Watering Hanging Plants

Article: How to Make Watering Hanging Baskets Less of a Chore

March 24, 2011

One of the most critical parts of caring for hanging baskets is to make sure the soil mix never dries out. This can be a time consuming chore, especially in the summer during hot, dry weather. Here are a few simple tips to make watering hanging baskets less of a chore.


Maximize Moisture Retention

One of the best ways to reduce the amount of time you spend watering is to minimize the amount of moisture your baskets lose through evaporation and run-off.

Basket liners: Wire and wrought-iron hanging baskets lined with moss or coconut coir look beautiful, but they dry out quickly. One way to minimize moisture loss is to “line the liners” using plastic grocery store bags with small slits cut in the bottom for drainage. This will slow down moisture loss significantly and also slow down the decay of the liners themselves–allowing extra seasons of use before you have to toss them out. If you have an aversion to plastic, try using crushed up egg cartons or a few layers of newspaper. These materials won’t protect your liners from decay, but they will certainly slow down moisture loss.


Tip: Before planting, always submerge liners made from moss or coconut coir in water. This will establish good contact between your moist soil mix and your liner, and prevent the liner from acting like a wick.

Water-retaining granules: Add water-retaining crystals (hydrogels) to your soil mix to help absorb and hold onto moisture. At most, you may only gain an extra day or two of water-free days, but for some gardeners that might be worth it. Follow the instructions on the package carefully. Don’t add more than the recommended amount or your soil may end up staying too moist. If adding them to your soil seems inconvenient, there are also soil mixes available with moisture granules already mixed in.

Mulch: Cover exposed potting soil with a lightweight organic mulch such as pine needles, shredded bark, or decorative Spanish moss. This will help keep the soil cool and moist and reduce your need to water.


Keep Plants Within Easy Reach

Retractable Pulleys: Baskets that are heavy to lift or hard to reach become easy to avoid when it comes to watering. A pulley attachment makes raising and lowering baskets a breeze. Many popular brands work on an internal ratcheting mechanism that locks or releases at any height. Look for systems that come with an optional swivel hook, which lets you turn your plants as needed for even sun exposure.

Water wands: Water wands are inexpensive and extremely useful for watering hanging baskets. These specially designed spray nozzles attach to the end of your garden hose, extending reach for overhead watering. Most brands feature a selection dial that allows you to choose from a variety of watering patterns. Use the mist or shower settings to give plants a drink, and the high-pressure jet to dislodge spider mites, aphids, and other soft-bodied insect pests from your plants.


Temporary Relocation: During prolonged periods of extreme heat, consider moving your hanging baskets to a shadier location under trees or overhangs. Set them on top of overturned flower pots or hang them on temporary brackets.

Try Self-Watering Hanging Baskets

Self-watering hanging baskets can dramatically reduce the amount of time you spend watering. The baskets feature and built-in reservoir and wicking system that automatically distributes water to your plants as they need it. Not only does the system keep your soil from drying out, it also prevents you from over-watering. Make regular (non self-watering) baskets more efficient by inserting plastic reservoirs designed to channel water directly to the plant’s roots at the time of planting. Reviving Dehydrated Plants


If one of your hanging baskets has dried out completely, but you think the plants can be revived (they are wilted but still appear alive), move it immediately to a shady place and give it a gentle watering. Wait a few minutes and then carefully submerge the entire basket into a large bucket of water. Bubbles will rise to the surface until the soil is thoroughly saturated with water. Once they stop, lift the basket from the water and move it to a cool, shady place to recover for a few days before returning it to sunshine.

How often should I water plants in hanging baskets?

Plants in hanging baskets need to be watered frequently (especially in summer). Potting mixes are light, well-drained, and dry out quickly. Plus, hanging baskets may contain several plants. In general, water plants in hanging baskets when the soil surface becomes dry to the touch. On hot, sunny days it may be necessary to water once a day. When watering hanging baskets, be sure to apply water until water begins to flow out the bottom of the container. This ensures that the entire soil ball has been moistened. Do not let the potting mix dry out completely. Plants will wilt if the potting mix dries out excessively. Plus, it’s more difficult to moisten the potting mix when it has dried out completely. If the potting mix becomes extremely dry, it will separate (pull away) from the sides of the container. If you attempt to water from above, most of the water will flow between the soil ball and container and run out the drainage holes in the bottom of the basket. Unfortunately, most of the potting mix will remain dry. When the potting mix becomes excessively dry, place the basket in a tub of water for 1 or 2 hours. This forces water to be absorbed slowly from the bottom of the container. Do not keep the basket in the tub of water for more than 2 hours as this may result in root rot problems.

