- Organic Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli Seeds (500mg)
- Organic Calabrese Green Sprouting
- HOW TO MAKE CALABRESE-STYLE MEAT SAUCE (RAGÙ ALLA CALABRESE)
- CAN I USE ANY TYPE OF SAUSAGE FOR THIS ITALIAN MEAT SAUCE?
- CAN I USE A MIX OF GROUND BEEF AND GROUND PORK FOR THIS ITALIAN PASTA SAUCE?
- HELPFUL TIPS ON MAKING ITALIAN MEAT SAUCE –
- HOW TO SERVE RAGÙ ALLA CALABRESE
- FOR OTHER PASTA RECIPES, CHECK OUT THESE POSTS –
- OR IF YOU’RE LOOKING FOR MORE SOUTH ITALIAN RECIPES, SEE MY OTHER POSTS –
- Calabrese-Style Meat Sauce (Ragù alla Calabrese)
- Is Calabrese a Dialect of Italian?
- An explanation on the distinction between Calabrese being a language and not a dialect of Italian.
- Marriage and Family
- Sociopolitical Organization
- Religion and Expressive Culture
Organic Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli Seeds (500mg)
For single seed packets of Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli, please visit PatriotSeeds.com to purchase.
Organic Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli Seeds (500mg) Description:
Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli originally comes from Italy, and is known for its richly flavored heads and high nutrient-density. This broccoli variety grows in cool weather and provides low-calorie nutrition. It’s also good for freezing and using later. Get non-GMO, USDA Certified Organic and 100% heirloom Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli seeds from Patriot Seeds and you can store them for 5+ years, continuing to harvest your broccoli for years to come. When you’re ready to declare your food independence, buy Patriot Seeds.
Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli Planting Instructions:
Before you plant, prepare the garden bed by tilling the soil. Loosen the soil to a depth of 12-15″ and add a 2-4″ layer of compost. Direct sow the seeds 1/4 inch deep and 18″ apart. In colder zones, start the seeds indoors 5 to 7 weeks before the last frost, and transplant outdoors after all danger of frost has passed. These plants prefer pH levels of 6.0-7.5. They can tolerate a slightly alkaline soil and require plentiful, consistent moisture and full sun.
Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli Harvesting Instructions:
For peak quality, harvest your plants when the buds of the head are firm and tight. If the buds start to separate and the yellow petals start to show through, harvest immediately.
Did You Know This About Green Sprouting Calabrese Broccoli?
Thomas Jefferson imported seeds from Italy to plant this broccoli variety at Monticello. The vegetable was a favorite of his. The earliest recorded planting by Jefferson was 1767, but it would take another 150 years before broccoli would be grown commercially.
Organic Calabrese Green Sprouting
Calabrese: Green Sprouting
Latin name Brassica oleracea
Approximately 250-350 seeds per gram
People get confused over the names calabrese and broccoli. Calabrese is a broccoli which crops in Summer.
This versatile vegetable is also, nutritionally, extremely good for us. Most varieties are bred to produce one, large main head.
The bit we eat is the immature flower, tightly packed green buds on a tender stem. Once the main head is cut the plant
will produce some smaller side shoots.
F1 varieties crop very quickly after transplanting, in as little as 70 days.
The open pollinated type of green sprouting give many smaller heads and crop over a longer period.
Green sprouting is a traditional open-pollinated calabrese which does not have the same large, central head of the F1 varieties but instead produces masses of smaller heads and side-shoots over a long cropping period. This type of calabrese has had a resurgence in popularity recently amongst both home gardeners and small professional growers who like the alternative to the ubiquitous large calabrese heads that are to be found in all supermarkets these days.
How to grow
Grow in the Brassica section of your rotation.
Sow the seeds in in the brassica seed bed in a drill about 2 cm deep. Do this between April and July. Succession plant if you have room
to get crops throughout the Summer and early Autumn. Thin the seedlings to 7 cm apart.
Transplant into their permanent position from May to August when about 10-15 cm tall. Set at a distance of 45 cms between plants.
Harvest when the central head is well formed, tight and green. Then cut the side shoots when ready.
Pests and diseases:
The seedlings can be susceptible to slug damage and older plants to damage by cabbage white butterfly caterpillars.
The best way to protect from this is to net with enviromesh during the Summer.
All brassica can suffer from cabbage root fly. The flies themselves are similar to a house fly and brown in colour. The female lays eggs
during the spring and summer near brassica plants. It is the resulting maggots that cause the damage by eating the roots and leading to severe wilting and sudden
collapse of brassica transplants. If you do have a problem with cabbage root fly in your area there is a neat organic prevention which involves putting a collar
round the seedling stem when transplanting. You can make your own using carpet underlay and reuse them or you can buy cabbage collars.
