- Indoor Culture
- Popular Varieties
- Types Of Thyme Plants: Varieties Of Thyme For The Garden
- How to Care for Different Types of Thyme
- Uses for Different Types of Thyme
- Types of Thyme Plants
- Tips For Growing Thyme In Your Garden
- Growing Thyme Seeds
- Planting Thyme from Divisions
- Tips for Growing Thyme
- Harvesting Thyme Herb
- Sowing and planting thyme
- Pruning and caring for thyme
- Diseases and parasites that attack thyme
- Species and varieties of thyme
- Keeping thyme
- Learn more about thyme
- Smart tip about thyme
- About Utah: Thyme & Seasons Chef Hai brought the Mekong Delta to Bountiful
- How To Grow Thyme
- Growing the Herb Thyme
- Growing Cultures
- Plant Height
- Plant Spacing
- Preferred pH Range
- Seed Germination Period
- Number of Seeds per Gram
- Soil Requirements
- Alternative Growing Media
- Time From Seed to Saleable Plant
- Sun & Lighting Requirements
- USDA Hardiness
- Water Requirements
- Potential Plant Pests and Diseases
- Companion Planting
- Special Notes
- Buy Thyme Seeds by Botanical Interests
- Related posts:
Thyme is a low growing (6-12 inches tall) to almost prostrate, wiry stemmed perennial. Stems are stiff and woody and leaves are small, oval and gray-green in color. Flowers can be white to lilac and are in small clusters. Thyme is highly aromatic with a hint of clove and mint fragrance. There are numerous culinary and ornamental varieties of thyme.
Thyme prefers a full sun location in soil that is well amended with organic matter and well drained. Poorly drained soil especially over the winter will shorten its useful life. While thyme can be grown from seed, it is much easier to grow it from divisions or cuttings. As thyme gets older, it can become woody and should be renewed every few years by cutting it back severely in the spring. This will encourage the production of young, tender stems. Thyme also makes an attractive border or edging plant in the perennial garden.
Stems of thyme can be cut through the season but is best cut just before the plant starts to flower. Hang the cut stems in small bunches in a dark, warm, well-ventilated area to dry. Once dry, the leaves can be stripped from the stems and stored in sealed containers.
Thyme can be used either fresh or dry. It is widely used in soups, stews, casseroles, stuffing and poultry dishes. Its flavor and fragrance is not adversely affected by long, slow cooking.
Plants can be potted in the fall and grown all winter in a bright, sunny location. Use a well prepared soil mix in a pot with ample drainage. Water as needed but keep the soil on the dry side.
- French and English Thyme – Most popular of the culinary types.
- Citrus Thymes – A diverse group of thyme that consists of plants with lemon, lime and orange fragrances.
- Wooly Thyme – Low carpet of grey, wooly leaves and pale pink flowers. Extremely attractive as an ornamental in a rock garden setting.
- Herb Directory
- Preserving Herbs
Types Of Thyme Plants: Varieties Of Thyme For The Garden
Any time is a good time to grow thyme. It’s true. There are over 300 thyme varieties in the mint family of Lamiaceae, of which thyme is a member. All have been prized for centuries for their fragrance, flavor and ornamental habitat. With this dizzying array of thyme varieties, there is a possible specimen for nearly every climate and landscape. Keep reading about the types of thyme plants you can grow.
How to Care for Different Types of Thyme
Most thyme varieties are hardy in USDA zones 5-9 but tend to dislike hot, humid summers or overly wet conditions. Also, most varieties of thyme prefer full sun and well drained soil. With a little research and even with adverse conditions, however, there are sure to be various types of thyme plants that are suitable for growth in those areas.
Avoid fertilizing thyme varieties as they tend to become leggy and weak. Types of thyme plants cultivated for culinary use should be replaced every three years or so to prevent woody stems and promote the desirable tender leaf production. Most varieties of thyme are susceptible to overwatering, and many varieties of thyme tolerate or even thrive amid moderate to severe pruning.
