gertrude’ can be trained as a bush or allowed to spiral up a post onto a pergola as a compact climber. 4 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Fuchsia magellanica ‘Versicolor’. This hardy and elegant form of shrubby fuchsia has smoky grey leaves and elegant tapered flowers. All fuchsias are long-performing stalwarts of the summer garden and extra useful because they deadhead themselves – less work for the gardener! I always plant them up a bank or on a terrace wall where you can look up at those glowing tassels. Just prune them to the ground each spring. 5 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Pentas lanceolata. Egyptian star cluster, an old-fashioned upright shrub, is hard to acquire these days. Egmont Seeds does a colour mix called ‘Graffiti’ in purples and whites, and though compact and attractive, these seed-grown plants can be less long-lived than the original tall, red species. Pentas are not hardy shrubs, and need milder climes and a well-drained soil with plenty of sun where they will flower all year. 6 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Pelargonium ‘Stellar Apricot’. This is such a tricky salmon colour to use in the garden but worth the effort because, like all pelargoniums, it goes on forever and never baulks at heat or dry. In Auckland, most of these South African stars are hardy but clumps can quickly become tired and woody, and need propagating every few years. Dark blue flower partners work well with this vibrant colour; try aquilegias in spring and lobelias or blue salvias in summer. 7 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Lychnis chalcedonica. Perhaps the least long-flowering of this bunch, but it still provides sparkles for six weeks or so. This is a plant that loves air and sunshine, and it rarely lives long, so leaves none of those ghostly stalks to self seed. Here, it has succumbed to the spreading affections of Geranium ‘Ann Folkard’, an unusual trailing geranium with gold-tinged leaves. Like many of the modern hybrids, it performs all summer. 8 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Epidendrum radicans the crucifix orchid is a terrestrial from central America. They come in a range of colours and sizes, and all have an incredibly long flowering period – for much of the year in the frost-free regions where they grow easily if you provide plenty of sun and a mounded soil rich in bark and grit for their aerial roots to perch on. They look great combined with lush foliage of phormiums, aloes and cycads. 9 of 9NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Alstroemeria ‘Red Baron’. There isn’t much subtle about these perennials and they often need a lot of staking, but Peruvian lilies in good soil are incredible performers, pumping out the blooms and making great, longlasting stems for a vase. When you pick, rip the stalks out of the ground to invigorate the fleshy underground stems into producing more. This red always looks dapper beside black Aeonium ‘Zwartkop’. (Maple Glen Gardens, Joy Plants

A decent innings for the average flower is three to four weeks in my book but those highlighted in the gallery above will go on much longer.

You don’t want to fill your plot with the Scrooges of the flowering world – miserly types like tulips and fleeting Oriental poppies which will dance for but a fortnight at most then run out on you. Wisterias are mean – they flirt for a tantalising week or two of froth then demand that you be up a ladder hacking off their tentacles for the rest of summer. They are not worth it in a small garden owned by anyone short on time or afraid of heights.

Brief flowerers in my book are only worth the space if they deliver other charms – flowering cherries and paeonies for example, which at least deliver a blazing show of autumn tints making them value for money.

Unfortunately, there is only a narrow range of plants that truly pump out the flowers over several months.

NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Epidendrum radicans the crucifix orchid is a terrestrial from central America. They come in a range of colours and sizes, and all have an incredibly long flowering period – for much of the year in the frost-free regions where they grow easily if you provide plenty of sun and a mounded soil rich in bark and grit for their aerial roots to perch on. They look great combined with lush foliage of phormiums, aloes and cycads.

* Power flowers: best blooms for maximum impact
* Is this the easiest colourful cut-flower for summer?
* Pelargoniums vs geraniums: can you tell the difference?

​Many of the bedding plants which, being naturally shortlived annuals, make the most of their brief hour upon the stage by pumping out the colour. The secret to assisting any plant like this in giving you a longer show is to pay weekly attention to watering, deadheading and feeding with a high potash fertiliser. The deadheading prevents it from thinking its reproductive job is done, that it can kick back and enjoy an early retirement. Deadheading is like anti-ageing cream for plants and it’s fun to do – just invest in some wickedly sharp scissors.

NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Rosa ‘Gertrude Jekyll’. One of many modern roses bred to give at least three repeat performances in the growing year as well as a knockout scent – the best in the business. Regular deadheading is essential to bring on the next wave of bloom along with a good feed and plenty of water. Like many David Austin roses, ‘Gertrude’ can be trained as a bush or allowed to spiral up a post onto a pergola as a compact climber.

With annual bedding, the removal of spent flowers keeps a continual froth of bloom coming but other plants tend to flower in waves once deadheaded. Roses such as ‘Gertrude Jekyll’ behave like this; take away the spent flowers and after a few weeks’ lull you will be treated to a second, third, even a fourth encore in a good year.

Alstroemerias, also known as Lily of the Incas, are popular vase fillers.

