EGREMONT RUSSET APPLE TREE
PEST AND DISEASE OF EGREMONT RUSSET
Without a doubt this variety shows good disease resistance particularly to scab making it an excellent choice for the wetter areas of the UK where this disease is common. It also has good resistance to canker and mildew.
The key problem area for this variety is bitter pit which is especially a problem in younger trees. Unless your soil is very low in nutrients avoid feeding an Egremont Russet tree. Excessive nitrogen and / or potassium will make the problem worse. Water well in dry conditions because an irregular supply of water also encourages bitter pit. See the picture below for external signs of this disease.
For much more detailed information on identifying and treating Bitter Pit, consult our page dedicated to this problem which can be found here.
Another less common disease in the UK which this variety is prone to, is Fireblight. This is common in hawthorn hedgerows so be wary of cultivating Egremont Russet in areas where infected hawthorns are growing nearby.
BUYING AN EGREMONT RUSSET APPLE TREE
Egremont Russet is the most popular russet apple in the UK and for this reason is often found at garden centres. It is not normally found at supermarkets or diy stores. All the major online fruit suppliers sell this tree.
SUMMARY CHARACTERISTICS OF EGREMONT RUSSET
USE: Eating and cooking
SKIN COLOUR / TEXTURE: Russet, dull brown with some red patches, looks good.
FLESH COLOUR: White
TASTE AND TEXTURE: A crisp texture which is also dense. Very pleasant taste with a slight nutty flavour.
FRUIT SIZE: Average
SUITABILITY FOR CORDON / ESPALIER GROWTH: Yes
TREE SIZE: Average size depending on rootstock and conditions
REGULARITY OF CROPPING: Very regular
POLLINATION: Group 2, partially self-fertile but does better with a suitable pollination partner
AWARDS: RHS AGM
SPECIAL FEATURES: A top quality russet with excellent flavour and texture. Far better eaten fresh compared to whatever the supermarkets do to them to keep them longer than normal. Good disease resistance including scab.
FLOWERING AND HARVEST TIMES:
The average flowering time (optimum time for pollination) and date when fruits are ripe for harvest in the UK for the Egremont Russet apple tree are set out below. If you have set your home town we can give you a more accurate estimate, if you have not set your home town (do it now by clicking here) the dates below will be the average for the UK.
Your town has not been set, the average main flowering time for Egremont Russet in the UK is the last week of April to the first week of May. Fruit will be ready for harvesting in the third week of September. if you want to set the dates to your home town.
Flowering and fruit picking dates vary according to the weather in any particular growing season so the above dates may well change slightly from one year to the next. The flowering date above is when the apple tree produces the maximum number of blossoms, it will also produce blossom, although less, a week or two either side of the date given.
COMMON POLLINATION PARTNERS FOR EGREMONT RUSSET
Egremont Russet is in pollination group 2. It is partially self-fertile and in many years it may benefit from a pollination partner. Suitable pollination varieties include the following:
- Alkmene – pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- Allington Pippin – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
- Arthur Turner – pollination group 3, self-sterile, cooker
- Beauty of Bath – pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- Bountiful – pollination group 3, self-sterile, cooker
- Charles Ross – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
- Court of Wick – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater and cooker
- Cox’s Orange Pippin – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile (see here), eater and cooker
- Devonshire Quarrenden – pollination group 2, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Discovery – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eating and cider
- Fiesta – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater
- Granny Smith – pollination group 3, self fertile, eater and cooker
- Greensleeves – pollination group 2, self-fertile, eater, cooker, juice
- Grenadier – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Howgate Wonder – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
- Idared – pollination group 2, self-sterile, eater
- James Grieve – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker and eater
- Katy – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater
- Kidds Orange Red – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater
- Laxtons Fortune – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater
- Lord Lambourne – pollination group 2, self-fertile, eater and cooker
- Peasgoods Nonsuch – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, cooker
- Red Falstaff – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
- Red Windsor – pollination group 2, self-fertile, eater
- Reverend W Wilks – pollination group 2, self-fertile, cooker
- Rubinette – pollination group 3, self-sterile, eater
- Scrumptious – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
- Sops in Wine – pollination group 3, self-sterile, juicer
- Spartan – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater
- Sunset – pollination group 3, self-fertile, eater and cooker
- Worcester Pearmain – pollination group 3, partially self-fertile, eater
APPLE Egremont Russet
Soil preference depends on the rootstock that the variety is grafted onto. Dwarf rootstocks require fertile, well draining soils. M116 & M793 types are suitable for heavy clay soils.
