Everything you can to plant in April – vegetables, fruits and herbs for zones 3 – 10. Spring has sprung and the gardener’s mind is on their garden. Not sure what to plant in April? I have a list of different seeds to start (indoors and outside) for your spring and summer gardens.

Everything to Plant in April by Zone

This time I’ve divided them into zones to help more of you get started for you specific area; because there is a HUGE difference in zone 3 to zone 10 when it comes to what you can plant in April.

If you are not sure what planting zone you are in you can and put your zip code in to check. I’m in zone 10a where we have long hot summers!

I put together one post with all of my gardening tips, tricks, guides and articles, see: How to Have An Amazing Backyard Garden.

Planting in April Guides – Vegetables & Fruit

  • Easy to Grow Vegetables for New Gardeners.
  • 25 Purple Fruits and Veggies to Add to Your Garden
  • Growing Tomatoes at Home
  • How to Grow Corn
  • How to Grow Potatoes Anywhere! and Curing & Long Term Potato Storage
  • How to Grow Sweet Potatoes
  • Growing Cantaloupe
  • Growing Summer Squash

April Planting Guides – Herbs

  • Basil
  • Rosemary

Be sure to check out Getting Your Homestead Spring Ready and How to Have the Best Spring Garden Ever! And I can’t say enough about using companion planting and crop rotation for a happy and healthy garden.

What to Plant in April – Zones 3 & 4

In this far northern zone you may want to start some seeds indoors or work on readying your garden, if you still expect frost. Most of these seeds should be sown after April 15th outside.

Check out Seeds Now for Zone 3 and Zone 4 Organic, Non-Gmo Seeds

  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots – How to Preserve Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Onions (seeds, transplants and sets)
  • Parsley
  • Peas
  • Potatoes – Storing your potato harvest long term
  • Radishes

What to Plant in April – Zone 5 & 6

Check out Seeds Now for Zone 5 and Zone 6 Organic, Non-Gmo Seeds

  • Asparagus (up to the 25th)
  • Basil
  • Bush Beans (after April 24th)
  • Beets
  • Broccoli (early April)
  • Cabbage
  • Carrots (early April) – How to Preserve Carrots
  • Lettuce
  • Peas
  • Potatoes – Storing your potato harvest long term
  • Spinach

What to Plant in April – Zone 7 & 8

Check out Seeds Now for Zone 7 and Zone 8 Organic, Non-Gmo Seeds

  • Bush Beans
  • Poles Beans
  • Cantaloupe
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplant
  • Peas
  • Peppers
  • Okra
  • Almost all warm season herbs
  • Squash (bush and winter) – Growing Summer Squash
  • Sweet Potatoes (zone 8) – Tips for Growing Sweet Potatoes
  • Tomatoes
  • Watermelons – How to Harvest Watermelon

What to Plant in April – Zone 9 & 10

Check out Seeds Now for Zone 9 and Zone 10 Organic, Non-Gmo Seeds

  • Bush Beans
  • Pole Beans
  • Cantaloupes
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Some varieties of Peas
  • Peppers
  • Pumpkins
  • Summer Squash – Growing Summer Squash
  • Some varieties of Tomatoes (better as transplants in April)
  • Sweet Potatoes – Tips for Growing Sweet Potatoes
  • Watermelons – How to Harvest Watermelon

Plant in April – Other Considerations

  • If you haven’t already, start a compost bin or pile.
  • Add mulch to your garden to help retain moisture in the upcoming warmer months.
  • Be sure to keep good records of what you’re planting and where you’re planting it. Don’t rely on outdoor markers.

If you want more on gardening please see:

Tips for New Gardeners

Vegetables that Grow Great in Pots

What To Do In Your Garden In April [Planting Guide]

It’s April, and that means in most USDA gardening zones, there’s lots of work to be done!

Want the exact organic, non-GMO heirloom seeds we use on our homestead? We love Seeds Now!

MY LATEST VIDEOS

We’re in Zone 7, so we’ve already set out our cool weather crops, and by the first week of April, we’ll be ready to start harvesting our first veggies of the season!

This article is broken down by zones to make it easier for you to know exactly what you should be doing in April in your garden.