All varieties of thyme are easy to propagate via cuttings, division and seed and with their low growing habit (less than 15 inches tall), this semi-evergreen is appropriate for ground cover or for growing in
an herb garden, window box or pots. Many thyme varieties have a lovely spreading habit and will also look wonderful peeking between pavers or stones in a patio or walkway or in a rocky wall while being tolerant of foot traffic. Others have a more upright growth pattern and do well as stand-alone specimens in the garden or in pots, either alone or mixed with other plants or herbs.
Uses for Different Types of Thyme
Highly aromatic with tiny leaves and tubular-shaped flowers forming in dense groups, all different types of thyme are attractive to bees and the honey made from bees who dine on thyme blooms rivals that of the finest lavender honey.
Of course, thyme varieties are sought for cooking and used classically in “boquet garni” in stews, soups, meat, fish, compound butter, eggs, dressings, and vegetable dishes. Thyme pairs exquisitely with lemon, garlic, and basil and can be used either fresh or dried in any of the above or put sprigs in oil or vinegar to infuse the flavor. The essential oil of many varieties of thyme plants are used in colognes, soaps, lotions and even candles. Dried thyme is lovely in sachets.
Thyme leaves may be harvested either before or after blooming and is one of the few herbs where using dried or fresh seems to matter little in the flavoring of foods. However, it is slow to release its oils, so add it earlier in the cooking process.
Types of Thyme Plants
While there are a plethora of thyme varieties, here is a list of some of the most common:
- Common thyme (T. vulgaris) – prostrate form, yellow and variegated foliage available, used in cooking.
- Lemon thyme (T. x. citriodorus) – upright form, golden and variegated silver foliage available, strong lemon scent.
- Woolly thyme (T. pseudolanuginosus) – prostrate form, pubescent stems and leaves appear gray in color, good for rock gardens.
- Creeping thyme (T. praecox) – sometimes called mother-of-thyme, is mat-forming, grows only two to three inches tall, mauve, white, and crimson flowering cultivars available.
- Wild thyme (T. serpyllum) – prostrate and upright forms, cultivars provide flower colors ranging from red to purple, foliage can be green, gold, or variegated.
- Elfin thyme (T. serpyllum ‘Elfin’) – creeping variety no more than 1-2 inches high with fragrant leaves and tiny purple or pink flowers, good for rock gardens and in between pavers or bricks.
And the list goes on: Red Compact, Lime thyme, Lemon Frost thyme, Pennsylvania Dutch Tea thyme (yes, good for tea), Orange Balsam thyme, Caraway thyme (redolent of caraway), Pink Chintz or Reiter Creeping thyme.
Go to your local nursery and inquire what thyme varieties are recommended in your area, then play around with their texture and growth habit to create interesting niches in your home garden.
Thymus vulgaris, common thyme is a shrub-like perennial.
Easy to grow from seed though germination is slow taking from 14 to 28 days. Seeding best started indoors in a flat where temperature can be kept around 70°. Thyme seeds are very small, 170,000 to the ounce. One ounce needed to plant one acre.
Sow thyme seed in sterilized growing medium either in shallow rows or scatter on top with little or no covering. After they take root, have been transplanted to 2- 1/4″ peat pots and reach a height of 2-3 inches, they may be moved outside to cooler weather. For small gardens, space plants about 9 inches apart, for field production space plants 12-18 inches apart in rows 3 feet apart.
Thyme prefers a sandy, dry soil. Avoid planting in heavy, wet soils. Nutrient requirements for Thyme are not heavy, so soil should only receive a moderate amount of fertilizer. Diluted fish emulsion may be used in the early summertime.
Important to control weeds as they compete for nutrients with the slow-developing young thyme plants. Once established the plants would benefit from mulch to help discourage weeds. This also keeps the lower branches clean, whereas open cultivation exposes the lower branches to rain’s action on bare soil.
Harvest thyme just before the flowers begin to open, by cutting the plant one and a half to 2 inches from the ground. A second growth will develop but this should not be cut at all. This would reduce the plant’s winter hardiness. Although a hardy perennial, thyme plants need care over the winter months to survive the cold.
