- Viburnums – Beautiful Flowering Shrubs loved by wildlife
- Viburnums: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties
- Eight of the best viburnums to grow
- Tips for growing viburnums
- Types Of Viburnum Plants: Choosing Varieties Of Viburnum For The Garden
- Common Types of Viburnum Plants
- Valuable Viburnums
- Green Deane’s Itemized Plant Profile: Possum Haw
- Caring For Viburnum Flowering Shrub
- What is Viburnum?
- Types of Viburnum Shrubs
- Planting Viburnum Flowering Shrub
- How to Care for Viburnum
Viburnums – Beautiful Flowering Shrubs loved by wildlife
We’re often surprised that Viburnums are not more well known with gardeners. These stalwarts perform so well in so many different scenarios there is sure to be a variety that will suit your garden – the difficult part is choosing which one! At Paramount Plants, we source the best performing Viburnums for a range of aspects so that we can carefully consider the right plant for our customers.
Viburnums can be evergreen or deciduous flowering shrubs or small trees. Many are winter-flowering which can be an enormous aide to small birds and pollinators. Depending on the variety, they can be grown as ornamental shrubs, dense flowering hedging or even small trees. If its something more formal you are after, they can be trained as full standard trees. In other words, Viburnum is versatile. With over 150 species in the genus, let’s take a closer look at the merits of a few of the more popular varieties.
Viburnum burkwoodii is also known as Burkwood Viburnum. It will grow in full sun or part shade, producing gorgeous white blooms that are very fragrant. The fruits after flowering are red to black berries and these are loved by the birds. In the autumn the foliage will last. This is semi-evergreen, depending on how harsh the temperatures are but it will turn a lovely colour of orange and red in the autumn. Burkwood Viburnum will mature to around 6-10 feet high and wide although you can keep in check or in shape by pruning. Ideal as a cottage garden shrub.
Viburnum Tinus Eve Price – this little gem will tolerate windy conditions and is a perfect choice for coastal areas. It is an evergreen viburnum and will grow in sun and partial shade and has pretty clusters of pink flowers that turn white as the flowers mature. The buds and flowers are long lasting – eventually they develop into clusters of black berries around August, these are loved by the birds. This variety has been awarded the RHS Award of Garden Merit – a sure sign it will perform well in most UK gardens. Eve Price has a compact dense evergreen foliage, Eve Price can be also be used for hedging and / or for shaping as clear stem standard trees.
Viburnum Burkwoodii | Viburnum Tinus Eve Price
Viburnum Opulus Compactum as the name suggests, this is the smaller version of Viburnum Opulus sometimes referred to as the cranberry bush. This is a deciduous viburnum. It can be grown in sun or partial shade. The flowers are a beautiful cluster of white but it is the showy berries that give this shrub its name, clusters of light green berries soon turn a deep red colour in late summer. These are adored by the birds, especially the finches and mistle thrush. This variety prefers a good moist soil and benefits from regular mulching. This viburnum variety is a good choice for London gardens as it tolerates heavy clay soil, while also being very wildlife friendly.
Viburnum Opulus Compactum Berries and Flowers
Viburnum Rhytidophyllum or Leatherleaf Viburnum is one of the larger evergreen viburnums, so choose this one if you have lots of space. It can also be used for hedging. Viburnum opulus Roseum or the Snowball Tree is one of the deciduous viburnum darlings – prized for its stunning fluffy white flowers. Viburnum x Juddii, another deciduous viburnum has a compact habit and is ideal for the smaller garden or where space may be restricted. Viburnum Tinus Gwenllian is an evergreen with pink flowers, one of the best viburnum all-rounders. Similarly, Viburnum Tinus Lisarose offers year-round interest in the garden with minimal care requirements. Viburnum Burkwoodii Anne Russell is considered to be one of the most fragrant viburnum shrubs and its flowers have an intensely sweet scent. Viburnum Plicatum Popcorn is the recipient of the prestigious RHS Award of Garden Merit.