​Alstroemerias make a great cut bloom but they flower in peaks and troughs.

Other plants require a bit of more severe grooming to keep the show going – a severe haircut after their first flush (leaves, stems everything) may elicit a welcome repeat performance. The likes of catmint, delphinium and geraniums are like this while other perennials – once cut back – make fresh leaves but refuse to give you another bloom in the same year. Classics such as Alchemilla mollis and aquilegias are like this – you just have to learn which ones repeat and which don’t.

NEIL ROSS/NZ GARDENER Fuchsia magellanica ‘Versicolor’. This hardy and elegant form of shrubby fuchsia has smoky grey leaves and elegant tapered flowers. All fuchsias are long-performing stalwarts of the summer garden and extra useful because they deadhead themselves – less work for the gardener! I always plant them up a bank or on a terrace wall where you can look up at those glowing tassels. Just prune them to the ground each spring.

A good trick to avoid the work of deadheading is to go for sterile plants which shed their own flowers and so stay young and constantly blooming – the likes of fuchsias and abutilons behave in this way and look better for it.

Another trick is to choose plants where each individual bloom lasts for a long time. The showy bracts of flowering dogwoods (Cornus), bougainvillea and hydrangeas are not true petals and tend to keep their colour longer. Double flowers last longer than singles too.

But arguably the best sort of flowers simply flower, and flower selflessly, and don’t ask for you to do anything. Here I would include shrubby salvias and potentillas, wide-mouthed mats of gazania, wafting veils of bee-humming Verbena bonariensis, and exotic kangaroo paws and crucifix orchids. These are the rarest of treasures sent to delight while I salute them by tipping my hat from the comfort of a sunlounger.

NZ Gardener

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Roses: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties

Roses are shrubs with prickly stems, pinnate compound leaves, and ornamental flowers, usually fragrant. This standard definition conveys none of the charm that has inspired poets, painters, sculptors, architects, and designers for centuries. The rose may be the most prominent plant in the arts, decor, and symbolism.
Roses have been cultivated for more than 5,000 years and are native only to the northern hemisphere: Europe, North America, East Asia, and the Middle East. They were grown as ornamental plants as far back as the 6th century BC in China. In Europe they were first grown for use in perfume and other cosmetics and as health aids, but their ornamental value was soon recognized and appreciated.
Rose breeding began in Europe in the 17th century. Most of the OGRs (Old Garden Roses) of that time were once-blooming shrubs in shades of white, pink, or red. The introduction of more and more species roses and the China and Tea groups into breeding practices produced reblooming roses in every color but true blue, with blooms of various shapes and sizes, ultimately resulting in thousands of cultivars meeting every conceivable aesthetic preference.

About roses
There is a rose for every garden situation and need, from climbers to adorn a trellis, to miniatures for containers, to long-stemmed types for bouquets. Because of this variety, it’s important to choose carefully. If you are looking for the familiar rose bush, consider hybrid teas, floribundas, or shrub roses. Hybrid teas are tall, long-stemmed roses ideal for cutting. Floribundas are shorter and bloom more freely, setting clusters of blossoms rather than a single bloom on a stem. Both these require regular maintenance for optimum performance. Shrub roses (sometimes called landscape roses), on the other hand, require somewhat less attention, adapt more readily to a wider range of conditions, and offer more disease resistance.

Growing Conditions
Ideally, roses should be grown in sunny and open locations, with good air circulation at the base of the plant, in rich and well-draining soil. Some roses, notably the old ramblers and the modern hybrid musks, can tolerate some shade in any zone and may even prefer shade in the hottest zones.
Roses require 1-2 inches of water a week to thrive. In dry climates, this water has to be supplied by the gardener, and although overhead watering was once discouraged, it is the logical choice. The water supplied by a gardener supplements rain, which falls from overhead. Overhead watering keeps the foliage and blooms clean, retards powdery mildew, and repels some pests.

Special features of roses
Good for cut flowers

Ongoing Care
Apply a layer of compost under the shrub each spring, followed by a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds, keeping mulch a few inches away from the stems. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Pruning techniques vary with the type of rose.

Choosing a site to grow roses
Select a site with full sun and well-drained soil.

Planting Instructions
Plant in early spring or fall, depending on your location. Space plants 2 to 3 feet apart, depending on the variety. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. In regions with cold (below 0F) winters, plant grafted roses so the graft union (which appears as a bulge near the base of the stem) is 1 to 2 inches below the soil line. In warm regions, the graft should be a few inches above the soil line.
For container-grown plants, dig a hole twice the diameter of the pot the plant is in. Carefully remove the plant from its container and place it in the hole. Carefully fill in around the root ball and firm the soil gently. For bare-root roses, dig a hole 12 to 18 inches deep and wide. The hole should be large enough that all the roots can be spread out without touching the sides of the hole. Mound a cone of soil in the center of the hole. Trim off any broken roots, then place the rose in the hole, spreading the roots around the soil mound. Fill the hole half full with soil and water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil and water thoroughly.


