Now that the weather has warmed up and nature is coming alive again, it is not uncommon to see plants growing in your lawn that you have not seen before. I am not talking about dandelions or chickweed, but plants that sort of resemble onions or chives growing in bunches in your lawn or landscape beds. What you may be seeing are early spring bulbs that are blooming at this time of year.

One of the more common “escaped” bulbs is called Star of Bethlehem. It is often confused with wild onion and wild garlic, but does not have the pungent odor common to those plants.

Star of Bethlehem is native to Europe. They have escaped from flower beds and can be found all across the US except in the extreme north and southern regions.

They are an attractive six-petal flower that is waxy, with a familiar green strip on the underside. The flowers are generally white, although some can take on a sort of bluish cast. The leaves are thick and range in color from pale to dark green with a whitish grooved midrib running its length. All parts of the Star of Bethlehem plant are poisonous.

Star of Bethlehem grows as tufts or clumps in landscape areas or in lawns. It may be okay as a clump growth in a landscape bed, but growing like that in a lawn can be a distraction to some homeowners. Since it germinates so early in the year, it will often escape attempts to remove it when cultivating a landscape bed.

Controlling these plants on a home lawn can require multiple applications of a broadleaf weed control, starting in the early spring. Controlling them in a landscape bed can be challenging as most broadleaf weed control products are not labelled for use in those areas. Glyphosate, the active ingredient in Round-Up®, shows limited control on Star of Bethlehem.

The best you can do is to dig up all the bulbs, but I have tried that and it is difficult. As little as one bulb left behind will produce a bunch more in one year.

You can still purchase these plants as bulbs, but care should be taken not to throw the soil from finished plants out into your garden. That soil will contain the same bulbs you are trying to remove. The same goes for placing the bulbs in a compost pile. Unless your compost gets really warm, the bulbs will survive and spread across your lawn or landscape as you utilize the compost in your gardens.

In my opinion, don’t worry about these signals of spring. The flowers are short-lived and can easily be removed by mowing over them. As it is said, one person’s flower is another person’s weed. My suggestion is to enjoy the early color and don’t let them bother you. They will be gone before you know it.

If you have questions about problem areas in your lawn this spring be sure to contact your local neighborhood lawn care team at Spring-Green.

How to Care for a Star of Jerusalem Plant

The star of Jerusalem plant goes by many names, such as salsify, goat’s beard and go-to-bed-early. The scientific genus is Tragopogon, with over 10 species available worldwide. The flowers may be yellow, purple or white and form on long stalks among the grass-like foliage. The star of Jerusalem is a biennial plant and reseeds its self. Hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture planting zones 4 through 8, some areas classify the plant as an invasive weed. The tap root is edible, and the entire plant has been used medicinally.

Prepare the soil of the garden by working the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches. Add compost to the soil while tilling to add nutrients and provide aeration. Remove any large rocks from the growing area.

Plant a star of Jerusalem in a sunny location. A member of the sunflower family, star of Jerusalem prefers full sun. The plant does not grow well in the shade.

Water the star of Jerusalem once a week. This plant prefers moist soil. Dry soil results in stringy roots.

Fertilize the star of Jerusalem only if the soil is overworked or deficient in nutrients. Apply an all-purpose fertilizer during the middle of the growing season and water in well. Too much fertilizer causes the roots to split.

Thin the star of Jerusalem as it grows to prevent over-crowding. If you are growing the plant for the blooms, scatter collected seeds around the mother plant so they come up the following year.

23 gorgeous flowers at the Jerusalem Botanical Gardens

With 30 acres of natural scenery and around 10,000 species of plants from all around the world, the Jerusalem Botanical Gardens feature gorgeous flowers throughout the year. Sections dedicated to the flora of Europe, North America, Southern Africa, Asia, Australia and the Mediterranean highlight the best of the blooms from these regions’ diverse climates. Here’s a roundup of the botanical gardens’ most beautiful blossoms by season.


Bell-flower cherry blossoms. (Photo: Kai Yan, Joseph Wong/Flickr)

The bell-flower cherry tree paints the gardens pink in the springtime. Cherry trees can be found in the European and Asian sections.