Hope for Hanging Baskets

I’ve been thinking a lot about hanging baskets lately. Hanging baskets are a Mother’s Day gift staple and for good reason. They’re beautiful, they last longer than cut flowers, and for much of the country the timing is perfect to start gardening. The thing I’ve been thinking about is that hanging baskets are one of the hardest things to keep looking good all summer. The reason is simple, there’s a whole lot of plant material to a relatively small amount of soil. This is true of almost any hanging basket, but is especially true of the huge baskets you buy at garden centers. The small soil volume means the basket will dry out quickly and keeping up with watering can become challenging. It is possible to keep a hanging basket looking good all summer, but it will take constant attention from the gardener.

I love hanging baskets! I have seven of them around my wrap-around porch and each year I try something new in them. What’s going in the hanging baskets is often the first decision I make for my garden. In fact, I’m usually thinking about them the summer before I’ll be planting them. So what goes into having a great hanging basket all season? It starts with choosing your basket and your plants.

Getting Started

Basket Selection

Your first decision will be to decide if you are going to buy an already planted hanging basket or if you are going to plant it yourself. The next step is to consider the size of the hanging basket. I am a big believer that the bigger the planter, the better off you are. Small pots will dry-out faster than larger pots because they have less soil. Watering will be your biggest challenge in maintaining your hanging baskets. Choosing a larger pot now, can make maintaining your basket much easier. I use 14-inch diameter, deep hanging baskets, so I have a reasonably good soil volume to plant material (photo, right.)

Once you decide on pot size, pay attention to the material from which your pot is made. Most hanging baskets are either plastic or coco-fiber/moss. There are a few wood, ceramic, and terra cotta hanging baskets, but they are few and far between. The pros of plastic are they retain moisture well, are inexpensive and are easy to find. The con is they are plastic and you may or may not like the way plastic looks. The pro of coco-fiber/moss baskets is they are decorative. The negatives are they dry-out faster, can be harder to find, and the coco-fiber/moss liner will need to be replaced periodically. You can get around the dry-out factor by lining the basket with plastic prior to planting (this is what I do). Ceramic pots are similar to plastic as far as the pros go and they are decorative. Wood and terra cotta will both dry-out faster than plastic, but not as fast as a coco-fiber/moss basket.

Plant Selection

You can make life a lot easier if you choose plants for your baskets that suit your environment. This is true, whether you are buying a pre-planted basket or planting your own. First, decide if your basket will be hanging in sun or shade conditions. Choosing plants that are adapted to the amount of sun your area will get is key to having happy plants. Once you know sun/shade conditions, it is time to start choosing plants for your basket. What traits are most important will vary for each gardener. Some questions to consider are does a plant needs deadheading, is it drought tolerant, does it wilt quickly, is it heat tolerant, does it need a lot of fertilizer, and what color do I want (that’s the fun part!)?

I personally tend to be a bit time-starved, I travel a fair amount for work and my husband has limited patience for watering. However, I don’t mind fertilizing and my color preferences seem to change every year. It also tends to be very hot in the summer here. Keeping these things in mind, I try to choose plants that can tolerate dry soil, don’t need deadheading and are heat tolerant. I don’t mind fertilizing, so either light or heavy feeders work for me. Your tendencies might be different than mine and could include things other than those listed here.


If you are buying a pre-planted basket, skip ahead to the maintenance section, below. If you are planting your own basket, there is one more decision to make and that is the soil for your basket. It is best to use a good, light potting soil and to fully replace the soil in your baskets every year. There are good commercial mixes available, for more on choosing potting soil, . Now that you have planted your basket, it is time to think about maintenance.

Maintaining Your Hanging Basket

The keys to maintaining your hanging basket really fall into three categories: water, fertilizer, and other maintenance.