Deciduous Viburnum Plicatum Tomentosum Mariesii is a hybrid that produces an abundance of white flowers around May – this is one of the best-selling in the genus. Viburnum Plicatum Kilimanjaro Sunrise was Plant of the Year 2015. Viburnum Carlesii Aurora, deciduous with excellent autumn colour. Viburnum Tinus Spirit produces a profusion of white blossoms that can last for up to 6 months. One of the most popular evergreens, Viburnum Tinus Purpureum is noted for its purple bronze tinted young foliage. Two more evergreen varieties of note include Viburnum Davidii and Viburnum Cayuga with its maple-leaf type foliage.
Viburnum Tinus ‘Eve Price’ Topiary Tree
What’s not to Like?
For sheer pay back, Viburnums are hard to match. They are one of the most popular landscape shrubs with over 150 species. Evergreen or decidouos, these floral gems work away, providing interest all year round, they will tolerate any aspect and are very easy to grow in any type of well-drained soil. There are varieties suitable for every corner of the garden and are easy to train as topiary trees and Viburnum Tinus Lucidum as a full standard for above fence screening or hedging. These fabulous trees are stunning for above fence or wall ‘stilt’ hedging and look beautiful when in bloom in early summer followed by beautiful blue berries. These trees work especially well when underplanted with contrasting shrubs such as red hued Japanese Acers or Photinia Red Robin. Their luscious, deep green, leathery leaves, pretty clusters of fragrant pink or white flowers and followed by a host of red, blue or black berries mean there is interest at almost every season and they are great for wildlife – birds love the clustering berries.
Viburnum Tinus Eve Price Full Standard Trees – Above Fence Screening
Paramount Plants & Gardens Ltd
131 Theobalds Park Road
London EN2 9BH
Tel: +44 (0)20 8367 8809
Viburnums: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties
Viburnums are a vast group of large, deciduous shrubs that are relatively troublefree and attractive for their flowers, fruits, fall foliage, and shape. Common names include American cranberry bush, hobblebush, and European cranberry bush.
Viburnums are often grown as hedges, screens, or filler plants, and their abundant berries attract birds and other wildlife. Many species have colorful fall foliage and hang onto their blue, red, black, or yellow berries into winter, making them attractive in all seasons. Viburnums bloom in mid to late spring. Some, such as Korean spice bush (V. carlesii), have very fragrant flowers. Some varieties have purple foliage. Blooms in mid to late spring. Plant height ranges from 5 to 15 feet tall and wide, depending on the variety.
Special features of viburnums
Easy care/low maintenance
Apply a layer of compost under the plant each spring, spreading it out to the dripline (the area under the outermost branches). Add a 2-inch layer of mulch to retain moisture and control weeds. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1 inch per week. Prune to shape after flowering. Prune to remove dead, diseased, or broken branches anytime.
Choosing a site to grow viburnums
Most viburnums prefer a site with full sun to light shade and well-drained soil. Some species tolerate wet soils.
Plant in spring or fall. Space plants 5 to 15 feet apart, depending on the expected mature size of the plant. Dig a hole only as deep as the root ball and 2 to 3 times as wide. If your soil is in very poor condition, amend the soil you’ve removed from the hole with a small amount of compost. Otherwise don’t amend it at all. Carefully remove the plant from the container and set it in the hole. Fill the hole half full with soil, then water it well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. Let the water drain, then fill the remainder of hole with soil and water thoroughly.
Viburnum odoratissimum & suspensum
Handsome, hardy viburnums are the ultimate in sturdy shrubs for hedges, and two of the most popular varieties are odoratissimum and suspensum.
These two plants, fairly similar in looks and habit, are some of our most commonly used shrubs.
Ride down any street in South Florida and you’re likely to see one of them.
Both sprout white blossoms in spring – and the sweet scent of the odoratissimum flowers are the reason this variety is sometimes called “Sweet Viburnum.”
But bloom time is short and these shrubs have other attributes to make them invaluable landscape plants for South Florida.