After harvesting, lay the cut plants on sheets of newspaper or fine screen and allow them to dry in the warm shade. When dry, the leaves will separate from the woody stems easily if rubbed lightly.
Every spring cut thyme plants back to half its previous height to retain the tender stems and bushy habit. After 3-4 years plants will become woody and you will want to start over again from seed.
See all our thyme
Tips For Growing Thyme In Your Garden
The thyme herb (Thymus vulgaris) is frequently used for both culinary and decorative uses. The thyme plant is a versatile and lovely plant to grow both in an herb garden and in your garden in general. Growing thyme isn’t hard, and with the correct knowledge, this herb will flourish in your yard.
Growing Thyme Seeds
The thyme plant can be grown from seed, but frequently people choose to avoid growing thyme seeds. Thyme seeds are difficult to germinate and can take a long time to sprout. If you would like to grow thyme from seeds, follow these steps for growing thyme seeds:
- Gently scatter seeds over the soil in the container you will be planting thyme seeds.
- Next, gently scatter soil over the seeds.
- Water thoroughly. Cover with plastic wrap.
- Place the container in a warm location.
- Seeds will germinate in one to 12 weeks.
- Once thyme seedlings are 4 inches high, plant them where you will be growing thyme in your garden.
Planting Thyme from Divisions
Normally, a thyme plant is grown from a division. Thyme is easy to divide. In the spring or fall, find a mature thyme plant. Use a spade to gently lift the clump of thyme up from the ground. Tear or cut a smaller clump of thyme from the main plant, making sure there is a root ball intact on the division. Replant the mother plant and plant the division where you would like to grow the thyme herb.
Tips for Growing Thyme
The flavor of the thyme plant benefits from active neglect. Growing thyme in poor soil with little water will actually cause the thyme to grow better. For this reason, thyme herb is an excellent choice for xeriscaping or low water landscapes.
In the late fall, if you live in an area that freezes, you’ll want to mulch the thyme plant. Be sure to remove the mulch in the spring.
Harvesting Thyme Herb
Harvesting thyme is easy. Simply snip off what you need for your recipe. Once a thyme plant is established (about a year), it’s very hard to over-harvest the plant. If you have just planted your thyme, cut back no more than one-third of the plant.
Quick Guide to Growing Thyme
- Plant thyme in spring once chances of frost have passed.
- Space thyme plants 12 to 24 inches apart in a very sunny area with fertile, well-drained soil with a pH close to 7.0.
- Before planting in-ground, improve your existing soil by mixing in several inches of aged compost or other rich organic matter.
- For best results, feed regularly with a water-soluble plant food.
- Keep soil moist and water when the top inch of soil becomes dry.
- Once thyme is established, harvest as needed but avoid pruning more than one-third of the plant at a time.
Soil, Planting, and Care
Thyme does best in full sun. Start from young plants set out in spring after the last frost. Be sure to choose strong young thyme plants from Bonnie Plants®, the company that has been helping home gardeners succeed for over 100 years. Plant in soil with excellent drainage and a pH of about 7.0. Mulching with limestone gravel or builder’s sand improves drainage and helps prevents root rot. Or, improve soil texture and nutrition by adding a few inches of Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics™ All Purpose In-Ground Soil in with the top layer of existing soil. When growing thyme in containers, fill pots with Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics™ All Purpose Container Mix. Both are enriched with aged compost and provide an excellent environment for strong root growth.
For best growth, you’ll also want to fertilize regularly with a premium organic plant food like Miracle-Gro® Performance Organics™ All Purpose Plant Nutrition, which feeds both plants and the beneficial microbes in the soil. (Check label directions.)
You can also grow thyme indoors, either in a pot (if you have a sunny window away from drafts) or in a hydroponic system like the Miracle-Gro® Twelve™ Indoor Growing System. Instead of growing in soil, plants grow directly in water that circulates around the roots, delivering moisture, nutrition, and air. You don’t have to worry about your thyme plants getting enough sunlight, either, thanks to the unit’s grow light.