Watering is the hardest part of maintaining a hanging basket, or any container plant. You can’t keep the soil too wet because it will result in root rot problems, you can’t keep it too dry or the plant wilts and dies. You want to hit the happy medium. Here are the rules of thumb for watering hanging baskets:

1. Be sure your pot has drainage holes
2. Water only when the top of the soil is dry to the touch
3. Water until water comes out of the drainage holes
4. Don’t allow your pot to sit in standing water

Here are a few more tips on watering hanging baskets. Early in spring when your plants are smaller and the temperatures are lower, you may only have to water every 3 or 4 days. As the plants get larger and the mercury creeps higher be prepared to water every day. With small pots or water “pigs” you might even have to water twice a day. You will also need to water more quickly if it is a windy day. Wind will cause pots to dry out more quickly, especially hanging baskets. As I said above, larger pots will dry-out less quickly than small pots. For more in-depth watering information, . If you have had problems with your hanging basket in the past, I really encourage you to read the watering article.

Another option to consider with watering is a drip irrigation system. Proven Winners® is marketing a very adaptable low volume irrigational system that works as well for flower bed as it does for hanging baskets and upright patio containers. This system called WaterWise is designed with the gardener and the environment in mind; it uses very low volumes of water with a system of ‘drip irrigators’ which deliver the water directly to the plants. The drip emitters limit wasted water from splashing on sidewalks and driveways. They also deliver the water directly to the soil by the plant eliminating water evaporation and lots of water on the leaves. Resulting in less disease and less water waste. The kit has everything you need to set up the system except the timer. The only tool you will need is a pair of scissors.

There are other drip irrigation systems out there also. They all work on similar principles. These systems generally apply ½ to 1 gallon of water per hour. Drip irrigation systems can be turned into automatic systems by adding a timer to your hose. This timer can be set to turn on your water at specified times and on specified days. Many variations of timers are available. Be sure to select a timer that allows you to set both time and day, you don’t want to be locked into watering every day.


Your container plants are only getting nutrition if you provide it to them. After watering, fertilizer is the most important thing to keep your plants thriving. I usually recommend adding a slow or controlled-release fertilizer to your hanging basket right after you buy or plant it. This will provide your basket with a good constant dose of fertilizer. Be sure to follow the directions on your fertilizer package to make sure you don’t damage your plants.

By midsummer, I usually start using a water-soluble fertilizer once every one to two weeks. Again, follow the directions on your fertilizer package. I do this for two reasons — by this time the plants are very large and to keep them going takes more fertilizer plus some of the controlled-release fertilizer has already been used by the plant. I sometimes also use a dose of water-soluble fertilizer after a heavy rain. A lot of water going through your basket, like you get with a big rain storm, can wash out fertilizer. A dose of water-soluble fertilizer the next time you water is a good, quick way to give your plant some food. For more in-depth information on fertilizing, .

Other Maintenance

There are two other things you may want to do to help maintain your basket for the long-haul. First, some plants may need deadheading. Most Proven Winners® plants have been selected to not need deadheading for continuous bloom, but some plants may benefit from it. On our website “Deadheading Not Necessary” is listed under features for those plants which do not need deadheading.

The second thing you may want to do is a midsummer trim. Hanging baskets can become a bit stretched or open looking over time, even when you are doing everything right. If this happens, I give my baskets a “haircut” in mid to late summer. This simply means I take a sharp pair of scissors or shears and trim a few inches off the entire basket, like when you get your hair trimmed. How much you cut off is up to you, a light trim of an inch or two is usually plenty, but there are times when a bigger trim might be good. If you have long trailing pieces that you don’t like, feel free to cut them off.

Giving the basket a haircut will rob you of some flowers, but it will increase branching, tighten the habit, and help keep the basket looking good long-term. Your flowers should come back with in a few days to a week or so and your plant, given enough fertilizer, is likely to start growing more strongly again.

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Plant Watering 101

Plant Watering 101: Plant Watering Tips and Tricks

When we experience hot summer temperatures, we have to change the way we are watering. Here are our favorite tips and tricks on how to water plants when the temperatures rise.

Flowering Hanging Baskets and Container Gardens

When it comes to watering hanging baskets and container gardens, they should be checked every day when we are experiencing high summer temperatures. For hanging baskets, the best way to check them is to pick them up to see if they are heavy or light.