Need a hedge in a hurry for a sunny area? Odoratissimum is the perfect choice. Looking for shrubs for shade? Suspensum does fine in any light, and can be used as a hedge or even a large (3 feet tall) foundation plant.
Their cold tolerance makes them ideal for worry-free winters and both make outstanding hedge or privacy plants.
These shrubs work with any style landscaping – tropical, formal, you name it.
They can be kept regularly manicured or only occasionally trimmed for a more rounded, natural look.
Spaced correctly they’ll stay full to the ground to create a dense wall of green.
There are other viburnum varieties – less commonly used but with very attractive qualities:
Awabuki viburnum is also called “Mirror-Leaf” for its super-glossy, large leaves.
This variety can get very big and works extremely well as a fast-growing large hedge or privacy plant. You can keep it 8 to 10 feet tall by 6 feet wide.
Walters Select grows more upright than the others, with small leaves and very pretty white flowers in spring.
Its growth pattern tends to be more open and see-through unless it’s regularly trimmed to about 5 or 6 feet.
This plant makes a good accent shrub or even a nice small tree.
Dwarf Walters is a little-leafed beauty, a more tender cultivar (sensitive to cold and needing more water) than other varieties.
But it has the same flowers as Walters Select, grows more mounded and can be kept small (2-1/2 to 3 feet).
Viburnum odoratissimum is a fast grower; suspensum grows at a bit more moderate pace.
These evergreen shrubs – odoratissimum and suspensum – can get very big (huge, in fact) but you can keep them trimmed to a reasonable size. Odoratissimum can be kept 4 to 6 feet, suspensum 3 to 5 feet tall.
They’re cold hardy plants, fine anywhere in South Florida including Zone 9B.
Odoratissimum prefers full to part sun, but suspensum does well in sun or shade.
The spring flowers are big clusters of tiny white blooms, pretty though not overly showy. (The walters varieties have a pretty covering of white.)
These are said to be deer-resistant plants – though we make no promises.
Add top soil (or organic peat moss) and composted cow manure to the hole when you plant.
Trim regularly if you want to keep your plants well-manicured…or just occasionally for a naturally mounded look.
Odoratissimum will grow out of a “haircut” fast; suspensum takes a bit longer.
Do a hard pruning in spring after the shrub has finished flowering.
Water on a regular basis, with enough time between waterings for the plant to dry out a bit.
Odoratissimum is moderately drought-tolerant once it’s well-established, though it looks better and stays healthier with regular irrigation.
Suspensum does best with a regular watering and doesn’t mind minor “wet feet” occasionally.
Fertilize 3 times a year (spring, summer, and autumn) with a quality granular fertilizer.
Place these plants 3 to 4 feet apart…any closer and mature shrubs will eventually be fighting each other for a place in the sun and the base of the plants will be bare.
For planting by the house, come out 3 to 4 feet (or more). Along a walk or drive, come in 4 or 5 feet.
These plants can be container grown, though they can outgrow the pot in no time, so planting in the ground is preferable.
Landscape uses for viburnums (odoratissimum and suspensum)
- backdrop for smaller plants
- accent for the corner of the house
- surrounding the trunks of tall palms
- large foundation plant (suspensum)
- along a blank wall
- for privacy by a deck, patio or outside a pool cage
- camouflage shrubs for A/C or pool equipment
- lining a driveway
- fronting taller plants
GOOD SNOWBIRD PLANT? YES
COMPANION PLANT SUGGESTIONS: Maui ixora, Hope philodendron, hibiscus, areca palm, dwarf firebush, Nora Grant or Super King ixora, gold mound, dwarf oleander, and sweet potato vine.
Other plants you might like: Eugenia, Ligustrum
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- Medium Height Shrubs
Eight of the best viburnums to grow
There are plenty of reasons to find space for viburnums in your garden. With a wide range of both evergreen and deciduous varieties to choose from, viburnums provide attractive foliage, flowers and fruits.
They’re great for wildlife, too. Garden birds like blackbirds, thrushes and robins will enjoy the cover they provide, as well as the juicy berries, and pollinating insects will benefit from the flowers.