Outdoors, German thyme is perennial in zones 5 to 9, lemon thyme in zones 7 to 9. Easy to grow, thyme needs little care except for a regular light pruning after the first year. Do this after the last spring frost, so that the plants do not get woody and brittle. Pinching the tips of the stems keeps plants bushy, but stop clipping about a month before the first frost of fall to make sure that new growth is not too tender going into the cool weather. Cut thyme back by one third in spring, always cutting above points where you can see new growth, never below into the leafless woody stem. Lemon thyme is more upright and more vigorous than the other thymes. In the North and cold climates, cover with pine boughs after the soil freezes to help protect from winter damage. In zone 10, thyme is usually an annual, often succumbing to heat and humidity in mid-summer.
Thyme is both a cute little perennial and a fabulous herb.
Top Thyme facts
Name – Thymus
Family – Lamiaceae
Type – condiment
Height – 8 to 16 inches (20 to 40 cm)
Exposure – full sun
Soil – light, well-drained
Foliage – evergreen
Flowering – spring
Harvest – January to December
Pruning and caring for it help ensure that your thyme grows well.
- Health: health benefits and therapeutic properties of thyme.
- Read also: articles and recipes involving thyme.
Sowing and planting thyme
It is possible to sow thyme from seeds, and to plant it from young plants purchased in nursery pots. Since it is resilient to drought and resists heat, it is very easy to grow.
Sowing thyme correctly
To prepare seedlings, you must sow in a nursery in spring.
- Sow thyme with special seedling soil mix.
- Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil mix.
- Sprinkle water over lightly to keep the substrate a bit moist.
- Sprouting usually happens 2 to 3 weeks after sowing.
- You can transplant the seedlings in the ground 5 to 6 weeks after sprouting.
How to plant thyme
Once the young plants are well developed, or if you’ve purchased young plants directly in nursery pots, transplant them ideally in spring, preferably in light and well-draining soil.
- Thyme needs sun to develop well.
- It can tolerate any type of soil, even rocky and poor soil.
- Regular watering is recommended during the first year after planting, but not too much and only if it doesn’t rain.
Thyme can be propagated through crown division at the beginning of spring. This technique helps boost thyme production, and it also serves to regenerate old bunches.
Pruning and caring for thyme
Thyme is a plant that is easy to grow and care for.
You can cut stems off your thyme whenever you need some all year round.
It is best to cut stems from recent growth to stimulate appearance of new shoots.
It is best to select the younger stems and collect them in the morning before dawn, which is when flavors are most concentrated.
- Remove dead branches at the beginning of spring.
Help your slow-growing thyme by weeding around it to stifle out competition.
To maintain its dense, compact shape, wait for the end of the blooming season to prune it delicately.
However, if you are growing thyme in order to harvest it, it is best to prune it before flowering.
Diseases and parasites that attack thyme
Very resistant to virtually all diseases, thyme’s main enemy is a type of fungus that makes it rot.
- Thyme starts to whither and dies off, starting with the roots.
Thyme is generally an excellent companion plant in the vegetable patch, where it tends to fend off fungus and insects.
Species and varieties of thyme
There are over 350 species of thyme! Thymus x citriodorus is much appreciated for its lemon-like smell.
Certain varieties are favored for their gold, mottled or silver colored leaves.
Thyme can be harvested all year long, but its flavors are most concentrated when it is blooming.
Its flowers are always a welcome decoration in summer dishes and salads.
- Avoid cutting the stem at its base.
- It is best to harvest thyme from soft wood that is still green.
There are two ways to keep it, either leaves are dried, or they are frozen in a freezer.
In the first case, place collected stems in a dry and ventilated place until they are completely dry. After that, they can be ground and kept in a jar for several months.
Freezing has the advantage of preserving their flavor, and thyme can keep this way for several months.
Learn more about thyme
Native to the Mediterranean area, thyme is very fragrant and is particularly well suited to seasoning grilled meat and fish.
It is often used in infusions for its digestion-supporting properties, and also in cooking to flavor sauces and soups.
It is a rather hardy plant that resists temperatures below freezing and diseases very well.