If you’re not sure what zone you live in, you can check that here.

Here’s what you can do in your garden right now!

Table of Contents (Quickly Jump To Information)

Zone 3

  • Add compost to your garden when soil is workable
  • When weather is mild, sow onions, lettuce, spinach, peas, and carrots outdoors
  • Start your squash, melons, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and corn indoors and under lights.
  • Get seed potatoes ready for planting next month
  • Start radishes, bok choy, kale, collards, swiss chard outside

Zone 4

  • Plant cool-weather vegetables including peas, spinach, bok choy, tatsoi, lettuce, turnips, radishes, and onions.
  • Plant raspberry bushes on a sunny, south-facing plot
  • Start your squash, melons, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, and corn indoors and under lights.
  • Plant fruit trees.

Zone 5

  • When the weather is mild and soil warm enough, transplant early tomatoes outdoors, inside hoop houses
  • Sow a second planting of lettuce, radishes, and spinach outdoors.
  • Continue to grow squash, melons, tomatoes, peppers cucumbers, and corn indoors and under lights.
  • Plant fruit trees.
  • Start herbs such as basil, thyme, and mint

Zone 6

  • Top-dress garden beds with rich black compost.
  • Plant potatoes, peas, spinach, bok choy, kale, beets, turnips, and carrots.
  • Plant fruit trees.
  • Plant asparagus, rhubarb, and raspberries.

Zone 7

  • Thin greens and radishes as needed.
  • Plant fruit trees.
  • If purchasing transplants, choose compact plants that have not begun to flower.
  • Remove row covers from peas as long as the weather is mild.
  • Transplant broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower
  • Mulch around cool-season crops to retain moisture and keep roots cool as weather warms.
  • Start cucumber, cantaloupe, summer squash, and watermelon indoors and under lights.
  • Now is the time to start luffa.
  • Set out transplants of tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and sweet potatoes.
  • Set out culinary herbs
  • Prune peach trees.

Zone 8

  • Give vegetables a feeding of compost tea
  • Plant okra, peanuts, shell peas, sweet potatoes, squash, melons, cucumbers, corn, and herbs
  • Plant tomatoes, corn, squash, and peppers outdoors.
  • Plant culinary herbs

Zone 9

  • Plant heat-loving pumpkins, squash, melons, peppers, sweet potatoes, and eggplants
  • Every 2 weeks, succession plant bush beans and corn.
  • Continue to plant cool weather crops until the end of the month
  • Transplant tomatoes and peppers.
  • Continue to plant culinary herbs

Zone 10

  • Harvest spinach, lettuce, and broccoli.
  • Plant heat-loving pumpkins, squash, melons, peppers, sweet potatoes, and eggplants
  • Be sure to add lots of compost to your soil if it’s sandy and lacking nutrients

I’d like to hear from you!

What do you think you’ll plant in April? Leave a comment below!

Maat van Uitert is a backyard chicken and sustainable living expert. She is also the author of Chickens: Naturally Raising A Sustainable Flock, which was a best seller in it’s Amazon category. Maat has been featured on NBC, CBS, AOL Finance, Community Chickens, the Huffington Post, Chickens magazine, Backyard Poultry, and Countryside Magazine. She lives on her farm in Southeast Missouri with her husband, two children, and about a million chickens and ducks. You can follow Maat on Facebook here and Instagram here.

SummaryArticle Name What To Do In Your Garden In April Description It’s April, and that means in most USDA gardening zones, there’s lots of work to be done! Here’s what you can do in your garden, based on your USDA zone!

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Almanac: April 2017

1st Poor day for planting, seeds tend to rot in ground.

2nd-3rd Plant seedbeds and start flower gardens. Plant tomatoes, beans, peppers, corn, cotton, and other above ground crops on these most fruitful days.

4th-8th Grub out weeds, briers, and other plant pests.

9th-10th A favorable time for sowing grains, hay, and fodder crops. Plant flowers. Plant corn, melons, squash, tomatoes, and other above ground crops.

11th-13th Start seedbeds. Good days for transplanting. Good days for planting beets, carrots, radishes, turnips, peanuts, and other root crops. Also good for leafy vegetables.