In beds and borders viburnums can be used to add structure and autumn colour, or act as stunning focal points.
Discover eight of the best viburnums to grow, below.
Viburnum macrocephalum is known as Chinese snowball, owing to the masses of spherical flowerheads.
This Chinese native is a low-growing evergreen shrub, with attractive veining on dark green leaves. Viburnum davidii is dioecious, so you’ll need both male and female plants to ensure the metallic blue berries appear. Flowers from December through to April.
A UK native, Viburnum opulus, or guelder rose, is a fantastic plant. The spring flowers are attractive to pollinators, hoverflies especially, and birds will enjoy feasting on the glossy red berries. Try growing it as part of a mixed wildlife hedge.
Viburnum x bodnantense
This deciduous viburnum is grown for its clusters of scented, pale pink flowers, and its rich autumn colour. Viburnum x bodnantense cultivars to grow include ‘Charles Lamont’ and ‘Dawn’. Plant next to doorways or seating areas to appreciate the rich fragrance. For scent, you could also try Viburnum x burkwoodii.
Like Viburnum opulus, Viburnum fordiae is a deciduous shrub with masses of glossy berries in autumn. The panicles of white flowers are similar to those of Spiraea japonica, though the two species aren’t closely related. A good plant for birds and pollinators.
Viburnum macrocephalum is known as Chinese snowball, owing to the masses of spherical flowerheads, like those of mophead hydrangeas. Fast growing, it makes a spectacular statement shrub and will eventually reach the size of a small tree.
Viburnum tinus is a hardy, evergreen viburnum, native to the Mediterranean. It can be grown as a hedge, but also makes a lovely green backdrop for other plants. Grow in full sun or partial shade, in a moist, well-drained soil.
Viburnum plicatum is a bushy, deciduous shrub with pretty white flowerheads. Popular cultivars to grow include ‘Dart’s Red Robin’ and ‘Mariesii’, both of which have pretty, lacecap flowers, followed by berries in autumn. A good plant for birds.
Viburnum sargentii is a robust, deciduous viburnum, with maple-like leaves and lacecap flowers in spring and summer. ‘Onondaga’ is a lovely cultivar, with red-bronze young foliage, that greens up as it matures. Butterflies enjoy the blooms.
Tips for growing viburnums
- Viburnums are easy to grow, tolerating a wide range of soils and light levels, but they dislike waterlogged soil
- As with any shrub, get them off to a good start when planting by digging a generously-sized hole with plenty of organic matter dug in
- Most viburnums need little pruning, though you can rejuvenate old viburnums if needed
- For clipped hedges and bushes, Viburnum tinus is one of the best species to grow
- Don’t hide away viburnums at the back of borders, instead give them a prominent spot so the berries and blooms can be enjoyed
Types Of Viburnum Plants: Choosing Varieties Of Viburnum For The Garden
Viburnum is the name given to a very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America and Asia. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars. Viburnums range from deciduous to evergreen, and from 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees. They produce flowers that are sometimes extremely fragrant and sometimes downright nasty smelling. With so many varieties of viburnum available, where do you even begin? Keep reading to learn about some of the common viburnum varieties and what sets them apart.
Common Types of Viburnum Plants
Choosing varieties of viburnum for the garden begins with checking your growing zone. It’s always a good idea to ensure whichever type you choose will thrive in your area. What are the most common viburnum varieties? Here are a few popular types of viburnum plants:
Koreanspice – Large, pink clusters of fragrant flowers. 5 to 6 feet tall, green foliage turns bright red in autumn. Compact variety reaches only 3 to 4 feet in height.
American Cranberry – American cranberry viburnum reaches 8 to 10 feet in height, produces tasty red edible fruits in the fall. Several compact varieties top out at 5 to 6 feet tall.
Arrowwood – Reaches 6 to 15 feet tall, produces scentless white flowers and attractive dark blue to black fruits. Its foliage changes dramatically in the fall.
Tea – Grows 8 to 10 feet high, produces modest white flowers followed by very high yields of bright red berries.