Thyme, with scientific name Thymus officinalis, has certain beneficial medicinal properties, for example it eases digestion and relaxes the body.
Smart tip about thyme
No need to water, thyme will be perfectly happy with poor and dry soil. It naturally grows in desolate arid places.
- Read also: articles and recipes involving thyme.
- Discover wild thyme, a variety that blooms abundantly.
Tasty, good-looking, versatile and tough as boots, thyme has got to be one of the easiest culinary herbs around. Prized for its antiseptic qualities (try thyme tea for a chest cold, you’ll be amazed!), thyme is an excellent plant for vegie patch borders, dry spots and pots.
Planting Time: All year
Position: Full sun
Water Needs: Low
How Long: Thyme is ready when you are.
Whichever of the 350 thyme species you choose to plant (loads of which are available at your local nursery); all will thrive in a sunny, hot, dry spot. Thyme is a low growing (no more than 25cm) herb that spreads, so allow 20cm between each plant.
Thyme needs well-drained soil, a raised bed with a little bit of compost through it is perfect. Thyme responds well to mulch through the warmer months, but many gardeners, especially those in temperate and cool areas, remove this mulch over the colder months to allow the soil to warm.
A more low maintenance plant you couldn’t wish for! Thyme will respond well to a drink of worm wee or compost tea during spring and after flowering, but that’s it.
As for watering, with thyme it is almost unnecessary. In fact, thyme has more issues with over watering than under watering. Keep well away from thirsty plants and during warmer weather, a drink once a week should be more than sufficient.
Thyme, like many culinary herbs, can be picked as required. A perennial, thyme in the right spot should kick on for years and years. Cut back after flowering to promote vigorous, bushy growth and experiment with varieties for unusual flavours and flower colours.
Oh, and here’s a hot tip: the leaves of the common thyme Thymus vulgaris (or lemon thyme Thymus citriodora) can be steeped in boiling water for 15 minutes, strained and mixed with lemon juice and honey to make a fantastic medicinal tea, especially for sore throats. Should be avoided by pregnant women.
Thyme pic © Elaine Shallue (SGA)
Thyme & Seasons Catering
The following information is intended to help you with planning your Wedding Catering Menu for your wedding reception at Riverdale Manor. Thyme & Seasons Catering is proud to offer these popular menu items that have pleased many couples, their families and friends.
Every wedding by Thyme & Seasons Catering is unique. Feel free to start with these suggestions and then create a menu that reflects your style and tastes. We can guide you in making appropriate menu selections depending upon the time of day and the time of year.
Three different styles of service are presented in this packet. Within this packet you will find selections that are combined to create a complete menu for your event. The style of service for your event is the starting point for your menu selections. Seated served meal, stations or buffet are the most popular formats for weddings. A seated served meal is a classic presentation well suited to formal affairs and accommodates guests of any ability. The meals are pre-selected by your guests in response to your invitation. This style of service requires the least amount of floor space if you are maximizing your guest list. A Buffet Meal can increase the variety of choices of foods that are offered but requires a considerable amount of space in the room. Buffets require three entrees and two or more side dishes. Station Style meal service offers the broadest variety of food and is the most social presentation. Station events require at least three stations each having at least one entrée and one side dish. Station style events can also limit floor space. Combinations of these styles such as a served salad followed by a buffet or a seated served meal with a dessert buffet are often used to help you make your reception unique. Cost differences between Seated Served and Stations are usually small while Buffets generally require more food and service staff.
Pricing in this packet is based on current information and of course is subject to change.
Bride & Groom Suites Menu
Before the festivities begin take the time to get a bite to eat. These snacks, salads and sandwiches will be ready when you arrive. Its also nice to offer a variety of soft drinks, bottled water, juices, etc. to keep your family and friends hydrated during the photo shoot!
Just a little reminder that all food served at Riverdale Manor must be provided by Thyme & Seasons Catering.