How to cook:
Calabrese are best lightly steamed or stir fried. It is also good in pasta, with a cheese sauce, in a vegetable crumble or steamed and served
cold in a tamari and lemon juice dressing.
An easy to prepare Italian pasta sauce, Calabrese-Style meat sauce is deliciously packed with flavor! A rich meat sauce that’s normally served as a type of primi and secondi in the southern part of Italy.
(*This post contains some affiliate links)
Nearly every region in Italy has their own way of making their meat sauce.
While Bolognese sauce is the most popular one, this is the first Italian meat sauce I came across that ONLY uses pork.
This ragù is from a region in Southwest Italy called Calabria.
Everything about Calabria is unforgettable – the coastline, the people, the food … you just have to see it for yourself to really appreciate it.
After our trip last summer, this pasta sauce is one of the Calabrese dishes that I now make at home regularly. I’m quite certain it will end up as one of your favorites as well. 🙂
HOW TO MAKE CALABRESE-STYLE MEAT SAUCE (RAGÙ ALLA CALABRESE)
CAN I USE ANY TYPE OF SAUSAGE FOR THIS ITALIAN MEAT SAUCE?
I have used almost all types of sausage EXCEPT the spicy ones.
I do this because I do not want to make the sauce too spicy, and I feel that I can control that better when I just add the peperoncino, instead of having it in the sausage.
However, when I am using a different kind of sausage, I make sure I add some fennel seeds to inject the flavor of fennel in the meat sauce.
CAN I USE A MIX OF GROUND BEEF AND GROUND PORK FOR THIS ITALIAN PASTA SAUCE?
I’ve honestly have not had that combo with any Calabrese meat sauce that I have tried.
If you want to add more meat, stick to pork with bones. I’ve even had some with pork ribs added. Yum.
HELPFUL TIPS ON MAKING ITALIAN MEAT SAUCE –
- The longer you cook the sauce, the better it tastes. But don’t forget to mix it occasionally to make sure it does not stick in the bottom of the pot.
- If you are using full tomatoes, crush them (by hand or by machine) before adding them to the meat.
- Despite being from Calabria, this Italian meat sauce is not spicy. So, go easy on the pepperoncino (unless that’s what you preferred, of course).
HOW TO SERVE RAGÙ ALLA CALABRESE
Here in Stockholm, I always serve them the exact same way I had them in Calabria.
First, as primo (singular of ‘primi’). I use it as sauce for any kind of pasta – but mostly for ‘tubular’ ones. I especially like it when bits and pieces of the ground pork gets stuck inside the hole; makes every bite better. 🙂
Then, as secondo (singular of ‘secondi’). I scoop the sausage (and any other chunk of pork that I added), add a bit of sauce and serve it after the pasta. Believe it or not, we normally eat this course with a chunk of bread. 😉
Oh! All these with a glass of wine, of course!
FOR OTHER PASTA RECIPES, CHECK OUT THESE POSTS –
- Pasta alla Norma
- Baked Penne alla Sorrentina
- Pasta with Sausage and Peppers
OR IF YOU’RE LOOKING FOR MORE SOUTH ITALIAN RECIPES, SEE MY OTHER POSTS –
- Italian Cream Filled Pastry (Pasticciotto)
- Tomato and Mozzarella Pastry (Rustico Leccese)
- Sicilian Sesame Seed Cookies
- Neapolitan Meatloaf
Calabrese-Style Meat Sauce (Ragù alla Calabrese)
A deliciously flavorsome Italian meat sauce that’s so easy to prepare at home! This authentic recipe from South Italy can be served with pasta or with a chunk of crusty bread – try it for your next family dinner! (VIDEO ABOVE) 0 from 0 votes Pin Course: Main Course Cuisine: Italian Prep Time: 20 minutes Cook Time: 1 hour 30 minutes Total Time: 1 hour 50 minutes Servings: 6 Calories: 632kcal Author: Neriz
- 1/2 kg ground pork
- 1/2 kg Italian sausage, fennel (or other types)
- 2 cloves garlic, chopped finely
- 1 medium onion, chopped finely
- 1 medium carrot, chopped into small bits
- 1 stalk celery, chopped finely
- 3 cups tomato sauce
- 2 tbsp olive oil
- salt and pepper, to season
- pinch peperoncino (chili flakes)
- Using a medium to large pot, heat up olive oil, over medium-high heat.
- Once oil is ready, sauté garlic and onion, until onions are slightly soft.
- Add ground pork. Mix. Let meat cook a bit (until most of the ground pork has changed color).
- Add fennel sausage. Mix.
- Add carrots and celery. Mix and let cook for a couple of minutes.