Burkwood – Reaches 8 to 10 feet high. It’s very tolerant of heat and pollution. It produces fragrant flowers and red to black fruit.
Blackhaw – One of the big ones, it can reach 30 feet in height, though it usually stays closer to 15 feet. It does well in sun to shade and most soil types. A tough, drought-hardy tree, it has white flowers and black fruit.
Doublefile – One of the most attractive viburnums, it grows 10 feet high and 12 feet wide in an even spreading pattern. Produces beautiful, large white flower clusters.
Snowball – similar in appearance to and oftentimes confused with the snowball hydrangea, this viburnum variety is quite common in garden landscapes.
Fall Viburnum nuduns, edible raw
The only significant problem with Viburnums is choosing which one to use, and which ones to write about.
There are 150 species of Viburnums, perhaps a couple of dozen more. Botanists can’t agree. Viburnums are found in temperate climates around the world, 18 natives to North America plus at least three imports. They’re much employed in landscaping and country gardens. Before that about a dozen were for food and tea. Locally we have four or five Viburnums — again experts disagree — but two are definitely edible.
Among the consumed Viburnums are Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, Viburnum setigerum, and Viburnum trilobum.
Viburnum cassinoides leaves are used for tea.
The fruit, sometimes raw, cooked or dehydrated, is used from Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, and Viburnum trilobum. The leaves are use for tea from Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum. There are also several cultivars for edible fruit including Canber, Phillips, and Wentworth (from V. trilobum.) And just to make sure you know V. oplus berries are toxic raw and must be cooked.
Fruits of the V. nudums were eaten by the Abernaki and Algonquin Indians. The Missouri River natives ate V. lentago, right. Most of the North American Viburnums have large seeds and a small amount of fruit. Englishman John Lindley in 1846 called the native Viburnums “miserable food for savage nations.” There is a shadow of truth in that. When European species with large fruit were introduced to North America the natives preferred them.
Several Viburnums had medicinal applications. V. opulus and V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which is a coumarin glycoside that acts as a sedative particularly on the uterus. It is suspected that all Viburnums might have the coumarin glycoside. Viburnum prunifolium also contains salicin which when mixed with the acid of the stomach makes a crude aspirin. The Cherokee, Iroquois, Menomini, and Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make an infusion to relieve cramps and colic. It’s also a diuretic. Iroquois women used a decoction of Viburnum dentatum twigs as a contraceptive.
More specific uses: Viburnum alnifolium, Hobblebush, Mooseweed, ripe fruit sweet and palatable tasting like raisins or dates. The stone, however, is large and the pulp thin. Viburnum casinoides, Withe-rod, Nannyberry, Moosewood, the pulp is sweet, well-flavored, hanging on the tree deep into winter. An amber tea can be made from the dried leaves. First you steam them over boiling water, when cool roll them between your fingers, let stand over night, then dry in an oven. Viburnum edule, Squashberry, Mooseberry, fully ripe berries are slightly acidic, pleasant tasting, can be eaten raw. They can be dried for later use. Viburnum lentago, Wild Raisin, Sweet Vibrunum, Sheepberry, blue-black fruit, pulpy, sweet, juicy, pleasant. Viburnum nudum, Smooth-withe-rod, Possom Haw, apple-shaped fruits, compressed, 1/4 inch long, deep blue, sweet, eaten raw. Viburnum opulus, Guelder-rose, European Cranberry-bush, bright-red fruit, sour, used like cranberries in making jelly, preserves, sauces, and wine. A yellow cultivar — Xanthocarpum — is used to make wine. Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw, Stagbush, bluish-black fruit, varying size, sweet, eaten out of hand, or used for jams, jelly, sauces, drinks and the like.
Virburnum setigerum, Tea Viburnum, leaves are used as a substitute as tea. Virburnum trilobum, High-Bush Cranberry red fruit substituted for cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine. High in vitamin C. Flowers can be added to pancakes, cake batters or made into fritters.