Desserts – Wedding Cakes – Favors
Thyme & Seasons Catering is excited to offer a broad new array of desserts. A dessert buffet will please everyone! We are now offering two tiered wedding cakes in variety of styles and flavors. These smaller cakes can be a perfect addition to a dessert buffet or you have the option of purchasing sheet or kitchen cakes!
If you are looking for a larger or perhaps more ornate cake please contact our recommended Wedding Cake Bakers on our vendor page. They are terrific!
Sweets and Treats Menu
Our baker is also pleased to create favors for you. A whoopee pie is a local favorite, bride and groom gingerbread is a lot of fun for a holiday wedding. Selections from our Viennese table, (macaron, éclairs, etc) can be packaged individually and we are glad to add your personal touch – a sticker, a ribbon or whatever fun idea you supply.
About Utah: Thyme & Seasons Chef Hai brought the Mekong Delta to Bountiful
That’s the long-story-short version.
The rest 55-year-old Chef Hai can, and probably will, tell you over dinner.
• • •
Where he was born they had two seasons: rain and shine, six months of each. Everything they ate they grew, raised, trapped or caught. They were both poor and rich: two sets of clothes, two straw hats and no shoes; but surrounded by abundant herbs, spices, vegetables, fruits and more fresh fish and game than you could possibly count. Preservatives? You preserved food by eating it.
“We couldn’t wait to eat Coca-Cola and processed foods,” remembers Hai, who got his chance when Peter Fitzgerald, the G.I. who adopted him and his two brothers, first moved the family to an Army base closer to Saigon (now Ho Chi Minh City) and then, the end of the Vietnam War looking imminent and not at all favorable in the south, out of the country altogether in 1975.
Hai was 13 when he arrived in America, a veritable sponge of curiosity. In those pre-internet days he got hold of a set of Encyclopedia Britannicas and read them from A to Z. He wanted to learn everything.
He graduated high school in Pennsylvania and then immersed himself in computer science classes at Ross Perot’s Electronic Data Systems. This was 1981, two years before IBM would introduce the personal computer. How do you spell perfect timing in code?
His adopted father had told him, “You no longer have to be a rice farmer; you can be anything you want to be.”
Hai took him at his word. For two decades, he hustled his trade, seeking and finding success American style. He lived well, in hotels more than actual homes — until he met Susan Goodliffe, who at the time was serving a Vietnamese-speaking LDS mission in Washington, D.C. They spoke the same languages. They married and settled in Utah, close to Susan’s family in Idaho, and Hai went to work helping upgrade the IT systems for first Wells Fargo Bank and then Primary Children’s Hospital.
Until one day, knowing his passion for the food he’d grown up with, Susan asked: “Why don’t you get that restaurant thing out of your system?”
The restaurant he created reflects his roots — both of them; a blend of Third World southeast Asia and First World America. Everything is fresh, like on the Mekong Delta, but there’s also an 1,800 degree grill in the kitchen, like at Ruth’s Chris.
The one thing you won’t see at Thyme & Seasons are delivery trucks. Hai personally goes to the producers every day, handpicking his ingredients. The only item that gets delivered is the soft drink syrup — “worst thing here,” proclaims Hai (but he’s sipping a Diet Pepsi as he says it).
He brings in food only in its season, all kinds of vegetables and fruits alongside steaks, chicken and the freshest seafood he can find in Utah (“look at the gills and the eyeballs,” he says of the secret to selecting the freshest fish). To all of the above he adds “the best of Asian spices” and “the best of French sauces.”
“This is the stuff that makes people live longer,” he says, and healthier, too. Eat his soup, he claims, and get rid of your cold within 48 hours.
“How am I like a doctor?” Chef Hai asks. “The doctor gives you a pill and says swallow it; I give you food and say swallow it.”
Because he never knows exactly what food he’s going to wind up with on any given day, he doesn’t have a set menu, or set prices either (dinner runs between $17 to $22 on weekdays; slightly higher on weekends). The way Hai’s restaurant works is the customer shows up and Hai asks, “What kind of protein would you like?” and takes it from there.