“I’d rather have roses on my table, than diamonds on my neck.”
– Emma Goldman

Roses are our passion. We carry over 600 varieties of roses with diversified groups of top rated roses for our climate. The groups include hybrid teas, grandifloras, floribundas, climbing, groundcover, David Austin English Roses, rugosa, and old garden roses.

Click here to download the PDF version: Rose List 2017

Call to check availability of specific varieties. 360-466-3821 or 1-800-585-8200

We carry over 600 varieties of roses with diversified groups of top rated roses for our climate. The groups include hybrid teas, grandifloras, floribundas, David Austin English Roses, climbing, rugosa, old garden roses and ground-cover roses. We have multiple reference books for your research if you are in need of help while choosing rose plants and our knowledgeable staff can always offer assistance on choices and care. Our rose list with its legend is a quick reference for customers wanting a particular color, a particular group such as hybrid teas, or only fragrant roses.

Harlow Carr

Because roses are our passion, we love to fill the Garden Store and Primrose with roses from our display garden during the spring and summer months. We also look forward to our annual Rose Festival in June where we showcase the display garden around our Schoolhouse and offer classes and clinics on rose varieties and rose care. The weather is usually cooperative and guests often picnic out on the Schoolhouse lawn. The Schoolhouse is filled with cut roses from the Tri-Valley Rose Society and it is here you can see and smell many of the most popular roses first hand. This offers a rare opportunity for those who are considering planting a rose garden. There is nothing better than seeing the real flower rather than viewing it in a picture.

Rose Care and Culture
Roses prefer full sun (6 hours or more) and well-drained soil. When planting your rose dig a hole 18″ deep and 24″ in diameter. Mix your native soil with 50% composted organic matter such as mushroom compost or composted manure. Add bone meal to encourage root growth. If you have a dog that loves to dig skip the bone meal. Plant the rose in the plantable fiber pot if it is leafed out and in active growth. Taking it out of the pot will disturb delicate roots and may put the plant into shock. Before settling the fiber pot into the hole, slit the pot vertically from just below the top to the bottom on all four sides. Set the pot in the prepared planting hole so the soil level in the pot is the same as the surrounding soil. Back fill the prepared soil around the pot and tamp down. Cut off the top of the pot that is above ground level. Forgetting to do this will cause the fiber material that is above the ground to wick water away from the rose which means the rose will need to be watered more often. Water in well, soaking the entire planting hole. Deep water once a week during the active growing season.

 We recommend feeding in April, June and August with an organic fertilizer such as Whitney Farms Rose Food and/or alfalfa meal.

The best defense against rose diseases is a healthy rose. Diseases can be controlled with healthy soil and appropriate watering and fertilizing practices. Picking off diseased leaves and raking fallen leaves when you notice them goes a long way toward growing healthy plants and blossoms. Raking rose leaves in the fall also keeps rose diseases from over wintering and infecting your roses in the spring. Avoid planting roses with a history of black spot and mildew. If you insist on growing a rose with a history of disease plan on spending more time keeping it healthy by monitoring and removing diseased leaves. These leaves should not go into your compost pile but should be burned or placed in garbage bags and sent to the dump. We have several roses in our home garden worthy of this extra effort. We would not be without an Anna Pavlova or Jude the Obscure not only because of their beauty but because of their fragrance. One Anna will fill a room with old rose fragrance while Jude does the same but with a fruity/rose scent. Insect pests that appear (most often aphids) may be controlled organically with predators, a soapy solution (Safers) or a strong blast from your hose. Powdery mildew and blackspot can be controlled with Neam oil, copper spray or sulfur spray. These products are organic and will not harm the environment.

Lightly prune tall roses in November to prevent snow or wind breakage, with the primary pruning done in March. Most modern roses may be severely pruned, to a height of 6″ to 18″. This encourages new growth and more flowers. Old roses, English roses and climbing roses prefer a more minimalist pruning, removing just the least productive old wood and damaged or diseased wood.

In late October or early November apply an organic mulch (composted manure or mushroom compost) 8″ to 12″ up the canes. This will protect against winter injury but must be pulled away and spread out in March when you prune your roses.

The above are ‘best rose practices’ and since we are hit and miss at our home, I need to say that roses are not as difficult to grow as this information may lead you to believe. If you are not growing for show but for your own enjoyment roses are fairly easy care. The most important practices being feeding in early spring and removing diseased leaves. We are not fanatical about removing the leaves but we do when we see them. Because we are not offended by an occasional spot on a leaf we are fairly casual about our roses. The pleasure of having roses definitely outweighs any negatives.



About Rose

I’d rather have Roses on my table than diamonds on my neck. – Emma Goldman

Roses for the longest time have enjoyed the honor of being the most popular flowers in the world. The reason for popularity of the rose flower may be its wide variety in terms of color, size, fragrance and other attributes.