Sometimes Viburnums can be confused with Dogwoods, depending on the species and where you live. Locally Viburnums are easy to recognize by their opposite leaves and five-lobed flowers. If you see showy clusters, particularly in northern Florida, it will either be a Viburnum or a Dogwood. When not in flower, crease a leaf across the middle and carefully tear it apart. If it is a Dogwood leaf there will be “thread-like strings of latex” between the two pieces. Viburnums leaves do not produce such strings.
Reconstrucion of Oetiz the Ice Man’s Face
Some say the term Viburnum comes from Dead Latin, others say no, some insist it means “Wayfaring Tree.” From the time of Virgil (70-19 BC) folks have mentioned Viburnums. Virgil wrote “lenta viburna,” lenta meaning pliant, flexible, and viburna perhaps meaning of the path.) Viburnums bend easily. Because of that the Romans called them Lantagenem. This led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD. Also called Arrow-wood, as one Florida species is, the Neolithic Iceman, Oetiz (right) found frozen in the Alps in 1991, was carrying arrow shafts made from the Viburnum lantana.
Viburnum odoratissimum, edibility debatable
Locally viburnums are a common landscape plant, the most used being Viburnum odoratissimum. It can get quite large and older trees do fruit. Whether the fruit is edible is a bit of a debate. One site I don’t trust says “yes” and references Cornucopia. I have a copy of Cornucopia II which does not list Viburnum odoratissimum. Perhaps Cornucopia I did and II does not. I saw some fruit on a Viburnum odoratissimum last year but did not think to try them after a bit of research did not turn up any glowing recommendations. The genus is in the Honeysuckle family which has edible and mildly-toxic species. I could not find any reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the Viburnum odoratissimum. In fact there is some research that suggest it might have some anti-cancer properties. Another common landscape Viburnum is Viburnum suspensum. Like V. odoratissiumn it’s leaves are fragrant when crushed. There is no mention of edibility for it or two common landscape Viburnums, Viburnum rhytidophyllum and Viburnum davidii.
Lastly, let me digress for a moment. A few decades ago when I wrote for newspapers the duty of writing the obituaries rotated daily. On one day when I had to write them a man died named Eleven Chairs. The family name was Chairs and his first name was Eleven. Curious, and as a person interested in genealogy, I began calling his relatives to find out why he was named Eleven. No one knew but they kept giving me more folks to call. I finally talked with Eleven’s elderly aunt several hundred miles away. She said he was the eleventh child and his was going to be the eleventh child chair put around the dinner table. Name explained. I’ve often thought that human story was worth the extra effort and that some researcher or descendant in the future would be pleased even if they don’t know I was the one who found out why he was called Eleven. This leads me to Viburnum, Missouri.
Dillard Mill on the Huzzah River, Viburnum, Missouri
After learning there was a Viburnum, Missouri, I wanted to know why the town, incorporated in 1967, was called Viburnum. I made some inquiries and was directed to resources I had already read. But then I learned it was named by a particular person. Looking into his family history told the story. His name was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher (1866-1940.) He was an early resident of the area and involved in everything: Medical doctor, farmer, businessman, bottle washer, you name it. He also ran the general store and applied to the federal government to include a post office in his store (good for business, you know.) The Feds agreed and asked him what he wanted to call the place. He chose Lone Pine because he had just one pine tree on his property. Apparently someone else also had just one pine tree thus there already was a Lone Pine Post Office. Dr. Mincher then chose Viburnum because he used the berries to make some of his medicines. Now you know why Viburnum, Missouri, is called Viburnum and not Lone Pine. Incidentally the area’s economic base has been mining lead. On first weekend in October they celebrate Old Miners’ Day. That should give their one full-time police officer something to do. Perhaps Viburnum, Missouri, should do what Forsythia, Georgia, does: Have a Forsythia Festival, except with Viburnums. Just plant a huge bunch of Viburnums about town and then schedule a festival in the spring when they blossom around May.