14th-15th Neither plant nor sow on these barren days.

16th-18th Favorable days for planting beets, carrots, turnips, radishes, onions, and other root crops.

19th-20th Excellent time to kill weeds, briers, poison ivy, and other plant pests.

21st-22nd Set strawberry plants. Excellent for any vine crops, such as beans, peas, and cucumbers. Good days for transplanting. Favorable days for planting root crops.

23rd-24th Poor planting days. Break ground or cultivate.

25th-26th First day is a good day for transplanting. First day is also when planted root crops will yield well. Second day is favorable for planting beans, corn, cotton, tomatoes, peppers, and other above ground crops.

27th-28th Poor days for planting, seeds tend to rot in ground.

29th-30th Plant seedbeds and start flower gardens. Plant tomatoes, beans, peppers, corn, cotton, and other above ground crops on these most fruitful days.

Raising a garden offers many benefits to the gardener.

It is much healthier to grow your own food. You are fully aware of what has gone into the product and know what you are eating.

A vegetable garden also saves a lot of money.

Many are intimidated to take on the task, but starting a garden can be simple if you grow the right crops. There are many that yield a great product and don’t require a ton of work.

To encourage you to start with this very rewarding task, we compiled a list of the easiest vegetables to grow, so that anyone can have success.

1. Lettuce

There are many types of lettuce that can be grown. You can grow leaf lettuce which is great for a mixed green salad.

You can also grow head lettuce such as Romaine or Iceberg.

The seeds can be found at most any general store and are very inexpensive. You also have the option of picking up lettuce plants at your local nursery.

Lettuce is a cool weather plant so it can be planted in early spring or fall. Lettuce seedlings can actually handle a little bit of frost. As long as the temperatures don’t dip below 45 degrees Fahrenheit then the plants should do just fine.

If by some chance the temperatures do drop or if you experience some snow, just cover the plants with plastic or a sheet, and they should be fine. Lettuce can actually be grown year round in a cold frame greenhouse because of its hardiness in cold weather.

What makes lettuce so easy beyond the fact that it is cold resistant, is that it can be direct sown. When first learning how to garden, starting your own seeds can be a difficult task.

Here you can learn more about starting seeds on a budget.

Planting items that can be directly sown makes planting a lot easier. Just be sure to go over where you directly sowed a few weeks later. You’ll notice that some areas probably have too many plants clustered together.

It is important to thin a few of those out so the plants have room to grow.

The key to lettuce is that you can plant small crops at a time and keep fresh lettuce coming in for months. This technique also keeps you from being overrun with too much lettuce at once.

It is a good idea to plant a fresh crop of lettuce every two to three weeks during the growing season.

Planting chives or garlic between lettuce crops will help with keeping pests off of your crops as well.

Be sure to plant your lettuce in well-drained soil with compost. It will be ready to harvest when the lettuce appears full grown. It is best to harvest lettuce early in the morning.

As the day goes on the sun will cause your lettuce leaves to go limp which is not prime for picking.

Here is more information on growing lettuce and a bonus of growing lettuce indoors, as they are some of the easiest vegetables to grow.

Harvest time 65-80 days (depending on type)
Ideal temperatures 45-75 °F
Planting time Spring, Fall
Spacing 6-18 inches (depending on type)
Germination time 2-15 days
Light preferences Sun or partial shade
Best companion Carrots, radishes, beetroot

2. Spinach

Spinach is a very easy crop to grow and deserves a top spot in the easiest vegetables to grow list.

It is much like growing loose leaf lettuce. You will need to plant it in well-drained soil with compost. It can be planted in full sun or light shade. It is best to direct sow spinach.

When you plant your spinach seeds, you will need to go through and thin where you planted a few weeks later. Just be sure to remove any area where you see clusters appear.

Spinach can be planted year round in most climates as it is very cold weather friendly. It can actually survive in weather as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit.

Here we have more information on growing Spinach.

Harvest time 40-50 days
Ideal temperatures 35-75 °F
Planting time Spring, Fall
Spacing 8 inches
Germination time 6-21 days
Light preferences Sun or partial shade
Best companion Cabbage family, strawberry

3. Green Beans

Green beans are a simple plant to grow with an abundant harvest. They are another plant that you will need to direct sow.