Hanging Baskets
  • If your baskets are heavy, they most likely have wet soil. They do not need watered.
  • If they are Fuchsia or New Guinea Impatiens hanging baskets and they are wilted, check to see if they actually need water. Sometimes these two plants will wilt due to high temperatures, not lack of water. Once we have cooler temperatures, they will bounce back easily.
  • If your hanging baskets are lightweight, water them thoroughly until water rushes out the bottom and then tip to drain the saucer.
  • After watering, lift the basket it to check the weight again.
  • If they are heavy, you did the job and they were watered thoroughly.
  • If they aren’t, you need to water them again. Often when the soil is very dry, the water will flush through and not be absorbed by the soil.
Container Gardens
  • Feel the soil with your fingers to check for moisture. Water thoroughly when your plants need it.
  • If it rains, check them anyways to be sure they are moist. Sometimes the plant’s leaves form a canopy over the soil and the rain will not be absorbed.
  • If you are watering frequently, the plants will require more nutrients so keep up with your applications of Miracle Gro or Miracle Gro Bloom Booster. This will keep your plants looking fresh and healthy.

Landscape Plants

It is important observe your plants during warm temperatures to make sure your plants are receiving enough water. It is important to note that even though we may receive hard rain, the water does not always reach the plant’s roots because of water run off.

Deep Root Watering

Be sure to soak the root ball of newly transplanted shrubs, trees, and perennials by putting your hose near the base of the plant and letting it run slowly for a period of time

  • Water approximately 15 minutes with your hose on a low pressure or soaking.
  • If you have a higher water pressure or a smaller shrub (such as a one gallon pot size) then adjust and water less.
  • If you deep root water, then you should only water a few times per week, but not everyday.

More established plants that are wilting can be watered in the same way, but usually one time per week is sufficient. There are a few exceptions. For example: It took Lisa Graf’s hydrangeas three years to get completely rooted in so they didn’t wilt on a daily basis during dry times. She had to water them using her hose at the base of the plant nearly every other day when it was hot and dry.

Tomato Plants and other Vegetable Plants

It is best to keep vegetable plants evenly moist, especially tomatoes. Tomato plants that experience fluctuation in dry and wet conditions are prone to blossom end rot. Blossom end rot is when black legions on the base of tomatoes appears. This usually happens on the first tomatoes to ripen. You can avoid this by keeping plants evenly moist. This allows the plant to absorb calcium and other nutrients efficiently so tomatoes ripen unharmed.

Water your raised garden beds thoroughly and well. A light sprinkle will not penetrate dry soil. If using a hose, water each plant slowly on a medium to light spray.

The more water that is applied to the soil, the more nutrients are flushed away. It is important that you continue to fertilize your vegetable plants. It will help your plants growth and ultimately increase your plant’s production. Organic Garden-Tone and Tomato-Tone are two easy to use fertilizers that will help your plant’s production!


So far we have had enough rain to keep lawns looking lush and green, however, as the season progresses you may need to water. If so, it is best to put down about 1” of water per week in the early morning, if possible. This is better than watering lightly every day because it encourages the roots of the grass plants to grow deeper into the soil where it will not dry out as fast thus keeping your lawn looking green longer. You can also apply a summer application of a slow release fertilizer, however, we recommend that you avoid doing this when temperatures reach 90 degrees F.

The Gardener

It is best for the plants AND for the caretaker to water early in the morning or in the early evening, however, you can water any time of the day that time allows. If you are gardening in the heat, be sure to stay hydrated and take frequent breaks so you do not become overheated.

1. Fertilizing

HEAT WAVE! Summer is here to stay and with it comes the heat, which can be an added stress for your garden…especially your Hanging Baskets and Flowering Planters. Give them a little extra love with Prairie Gardens Plant Experts top 5 tips, and your planters will make it through the summer looking happy, healthy and extra fabulous.

Containers require frequent watering…and frequent watering leads to soil nutrients running out of the bottom of your containers over time.

This is why it is important to replace these social nutrients in your container by fertilizing throughout the growing season.

We recommend Miracle Grow Slow-release Fertilizer or Liquid Fertilizer – just follow the label instructions!

2. Proper Watering

Proper watering, especially during the summer, is a must. Check out how much, how often, and when you should be watering.

When should I water them? The best time to water your containers is in the morning to give them enough time to soak up the moisture before the heavy heat of the day. Plants also absorb water faster during the morning!