Kingdom Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Class Magnoliopsida Order Rosales Family Rosaceae Subfamily Rosoideae Genus Rosa

The rose has been a symbol of love, beauty, even war and politics from way back in time. The variety, color and even number of Roses carry symbolic meanings. The Rose is most popularly known as the flower of love, particularly Red Rose.

Roses have been the most popular choice of flowers for the purpose of gifting across the world. They also act as a great addition to home and office decor. A bunch of roses or even a single rose works wonders aesthetically and considerably enlivens a place. Besides fresh cut roses, artificial flowers like silk roses in different colors are also widely used as decoration.

Some Interesting Facts About Roses

  • The birthplace of the cultivated Rose was probably Northern Persia, on the Caspian, or Faristan on the Gulf of Persia.
  • Historically, the oldest Rose fossils have been found in Colorado, dating back to more than 35 million years ago.
  • Roses were considered the most sacred flowers in ancient Egypt and were used as offerings for the Goddess Isis. Roses have also been found in Egyptian tombs, where they were formed into funeral wreaths.
  • Confucius, 551 BC to 479 BC, reported that the Imperial Chinese library had many books on Roses.
  • Ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia (in the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley) mentioned Roses in a cuneiform tablet (a system of writing) written in approximately 2860 BC.
  • The English were already cultivating and hybridizing Roses in the 15th Century when the English War of Roses took place. The winner of the war, Tudor Henry VII, created the Rose of England (Tudor Rose) by crossbreeding other Roses.
  • While no Black Rose yet exists, there are some of such a deep Red color as to suggest Black.
  • Roses are universal and grown across the world.
  • The Netherlands is the world’s leading exporter of Roses.

from our stores – Pickupflowers – the flower expert

The Netherlands, with about 8000 hectares of land under Rose cultivation, is the global leader in Rose cultivation. 54 per cent (about 5000 hectares) of the cultivated land in Ecuador is under Rose cultivation!! Zambia, a small nation, had 80 per cent of its cultivated land under Roses.

Classification of Roses

Broadly, Roses are divided into three classes-

Species Roses

Species Roses are often called Wild Species Roses. Species Roses often have relatively simple, 5-petaled flowers followed by very colorful hips that last well into the winter, providing food for birds and winter color.

The most popular Rose species for sale today is Rosa rugosa owing to its superior hardiness, disease resistance, and extremely easy maintenance. Species roses are widely hybridized. Wild Species Roses include many different varieties. Wild Species Roses usually bloom once in the summer.

Old Garden Roses

Old Garden Roses have a delicate beauty and wonderful perfume, not often found in modern hybrid tea roses. Old Garden Roses are a diverse group from the those with a wonderful fragrance and great winter hardiness to the tender and lovely tea roses, which are best suited for warm climates.

Old Garden Roses comprise a multifaceted group that in general are easy to grow, disease-resistant and winter-hardy. Old Garden Roses grow in several shrub and vine sizes. Although colors do vary, this class of Roses are usually white or pastel in color. These “antique Roses” are generally preferred for lawns and home gardens. Several groupings of Roses classified as Old Garden Roses are China Roses, Tea Roses, Moss Roses, Damask Roses, Bourbon Roses, etc.

Modern Roses

Any Rose identified after 1867, is considered a Modern Rose.

Old Garden Roses are the predecessors of Modern Roses. This group of Roses are very popular. The Modern Rose is the result of crossbreeding the hybrid tea with the polyanthus (a variety of primrose).

The colors of Modern Roses are varied, rich and vibrant. The most popular roses found in the class of Modern Roses are the Hybrid Tea Roses, Floribunda Roses, and Grandiflora Roses. Although Modern Roses are adored by florists and gardeners, they do require proper care, and do not adapt well to colder environments.

Popular Hybrid Varieties of Roses

Species Involved Hybrid Product
Hybrid Perpetual Rose and Chinese Tea Rose Hybrid Tea Rose
Hybrid Perpetual Rose and Australian Brier Rose Yellow Permet Rose
R. multiflora and R. chinensis Hybrid/Dwarf Polyanthas or Poly Pompon roses
Hybrid Tea Rose and Floribundas Grandifloras
R. wichuriana, R. multiflora & Hybrid Tea Rose Dorothy Perkins, American Pillar, Excelsa
R. canina and R. gallica Albas
R. phoenica and R. gallica Damaskas Rose
R. damascena and R. alba Centifolia Rose
Autumn Damask Rose and China Rose Bourbons

Growing Roses

  • Roses may be grown in any well-drained soil with optimum sunlight.
  • Most Rose varieties are grown by budding on an understock (lower portion of a plant) propagated from seeds or cuttings. Order rose seeds online and let your garden be filled with the marvellous color and fragrance of roses.
  • Clay soils, warm temperatures are always preferred, and the rose plants grow best when not set among other plants.
  • Cow manure is the preferred fertilizer for Rose cultivation, but other organic fertilizers, especially composts, are also used.
  • Rose plants usually require severe pruning, which must be adapted to the intended use of the flowers.
  • Trim off all broken and bruised roots on the Rose plant, cut top growth back to 6 to 8 inches.
  • Dig planting holes at least 6 inches deeper to accommodate the roots of the Rose plant without crowding or bending.
  • Mix 1 tablespoonful of fertilizer with the soil placed over the drainage material.
  • Cover this mixture with plain soil, bringing the level to desired planting depth.
  • Make a mound in the center to receive the Rose plant.
  • Set Rose plant roots over this mound, spread the roots, and fill in with soil.
  • Firm the soil tightly 2 or 3 times while filling the hole.