Hyacinth Squill. (Photo: Janie Easterman/Flickr)

The hyacinth squill is a spring-blooming wildflower in the Mediterranean section of the garden.

Pomegranate blossoms. (Photo: J. Michael Raby/Flickr)

Pomegranate trees can be found throughout Israel and are featured in the garden, adding a splash of pink in the springtime.

Syrian pear tree. (Photo: Gideon Pisanty/Wikimedia Commons)

The Syrian pear tree is another gorgeous spring bloom in the Asian section of the gardens.

Water lily. (Photo: Avital Pinnick/Flickr)

Water lilies fill the ponds in April.

Grevillea Johnsonii. (Photo: Manuel M.V./Flickr)

Another spring flower, curly Grevillea Johnsonii is bright and unique.

Snowdrop. (Photo: David Rafael Moulis/)

The delicate snowdrop flower blooms in the spring months.


Amazonian victoria. (Photo: Oleg Znamenskiy/)

The Amazonian victoria is one of the largest water flowers, blooming in the summer at the Cohen Family Lake in the gardens.

Common myrtle. (Photo: Sarah Gregg/Flickr)

The common myrtle’s appearance is anything but common. This Mediterranean plant’s pretty flowers blossom during the summer months.

Sturt’s desert rose. (Photo: Stephen Michael Barnett/Flickr)

Sturt’s desert rose is another summer bloom, which can be found in the Australian section of the gardens.

Caper blooms. (Photo: Esterio/)

Who knew capers had such beautiful blooms? This summer bloomer can be found in the gardens’ Asian section.

Hollyhock. (Photo: mangpor2004/)

Hollyhock takes over the Asian section in summer months.

Eucalyptus. (Photo: Lauchlin Wilkinson/Flickr)

The Australian section boasts beautiful eucalyptus blooms during the summer as well.

Southern magnolia. (Photo: AlessandroZocc/)

Southern magnolias, featured in the North American section, bloom throughout the summer.

Russian sage. (Photo: Sasha Vasko/Flickr)

In the latter half of the summer, Russian sage turns the Asian section purple.

Sea squill. (Photo: jankie/Flickr)

In the Mediterranean region, the sight of a freshly bloomed sea squill means that fall is coming.


Amaryllis. (Photo: sakhorn/)

Once fall has arrived, the Southern Africa section comes alive with amaryllis displays.

Algerian iris. (Photo: Lotus Johnson/Flickr)

Algerian iris, also known as the winter iris, blooms from fall until spring in the Mediterranean section of the gardens.

Colchicum-flowered sternbergia. (Photo: georgeoide/Flickr)

Colchicum-flowered sternbergia flowers from November through mid-December.


Aloe ferox. (Photo: Rod Waddington/Flickr)

Aloe ferox, also known as bitter aloe, brings a vibrant heat to the winter months in the South African section.

Narcissus. (Photo: Mary Lane/)

Narcissus flowers bloom from autumn until spring.

Ranunculus. (Photo: abelard1005/Flickr)

February brings the blossoms of the colorful ranunculus flowers.

Bee orchid. (Photo: Peter Zschunke/Flickr)

The garden also features several species of orchids. Some of them, like the large bee orchid and the rare neotinea maculata, are native to Israel.


Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination


  • Antibiotics (Macrolide antibiotics) interacts with STAR OF BETHLEHEM

    Star of Bethlehem can affect the heart. Some antibiotics might increase how much star of Bethlehem the body absorbs. Taking star of Bethlehem along with some antibiotics might increase the effects and side effects caused by star of Bethlehem.<br><nb>Some of these antibiotics, called macrolide antibiotics, include erythromycin, azithromycin, and clarithromycin.

  • Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics) interacts with STAR OF BETHLEHEM

    Star of Bethlehem can affect the heart. Some antibiotics might increase how much star of Bethlehem the body absorbs. Taking star of Bethlehem along with some antibiotics might increase the effects and side effects caused by star of Bethlehem.<br><nb>Some of these antibiotics include demeclocycline (Declomycin), minocycline (Minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin).