How often should I water them? In the heat of the summer you should be watering your containers and hanging baskets every day. On hot, windy or humid days you may need to water more than once. And on rainy days you may not need to water at all.

How much water should I give them at once? Water your hanging baskets and containers until water begins to run out of the bottom of the container. If the soil is bone dry and the water runs through the bottom very quickly, repeat this process a couple times.

How do I know if I am over-watering or under-watering? This can be tricky since the signs of over-watering or under-watering are very similar (yellowing of foliage). The best thing you can do is use the finger test before watering. Stick your finger 1-2″ into the soil…if it is wet, wait to water. If it is dry, water away!

3. Pruning

Is your hanging basket or planter looking sparse? Has it slowed down in producing blooms? Or is it growing unevenly?

This likely means your container needs a little haircut with a quick pruning.

Pruning helps promote new blooms and well-rounded growth habits. Watch the video below to see how to properly prune a petunia hanging basket.

Source: www.gardenanswer.com

QUICK PRUNING TIP: Our Plant Experts recommend pruning back no more than about one third at a time.

4. Deadheading

Some annuals require deadheading, or removing of spent flower blooms. The two most popular container annuals that require deadheading or pinching are Geraniums and Petunias. When pruning petunias, just simply pull off the faded bloom. When pruning Geraniums, remove the whole stem of the faded flower, snapping it off right below the node (see video tutorial below!).

5. Replacing

Sometimes a missed watering, not quite the right sun exposure or other factors can lead to some plants not thriving in your containers or hanging baskets.

If a plant has faded past help, just pop it out and replace it with a new one.

Visit the PG Greenhouse or your local JA Pop-Up Gardens for quick new plant additions.

Extraordinary Gardening, Home Decor & More

Learn more about Prairie Gardens & Jeffrey Alans Gardening

If you’ve ever taken a vacation in a Disney park, or visited a summer resort, or walked down main street of the most charming small towns in America… you’ve probably been awed by some pretty amazing hanging basket planters. And let’s face it – you tried to reproduce said baskets, and failed miserably, right? We. Have. Been There. But then we learned these 5 success secrets for hanging baskets that make the pros “in the know”, and can make you the envy of your block. Yep, you really can have those lush, full, awe inspiring hanging flower baskets in your own garden with these tips and tricks!

Hanging Flower Baskets

How to Make a Hanging Basket

The first thing that you have to remember is that if you want those professional looking, lush hanging baskets, all of these secrets are equally important and work together. If one part of the “system” fails, chances are good that none of the other secrets are gonna save you. But no worries, none of these are tough, fellow gardeners! Photo of this shade hanging basket of asparagus fern, ivy and coral bells by ‘Gardeners Supply‘. Yes, we get there are no flowers in this hanging baskets idea. Just goes to show how versatile you can be! Texture and foliage color add interest here.

Hanging flower basket with petunias from ‘State by State Gardening‘.

Secret #1 – Choose Your Hanging Pot, Basket or Container.

This is a lot more important than just style choice. If you want simple cascading pots, choose regular hanging pots. If you want those amazing living flower globes that hang from the streets in those awe inspiring European hamlets, then you want a container that is either wire with a fiber liner, or a pot with holes throughout its body made specifically for this purpose. This allows you to place plants all through the sides and bottom of the container, which gives that full living globe look. This photo from ‘Fine Gardening‘ shows how to cut holes in the fiber liner and place plants all around the container. There are also several commercial planter systems for growing full “flower globes”, such as the Flower Pouch.

Learn how to make a succulent sphere for a really unique hanging basket from YouTube channel ‘Garden Answer‘.

Hanging Flower Basket Secret #2 – Choose Your Soil

Using a high quality potting mix is vital to successful hanging baskets. Choose a lightweight mix that commercial growers in your area recommend, and then add water holding polymer crystals available in any garden center. (Many potting soils come with them already in the mix.) Do NOT buy generic or budget potting soil. One of our favorite soils is called ‘Black Magic’.

Secret #3 – Feed and Water Hanging Flower Pots Well

Hanging baskets get watered so often, they tend to leach all the nutrients out of the soil much faster than regular containers. Add a slow release granular fertilizer to the potting mix when you plant, then use a liquid fertilizer at half strength once a week, such as Miracle Grow for Flowers. Use both, your plants will thank you with lush growth and many blooms! The town of Victoria on Vancouver Island, B.C. is famous for their hanging flower pots, below. They water their baskets every night, and include the liquid fertilizer at every feeding. Photo courtesy ‘Vancouver Island Now‘.