There’s not much in the way of ambience. He doesn’t advertise. He’s stayed open for a solid nine years and counting purely by word of mouth; that, and on the strength of Hai’s companionable personality. If a customer wants to know the origins of the fish he’s eating, or wants to talk about, say, the best way to rewire an attic, or maybe discuss the stock market, Hai will glady pull up a chair.
In addition to that, he sells his spices and his custom cookbook in the restaurant (also available on Amazon), plus he holds regular cooking classes on grilling, baking, stir-frying, pastry making and sauce making.
You’d be hard pressed to find a more unique eatery anywhere in Utah, if not the world: The MeKong Delta smack in the middle of Bountiful, at the end of a parking lot.
How To Grow Thyme
The common name for Thymus, a genus of aromatic herbs or shrubby plants of the Mint Family, long cultivated and valued as both ornamentals and sweet herbs. They have small lavender or pink flowers and are planted in the rock garden and the border for ornament, or in the herb garden, to be used for seasoning. They grow easily and are easily increased from cuttings or seed.
Growing the Herb Thyme
To achieve optimum results, plant the seed indoors in early spring. Thyme is very hardy and will grow under most conditions. It prefers full sun and a soil that is light and sandy, or loamy. Thyme requires minimal fertilization unless the soil quality is of extremely poor quality, or when grown via the hydroponic method.
Thyme propagates easily from tip cuttings or crown division. Since it grows slowly, especially early in it’s life, weed-control is essential. Mulching with straw is helpful.
Thyme is harvested in mid-summer, just prior to flowering. Secondary growth will occur for the balance of the year, and this growth should be left to grow, or winter hardiness will be sacrificed.
Outdoors, in containers, and hydroponic cultures.
Thyme plants grow to a height of 12 to 18 inches (30 – 45cm).
Thyme plants should be spaced 18 to 24 inches (45 – 60cm) apart.
Preferred pH Range
Thyme will grow in a pH range between 6.5 (neutral) and 8.5 (alkaline) with a preferred pH range between 6.5 and 7.0.
Sow thyme seed indoors in sunny location or under plant grow lights six weeks before last frost. Thyme propagates well through stem cuttings.
Seed Germination Period
Thyme seeds will germinate in approximately 8 to 20 days.
Number of Seeds per Gram
There are between approximately 3,300 and 4,000 Thyme seeds per gram.
Thyme grows well in a light, well-draining soil, poor to fertile.
Alternative Growing Media
Soilless potting mixes (Pro-Mix, Sunshine Mix, etc.), perlite, vermiculite, coco peat, rockwool, and Oasis cubes.
Time From Seed to Saleable Plant
Sow in plugs 12 to 14 weeks before sale. Seeds to finished plugs, 6 to 8 weeks; plugs to saleable plants, 4 to 6 weeks.
Sun & Lighting Requirements
Thyme grown outdoors prefers full sun.
Thyme will grow indoors satisfactorily under standard fluorescent lamps, and exceptionally well under high output T5 fluorescent, compact fluorescent, or high intensity discharge (metal halide or high pressure sodium) plant growing lights. Keep standard fluorescent lamps between 2 and 4 inches from the tops of the plants, high output and compact fluorescents approximately one foot above the plants, and HID lights between 2 and 4 feet above the plants, depending on wattage.
Have an oscillating fan gently stir seedlings for at least 2 hours per day to stimulate shorter, sturdier, and more natural plant habit.
Perennial. Zones 4a to 8b.
Average water needs. Water on a regular schedule. Allow soil to go completely dry between watering, then soak thoroughly.
Potential Plant Pests and Diseases
Thyme can be susceptible to whitefly and spider mites, but has minimal disease issues.
Thyme is an ideal companion for cabbage and broccoli by detering white fly infestations.
Drought resistant and ideal for xeriscaping. Suitable for containers and indoor cultivation. Attracts butterflies, birds, or bees.
Buy Thyme Seeds by Botanical Interests
Heirloom English Thyme Seeds
A wonderful herb which no cook should be without! Endless culinary possibilities, and an aromatic, attractive plant.
Organic Heirloom English Thyme Seeds
Organic version of above.