Sunny sheltered sites are best.
Apples are best in a temperate environment. Some varieties with ‘low chill requirements’ can be grown in warmer northern areas.
Water well during the early stages, during long dry periods and when the fruit is developing.
PESTS & DISEASES
Some varieties require a spray program to control pests and diseases that affect the tree, leaves and fruit. The Rezista range of varieties are resistant to some diseases.
Apple trees can be espalier trained against a wall or fence. Ballerina® columnar varieties are fantastic planted in rows or in pots as garden or entry features.
Harvest time is from February to April. Trees on dwarf rootstocks will produce fruit within 2 years, others may take 3-4 years to produce significant numbers of fruit.
In most residential areas Apples will often be pollinated by bees from nearby Apple and Crabapple trees. Some varieties are self fertile.
The ultimate size of the tree depends on the rootstock the variety is grafted onto, the site, pruning and training of the tree. Dwarf trees can be kept to 1.5m, while more vigorous trees can grow to 5-6m.
General Apple tree information:
Apple trees will start to produce fruit between its second to fifth year depending on rootstock (please refer to rootstock tab).
Fruit will produce on either tips or spurs. Some varieties produces fruit on both (please refer to description above).
Fruit is ripe when the shaded side turns from green to a green/yellow colour.
The later the fruit ripens, the longer the storage life.
Apple trees perform best in temperate areas. Most varieties need plenty of winter chill, but there are low chill varieties available for warmer climates (please refer to description above).
Apple trees like planting sites that are sunny and sheltered. Soil preferences depend on rootstocks (please refer to rootstock tab).
Water apples well during early planting stages, in long dry periods and when fruit is developing.
Some apple varieties require a spray program to control pests and diseases that affect the tree, leaves and fruit.
To ensure large apples each year and prevent biennial bearing, thin apple bunches by half.
Pruning and Training:
It is best to prune apple trees in late winter so that cuts will heal faster with spring flush. To minimise disease entering the tree, paint cuts with pruning paste.
- Spur bearing: Reduce growth made the year before by a third. Cut just after a good strong bud that points in the direction you want the new branch to go.
- Tip bearing: All of the last years growth on main shoots should be pruned off to the first/second strong and healthy bud (unless new shoots are less than 12 inches long).
Prune into a modified central leader or vase shaped tree, or espalier against a wall or fence in triple horizontal cordon, candelabra or double-U shape.
Egremont Russet apple is prized as the most delicious of the English russets. A classic English Victorian variety, believed to have been raised by the Earl of Egremont from Sussex, England in 1872. The Egremont Russet apple is rich, nutty, distinctive flesh with a perfect balance of sweet and sharp. Skin is a muted gold flecked with yellow and nearly covered with russet. The Egremont Russet is a wonderful component in salads and a popular partner for cheese. The Egremont Russet apple tree is upright growing and a regular cropper. Please see below for further information on our organically grown Egremont Russet apple trees for sale.
USDA Certified Organic
Considerations for Egremont Russet Apple
Disease Resistance: Excellent
Origin Date: England 1872
Storage: 1 to 2 months
Rootstock: MM 111 (semi-dwarf)
Years to Bear: 2-4 years
Recommended Spacing: 12-16 ft.
Mature Size: 12-16 ft.
Water Requirements: 12-15 gallons per week May through Sept.
Shape when Shipped: Feathered and whips (few side branching)
Size supplied when shipped: Our trees range in height from 4-8 ft. in our field and trimmed to 4 to 5 ft. when shipped. Our young two year trees are most often feathered (side limbs). The trees diameter (caliper) is often 1/2 to 3/4 inch;
*As noted by University of California Scientists and other qualified professionals the most successful trees often have caliper from 1/2″ to 5/8″ and usually establish faster than smaller and larger planting stock.
Basic idea for Pruning: Most fruit trees should be pruned in frost-free periods mid to late winter. (apricots best after bud break) Remove most vertical branches and shorten side branches. Fruiting wood is best on horizontal to 45 degree limbs. Learn more…
Shipping Note: Our fruit trees and berries are delivered to you bareroot during their winter dormancy from January through May depending on USDA zone. Trees are shipped with your invoice and helpful planting directions. There is no minimum quantity required but shipping rate for an individual tree is expensive since UPS/Fed Ex charge a dimensional weight and an additional handling fee to ship a tree. You’ll find it’s cost effective to consider a handful of trees,vines or our helpful Tree Starter Kits.