Hanging flower baskets require a lot more water than even other container plants, especially the ones with fiber liners. Do NOT let your planters dry out. Once you do, the root systems will be damaged, and while you may be able to bring them back, they will never reach their full potential. Once you get used to how heavy your planters are when fully watered, you can just lift up on the bottom and tell if they are getting light, then they are getting dry. They like to be evenly moist. Consider taking them down weekly to do a full and deep soaking, allow to drain, then rehang. In the most intense heat of the summer, some flower baskets may need water as often as twice a day.

Secret #4 – Best Plants for Hanging Baskets

Just like when planting in your garden, you have to choose the right plants for the right spot. Not only do you need to pay attention to whether your basket will hang in sun or shade, also note if it will be subject to drying winds, heavy rains, or excessive heat. Then choose trailing plants for the sides and bottom of the container, and more upright varieties for the middle of the container. Lastly, decide on type and variety. Do you want a single color and type to make a mass statement? Or do you want 3-5 different varieties with different textures, colors and bloom shapes for more close up interest? Bolder colors will draw the eye more from the street, while more subdued choices allow the basket to add to the gardenscape, instead of becoming a focal point. All these choices should be made before you buy the very first plant! Some good hanging basket plant choices are below.

Photo is example of a single color flower basket using Supertunia “Raspberry Blast” courtesy of ‘Wojos’.

Sun Plants for Hanging Flower Baskets

Ivy geranium
Petunias, especially the newer supertunias and Wave type
Creeping Charlie
Licorice plant (Helichrysum petiolare, especially ‘Limelight’)
Lotus vine
Sweet potato vine, especially ‘Marguerite’
Trailing lobelia
Trailing petunia

Photo of two hanging flower baskets of “Snow Princess” Alyssum courtesy of ‘Proven Winners’.

Shade Plants for Hanging Baskets

Polka-dot plant
Creeping Jenny

Photo courtesy of ‘Proven Winners‘. These hanging flowers are blue lobelia, red ivy geranium and annuals.

Hanging flower baskets that are just one plant choice can make a statement. Photo by ‘Power Flowers‘. These are “Wave Pansies” which are made for trailing.

Secret #5 – Pack ‘Em In!

Our last little trick from the pros is pretty important… You have to pack the plants in to these containers to get the full and lush look you want. Hanging baskets have a short amount of time to get to their full intended size, so you may need more plants than you usually would use. This is also why these baskets need more water and fertilizer – there is a lot of root competition in there!

Start them as early in spring as you can, weather permitting, for the best result by mid summer. Photo of hanging basket courtesy of ‘Proven Winners‘ of their Superbells calibrachoa and 2 types of verbena.

Where to Buy Supplies to Make Hanging Flower Baskets

Your choices for hanging planters and other supplies for making your flower baskets might be limited where you live. We found a few picks that might help you plant exactly the kind of hanging basket that you are dreaming about!

This “AquaSave Hanging Basket” is all ready for your plants, and will help keep them from drying out. It has a recycled plastic layer that holds in moisture. Perfect to solve the biggest problem in making hanging flower baskets thrive… lack of water!

If you want to be able to not worry about watering your hanging baskets every single day, then try the 11″ “Self Watering Hanging Basket“. Not only does it come in fun colors (white, too!) it has a quart and a half water reservoir that keeps the soil in the planter moist.

This “Weave Self Watering Planter” has a great texture that makes it look like high end pottery, but is is lightweight.

Last, we love, love, love the look of this “Galvanized Hanging Planter!” Yes, it isn’t like a traditional hanging basket, but can you imagine the charm if you filled these with trailing flowers?

So now you have the secrets to planting those ah-mazing hanging flower baskets for your home and garden. Don’t mess it up this time, ok? 🙂 We think you will also love our post on How to Plant Fantastic Flower Beds!

Image Credits: Wojos, Gardeners Supply, State by State Gardening, Garden Answer, Vancouver Island Now, Proven Winners, Proven Winners, Power Flowers, Proven Winners

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