There are many different types of green beans so you’ll need to decide what you are looking for. Some people love half runners. They are very tender beans, but they literally run along a vine.

You’ll need to be sure to grow these along a homemade trellis for easier picking.

You can get an idea of how to make a trellis here.

If you decide to plant half runners be advised they have strings. This means when you pick them and are going to fix them to eat you will have to string them.

You can learn how to do that from this video:

Other than learning how to do these few simple tasks, they are very simple to grow.

For those that don’t want to worry about stringing beans or picking beans from a vine, then a bush bean might be right for you.

The name explains them completely.

They are beans that the plant bushes out instead of running along a vine. You can just go along your row of green beans and pull them directly off of the bush. They also don’t usually have strings on them.

In order to plant green beans, you will need to plant them in well-drained soil where they will get adequate sunlight. Place a thick layer of compost over the row. Then you will directly plant the seeds into the compost.

Go over the row with a hoe or rake and lightly cover the seeds with the compost.

In a few weeks you will have tiny green bean plants sprouting in your garden.

Green beans require adequate water. You will notice when they need water as they start to shrivel up. If your green bean plants start to turn yellow it will be because your soil is lacking nitrogen.

You can buy blood meal or bone meal and place it around your plants. If you have rabbits, their poop will do the same job usually. Green beans are also a favorite for bugs to munch on their leaves.

If you see this, you can set bug traps like this one as a natural alternative to pest control.

Harvest time 55-65 days
Ideal temperatures 55-85 °F
Planting time Early summer
Spacing 6 inches, 18 inches (row)
Germination time 8-16 days
Light preferences Sun or partial shade where hot
Best companion Potatoes, cabbages, radishes, peas

4. Cucumbers

Cucumbers are another simple plant to grow. Some people really like them while others don’t. The important thing to remember about cucumbers is that even if you don’t like them on a salad, you might enjoy putting them in a jar as a homemade dill pickle.

When planting cucumbers, you can either plant them in your garden or plant them in containers.

Cucumbers can be planted directly into the ground, started indoors three weeks before planting, or you may purchase cucumber seedlings at your local nursery.

Either way, they are a warm weather crop that should be planted after the last spring frost.

If you choose to plant cucumbers in your garden, plant them in well-drained soil with ample sunlight. Be sure to use compost when planting them as well.

Cucumbers are a vine so as long as you give them ample space for their vines to run you will have ample amount of cucumbers. This is another plant that creating a trellis for their vines to run along would be a good idea.

If you decide to plant them in containers, you can plant regular full sized cucumbers or buy a different variety. They actually make a patio cucumber meant specifically to be grown in containers on a patio. If you decide to use this method, fill the bucket with dirt and compost.

Plant one cucumber plant per bucket. Be sure to place them in the sun and water the plant regularly. It is a good idea to fertilize your cucumbers every month or so.

Once the cucumbers grow to full size they are ready to be picked.

Harvest time 48-65 days
Ideal temperatures 70-85 °F
Planting time Summer
Spacing 12 inches, 3 feet (row)
Germination time 4-13 days
Light preferences Sun or partial shade
Best companion Beans, carrots, parsley, cauliflower

5. Yellow Summer Squash

Summer squash is another one of easiest vegetables to grow. It is recommended that you either start your squash seeds indoors or buy squash seedlings for a quicker harvest.

When planting squash be sure to plant them with compost into well-drained soil. Squash enjoy the sun so planting them in direct sunlight or where they will get majority sun throughout the day is important.

Squash grow on a vine as well so be sure to give them ample room for their vines to run. This can be done through a trellis or left to run along the ground.

Water your squash regularly and fertilize once a month or so and your squash should do just fine.

You will know the squash is ready to be picked when they have turned yellow and the stem is easy to break off of the plant.