Green Deane’s Itemized Plant Profile: Possum Haw
Identification: Viburnum nuduns, deciduous shrub, small tree to 20 feet, leaves opposite, simple, lance shaped to elliptical, four to six inches long, often shorter, upper surface dark green, shiny, lower surface covered with tiny glandular dots, leaf tips pinched to an abrupt point, edges usually toothless, occasionally finely crenated to serrated, slightly revolute. Flowers small, white, showy spreading clusters to six inches wide in March and April. Fruit ellipsoid, initially red to pink turning deep blue.
Locally there are similar look-alikies. To tell the Viburnum nudums from the Viburnum rufidulum (the edible Rusty Haw) look for dots on the lower leaf surface. Viburnum nudum has longer leaves than Viburnum obovatum (Walter Viburnum.) The Viburnum nuduns’ petiol is winged, separating it from the similar-looking Wax-leaf ligustrum. The Viburnum nudum has opposit leaves. Ilex decidua has alternative leaves.
Time: Fruit in fall, usually September and October.
Environment: Swamps, bay heads, wet woodlands.
Method of Preparation: Fruit used raw or cooked, fruit leather. Remove seeds. Viburnum berries usually store well.
Native Americans had a wide variety of ways to use the berries of various Viburnum species. Among them were: Jelly, jam, mixed with grease, stored with fish fat, frozen, juiced, mixed with water and oil to make an ice cream, green and ripe berries steamed then covered with water and stored for winter use, mixed with sugar, mixed with sugar and flour (also a preferred way in Scandanivia) mixed with grease and stored in birch bark containers underground.
Caring For Viburnum Flowering Shrub
With interesting foliage, attractive and fragrant flowers, showy berries and numerous varieties to choose from, viburnum makes an exceptional addition to nearly any landscape.
What is Viburnum?
Viburnums are a group of large-flowering shrubs, with some varieties reaching up to 20 feet. There are both evergreen and deciduous viburnum shrubs. Many have either white or pink blooms in early spring.
Also commonly referred to as cranberry bush, viburnums are often used as ornamental fixtures in the home landscape. They are used in shrub borders or as hedges and screening. The larger varieties of viburnum shrub also make excellent focal points as specimen plantings.
Types of Viburnum Shrubs
There are several different types of viburnums. One of the more well-known species is the old-fashioned Snowball viburnum (V. opulus) with beautiful, white snowball-shaped blooms.
Notable viburnum types that are popular for their intoxicating fragrance include the Asian varieties, Cayuga and Burkwood.
There are also viburnum shrubs that are commonly grown for their fall foliage or berries. Among the best foliage shrubs are Arrowwood and Linden arrowwood, both producing attractive purplish-red leaves.
The Tea viburnum is a deciduous species with blue-green foliage. Alleghany viburnum is dark green but occasionally turns purple in fall, remaining throughout winter.
Types of viburnums with interesting berry color include those that change as they ripen from green to pink, yellow, or red to blue or black. For instance, Wayfaring tree and Blackhaw viburnums turn from red to black.
Planting Viburnum Flowering Shrub
When planting viburnum shrubs, pay attention to the individual needs of the particular species. Most viburnums prefer full sun but many will also tolerate partial shade. While not particularly picky about their growing conditions, they generally prefer fertile, well-draining soil.
Planting viburnum takes place in spring or fall. Dig a hole as deep as the root ball but at least two to three times wider. Backfill with some of the soil and then add water to the planting hole before filling with the remaining dirt.
When planting more than one viburnum shrub, space them anywhere from 5 to 15 feet apart, depending on their size at maturity and their use in the landscape.
How to Care for Viburnum
When it comes to viburnum care, water shrubs during dry periods. It will also help to add mulch to retain moisture. You can apply a slow-release fertilizer to viburnums as well but this isn’t required.
In addition, pruning the shrub should be included with viburnum care. This is normally done for shaping purposes and to remove dead, diseased or broken branches from the viburnum shrub.
The color white is associated with innocence, purity, light, and overall goodness. The beautiful connotations with the color white may be one of the reasons that gardeners love to nestled white blooming shrubs within their gardens. As an added benefit, white blooming shrubs help to make every other color of flower to “pop” in an incredible manner.