  • Digoxin (Lanoxin) interacts with STAR OF BETHLEHEM

    Digoxin (Lanoxin) helps the heart beat more strongly. Star of Bethlehem also seems to affect the heart. Taking star of Bethlehem along with digoxin can increase the effects and the risk of side effects of digoxin and star of Bethlehem. Do not take star of Bethlehem if you are taking digoxin (Lanoxin) without talking to your healthcare professional.

  • Quinine interacts with STAR OF BETHLEHEM

    Star of Bethlehem can affect the heart. Quinine can also affect the heart. Taking quinine along with star of Bethlehem might cause serious heart problems.

  • Stimulant laxatives interacts with STAR OF BETHLEHEM

    Star of Bethlehem can affect the heart. The heart uses potassium. Laxatives called stimulant laxatives can decrease potassium levels in the body. Low potassium levels can increase the chance of side effects from star of Bethlehem.<br><nb>Some stimulant laxatives include bisacodyl (Correctol, Dulcolax), cascara, castor oil (Purge), senna (Senokot), and others.

  • Water pills (Diuretic drugs) interacts with STAR OF BETHLEHEM

    Star of Bethlehem can affect the heart. “Water pills” can decrease potassium in the body. Low potassium levels can also affect the heart and increase the risk of side effects from star of Bethlehem.<br><nb>Some “water pills” that can deplete potassium include chlorothiazide (Diuril), chlorthalidone (Thalitone), furosemide (Lasix), hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ, HydroDiuril, Microzide), and others.

Bach Flower RemediesStar Of Bethlehem

Ornitholagum umbellatum

The Star of Bethlehem (botanical name Ornitholagum umbellatum) is actually a perennial bulb and belongs to the lily family. While the plant is in bloom, it has a stem measuring about 10 cm to 15 cm in height along with leaves. The deep green leaves of the Star of Bethlehem have a white central vein and are narrow as well as piercing. They emerge from the perennial bulb. The flowers of this plant are clutched in an umbel – a head of about six to ten flowers growing on separate stems and each flower having six petals and measuring about 30 mm across. The flowers are vividly white having a deep green stripe on the backside – this is owing to the twin role of the flowers as sepals fashioning a green hued bud prior to blossoming. Inside the six petals there is a central coronet comprising six stamens, which are really distinct and elevated on white hued stalks encircling an inner dome.

The flowers of the Star of Bethlehem are flaunted in such a manner that it gets maximum light and they open up completely when there is bright sunlight. It is very easy to recognize the Star of Bethlehem, but a number of its close relatives, such as ramsons and wild garlic, may deceive. For example, while wild garlic and ramsons generally have wide leaves and their flower head comprises simple white stars, those of the other related species have a noticeably dissimilar formation.

Flowering Period

The Star of Bethlehem is in bloom during the period between April and June.


Star of Bethlehem is a Bach Flower Remedy and is prepared employing the boiling process. In order to prepare this natural remedy, you need to find a location where the plant grows profusely and collect the complete flower heads. It is important to note that the flowers ought to be completely open and hence, it is advisable to pick them on a bright and clear morning.


The Star of Bethlehem is a Bach Flower Remedy, categorized in the Rescue Remedy, and is effective in curing sorrow and shock.

The architect of Bach Flower Remedy, Dr. Edward Bach had depicted Star of Bethlehem akin to a comforter of aches and grief. Individuals who require this medication most are those who are enduring the consequences of any appalling incident or accident as well as people who have received such upsetting news. In effect, the Star of Bethlehem is useful in any condition wherein an individual has experienced any type of ordeal or shock, whether recently or previously. When this Bach Flower Remedy is administered right away when an individual experiences any shock or distress, it facilitates in removing the deadening impact and also helps in recuperation from the state. It is important to note that Star of Bethlehem is never a substitute for any medical therapy, but it definitely facilitates the curative as well as recovery processes. In effect, this essence may prove to be extremely helpful for people who hold on to trauma or shock at any level from situations or events that have occurred in the past. Circumstances such as accident, demise, divorce, losing one’s job, any kind of distressing news and so on, are every situation where the sufferers would benefit by using Star of Bethlehem.