Harvest time 48-65 days
Ideal temperatures 70-90 °F
Planting time Summer
Spacing 12 inches, 3 feet (row)
Germination time 6-12 days
Light preferences Sun or partial shade
Best companion Peas, beans

6. Root Vegetables: Radishes and Carrots

Root vegetables are usually pretty easy to grow. Radishes and carrots are the easiest vegetables of them. I love to grow these vegetables because again, they can be directly sown into the ground or grown in a container.

I actually prefer growing these in containers.

The key to growing successful root vegetables is not overcrowding the seeds and have loose enough dirt for them to grow in. If you decide to plant these vegetables in the ground, you will want to be sure to really make the dirt loose when planting.

Be sure to plant in compost as well.

Radishes and carrots need to be direct sown. Once the seedlings start coming up you will need to go through and thin any clusters so your plants will have room to grow.

If you have clay or other really clumpy dirt, you will need to choose a variety of carrot that is stubbier so it can grow to full capacity without having to push through all of that hard dirt.

If you have good, loose dirt then you should be able to grow full size carrots with no problems.

Radishes can grow to full size regardless.

Maybe you have clumpy dirt but desire to grow full size carrots. That is where container gardening comes into play.

You will need a large container such as a 5 gallon bucket or planters that you could plant a tree in. Fill the bucket with loose dirt and compost. Then you will plant your seeds. You will have to go through a few weeks later and thin out the clumps of seedlings.

Be sure to water your vegetables as needed in the containers. Fertilizing once a month is a good idea as well.

Whether you decide to plant your root vegetables in the ground or in a container, knowing when to harvest is still the same. When the tops of the radishes or carrots get to be big, green, and bushy it is time to pull a few to test the size.

If you pull them, and they appear full grown then it is safe to harvest. If you pull a few to test, and they still have some growing to do then keep watering and fertilizing for a few more weeks.

Then go back and test your product again.

Harvest time 60-80 days
Ideal temperatures 60-70 °F
Planting time Spring, Summer, Fall
Spacing 3 inches
Germination time 6-21 days
Light preferences Sun or partial shade
Best companion Peas, lettuce, tomatoes

7. Bell Peppers

Bell peppers are a very flavorful vegetable that are terribly easy to grow.

Again, these plants are recommended to either be started indoors 4-6 weeks before transplanting outside or to just be purchased as seedlings from your local nursery.

Bell peppers love heat! Do not plant them until after all threat of frost has passed.

Be sure to place them in direct sunlight where they will get the most sun all day long. You will need to plant them 4-6 inches apart into well-drained soil and be sure to remember the compost. Then you water them regularly and fertilize on a monthly basis.

Be sure to keep down any weeds that grow around your pepper plants.

That is all there is to it!

In a few months you’ll see beautiful peppers. You’ll know they are ready for picking when they turn bright green (or yellow or red….depending upon what color you planted.)

When they are first starting to ripen they will have a lighter shade of their color. Once they turn that bright, waxy color then they are ready.

If you see them starting to fade then you have let them go too far.

Harvest time 60-80 days
Ideal temperatures 70-90 °F
Planting time Early summer
Spacing 18-36 inches
Germination time 8-25 days
Light preferences Sun > 6 hours
Best companion Basil, onions, carrots, radishes

8. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are one of the most sought after produces during the summer time. The reason is because there is no comparison when it comes to homegrown tomatoes. They taste like nothing on a store shelf anywhere!

The amazing thing is that tomatoes are super easy to grow too.

Just like peppers, it is recommended that they be started indoors 4-6 weeks before transplanting outdoors. Otherwise, just pick up the seedlings that have already been started at your local nursery.

Tomatoes come in all varieties from Beef steak tomatoes, to yellow tomatoes, to purple Cherokee. The list goes on and on. Try all types until you find the one that thrills your taste buds because they all grow the same.

Once you have your seedlings, plant them in full sunlight in well-drained soil. It is important (just as with the peppers) to be sure that all threat of frost is gone before planting.

Tomatoes love the heat and hate the cold!

Be sure to add your compost around each plant when planting. Tomatoes will need to be watered regularly and fertilized monthly.

If you see your tomato plants turning yellow they are lacking nitrogen. All you will need to do is add some bone meal or blood meal around the base of each plant and water them. This should help add back the nitrogen that your plant is missing.