It is extremely easy to buy rose plants online if you do not wish to go to the trouble of actually planting one. They usually come with a care manual and some plant food. An already flowering plant in a lovely container also makes a great gift item. The blooms stay longer and after they fade there is always the next flowering, thus providing the receiver with a lasting and beautiful gift.

Noisette Roses are the only Roses that originated in the United States of America.

Rose Plant Care

  • When watering Roses, soak the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches, do not merely sprinkle.
  • When it comes to fertilizing your roses, Provide a balanced diet to your roses. See what your plant is deficient in and try to include them in the fertilizer. Timing is also an important part to maximize the benefit of your fertilizer so that the nutrients are available to the plant when it needs it most during the active growing and blooming stage.Order your rose fertilizer now to enhance the vigor of blooming in your roses.
  • Mulching during the summer will eliminate weeds amonf Rose plants. Mulches should be applied 2 or 3 weeks before the Roses come into bloom.
  • Winter mulching with straw, peat moss, or other material is advisable. This mulch regulates the soil temperature and tempers the effects of freezing and thawing on thr Roses.
  • Pull soil up around each Rose plant to a height of about 6 inches after the first frost.

Foolproof Guide to Growing Roses by Field Roebuck is a comprehensive book on growing roses ideal for would-be growers who were always afraid of roses, as well as for gardeners who already grow these beautiful flowers and want to learn more.

A Guide to Roses: Types and Care

Different types of roses have distinctive characteristics:

Hybrid Tea

The hybrid teas are the most widely grown roses. Their traits include large, single blooms, typically on long stems. If you’ve received a Valentine’s Day rose, it was probably a hybrid tea. These roses are ideal for cutting. Most bloom in spring and fall. However, new varieties are being introduced each year for increased bloom time. Sensitive to cold, they need winter protection. Hybrid teas grow 3 to 6 feet tall.


The robust floribundas are derived from the hybrid tea. The blooms are slightly smaller and clustered on the stem. You don’t have to speak Latin to know what the “ibunda” part means: plenty of stems with more flowers and a longer blooming cycle. If you want plenty of flowers, the floribunda is the one for you. The height is generally 3 to 5 feet tall. Polyantha roses are similar to the floribunda but are generally only about 2 feet tall.


Grandifloras are a cross of the hybrid tea and the floribunda. Like floribundas, they usually have several clustered blooms. They’ve inherited the larger blooms and long stems from the hybrid teas. Grandifloras can reach 6 feet in height.


As the name states, miniatures are tiny replicas of larger roses. Their small blooms and foliage plus their compact size make them excellent container plants for indoors or outdoors. They can also be used for edging, rock gardens or anywhere a full-size shrub wouldn’t fit. A miniature’s mature size is usually less than 2 feet tall.


Also called ramblers, the climbing rose doesn’t really climb. The plant produces long, arching canes that must be attached to supports, such as fences, arbors, trellises or walls. They bloom continuously or at least several times during summer and fall. The arching canes can be 20 to 30 feet long. If your garden space is limited, use vertical space and plant some of these.


The term shrub covers a variety of roses, from bushy specimens to hedge roses. Generally hardy and disease-resistant, shrub roses provide a lot of blooms. The size depends on the variety and ranges from 3 to 10 feet or more.


Tree roses are also known as standards. Not truly a separate rose variety, a tree rose is any rose plant (probably a hybrid tea or floribunda) that is bud-grafted onto a straight, sturdy trunk. Special pruning and winter protection is required in most climates. Tree roses make good container plants. Used as specimen plants, they offer a formal look to the rose garden. Heights depends on the variety of rose used, but standards can be 4 to 6 feet tall.

The best rose guide setting out 22 different types of roses. In the United States alone, over 1.3 billion roses are purchased on Valentine’s Day. While many roses are grown in the USA, over 1 billion of those roses are imported. The rose became synonymous with Valentine’s Day via Greek mythology. It’s said that rose bushes grew on the ground where Aphrodite (goddess of love) shed tears and the spilt blood of her lover Adonis. Read full rose guide here.

Just in the United States alone, over 1.3 billion roses are purchased on Valentine’s Day. While many roses are grown in the USA, over 1 billion of those roses are imported.