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Individuals who are said to be suffering the Star of Bethlehem mental state experience that their mind is shut down and has recoiled into a condition of sorrow and shock. Often, bad or distressing news received by an individual may be so harsh that it cannot be completely accepted by the conscious mind. In effect, the mind of such individuals may find it extremely difficult to contend with the inexorableness of the situations that are responsible for the grief or agony.

When we receive any shocking or distressing news, our mind employs various means to protect us against the assimilation of this type of news. To begin with, generally we are faced with hullabaloo and dissent such calamity. Afterwards, there may be rejection as well as a restless anticipation that the news might not be factual. In addition, there may be an inner numbing or festering that stops the experience of sorrow from coming completely to the surface. Such deferment of distresses may possibly continue for a maximum of two years and during this period, the sufferer generally becomes aware of symptoms of emotional/ mental numbness, something like the parts of the individual had gone into a slumber or they had shut down owing to the shock.

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There may also be other types of responses to sorrow and shock and this is the float over or taking those things that cannot be amended in a lighter vein. There may be instances when the individual may in fact demonstrate cheerfulness with a view to lift the spirits of others who are also in their anguish. In effect, there is great anguish internally, but the individual makes a deliberate effort to conceal it from other people. In such cases, there may also be some numbing of the senses in the initial stages.

Our system also has another means to tackle shock and sorrow and that is expressing unwarranted fury and drawn out outrage that facilitates the suffering individual in prevailing over vulnerability as well as re-emphasizing personal power that had failed to avoid the depressing incidents. Conversely, in case the suffering individual succumbs to vulnerability and submission, he or she is likely to withdraw into quietness as well as depression and conceal their inner sentiments from other people. This actually helps the sufferer not to be felt or worked by means of other people’s assistance.

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In the event of the death of a loved one or mulling over fond memories, there are two other mechanisms by which the mind may be elevated to a probable reintegration sooner or later. In addition, these are also means to reduce the intensity of sorrow as well as assist the mind to understand the unavoidability of incidents. It has generally been seen that these mental conditions occur when the preliminary shock settles down.

Another way to avoid enduring the absolute experience of sorrow and shock is to feel bitter about one fate as well as rebuffing the shocking experience. Even condemning the entire inevitable incident by not allowing it to integrate completely into his/ her heart also helps to avoid creating any pain. In addition, generally in such circumstances one may also take recourse to inflated thoughts of pessimism as well as insignificance and mark down the worth of life as also the treasures of life.

The Bach Flower Remedy Star of Bethlehem is effective in healing when emotional troubles owing to the shocking influence prevails in the phase after the shocking stress disorder. In addition, this natural remedy has been indicated for treating adjustment disorder that manifests a gentler response to a much less sensitive trauma.

When one permits his/ her emotions to surface completely, they experience absolute grief accompanied by a heart-wrenching shock, intense pain as well as desolation. In effect, emotions like hopelessness and despondency sink on the heart in the form of a weighty blanket. In such a phase of disturbance, denoting complete enduring of the emotions, other reactions, for instance, fright, disgrace as well as aggravation and culpability are also likely to emerge.

When the preliminary hullabaloo, which can often occur together with rejection, is over, the intrusive phase readies the Star of Bethlehem personality to integrate as well as express the appalling experience and advance to the phase of admitting the restrictions and all the prospects. From this stage, as healing takes place and emotions steady by means of rationale as well as intelligibility, it once again becomes possible to move ahead and proceed with one’s life.

It may be noted that the Bach Flower Remedy, Star of Bethlehem, is not only meant for curing shocks or grief which have occurred to people recently. Several people also find this medication beneficial for animals that have endured shocks and ordeals or have faced mistreatment at some point in their life. It is for this particular cause, several animal shelters as well as animal rescue homes use Star of Bethlehem (the Rescue Remedy) every day.

Star of Bethlehem may be given to any animal who might have endured shock or anguish. In effect, Star of Bethlehem is one important component of Rescue Remedy – a medication that is more easily available in times of emergency and, hence, can also be administered instead of Star of Bethlehem. Nevertheless, using the Star of Bethlehem individually is likely to be more effective in curing rolling sufferings, something that engulfs sorrow.

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