That is all there is to growing tomatoes. If you water, they will grow.

Once your tomatoes have turned their proper color and have grown to a good size then harvest them and enjoy.

The only thing that needs to be mentioned in planting both tomatoes and peppers is that you should never plant them together.

Bees will cross pollenate your peppers and tomatoes. This will ruin the flavor of your tomatoes. Be sure to plant a row of tomatoes, then plant another row or two of another crop, and then plant your peppers.

They can be in the same garden, but they need a few rows to separate them.

Planting your own garden can be so fulfilling.

Placing food on the table that you raised from start to finish is quite the accomplishment. Though growing a garden may seem complex, some of these easiest vegetables will give any beginner success.

Harvest time 60-100 days
Ideal temperatures 60-90 °F
Planting time Early summer
Spacing 18-36 inches
Germination time 6-14 days
Light preferences Sun > 6 hours
Best companion Chives, basil, carrots, peppers

And that is our list of the 8 easiest vegetables to grow, with a clear guide on what to do and when, so you can have great success with your garden.

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Vegetable seeds to sow in April

April is a busy time in the veg garden, as lots of seeds can be sown this month. Now that the days are longer and warmer, you can start sowing some crops, such as carrots or peas, outside.

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Discover which container crops you can sow in April.

More tender crops like aubergines and courgettes, still need to be sown under glass, either in a greenhouse or on a sunny windowsill.

You can also plant out potatoes, as well as onions sets, shallots and garlic and Jerusalem artichokes.

Find out which crops you can sow in April.

Aubergines, chillies and tomatoes

This is the last chance to sow aubergines, chillies and tomatoes, which need a long growing season to do well. If you only want a few plants, you could wait until next month and buy plants at the garden centre. Find out how to grow aubergines, chillies and tomatoes.

Beetroot

Beetroot is an easy crop to grow, making it ideal for beginners. It will grow in any fertile, well drained soil and also does well in containers. Follow the spacing on the packet and thin the seedlings to about 10cm when they are around 3cm high. Harvest when the beets have reached golf ball size.

Carrots

Sow carrots on well-prepared soil that is free of stones – stony soil results in forked carrots. At this time of year, it is a good idea to protect against carrot fly, by putting up a barrier around the crop. Discover 10 ways to deter carrot fly. Your crop should be ready to harvest three to four months after sowing.

Celeriac

Celeriac needs a long growing season for an autumn/winter harvest, so sow now, under cover. Transfer the seedlings to individual pots when they are large enough to handle.

Courgettes, marrow, squashes, cucumbers and pumpkins

Courgettes, marrows, squashes, cucumbers and pumpkins are known as curcurbits, and can all be sown in the same way – in individual 5cm pots, under cover. Plant outside once the danger of frost has passed (cucumbers often do best in a greenhouse).

Leeks

Leeks can be sown in seed trays under cover in April, for harvesting from autumn onwards. Find out how to grow leeks from seed.

Lettuce

Lettuce is best sown under cover in April. Sow it in seed trays or modules, for transplanting outside later in spring. Discover how to sow lettuce seeds in modules.

Peas

Peas are easy to grow and can be harvested early in summer, making them a welcome early crop. You can sow them direct outside, but they are a favourite snack for mice – if these are a problem, sow them indoors and plant the plants outside when they are 15cm tall. Alternatively, sow in guttering and transplant the whole row of seedlings into a trench when they’re ready.

Find out how to grow peas.

Radish

This fast-growing crop is easy to grow and is a good ‘catch crop’, growing on empty ground that is waiting for other crops, or between slower growing crops. Sow direct outside, every three to four weeks, for a continuous supply throughout summer. Watch our video guide to growing radishes.

Spinach

Spinach can be sown directly outside in April; if it’s chilly, cover with fleece. Spinach needs lots of moisture and protection from slugs and snails.

Find out how to grow spinach.

Swiss chard

Swiss chard is a beautiful crop for a sunny or partially shaded spot and can be sown directly outside in April. Discover how to grow Swiss chard.

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Turnip

Turnips are also quick-growing. Harvest them when young, when they are golf ball size, or eat the leaves as greens. Keep well watered.

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