The rose became synonymous with Valentine’s Day via Greek mythology. It’s said that rose bushes grew on the ground where Aphrodite (goddess of love) shed tears and the spilt blood of her lover Adonis .

The rose is perhaps the most well-known flower in the world. People grow them in the yard, create spectacular rose gardens and of course they’re given as bouquets for all kinds of events and holidays. My cousin works at a rose-growing farm which has huge greenhouses dedicated to growing roses. He gave me a tour a few times; it’s a very interesting operation. The amount of roses an efficient greenhouse can grow is incredible.

Whether you wish to plant a rose garden or buy roses, one thing you might want to know is that there are many different types of roses. We set them out in this extensive rose guide.

Species Roses

Also known as wild roses, these roses have been growing in the wild for hundreds of thousands of years and they are rarely sold through nursery stores but instead can be found throughout the country in various fields.

Old Garden Roses

These roses existed before the year 1867 as this is the year the first hybrid tea rose, called the “La France,” was developed. Below are the 15 groups of roses that fit under this category.

Blush roses

Also known as Rosa blush ramblers, these roses are found in older cottage gardens and are nearly thorn-free. Attractive and healthy, blush roses have light green leaves and smell sweet and extraordinary. They are usually light pink in color and make excellent climbing roses, which is why they are often used in arbors or pergolas. They can grow up to 15 feet in height and do best in zones 5-10. The roses open up in early spring and have a cluster look that is very attractive.

Antique climbing roses

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These roses were introduced in the 1860s and have a large number of berry-like rose hips, or fruit, as well as a great aroma. In fact, if you’re curious about whether or not a certain rose is truly an “old” type, all you have to do is smell it because antique roses have a wonderful aroma that sticks around for a while. It blooms in late summer or early fall and comes in several different sub-categories, including:

    • Antique Moss Rose, a beautiful pink-and-white variety
    • Ballerina shrub roses, which have smaller petals and are usually light pink in color
    • Blush Noisette rose, which has medium-sized white petals
    • Fantin Latour antique rose, which is usually white with light pink intertwined in the petals
    • Jacques Cartier rose, a white and pink variety
    • Lady Banks climbing roses, which have smaller petals and come in various colors
    • Marie Pavie rose, which is also white
    • Mermaid climbing roses, which have white petals separated by some space
    • Rosa Canina rose, which is a white rose containing pink highlights on its edges
    • Rosa Foetida rose, a bi-color rose that is usually bright orange and yellow
    • Rosa Mutabilis roses, which have longer petals than most other types of roses
    • Rosa Variegata Di Bologna roses, pink-and-white roses that everyone loves
    • Rose De Rescht roses, or Portland roses, which are dark pink in color and have small petals
    • Rugosa Hansa rose, a dark pink variety that is certain to catch your attention
    • Sally Holmes climbing roses, which are small and white in color
    • Sombreuil climbing antique rose, a white variety that is quite large
    • Wild roses, which also have larger petals than many other roses
    • Zephirine Drouhin climbing rose, which is dark pink and small

Gallica roses

These roses flower once in the summertime and they have rich, dark-red single blooms. They originate from an old rose group from Europe and Asia and they are considered by many to be the nicest type of old garden roses.

Damask roses

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Also called Celsiana Damask roses, these flowers originated from Damascus and bloom only once during the summer months. They are a cross between two other varieties of roses and have a lovely light pink-and-white color.

Centifolia, or Province roses

These roses were developed by hybridists in the Netherlands during the 1600s and bloom once in the summer. They are a beautiful shade of pink and include varieties such as the cabbage rose.

  1. Andrewsii Moss roses

    Developed in the 17th century, the foliage on these roses, which have pink petals and a yellow center, resembles moss, hence their name. Just as many other types of roses, the Moss rose flowers just once a year.

Alba Maxima rose

With beautiful, large, white petals, the Alba rose has bluish-green foliage and blooms once a year. An example of this type of rose is the White Rose of York. Instead of white, some of them are pale pink in color.

Louis Phillippe China rose

Known as the modern garden rose of today, there were once four varieties of this type of rose. They were brought into the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries by people from eastern Asia and China. The ones brought in at that time flowered several times a year, including throughout the entire summer and into the fall.

Etoile de Lyon tea rose

Known simply as the tea rose, it is a mix between two scented roses from China and is repeat-flowering. Their blooms are light yellow in color, graceful, and extremely attractive. What makes them a little different than other types of roses is their aversion to extra-cold weather, which means that they are more successfully grown in areas such as the South and California.

Souvenir de la Malmaison Bourbon rose

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Also known as the Bourbon rose, this was one of the first roses from China that bloomed multiple times per year. Because the cross-creation originated in the Indian Ocean on the Ile de Bourbon, it was obvious what they had to name it.

Hybrid Perpetual roses

Including the Baronne Prevost rose, these are all derived from Bourbon roses and were very popular in Victorian England. Pink in color, they are the result of intense hybridization in various open fields.