- Add tomato sauce, salt, pepper and peperoncino. Mix to combine. Cover and bring to a boil.
- Add bay leaves. Mix and simmer for at least an hour and a half.
- After an hour of simmering, taste and adjust seasoning as desired.
- The longer you cook this sauce, the deeper the flavour would be.
- Whole tomatoes can be used, but make sure you crush them first.
Is Calabrese a Dialect of Italian?
by Joseph Lo Bianco
An explanation on the distinction between Calabrese being a language and not a dialect of Italian.
I want to make a point about how we name Calabrisi/Calavrisi. Calabrian is not a dialect of Italian, it is an Italian dialect, ie a dialect of Italy. The distinction is important.
Let me explain. Calabrian, and all the forms of speaking usually known as Dialects of Italian (incorrectly) are all direct descendents of proto-Latin (ie vulgar Latin) with all the mixtures that different areas encountered (Calabrian has a lot of Greek influence, obviously from the Magna Graecia period but also from the Byzantine period (which although it was a continuation of the Roman Empire was actually quite Eastern) and Spanish.
What is commonly called Italian is also a direct descendent of Latin, ie it is la lingua toscana in bocca romana. Tuscan as pronounced by Romans. So this thing, which linguists call standard Italian, or Italiano standard is a sibling of Calabrian, not its parent. Non so se mi spiego?
There is also something called Italiano popolare. Which is the way in which Standard Italian (Lingua Toscana etc) is itself spoken in the dialect regions. So in Calabria we have the various forms of Calabrese (there are several) then we have Italiano popolare, ie how Standard Italian is spoken with a Calabrian accent etc then we have standard Italian (sister (or brother) of Calabrian. There are also language islands, ie villages where Greek (ancient Greek), Albanian and even Piemontese are spoken.
Standard Italian was a literary language from S. Francis of Assisi’s time (he wrote the first recognisably non-Latin, Italian texts, Canticle of the Creatures etc) to Dante Alighieri who wrote in De Volgari Eloquentia (popular speech). However, this Italian remained a non-spoken literary language until unification. Indeed, in 1861, only about 2.5% of the population of Italy knew Italian (ie. lingua toscana, etc.). So Calabrisi is a proud and ancient tongue and we should not put up with anyone sneering at it.
Calabria is characterized by the form of settlement known as “agrotown”: large, isolated towns centrally situated in a much more extensive territory made up of agricultural lands. The concentration of people in these centers is great: approximately 80 percent of the regional population is town-based, with less than 20 percent living in dispersed settlements across the countryside. Average settlement populations are between 2,000 and 8,000, and some are as large as 20,000 to 40,000. This settlement pattern derives from Roman times and was designed to facilitate defense in times of war or invasion. Most of the townspeople are landless, having only their manual labor to sell to the farmers of the surrounding area.
While urban in size and physical layout, these settlements are strongly focused on the rural, agricultural world, whose laborers they shelter and whose products they consume.
The crops grown in the region are typical of Mediterranean extensive-farming communities. The principal crop is wheat, olives and grapes are also important, and citrus and cotton are grown as well. There is little industrialization. Traditional Calabrian farming was, and in many places still is, done on the basis of leasehold access to a portion of an absentee landlord’s property. Leases are commonly issued on a multiyear basis, and the tenant is responsible for managing the operation, hiring the necessary labor, and providing his own seed and tools. Multiyear leases are contracted on the basis of the landlord receiving a portion of the proceeds of the harvest, usually wholly in cash and often representing as much as three-fourths of the total product. One-year leases are also common, though less favored by tenants. Women’s participation in agricultural labor is and traditionally has been Marginal. Merchants and artisans reside in the towns, and the overwhelming influence of the estates upon the orientation and conduct of town life has diminished somewhat. Very few employment alternatives are available locally, other than in farming. For this reason, and because smallhold farming is unsuitable in all but a few parts of the region, there has long been a high rate of out-migration of youth and men to the industrial north, other European countries, and the United States. These workers usually send back a portion of their wages to support the families they have left behind. Because of this, there has been a process of “feminization” of local town populations, and often a change in local conceptions of “men’s work”—often the men simply are not there to do it, so women must take over. Thus, although there is a long tradition of women’s avoidance of the “public” sphere, such avoidance is today followed less assiduously.
The hard facts of economic life in Calabria have had implications for the structure of the local kin group. Unlike in the north, where the patrilinear extended family is the form most commonly associated with farming communities, in the south the nuclear family is largely detached from any broader kinship unit. Ties beyond the nuclear family are also difficult to maintain because of the high degree of mobility required when farm laborers must circulate through the region in search of temporary or seasonal employment, or when Individuals must leave the area entirely to find factory work.