We’ve collected a list of 10 stunningly gorgeous shrubs that present with beautiful white blooms. The white blooming shrubs below offer blooms of various sizes and their gorgeous flowers present in many ways.
From full, bushy blooms of the Annabelle Hydrangea, to the stem-style blossoms on the white lilac, there are white blooming shrubs to match any style of gardener’s preference.
Here is a list of 10 of the most gorgeous shrubs that contain white blooms that are perfect for every garden!
1. Korean Spice Viburnum
With flowers that look similar to lilac and have an early-spring bloom, this shrub got its name due to its unique scent that gardeners love. Although most flowers will be pure white, there is often a light pink tinge to the blooms. It will grow best in zones 4-7 and many gardeners choose to plant it near windows or patio doors in order to enjoy the unique, spicy scent this shrub produces.
2. Common Lilacs
Like all lilacs, the white lilac has an absolutely enticing scent. It will bloom in late spring and gardeners looking for white lilacs should ensure the chosen shrub is truly white. It produces spectacular flowers and will do best in zones 3-8.
3. Annabelle Hydrangea
This lovely summer bloomer will flourish with dozens of large, bushy blooms that are comprised of a multitude of smaller, delicate blooms, typically of any hydrangea. The Annabelle hydrangea is beloved by gardeners due to the fact that its blooms are quite large and last from early summer all the way through autumn. They bloom well in zones 3-7.
This flower is known for having quite a strong scent. It is recommended to check out the scent prior to adding it to your garden. It has bushels of tiny, bell-shaped flowers and deep green foliage. It will bloom as early as March or early April.
4. White Roses
As you know, roses come in a large variety of colors that often have a specialized meaning. The white rose is a symbol of reverence and kindness. Like most roses, white roses have a lovely, rich fragrance and will bloom in late spring to early summer. White roses should be pruned frequently during early bloom in order to gain a fuller bloom in summer. White roses grow best in zones 5-9.
6. Snows of Kilimanjaro
This lovely shrub is tropical in nature and will bloom with literally thousands of small, delicate white flowers that contain several small petals. It truly lives up to its name, looking like a fluttering of a snowstorm in the winter. It is closely related to the poinsettia and is nicknamed the “little Christmas flower.” Its flowers have a sweet fragrance and the blooms will thrive best if the shrub is heavily pruned in early spring. This shrub is best suited to grow in zones 10-13 and will do best in full sun or minimal shade with very well-drained soil.
The Spirea is a close relative to the rose family and its blooms are made up of bushels of small, delicate white flowers with five petals and a yellow center eye. Spirea prefers to grow in full sun and will bloom in early summer, growing 5-8 feet in height. It will grow best in zones 3-8. There are many variations of Spirea that come in pink blossoms. If you are looking for a white shrub, make sure that it has the pure white blossoms of the Vanhoutte Spirea. It will grow best in soil that is kept well-drained but moderately moist.
8. Sweet Mock Orange
The sweet mock orange is prized by gardeners due to the lovely shape of its blooms. They look similar to roses, yet are more rounded in shape. It is known for its aroma that has a hint of citrus in its scent. Although it is a shrub, it grows quite large, also reaching 10-12 feet in height. It will grow best in zones 4-8 and prefers full sun and moist soil that contains some form of compost or mulch to encourage hearty growth.
9. White Azaleas
White azaleas are truly a showstopper in the garden, blooming in early spring in a massive outpouring of stunning flowers. It is prized by gardeners due to the huge outpouring of flowers that light up the garden. Like most azaleas, it will grow best in zones 6-9 and will bloom best in full sunlight.
10. Dwarf Deutzia
This shrub is often chosen to be used as a ground cover due to the fact that it is very short in height, typically staying under two feet tall. This shrub’s flowers are quite small and hang off of stems in a bell-like shape. It will bloom in late spring and can do well in zones 1-8, preferring to have full sun to partial shade and moist, well-drained soil conditions.