  1. Sweet briar rose

    These roses are pink and white in color, have smaller and wider petals than some of the other types of roses, and originate from the late 19th century. Sweet briar roses have apple-scented leaflets that smell wonderful and this is the feature most rose lovers like the most.

Ayrshire roses

Officially known as the Splendens Arvensis Ayrshire rose, it derives from a European hedge rose that is a type of trailing rose. One of the most unique features of the Ayrshire rose is that they do not repeat-bloom.

Laevigata roses

Also called the Cherokee Laevigata rose, it has leaves that are green and thick and thorns that are shaped similarly to hooks. They flower only once a year and are indigenous to the South. Wide, white petals surround a yellow center, and they originate from China. More specifically, they are a small type of old roses.

Sempervirens roses

These roses can hold their foliage during the winter months and bloom only one time. They have white petals that almost resemble clovers and small yellow centers. Known as an evergreen rose by many people, these roses are descendants of R. sempervirens.

Modern Garden Roses

These are the roses developed since the year 1867 and they include most of the roses you find today in people’s gardens. They usually start blooming in late spring and bloom until the fall, and they are either:

    • Single – no more than 8 petals
    • Semi-double – 8-20 petals
    • Double – 20 petals
    • Fully double – 30 or more petals

Most modern flowers come in designs that include cupped, rounded, pompon, flat and open, quartered-rosette, high-centered, and urn-shaped. Modern garden roses come in seven different sub-groups, described as follows.


These roses have thick, dark leaves and come in a variety of forms. They are wonderfully scented and many bloom only once during the summer. After they bloom, it is best to prune them as soon as the flowering is done but do not prune them the following spring. Some, however, are repeat-flowering and these flower on new wood. The repeat-flowering types should be pruned either in early spring or late winter. They are great for garden structures such as arbors, fences, trellises, etc. and adapt easily to what they’re climbing on. They have arching stiff canes and their foliage is glossy. They are truly spectacular and the more they grow, the more they can climb your structures so they are the perfect roses to show off whenever you wish to do so.

Shrub roses

The most popular type of shrub rose is the Knockout rose, which is usually dark pink or red in color and is considered the best shrub rose by many experts. These roses have even won numerous honors by organizations that evaluate and review different types of roses. Because of their versatility, shrub roses can be used in balconies of condos or apartments and even in patios if you place them in containers first. With flowers that come in clusters, these roses are bushy and are a repeat-flowering type of rose. They flower on new wood. They can be used as hedges, borders, and flower beds of all sizes and types and they are the perfect flower to plant alongside other types of plants. Shrub roses come in a wide variety of colors and types, including English roses and the La Sevillana shrub roses. You can find shrub roses in pink, white, and even red. Below are just a few of their varieties:

    • Abraham Darby rose
    • Ballerina rose
    • Bonica rose
    • Carefree Delight rose
    • Carefree Wonder rose
    • Champlain rose
    • Cuthbert Grant rose
    • Darlows Enigma rose
    • Fair Bianca rose
    • Flower Carpet rose
    • Henry Hudson rose
    • John Cabot rose
    • Linda Campbell rose
    • Morden Blush rose
    • Penelope rose
    • Square rose
    • William Shakespeare 2000 rose

Miniature roses, or mini roses

A very versatile type of rose, many people choose them either for their unique look or because they only have a certain amount of space to plant their roses. Mini roses can be grown in containers or used for edging and you can plant them in groups in flower beds or in smaller landscape areas as groundcovers. Usually, mini roses grow to no more than 15 inches in height, although a few varieties grow up to 30 feet. Mini roses include:

    • Child’s Play, a variegated pink and white variety
    • Cinnamon Girl, in dark brown, or cinnamon color
    • Denver’s Dream, bright orange in color
    • Hot Tamale, in bright pink and can be dotted with yellow
    • Innocence, an elegant rose that is white in color
    • Jilly Jewel, a pink variety
    • Sorcerer, a beautiful red rose
    • Sun Sprinkles, a beautiful shade of yellow
    • Twinkling Lights, this rose is bright yellow and has large petals
  1. Hybrid tea rose bushes

    With long stems and a tall, upright appearance, these roses have large leaves, large foliage, and one large bloom found on the top of each stem. They are long-lasting flowers, which contributes to their popularity, and have wonderful aromas. Many are even resistant to disease and some of the many types include:

    • Black Magic
    • Chrysler Imperial
    • Double Delight
    • First Prize
    • Fragrant Cloud
    • Lincoln
    • Olympiad
    • Peace
    • Touch of Class

Polyantha roses

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These are flowering rose bushes made up of small flower petals that come in large clusters.

Floribunda roses

A continuously blooming type of rose, the flower is hardy and consists of clusters of flowers that are full and bushy. In fact, large clusters are what these roses are known for. Although deadheading encourages more growth, the flower is able to continuously produce full, thick clusters almost all the time.