Marriage and Family
Marriage. Marriage is celebrated within the Catholic church, and matches are often arranged. A woman is expected to be chaste before marriage, and courtship is carried out under the watchful eye of the family and community. Long courtships are common, and age at marriage is generally in the mid-twenties for women and late twenties or early thirties for men. Marriage is expected to be for life, and divorce is not an option.
Domestic Unit. The household consists, as a rule, of the nuclear family. Families tend to have many children, though high infant mortality rates keep families small. The widowed parent of either the husband or wife may, for economic reasons, move in. When this occurs, it is generally the case that a widowed mother will move in with her married son, while a widowed father will live with a married daughter. This is intended to avoid conflicts with regard to household authority, but in practice such arrangements are rife with tension—particularly between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law. It is generally understood that these arrangements, when they occur, are far less than ideal. In practice, although the Domestic unit consists of the husband-wife pair plus their children, the residential unit is quite frequently a female-headed Family, as husbands are gone for much of the year to work in the north or out of the country.
Inheritance. Those who have real property are a small Minority of the population, but among them land tends to pass to sons rather than daughters. A daughter’s inheritance, if there is to be one, usually passes to her as a marriage settlement, in the form of household goods.
Socialization. The mother is the primary care giver for young children and often remains their sole adult focus until they reach maturity. Older daughters are expected to help care for their younger siblings as soon as they are competent to do so. Free schooling is available and is mandatory for the first few years, after which usually only the boys—and only a small percentage of those—go on to higher levels of education.
The population centers provide an administrative link Between the region and the national polity, politically integrating Calabria into the Italian state. Traditionally, because of the economic focus of the town upon the needs of the estates, local leadership was drawn from the landowning families, if they were resident in town, or from the numbers of the leasehold masters of the estates. Like much of southern Italy, the region was historically plagued by bandits, against whose depradations the estate guards were expected to defend. However, this arrangement often resulted in the abuse of authority by the guards themselves, who then became an extortionate and violent class. The strongly held social value of individualism makes it difficult for individuals to operate in groups larger than the family, but on occasions that require the recruitment of outside help—to conduct official business, secure a job, or the like—such transactions are frequently couched in the terms of a patron-client relationship.
Local police enforce the official law in the community, and courts mete out punishment. However, informal sanctions also play a major role in ensuring that Individuals comply with local norms and standards of behavior. Gossip is a powerful means of social control and is most frequently concerned with allegations regarding the honor or virtue (or lack of same) of an offending individual or family.
Religion and Expressive Culture
Religious Beliefe. Calabrians are Roman Catholic, but their religious beliefs depart, sometimes quite radically, from the formal tenets of Catholicism in particular and Christianity in general. There is a strong faith in a distant, all-powerful God, but this deity is seen to have little interest in or concern for humanity. The focus of religious expression is, therefore, upon a mediator—some saint or supernatural entity that can be importuned to intercede on behalf of humans. In Calabrian beliefs, the Madonna is the most important intercessionary figure among a myriad of saints—but within the term “Madonna” are implicit a great variety of entities, not all (or perhaps any) having much to do with traditional Christian beliefs. Her intercession is sought for help in all sorts of matters, from finding a husband to ensuring the fertility of one’s fields or livestock. The retention of superstition and pre-Christian beliefs is evident also in the still strongly held belief in both good and bad (but usually bad) magic—particularly the concept of the “evil eye.”
Religious Practitioners. Formal religious practice, through the church, is led by priests. Magicoreligious practice outside the formal structure of the church is the province mainly of women. However, this status is attributed—not achieved or inherited. Essentially, a witch is a witch because people say she is one, and such accusations tend to be Reserved for the anomalous or marginal people in the community—people who are, for example, possessed of greater-than-usual economic success, or who fail to live up to local expectations of behavior.
Ceremonies. The most important ceremonial occasions are the feasts of local patron saints and the feasts of the liturgical calendar devoted to the Madonna. Bonfires, processions, and fireworks all form characteristic parts of such celebrations. The seven sacraments of the Church (baptism, confirmation, confession, Communion, marriage, ordination, extreme unction) are honored, and both Christmas and Easter are important religious holiday periods.
Medicine. Calabria is a poor and unhealthy region. Malaria is common in many areas, particularly along the coast. Modern medical care is not well distributed throughout the population, and a strong reliance on traditional curing techniques that combine the use of poultices and infusions and beliefs in magical interventions remains. Prayer, or the lighting of votive candles, is one frequently tried avenue to healing.
Chubb, Judith (1982). Patronage, Power, and Poverty in Southern Italy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Cornelisen, Ann (1977). Women of the Shadows. New York: Random House.
NANCY E. GRATTON