Grandiflora roses

These are tall, vigorous plants whose pink flowers grow either singly or in clusters. The Queen Elizabeth rose is one of the most popular and it is especially attractive when used in the middle of an island bed and surrounded by other flowers that are in colors such as pink or blue. This rose grows between five and eight feet and does well as a centerpiece because of its large size. If it is surrounded by colorful and smaller flowers, it looks especially beautiful.

Home Stratosphere is an award-winning home and garden online publication that’s a result of our talented researchers and writers who work directly with hundreds of professional interior designers, furniture designers, landscape designers and architects from around the world to create helpful, informative, entertaining and inspiring articles and design galleries.

Tags: Flowers Categories: Gardens and Landscaping

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Read through this article to learn about the different types of roses you can find in any rose garden.

Roses are the most popular flower in the United States. In 1986, they were even named as the nation’s official flower!

With their widespread familiarity, the casual observer might think that there’s not much about roses that can be learned. The truth is surprisingly complex and nuanced. To start with, there are three major categories of the plant: wild, old garden, and modern garden roses.

The rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, represented by over 100 distinct species. We’re not here to list every single breed just yet; this article is designed to give you a firm grasp on the major categories of this important flower. To that end, we aim to break down the major differences between standard and garden roses, and explain what sets wild roses apart.

Wild Roses

These are the ancestors of every cut flower rose you’ll see today. These varieties are untouched by human interference, growing as naturally as they were millennia ago. Wild roses typically appear as large climbing or shrub-like plants with single flat flowers blooming in spring, with seeds following in autumn. It might be useful to picture these flowers are the wolves to garden roses’ dogs. They share many of the same characteristics, but without the precise hybridization and cultivation from generations of human hands, they’re remarkably distinct.

Wild roses are never used as cut flowers, but may be seen growing in many gardens. The plant bodies are often sprawling growths, with the flowers themselves appearing in light sprinklings atop the greenery. Being wild, they are relatively uncouth and less manageable than their hybridized descendants. This is the major reason you won’t see wild roses at your local florist! Still beautiful, the bulbs are not as refined, full, or expressive as garden variety roses.

Knockout Roses

The Knockout rose was introduced in the year 2000 by Wisconsin rose breeder William Radler. This kind of rose is bred to be very cold-resistant and heat-resistant while still being a gorgeous plant with tons of blooms. Knockout roses are cold-resistant to Zone 5, and heat-resistant anywhere in the US.

Knockout roses come in 7 different varieties, and can vary in color from cherry red, to peachy pink, to soft yellow. The huge number of gorgeous flowers this bush will produces makes it ideal for gardening and landscaping, as it adds a very colorful touch. When planted individually, they make an amazing centerpiece for a flowerbed. When planted in groups, Knockout roses create a gorgeous hedge or background of color.

The Knockout family of roses is stunning, yet doesn’t require special care because of its hardy constitution, making it the most widely sold rose in North America. These flowers are disease resistant, so you’ll never have to worry about that. Pruning in early spring after the last frost is recommended to get the most out of Knockout roses. Watering when needed, using your regular rose food, and some winter protection is all you need to make sure your Knockout roses stay healthy and happy.

Sometimes referred to as heritage roses, old garden species are those that were popular before the 20th century. Many breeds bear a striking hardiness, able to withstand colder winters and diseases. With a plant meant to add attraction to your garden, it’s important to count resilience as a trait. Old garden roses are often more potently fragrant than modern counterparts, and will often appear with noticeably denser petal layers. While not all old garden breeds are as deeply petalled, certain species have been referred to as “cabbage” roses for their multifold layers and rounded shape.

With the often increased fragrance and petal count, the cup-shaped blooms distinguish themselves further with a ruffled, layered appearance. This allows them to become a popular stand-in for peonies in arrangements, when the peonies are out of season. The one major disadvantage of old garden roses is their diminished vase life. They simply won’t last as long, once cut, as their modern successors, thriving at most a week in comparison to the latter’s two full weeks, proper care and handling granted.

Here we have the flowers that you’re probably picturing when asked about roses. The most impressive subclass of modern roses are hybrid tea roses, which can continually bloom throughout the season. In contrast, the old garden forebears will bloom but once a year.

Generations of specific and complex breeding practices have brought us larger bloom sizes and extended vase life, often at the cost of distinctive fragrance. The flowers may be more visually stunning, but they simply don’t smell as powerfully pleasing as their ancestors. As we mentioned with wild roses, the human intervention of hybridization has brought reduced hardiness and disease resistance to the world of modern roses. The upshot, of course, is that there are few flowers in the entire world as prized and beloved for their beauty as modern roses.

While we could spend hours discussing the vast multitudes of individually interesting species of rose, we hope that this brief overview of the major factions has been enlightening. Roses have been cherished for centuries, and with a little background knowledge, it’s easy to see why. We are fascinated with their beauty, complexity, and strength, and continue to juggle these three aspects as the flower has evolved.


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